geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Microglial and astrocytic change in brains of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: an immunocytochemical and quantitative study


, : Microglial and astrocytic change in brains of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: an immunocytochemical and quantitative study. Clinical Neuropathology 18(2): 51-60

Aim: The relationship between microglial cells and astrocytes in brains from patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was immunohistochemically and quantitatively studied. Materials and methods: Six CJD cases, including three with subacute spongiform encephalopathy (SSE), three with panencephalopathic type of CJD (PECJD) and six normal controls were examined. Microglial cells were preferentially labeled by monoclonal anti-KP1 (CD68) antibody and astrocytes by polyclonal anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) antibody. Two cytokines were labeled by polyclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and polyclonal interleukin-1alpha (IL1alpha). Results: In the CJD brains, microglial cell density was significantly higher in the white matter than in the cerebral cortex. In contrast, astrocyte density was significantly higher in the cortex than in the white matter. In the PECJD cases, many hypertrophic microglial cells were clustered along the margin of the demyelinated white matter whereas severely demyelinated white matter contained few microglial cells. The microglial cells were also located in vacuoles in myelinated fibers of the internal capsule in the PECJD cases, which resembled myelinopathic alteration in vacuolar myelopathy. The GFAP-positive astrocytes proliferated much more numerously in the severely demyelinated white matter. The densities of astrocytes and microglial cells showed a significantly negative correlation in the cerebral cortex. The density of the white matter microglia did not differ between the PECJD and SSE cases. TNF-alpha and IL1alpha were expressed by microglial cells, but the TNF-alpha-positive microglial cells were very few in both SSE and PECJD cases. A subset of IL1alpha-positive microglia was found in the SSE case white matter, although the number of KP1-positive microglial cells greatly surpassed the number of IL1alpha-positive ones. Conclusion: These results imply that microglia are increased in number before demyelination and become hypertrophic while phagocytosing myelin in PECJD, and that the negative correlation between the density of microglia and astrocytes is not regulated by either cytokine.

US$29.90

PMID: 10192699


Other references

Jefee Bahloul, H.; Mani, N., 2014: International telepsychiatry: a review of what has been published. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 19(5): 293-294

Euler, H., 1935: Diet and Disease in Animals. I & II. Valuable reviews, unsuitable for abstract in detail, of available information regarding the influence of diet upon resistance to disease. The chemical constitution of vegetable matter is dependent upon that of the soil and the two factors...

Owen, M.P.; Carrier, G.O., 1979: Alteration in vascular smooth muscle sensitivity to vasoconstrictor agents by streptozotocin induced diabetes. Proceedings of the Western Pharmacology Society 22: 363-366

Derechin, M., 1968: Self-associating system. I. Multinomial theory for ideal systems. Biochemistry 7(9): 3253-3258

Allen, P.B., 2004: Functional plasticity in the organization of signaling complexes in the striatum. Dopamine plays a prominent role in regulating fast synaptic transmission in the striatum. Following dopamine receptor stimulation, various signal transduction pathways are activated, leading to the altered phosphorylation state and functional acti...

Rafailidis, S.; Symeonidis, N.; Ballas, K.; Psarras, K.; Pavlidis, T.; Patsiaoura, K.; Sakadamis, A., 2010: Deeply infiltrating rectal endometriosis with lymph node involvement. Sigmoidorectal endometriosis accounts for 70% of the cases of intestinal endometriosis. Symptoms are non-specific, frequently resembling adenocarcinomas. A 45-year-old woman complaining of recurrent rectal bleeding underwent colonoscopy in which a...

Cronin Thomas M., 2007: Sediment sources and deposition in the estuary. U S

Segall, H.N.; Sharp, A., 1967: Heart sounds in bundle branch block. Observations on 244 cases. Japanese Heart Journal 8(5): 468-486

Uemura, K.; Sorimachi, Y.; Yashiki, M.; Yoshida, K-ichi., 2003: Two fatal cases involving concurrent use of methamphetamine and morphine. We report on two cases of simultaneous administration of methamphetamine (MAP) and morphine (MOR) with hyperthermia. The blood levels of MAP and MOR were toxic and putatively lethal, respectively, although hyperthermia is a known cause of intoxica...

Gotsch, U.; Borges, E.; Bosse, R.; Böggemeyer, E.; Simon, M.; Mossmann, H.; Vestweber, D., 1997: VE-cadherin antibody accelerates neutrophil recruitment in vivo. Neutrophils enter sites of inflammation by crossing the endothelial lining of the blood vessel wall. VE-cadherin is an endothelial specific, homophilic adhesion molecule located at the lateral cell surface. We have generated a monoclonal antibody...