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Removal characteristics of anionic metals by micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration

, : Removal characteristics of anionic metals by micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration. Journal of Hazardous Materials 99(3): 303-311, 30 May

Surfactant-based separation of Fe(CN)63- and CrO42- using regenerated cellulose membrane was studied in order to assess the potential of micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration for the remediation of wastewater or groundwater polluted with ferriccyanide and chromate. In the ferriccyanide/octadecylamine acetate (ODA) and chromate/ODA systems, removal of ferriccyanide increased from 73 to 92% and to 98%, and that of chromate from 64 to 97% and to >99.9% as the molar ratio of ODA to ferriccyanide and to chromate increased from 1 to 2 and to 3, respectively. In the ferriccyanide/chromate/ODA system, while the removal of ferriccyanide increased from 62 to 72% and to 93%, the removal of chromate from 20 to 38% and to 68% as the molar ratio of ferriccyanide:chromate:ODA increased from 1:1:1 to 1:1:2 and to 1:1:4, respectively. With the molar ratio of 1:1:6, the removal was >99.9 and 98% for chromate and ferriccyanide, respectively. Ferriccyanide ions were more easily bound to ODA micelles because the binding power of ferriccyanide was greater than that of chromate.


PMID: 12758014

DOI: 10.1016/s0304-3894(03)00063-3

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