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Removal of oil pollutants in seawater as pretreatment of reverse osmosis desalination process

, : Removal of oil pollutants in seawater as pretreatment of reverse osmosis desalination process. Water Research 33(8): 1857-1863, June

Weathered oil contaminated seawater (WOCS) was used to investigate the behavior of soluble oil components in seawater in various pretreatment processes for removal of oil pollutants in seawater. The various pretreatment processes were a reverse osmosis desalination process in combination with advanced oxidation processes, ultrafiltration, coagulation, GAC adsorption, biological treatment and separation with a low pressure RO membrane. WOCS was prepared by mixing oil, nutrients and fresh seawater which was exposed to sunlight to simulate photooxidation and microbial degradation of oil in the marine environment. It was found that WOCS contained soluble components with relatively small molecular size, which are refractory to biodegradation and difficultly removed by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), UF membrane or coagulation using FeCl3 or PAC as flocculants. However, DOC in WOCS (OCWOCS) was easily adsorbed to GAC. Low pressure RO membranes with higher salt rejection rate could remove more OCWOCS compared to those with lower salt rejection rate.


DOI: 10.1016/s0043-1354(98)00404-7

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