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The occurrence of mycotoxins in key commodities in Bangladesh: surveillance results from 1993 to 1995


, : The occurrence of mycotoxins in key commodities in Bangladesh: surveillance results from 1993 to 1995. Journal of Natural Toxins 11(4): 379-386

A three-year surveillance program assessed the extent of mycotoxin contamination of key foods and feeds grown in Bangladesh. The study also included groundnuts utilized as snack food. In the first two phases of the program the samples collected were analyzed only for aflatoxins, but in the third phase, as well as for aflatoxins, samples were tested for the presence of fumonisin B1, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 toxin. Of the foods and feeds tested, the incidence of aflatoxin contamination varied from low (rice collected from farmers' stores, 8%) to high (maize, 67%). However, both the average total aflatoxin contents (< 1.0 microg/kg) and the maximum aflatoxin B1 contents (< or = 5.0 microg/kg) recorded for pulses, rice and its various products, and wheat were low. On the other hand, the levels of contamination of maize, roasted and raw groundnuts, and poultry feed were considerably higher, with average total aflatoxin B1 contents of 33, 13, 65, and 7 microg/kg, respectively, and maximum aflatoxin B1 contents of 245, 79, 480, and 160 microg/kg, respectively. Fumonisin B1, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 toxin were found, to any significant extent, only in some of the maize samples tested, always accompanied by aflatoxins. One sample of maize contained five mycotoxins, namely, the aflatoxins, fumonisin B1, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, and ochratoxin A. In a limited trial using hospital staff in Dhaka, the analysis of the aflatoxin-albumin adduct in serum showed that approximately half of the test group had been recently exposed to low levels of aflatoxins.

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PMID: 12503882


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