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Trace level detection of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) by microimmunosensor


, : Trace level detection of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) by microimmunosensor. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 14(4): 387-396

Reported in this paper is the development and characterization of a highly sensitive microcapillary immunosensor for the detection of the explosive, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX). The immunosensor exploits antibodies as recognition elements for target antigens, fluorescence dye conjugates for reporter molecules and fused silica microcapillaries for its high surface-to-volume ratio. Detection of RDX with the microcapillary immunosensor requires covalent immobilization of anti-RDX antibodies on the inner core of the microcapillaries via heterobifunctional cross-linker chemistry. Subsequent saturation of all antibody binding domains follows with a synthetically prepared fluorescent analog of RDX. Displacement immunoassays were performed with the microcapillary immunosensor with the injection of unlabeled RDX at concentration levels from 1 part-per-trillion (pptr) to 1000 part-per-billion (ppb). As unlabeled RDX reaches the binding domain of the antibody, fluorescent RDX analog is displaced from the antibody, flows downstream and is measured by a spectrofluorometer. Fluorescence measurements of the displaced fluorescent RDX analog were equated to a standard calibration curve to quantify sample concentration. Complete evaluation of the RDX microcapillary immunosensor for selectivity and sensitivity was performed based on the following criteria: variable flow rates, antibody cross-reactivity, reproducibility and cross-linker (carbon spacer) comparison. Results indicate the lowest detectable limit (LDL) for RDX is 10 pptr (ng/l) with a linear dynamic range from 0.1 to 1000 ppb (ug/l).

US$19.90

PMID: 10422240

DOI: 10.1016/s0956-5663(99)00009-3


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