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Volumetric changes of articular cartilage during stress relaxation in unconfined compression

, : Volumetric changes of articular cartilage during stress relaxation in unconfined compression. Journal of Biomechanics 33(9): 1049-1054, September

The time-dependent lateral expansion and load relaxation of cartilage cylinders subjected to unconfined compression were simultaneously recorded. These measurements were used to (1) test the assumption of incompressibility for articular cartilage, (2) measure the Poisson's ratio of articular cartilage in compression and (3) investigate the relationship between stress relaxation and volumetric change. Mechanical tests were performed on fetal, calf, and adult humeral head articular cartilage. The instantaneous Poisson's ratio of adult cartilage was 0.49 +- 0.08 (mean + S.D.), thus confirming the assumption of incompressibility for this tissue. The instantaneous Poisson's ratio was significantly lower for calf (0.38 +- 0.04) and fetal cartilage (0.36 +- 0.04). The equilibrium Poisson's ratio, i.e. true Poisson's ratio of the solid matrix, was significantly higher for the adult tissue (0.26 +- 0.11) compared to both the fetal (0.09 +- 0.02) and calf (0.11 +- 0.03) cartilage. A linear relationship between time-matched load and lateral expansion after the first minute of stress relaxation was observed.


PMID: 10854876

DOI: 10.1016/s0021-9290(00)00084-1

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