+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A cross-national study of violence-related behaviors in adolescents

, : A cross-national study of violence-related behaviors in adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 158(6): 539-544

Background: Violent behavior among adolescents is a significant problem worldwide, and a cross-national comparison of adolescent violent behaviors can provide information about the development and pattern of physical violence in young adolescents. Objectives: To determine and compare frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and to examine associations between violence-related behaviors and potential explanatory characteristics. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional, school-based nationally representative survey at ages 11.5, 13.5, and 15.5 years in 5 countries (Ireland, Israel, Portugal, Sweden, and the United States). Main Outcome Measures: Frequency of physical fighting, bullying, weapon carrying, and fighting injuries in relation to other risk behaviors and characteristics in home and school settings. Results: Fighting frequency among US youth was similar to that of all 5 countries (nonfighters: US, 60.2%; mean frequency of 5 countries, 60.2%), as were the frequencies of weapon carrying (noncarriers: US, 89.6%; mean frequency of 5 countries, 89.6%) and fighting injury (noninjured: US, 84.5%; mean frequency of 5 countries, 84.6%). Bullying frequency varied widely cross-nationally (nonbullies: from 57.0% for Israel to 85.2% for Sweden). Fighting was most highly associated with smoking, drinking, feeling irritable or bad tempered, and having been bullied. Conclusions: Adolescents in 5 countries behaved similarly in their expression of violence-related behaviors. Occasional fighting and bullying were common, whereas frequent fighting, frequent bullying, any weapon carrying, or any fighting injury were infrequent behaviors. These findings were consistent across countries, with little cross-national variation except for bullying rates. Traditional risk-taking behaviors (smoking and drinking) and being bullied were highly associated with the expression of violence-related behavior.


PMID: 15184216

DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.158.6.539

Other references

Tracy, E.E., 2017: Contraception: Menarche to Menopause. Contraception services should be part of routine health care maintenance in reproductive-aged women, especially in light of the fact that approximately 50% of pregnancies in the United States remain unplanned. Barrier methods, especially condoms,...

Dyrmundsson, O.R., 1995: Using the sea as a resource for animal agriculture in Iceland. The sea has been a valuable resource for livestock production in Iceland for centuries, and contributed substantially to that country's self-sufficiency. Despite modern agricultural practice, these links have been maintained and adapted. This...

Kotel'nikov, A.V.; Kondratenko, E.I.; Teplyĭ, D.L., 1998: Improved method of preparing neuroendocrine and endocrine tissue samples for radiometry. Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika: 44-44

Ray, T.W.; Murray, B.C., 1996: Nonlinear spectral mixing in desert vegetation. Linear mixing models are widely used in terrestrial remote sensing, with the errors in these models being often attributed to "nonlinear" mixing. Nonlinear mixing refers to the interaction of light with multiple target materials. Reflect...

Senno, M. del, 1977: Particle boards with electrically orientated particles. Particle boards were made in which the glued particles were orientated by passing them through a homogeneous electric field. Bending strength and MOE of the boards were increased in the direction of orientation. The effects of increasing the field...

Yin, Z.; Valkenburg, F.; Hornix, B.E.; Mantingh-Otter, I.; Zhou, X.; Mari, M.; Reggiori, F.; Van Dam, D.; Eggen, B.J.L.; De Deyn, P.P.; Boddeke, E., 2017: Progressive Motor Deficit is Mediated by the Denervation of Neuromuscular Junctions and Axonal Degeneration in Transgenic Mice Expressing Mutant (P301S) Tau Protein. Tauopathies include a variety of neurodegenerative diseases associated with the pathological aggregation of hyperphosphorylated tau, resulting in progressive cognitive decline and motor impairment. The underlying mechanism for motor deficits relat...

Simeonsson, R.J.; Meier, G.W., 1970: Strain-specific effects of chronic prenatal irradiation in mice. Developmental Psychobiology 3(3): 197-206

Belknap D.F., 1979: Geology at Sardis, archaeological site in western Turkey. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 11(1): 3

Samoilovich, I.M., 1964: The pathways of the action of serotonin and antidiuretic hormone on diuresis. Studies were made in rats on the effect of pituitrin, serotonin, unithiol [The sodium salt of 2,3-dimercaptopropanesulfonic acid. [long dash]Transl.], and mersalyl on the excretion of water by the kidney. These substances were injected into animal...

Duncombe, W.G.; Rising, T.J., 1969: Scintillation counting of 14CO2 from in vitro systems: a comparison of some trapping agents. Analytical Biochemistry 30(2): 275-278