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Cardiovascular responses to microinjection of nociceptin and endomorphin-1 into the nucleus tractus solitarii in conscious rats

, : Cardiovascular responses to microinjection of nociceptin and endomorphin-1 into the nucleus tractus solitarii in conscious rats. Neuroscience 132(4): 1009-1015

Increasing evidence suggests an active participation of nociceptinergic transmission in the central control of cardiovascular activity and reflex. In this study, the role of the classic opioid mu receptor and the nociceptin/orphanin FQ receptor, a novel opioid receptor, in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) in the regulation of cardiovascular activity was investigated and compared in chronically cannulated and freely moving conscious rats. Microinjections of nociceptin, an endogenous ligand for the nociceptin receptor, into the relatively rostral NTS produced dose-related (0.04, 0.2, and 1 nmol) increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Intra-NTS injection of the selective nociceptin receptor antagonist [Nphe(1)]Nociceptin(1-13)NH2 (NOR-AN) at 1 nmol blocked the increases in blood pressure and heart rate induced by nociceptin. In contrast, pretreatment with the nonselective opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (5 nmol) had no effects on the cardiovascular responses to nociceptin. Like nociceptin, microinjection of endomorphin-1 (EM-1), an endogenous ligand for the opioid mu receptor, into the rostral NTS increased blood pressure and heart rate in a dose-dependent manner (0.04, 0.2, and 1 nmol). Pretreatment with naloxone (5 nmol), but not NOR-AN, blocked cardiovascular responses elicited by EM-1. Neither NOR-AN nor naloxone alone had significant effects on the baseline blood pressure and heart rate. Injection of excitatory amino acid L-glutamate (1 nmol) into the same sites caused the typical depressor and brady-cardic responses. In the caudal NTS areas, nociceptin and EM-1 seemed to induce opposite responses: hypotension and bradycardia. These results suggest that the novel nociceptin receptors and traditional opioid receptors in the NTS may be independently involved in the regulation of cardiovascular activity. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of IBRO.


PMID: 15857705

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.01.037

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