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Changes in expression of T-cell activation-related molecules and cytokines during tolerance induction in an allogeneic skin transplantation murine model


, : Changes in expression of T-cell activation-related molecules and cytokines during tolerance induction in an allogeneic skin transplantation murine model. Transplantation Proceedings 36(8): 2425-2428

Bone marrow transplantation after treatment with busulfan and costimulatory blockade with monoclonal antibodies (mAb) cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4)-Ig and anti-CD154 mAb or two-signal blockade using anti-CD45RB and anti-CD154 mAb are nonmyeloablative treatment regimens for allogeneic transplantation. There may be differences in the mechanisms of donor cell engraftment and reactive cell deletion by which these regimens induce donor-specific tolerance. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate changes in T cells and cytokines during tolerance induction toward allogeneic skin grafts. BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were used as donors and recipients, respectively. Skin and bone marrow transplantations were performed and busulfan was administered. Three groups were treated with mAb as follows: group 1, anti-CD154 mAb; group 2, anti-CD154 plus anti-CD45RB mAb; and group 3, anti-CD154 mAb plus CTLA4-Ig. The proportions of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells and the expression of CD45RB isoforms on splenocytes were measured using flow cytometry and the production of cytokines by CD4+ T cells using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Group 2 showed a significant reduction in the proportions of CD8+ T cells and CD45RB high isoforms compared with groups 1 and 3,. The levels of interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4 in group 2 were lower and higher than those of groups I and 3, respectively. In conclusion, the combined use of anti-CD154 and anti-CD45RB mAb decreases the CD8+ T-cell population and the expression of CD45RB, resulting in a Th2 cytokine profile, which may be a characteristic mechanism leading to donor cell engraftment and reactive cell deletion for donor-specific tolerance.

US$19.90

PMID: 15561268

DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.08.136


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