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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 11849

Chapter 11849 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.

Characterization of a novel Photosystem I-LHCI supercomplex isolated from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under anaerobic (State II) conditions. Febs Letters 580(1): 233-238

Characterization of a novel polymeric scaffold for potential application in tendon/ligament tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering 12(1): 91-99

Characterization of a novel polymorphic form of celecoxib. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 95(2): 305-317

Characterization of a novel polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (dGalNAc-T3) from Drosophila. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 27(10): 1509-1514

Characterization of a novel porin protein from Moraxella catarrhalis and identification of an immunodominant surface loop. Journal of Bacteriology 187(18): 6528-6535

Characterization of a novel prospero-related homeobox gene, Prox2. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 275(5): 471-478

Characterization of a novel protein from Proatheris superciliaris venom: proatherocytin, a 34-kDa platelet receptor PAR1 agonist. Toxicon 46(5): 490-499

Characterization of a novel protein that specifically binds to DNA modified by N-acetoxy-acetylaminofluorene and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum. Acta Biochimica Polonica 52(4): 867-874

Characterization of a novel rat epididymal cell line to study epididymal function. Endocrinology 146(11): 4710-4720

Characterization of a novel satellite DNA sequence from Flying Dragon (Poncirus trifoliata). Genetica 127(1-3): 45-53

Characterization of a novel satellite virus and a strain of Himetobi P virus (Dicistroviridae) from the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 91(1): 53-56

Characterization of a novel selenium methyltransferase from freshwater bacteria showing strong similarities with the calicheamicin methyltransferase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1679(1): 80-85

Characterization of a novel splicing variant of KLHL5, a member of the kelch protein family. Molecular Biology Reports 30(4): 239-242

Characterization of a novel thrombotic middle cerebral artery occlusion model in monkeys that exhibits progressive hypoperfusion and robust cortical infarction. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 146(1): 106-115

Characterization of a novel thyroid hormone receptor alpha variant involved in the regulation of myoblast differentiation. Molecular Endocrinology 20(4): 749-763

Characterization of a novel tonic gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor-mediated inhibition in magnocellular neurosecretory neurons and its modulation by glia. Endocrinology 147(8): 3746-3760

Characterization of a novel transcriptionally active domain in the transforming growth factor beta-regulated Smad3 protein. Nucleic Acids Research 33(12): 3708-3721

Characterization of a novel zinc-containing, lysine-specific aminopeptidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus. Journal of Bacteriology 187(6): 2077-2083

Characterization of a novel, cytokine-inducible carboxypeptidase D isoform in haematopoietic tumour cells. Biochemical Journal 390(Pt 3): 665-673

Characterization of a nuclear compartment shared by nuclear bodies applying ectopic protein expression and correlative light and electron microscopy. Experimental Cell Research 303(1): 128-137

Characterization of a nuclear localization signal in the C-terminus of the adeno-associated virus Rep68/78 proteins. Virology 327(2): 206-214

Characterization of a nucleopolyhedrovirus isolated from the labolatory rearing of the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Hbn.) in Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research 45(4): 279-286

Characterization of a nucleotide-binding domain associated with neisserial iron transport. Journal of Bacteriology 186(10): 3266-3269

Characterization of a panel of cell lines derived from urothelial neoplasms: genetic alterations, growth in vivo and the relationship of adenoviral mediated gene transfer to coxsackie adenovirus receptor expression. Journal of Urology 175(3 Pt 1): 1133-1137

Characterization of a partial amphiploid between Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring and Thinopyrum intermedium ssp trichophorum. Euphytica 149(1-2): 11-17

Characterization of a partially folded intermediate of papain induced by fluorinated alcohols at low pH. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 432(1): 79-87

Characterization of a peptide adduct formed by N-acetoxy-2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine (PhIP), a reactive intermediate of the food carcinogen PhIP. Food and Chemical Toxicology 42(8): 1367-1372

Characterization of a peptide affinity support that binds selectively to staphylococcal enterotoxin B. Journal of Chromatography. A 1078(1-2): 98-112

Characterization of a peptide from skin secretions of male specimens of the frog, Leptodactylus fallax that stimulates aggression in male frogs. Peptides 26(4): 597-601

Characterization of a peptide inhibitor of Janus kinase 2 that mimics suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 function. Journal of Immunology 172(12): 7510-7518

Characterization of a peptide vaccine candidate mimicking an oligosaccharide epitope of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and resultant immune responses and function. Vaccine 24(2): 157-170

Characterization of a permissive epitope insertion site in adenovirus hexon. Journal of Virology 80(11): 5361-5370

Characterization of a phase 1 metabolite of mycophenolic acid produced by CYP3A4/5. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 26(6): 600-608

Characterization of a phenotypically unique population of CD13+ dendritic cells resident in the spleen. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 13(9): 1064-1069

Characterization of a photocatalytic reaction in a continuous-flow recirculation reactor system. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 81(6): 1039-1048

Characterization of a polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel artificial articular cartilage prepared by injection molding. Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition 15(6): 741-751

Characterization of a population of small macrophages in induced sputum of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and healthy volunteers. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 138(3): 507-516

Characterization of a porcine intestinal epithelial cell line for in vitro studies of microbial pathogenesis in swine. Histochemistry and Cell Biology 125(3): 293-305

Characterization of a possible amyloidogenic precursor in glutamine-repeat neurodegenerative diseases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(38): 13433-8

Characterization of a potent refractory state and persistence of herpes simplex virus 1 in cell culture. Journal of Virology 80(18): 9171-9180

Characterization of a proapoptotic antiganglioside GM2 monoclonal antibody and evaluation of its therapeutic effect on melanoma and small cell lung carcinoma xenografts. Cancer Research 65(14): 6425-6434

Characterization of a prokaryotic haemerythrin from the methanotrophic bacterium Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath). Febs Journal 272(10): 2428-2440

Characterization of a protective monoclonal antibody recognizing Staphylococcus aureus MSCRAMM protein clumping factor A. Infection and Immunity 71(12): 6864-6870

Characterization of a protein-based adhesive elastomer secreted by the Australian frog Notaden bennetti. Biomacromolecules 6(6): 3300-3312

Characterization of a proton-activated, outwardly rectifying anion channel. Journal of Physiology 567(Pt 1): 191-213

Characterization of a pseudoachondroplasia-associated mutation (His587 fwdarw Arg) in the C-terminal, collagen-binding domain of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). Biochemical Journal 377(2): 479-487

Characterization of a pseudogene for murine methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 252(1-2): 391-395

Characterization of a putative fusogenic sequence in the E2 hepatitis G virus protein. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 442(2): 149-159

Characterization of a radiolabeled small molecule targeting leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 expression in lymphoma and leukemia. Cancer BioTherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 21(5): 418-426

Characterization of a range of fura dyes with two-photon excitation. Biophysical Journal 86(3): 1726-1738

Characterization of a rare single alpha-globin gene deletion in a Chinese woman with Hb H disease. Hemoglobin 29(4): 297-299

Characterization of a rat model to study acute neuroinflammation on histopathological, biochemical and functional outcomes. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 144(2): 183-191

Characterization of a rat model with site-specific bone metastasis induced by MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and its application to the effects of an antibody against bone sialoprotein. International Journal of Cancer 115(2): 177-186

Characterization of a recombinant C-type lectin, rCEL-IV, expressed in Escherichia coli cells using a synthetic gene. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1760(3): 318-325

Characterization of a recombinant Listeria monocytogenes strain containing the fusion protein gene of Newcastle disease virus. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 46(3): 445-450

Characterization of a recombinant adenovirus vector encoding heat-inducible feline interleukin-12 for use in hyperthermia-induced gene-therapy. International Journal of Hyperthermia 22(2): 117-134

Characterization of a recombinant encephalomyocarditis virus expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein. Archives of Virology 151(9): 1783-1796

Characterization of a recombinant granzyme B derivative as a "restriction" protease. Protein Expression and Purification 39(2): 209-218

Characterization of a recombinant maltogenic amylase from deep sea thermophilic Bacillus sp WPD616. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39(4): 805-810

Characterization of a recombinant type II 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase from Helicobacter pylori. Biochemical Journal 390(Pt 1): 223-230

Characterization of a recombinantly expressed proteinase K-like enzyme from a psychrotrophic Serratia sp. Febs Journal 273(1): 47-60

Characterization of a recurrent translocation t(2;3)(p15-22;q26) occurring in acute myeloid leukaemia. Leukemia 20(1): 48-54

Characterization of a region involved in binding of measles virus H protein and its receptor SLAM (CD150). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 316(3): 698-704

Characterization of a rhizobacterimn promoting early growth in maize. Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 33(1): 70-73

Characterization of a rhodanese from the cyanogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 325(1): 85-90

Characterization of a ribonuclease gene and encoded protein from the reptile, Iguana iguana. Gene 352: 36-44

Characterization of a rice WRKY gene whose expression is induced upon pathogen attack and mechanical wounding. Acta Botanica Sinica 46(8): 955-964, August

Characterization of a rice class II metallothionein gene: tissue expression patterns and induction in response to abiotic factors. Journal of Plant Physiology 162(6): 686-696

Characterization of a rice gene family encoding type-A diterpene cyclases. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 70(7): 1702-1710

Characterization of a rolling-circle replication plasmid from Thermus aquaticus NTU103. Plasmid 56(1): 46-52

Characterization of a second functional gene cluster for the catabolism of phenylacetic acid in Pseudomonas sp. strain Y2. Gene 341: 167-179

Characterization of a second gene encoding gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 51(3): 269-275

Characterization of a second ligand binding site of the insulin receptor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(1): 334-339

Characterization of a second proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA2) from Drosophila melanogaster. Febs Journal 273(22): 5062-5073

Characterization of a self-assembled monolayer of thiol on a gold surface and the fabrication of a biosensor chip based on surface plasmon resonance for detecting anti-GAD antibody. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 20(7): 1422-1427

Characterization of a serine protease-mediated cell death program activated in human leukemia cells. Experimental Cell Research 312(1): 27-39

Characterization of a shiga-toxin 1-resistant stock of vero cells. Microbiology and Immunology 48(5): 377-387

Characterization of a sialic acid- and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1-independent adhesin activity in the granulocytotropic bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Cellular Microbiology 8(12): 1972-1984

Characterization of a sialidase (neuraminidase) isolated from Clostridium chauvoei (Jakari strain). Cell Biochemistry and Function 24(4): 347-352

Characterization of a side population of cancer cells from human gastrointestinal system. Stem Cells 24(3): 506-513

Characterization of a single dose methylprednisolone acetate immune suppression model using Cryptosporidium muris and Cryptosporidium parvum. Veterinary Parasitology 141(1-2): 66-83

Characterization of a single molecule DNA switch in free solution. Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(35): 11423-11432

Characterization of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the ZNF9 gene and analysis of association with myotonic dystrophy type II (DM2) in the Italian population. Molecular and Cellular Probes 19(1): 71-74

Characterization of a single-chain intrabody directed against the human receptor tyrosine kinase Ron. Journal of Immunological Methods 285(1): 99-109

Characterization of a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody directed against the human asialoglycoprotein receptor. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 44(Pt 2): 65-72

Characterization of a small metal binding protein from Nitrosomonas europaea. Biochemistry 43(35): 11206-11213

Characterization of a small molecule PAI-1 inhibitor, ZK4044. Thrombosis Research 115(4): 341-350

Characterization of a soluble ligand binding domain of the NMDA receptor regulatory subunit NR3A. Journal of Neuroscience 26(17): 4559-4566

Characterization of a spatial gradient of nitrogen dioxide across a United States-Mexico border city during winter. Science of the Total Environment 337(1-3): 163-173

Characterization of a specific arabinosyltransferase activity involved in mycobacterial arabinan biosynthesis. Chemistry & Biology 13(7): 787-795

Characterization of a sterol carrier protein 2/3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase from the cotton leafworm (Spodoptera littoralis): a lepidopteran mechanism closer to that in mammals than that in dipterans. Biochemical Journal 382(Pt 1): 93-100

Characterization of a strong repression domain in the hinge region of orphan nuclear receptor hB1F/hLRH-1. Sheng Wu Hua Xue Yu Sheng Wu Wu Li Xue Bao Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 35(10): 909-916

Characterization of a structurally intact in situ lung model and comparison of naphthalene protein adducts generated in this model vs lung microsomes. Chemical Research in Toxicology 18(5): 802-813

Characterization of a succinyl-CoA radical-cob(II)alamin spin triplet intermediate in the reaction catalyzed by adenosylcobalamin-dependent methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. Biochemistry 44(9): 3153-3158

Characterization of a suppressor mutation complementing an acid-sensitive mutation in Streptococcus mutans. Fems Microbiology Letters 229(2): 179-182

Characterization of a susceptibility locus for SLE, SLEB5, on chromosome 4p14-13. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 64(3): 308-313

Characterization of a symbiotically defective serine auxotroph of Mesorhizobium ciceri. Fems Microbiology Letters 263(2): 244-251

Characterization of a temperature-sensitive DNA ligase from Escherichia coli. Microbiology 150(Pt 12): 4171-4180

Characterization of a thermophilic ATP-dependent DNA ligase from the euryarchaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii. Journal of Bacteriology 187(20): 6902-6908

Characterization of a thermophilic DNA ligase from the archaeon Thermococcus fumicolans. Fems Microbiology Letters 236(2): 267-273

Characterization of a thermostable alkaline phosphatase from a novel species Thermus yunnanensis sp. nov. and investigation of its cobalt activation at high temperature. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1750(2): 103-111

Characterization of a thermostable endo-beta-1,4-D-galactanase from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 70(2): 538-541

Characterization of a thermostable enzyme with phosphomannomutase/phosphoglucomutase activities from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3. Journal of Biochemistry 138(2): 159-166

Characterization of a thermostable recombinant beta-galactosidase from Thermotoga maritima. Journal of Applied Microbiology 97(5): 1006-1014

Characterization of a theta-replicating plasmid from Streptococcus thermophilus. Plasmid 51(1): 24-36

Characterization of a theta-type plasmid from Lactobacillus sakei: a potential basis for low-copy-number vectors in lactobacilli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69(9): 5574-5584

Characterization of a thrombomodulin binding site on protein C and its comparison to an activated protein C binding site for factor Va. Proteins 54(3): 433-441

Characterization of a thymus-tropic HIV-1 isolate from a rapid progressor: role of the envelope. Virology 328(1): 74-88

Characterization of a tissue-specific and developmentally regulated beta-1,3-glucanase gene family in Prunus persica. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (Paris) 41(11-12): 955-963, November-December

Characterization of a topologically aberrant plasmid population from pilot-scale production of clinical-grade DNA. Journal of Biotechnology 121(1): 1-12

Characterization of a torovirus main proteinase. Journal of Virology 80(8): 4157-4167

Characterization of a transgenic mouse line lacking photoreceptor development within the ventral retina. Experimental Eye Research 81(4): 376-388

Characterization of a transglutaminase from scallop hemocyte and identification of its intracellular substrates. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 140(3): 395-402

Characterization of a transglycosylase domain of Streptococcus pneumoniae PBP1b. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 14(21): 7187-7195

Characterization of a transient covalent adduct formed during dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase catalysis. Biochemistry 44(18): 7069-7078

Characterization of a transplantable hormone-responsive human prostatic cancer xenograft TEN12 and its androgen-resistant sublines. Prostate 58(1): 13-22

Characterization of a trypsin-like serine protease of activated B cells mediating the cleavage of surface proteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1624(1-3): 60-69

Characterization of a tyrosine phosphatase activity in the oogenesis of Periplaneta americana. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 63(1): 24-35

Characterization of a ultraviolet B-induced corticotropin-releasing hormone-proopiomelanocortin system in human melanocytes. Molecular Endocrinology 20(10): 2539-2547

Characterization of a unique borreliacidal epitope on the outer surface protein C of Borrelia burgdorferi. Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology 48(1): 64-74

Characterization of a unique group-specific protein (U122) of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Journal of Virology 78(14): 7311-7318

Characterization of a unique sigma54-dependent PTS operon of the lactose family in Listeria monocytogenes. Biochimie 85(7): 633-638

Characterization of a unique type IA topoisomerase in Bacillus cereus. Molecular Microbiology 60(1): 140-151

Characterization of a vaccinia virus mutant with a deletion of the D10R gene encoding a putative negative regulator of gene expression. Journal of Virology 80(2): 553-561

Characterization of a vaccinia virus strain used to produce smallpox vaccine in Argentina between 1937 and 1970. Archives of Virology 150(7): 1485-1491

Characterization of a variant of PAC-1 in large granular lymphocyte leukemia. Protein Expression and Purification 32(1): 52-60

Characterization of a von Hippel Lindau pathway involved in extracellular matrix remodeling, cell invasion, and angiogenesis. Cancer Research 66(3): 1313-1319

Characterization of a wide range base-damage-endonuclease activity of mammalian rpS3. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 328(4): 962-967

Characterization of a wine-like beverage obtained from sugarcane juice. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 21(4): 447-452

Characterization of a zebrafish estrogen-sulfating cytosolic sulfotransferase: inhibitory effects and mechanism of action of phytoestrogens. Chemico-Biological Interactions 147(1): 1-7

Characterization of abdominally acquired uterine electrical signals in humans, using a non-linear analytic method. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 44(1-2): 117-123

Characterization of accelerated iron-ion-induced damage in gap junction-competent and -incompetent thyroid follicular cells. Radiation Research 163(2): 172-182

Characterization of acetohydroxyacid synthase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the identification of its new inhibitor from the screening of a chemical library. Febs Letters 579(21): 4903-4910

Characterization of acetyl-CoA: lyso-PAF acetyltransferase of human mesangial cells. Mediators of Inflammation 2005(5): 263-272

Characterization of acetylcholine-induced currents in male rat pelvic ganglion neurons. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 8(4): 219-225

Characterization of acetylcholinesterase expression and secretion during osteoblast differentiation. Bone 35(4): 819-827

Characterization of acid signaling in rat vagal pulmonary sensory neurons. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 291(1): L58-L65

Characterization of acid-sensing ion channels in dorsal horn neurons of rat spinal cord. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(42): 43716-43724

Characterization of activating signal cointegrator-2 as a novel transcriptional coactivator of the xenobiotic nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor. Molecular Endocrinology 19(7): 1711-1719

Characterization of active R2 retrotransposition in the rDNA locus of Drosophila simulans. Genetics 170(1): 195-205

Characterization of active component in marine alga Sargassum horneri extract in stimulating bone calcification in vitro. Journal of Health Science 50(6): 634-639

Characterization of active ion transport across primary rabbit corneal epithelial cell layers (RCrECL) cultured at an air-interface. Experimental Eye Research 80(6): 827-836

Characterization of acute and chronic myocardial infarcts by multidetector computed tomography: comparison with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance. Circulation 113(6): 823-833

Characterization of acute functional tolerance to the hypnotic effects of ethanol in mice. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 28(7): 991-997

Characterization of acute liver failure and development of a continuous risk of death staging system in children. Journal of Hepatology 44(1): 134-141

Characterization of acute lymphoblastic leukemia progenitor cells. Blood 104(9): 2919-2925

Characterization of acute whiplash-associated disorders. Spine 29(2): 182-188

characterization of acute-phase humoral immunity to monkeypox: use of immunoglobulin M enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of monkeypox infection during the 2003 North American outbreak. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 12(7): 867-872

Characterization of acyl-phosphatidylinositol from the opportunistic pathogen Corynebacterium amycolatum. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 133(1): 17-26

Characterization of acylated flavonoid-O-glycosides and methoxylated flavonoids from Tagetes maxima by liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 18(23): 2801-2810

Characterization of adducts formed between human serum albumin and the butadiene metabolite epoxybutanediol. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 19(18): 2488-2496

Characterization of adducts formed in the reaction of 2-chloro-4-methylthiobutanoic acid with 2'-deoxyguanosine. Chemical Research in Toxicology 18(11): 1755-1761

Characterization of adeno-associated virus genomes isolated from human tissues. Journal of Virology 79(23): 14793-14803

Characterization of adenosine receptors in bovine corneal endothelium. Experimental Eye Research 80(5): 687-696

Characterization of adenosine receptors in the human bladder carcinoma T24 cell line. European Journal of Pharmacology 536(1-2): 28-37

Characterization of adenosine-A1 receptor-mediated antilipolysis in rats by tissue microdialysis, 1H-spectroscopy, and glucose clamp studies. Diabetes 53(7): 1920-1926

Characterization of adenylate cyclase-hemolysin gene duplication in a Bordetella pertussis isolate. Infection and Immunity 72(8): 4874-4877

Characterization of adhesion and differentiation markers of osteogenic marrow stromal cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology 202(1): 41-48

Characterization of adhesion and viability of early seeding hematopoietic cells in the host bone marrow in vivo and in situ. Experimental Hematology 31(12): 1292-1300

Characterization of adhesion threads of Deinococcus geothermalis as type IV pili. Journal of Bacteriology 188(19): 7016-7021

Characterization of adipocere formation in animal species. Journal of Forensic Sciences 50(3): 633-640

Characterization of adrenomedullin in non-human primates. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 321(4): 859-869

Characterization of advanced glycation end products for biochemical studies: side chain modifications and fluorescence characteristics. Analytical Biochemistry 338(2): 201-215

Characterization of advanced glycation end products: mass changes in correlation to side chain modifications. Analytical Biochemistry 346(1): 101-106

Characterization of aeromonads isolated from the river Narmada, India. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 208(5): 425-433

Characterization of aerosolized bacteria and fungi from desert dust events in Mali, West Africa. Aerobiologia 20(2): 99-110, June

Characterization of afloqualone N-glucuronidation: species differences and identification of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoform(s). Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 33(1): 60-67

Characterization of agarose product from agar using DMSO. Algae 20(1): 61-67

Characterization of aggregate structure in mercerized cellulose/LiCl center dot DMAc solution using light scattering and rheological measurements. Biomacromolecules 7(4): 1311-1317

Characterization of aggressive behavior and phenytoin response. Aggressive Behavior 32(1): 38-43

Characterization of agonist-induced motilin receptor trafficking and its implications for tachyphylaxis. Molecular Pharmacology 69(1): 109-118

Characterization of airborne and bulk particulate from iron and steel manufacturing facilities. Environmental Science & Technology 38(2): 381-389

Characterization of aircraft deicer and anti-icer components and toxicity in airport snowbanks and snowmelt runoff. Environmental Science & Technology 40(10): 3195-3202

Characterization of alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT) multigene family and hypoxic response in young seedlings of the model legume Medicago truncatula. Journal of Experimental Botany 57(12): 3079-3089

Characterization of alanine scanning mutants of a peptide specifically binding to TiO2 nanoparticles. Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 33(4): 319-321

Characterization of alcohol acyltransferase from olive fruit. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(10): 3155-3158

Characterization of alkaline protease from Vibrio fluvialis strain VM10 isolated from a mangrove sediment sample and its application as a laundry detergent additive. Process Biochemistry 41(6): 1239-1243

Characterization of alkaline proteases from a novel alkali-tolerant bacterium Bacillus patagoniensis. World journal of microbiology and biotechnology 22(7): 737-743

Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 55(Pt 6): 2309-2315

Characterization of alkyl-cobalamins formed on trapping of epoxide metabolites of 1,3-butadiene. Journal of Separation Science 27(7-8): 607-612

Characterization of all human male synaptonemal complexes by subtelomere multiplex-FISH. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 107(1-2): 18-21

Characterization of all the subunits of replication factor C from a higher plant, rice (Oryza sativa L.), and their relation to development. Plant Molecular Biology 53(1-2): 15-25

Characterization of allegedly musk-containing medicinal products in Taiwan. Journal of Forensic Sciences 49(6): 1187-1193

Characterization of allelic variants at chromosome 15q14 in schizophrenia. Genes, Brain, and Behavior 5 Suppl 1: 14-22

Characterization of allergens secreted by Anisakis simplex parasite: clinical relevance in comparison with somatic allergens. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 34(2): 296-302

Characterization of alpha X I-domain binding to Thy-1. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 331(2): 557-561

Characterization of alpha- and gamma-glutamyl dipeptides by negative ion collision-induced dissociation. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 39(2): 136-144

Characterization of alpha-synuclein aggregation and synergistic toxicity with protein tau in yeast. Febs Journal 272(6): 1386-1400

Characterization of alphaA-crystallin from high molecular weight aggregates in the normal human lens. Molecular Vision 9: 315-322

Characterization of alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in children with Prader-Willi syndrome. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism 19(7): 911-918

Characterization of alternative complement hemolytic pathway activity in Holstein bull serum. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(4): 698-705

Characterization of alternative oxidase (AOX) gene expression in response to methyl salicylate and methyl jasmonate pre-treatment and low temperature in tomatoes. Journal of Plant Physiology 163(10): 1049-1060

Characterization of amino acids in silk sericin protein from Gonometa rufobrunnae by MEKC with phenyl isothiocyanate derivatization. Journal of Separation Science 29(9): 1245-1250

Characterization of amino acids using Raman spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 61(7): 1585-1594

Characterization of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in an activated sludge plant using a fluorescent in situ hybridization method. Turkish Journal of Biology 28(1): 1-7

Characterization of ammonia transport by the kidney Rh glycoproteins RhBG and RhCG. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 290(2): F297-F305

Characterization of ammonium chloride derivatives by salt clustering in electrospray mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 17(22): 2471-2474

Characterization of amplifiable, circulating RNA in plasma and its potential as a tool for cancer diagnostics. Clinical Chemistry 50(3): 564-573

Characterization of amyloidogenic immunoglobulin light chains directly from serum by on-line immunoaffinity isolation. Biomedical Chromatography 18(3): 191-201

Characterization of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-linked P56S mutation of vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B (VAPB/ALS8). Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(40): 30223-30233

Characterization of an Arabidopsis gene that mediates cytokinin signaling in shoot apical meristem development. Molecules and Cells 19(3): 342-349

Characterization of an Arabidopsis mutant deficient in gamma-tocopherol methyltransferase. Plant Molecular Biology 52(6): 1181-1190

Characterization of an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant lacking a cytosolic non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Plant Molecular Biology 61(6): 945-957

Characterization of an ERAD gene as VPS30/ATG6 reveals two alternative and functionally distinct protein quality control pathways: One for soluble Z variant of human alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (A1PiZ) and another for aggregates of A1PiZ. Molecular Biology of the Cell 17(1): 203-212

Characterization of an EcoRI family of satellite DNA from two species of the genus Eptesicus (Vespertilionidae; Chiroptera). Genetica 122(3): 303-310

Characterization of an Escherichia coli elaC deletion mutant. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 320(4): 1365-1373

Characterization of an Escherichia coli sulfite oxidase homologue reveals the role of a conserved active site cysteine in assembly and function. Biochemistry 44(30): 10339-10348

Characterization of an Mg2+-dependent endonucleolytic activity of the rat hepatocyte nuclear matrix. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 136(3): 495-504

Characterization of an O-methyltransferase from soybean. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 44(4): 236-241

Characterization of an Ochrobactrum intermedium strain STCr-5 manifesting high level Cr(VI) resistance and reduction potential. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39(4): 883-888

Characterization of an RNA bulge structure by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 324(2): 634-639

Characterization of an RNA granule from developing brain. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 5(4): 635-651

Characterization of an abiotic stress-inducible dehydrin gene, OsDhn1, in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Molecules and Cells 19(2): 212-218

Characterization of an abundant COL9A1 transcript in the cochlea with a novel 3' UTR: Expression studies and detection of miRNA target sequence. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology 7(2): 160-172

Characterization of an actin-binding site within the talin FERM domain. Journal of Molecular Biology 343(3): 771-784

Characterization of an activation factor released from human neutrophils after stimulation by triclinic monosodium urate crystals. Journal of Rheumatology 33(5): 928-938

Characterization of an active pharmaceutical ingredient by its dissolution properties: amoxicillin trihydrate as a model drug. ChemoTherapy 50(5): 234-244

Characterization of an acute molecular marker of nongenotoxic rodent hepatocarcinogenesis by gene expression profiling in a long term clofibric acid study. Chemical Research in Toxicology 18(4): 611-618

Characterization of an additional 14 microsatellite loci in California Elk (Cervus elaphus) for use in forensic and population applications. Conservation Genetics 6(1): 151-153

Characterization of an adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) receptor promoter polymorphism leading to decreased adrenal responsiveness to ACTH. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 89(7): 3131-3137

Characterization of an aldehyde dehydrogenase from Euglena gracilis. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 53(1): 36-42

Characterization of an allosteric citalopram-binding site at the serotonin transporter. Journal of Neurochemistry 92(1): 21-28

Characterization of an amacrine cell type of the mammalian retina immunoreactive for vesicular glutamate transporter 3. Journal of Comparative Neurology 468(2): 251-263

Characterization of an amiloride binding region in the alpha-subunit of ENaC. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 285(6): F1279-F1290

Characterization of an amino-terminal dimerization domain from retroviral restriction factor Fv1. Journal of Virology 80(16): 8225-8235

Characterization of an animal model of spontaneous congenital unilateral obstructive uropathy by cDNA microarray analysis. European Urology 45(3): 374-381

Characterization of an ankyrin repeat-containing Shank2 isoform (Shank2E) in liver epithelial cells. Biochemical Journal 380(Pt 1): 181-191

Characterization of an anti-human ovarian carcinomaxanti-human CD3 bispecific single-chain antibody with an albumin-original interlinker. Gynecologic Oncology 92(1): 135-146

Characterization of an anti-lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 antibody in a simian immunodeficiency virus-pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) model. Comparative Medicine 56(1): 23-30

Characterization of an anti-thioredoxin monoclonal antibody. Biotechnology Letters 28(3): 183-188

Characterization of an antibiotic produced by Streptomyces violaceus T118 and its effect in controlling chocolate spot disease of faba bean plant. Egyptian Journal of Microbiology 37(2): 197-212

Characterization of an antibody that can detect the Kai1/CD82 murine metastasis suppressor. Prostate 66(6): 567-577

Characterization of an antifungal glycolipid secreted by the yeast Sympodiomycopsis paphiopedili. Fems Yeast Research 5(3): 247-252

Characterization of an antihypertensive peptide from an Alfalfa white protein hydrolysate produced by a continuous enzymatic membrane reactor. Process Biochemistry 41(9): 1961-1966

Characterization of an antioxidant from sporophyll of Undaria pinnatifida. Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32(4): 307-311

Characterization of an antisense transcript spanning the UL81-82 locus of human cytomegalovirus. Journal of Virology 79(17): 11022-11034

Characterization of an apple anthocyanidin synthase gene in transgenic tobacco plants. Journal of Plant Biology 49(4): 326-330

Characterization of an apple polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP) that specifically inhibits an endopolygalacturonase (PG) purified from apple fruits infected with Botryosphaeria dothidea. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 16(8): 1192-1200

Characterization of an aquaporin-2 water channel gene mutation causing partial nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in a Mexican family: evidence of increased frequency of the mutation in the town of origin. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 15(5): 1223-1231

Characterization of an archaeal family 4 uracil DNA glycosylase and its interaction with PCNA and chromatin proteins. Biochemical Journal 387(Pt 3): 859-863

Characterization of an archaeal malic enzyme from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1. Archaea 1(5): 293-301

Characterization of an artificial valve flow using the numerical dye washout visualization technique: application to the monoleaflet valve with purged flow. Artificial Organs 30(8): 642-650

Characterization of an ecto-ATPase activity in Cryptococcus neoformans. Fems Yeast Research 5(10): 899-907

Characterization of an endogenous retrovirus class in elephants and their relatives. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 38-38

Characterization of an enriched lipoxygenase extract from Aspergillus niger in terms of specificity and nature of flavor precursors production. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic 29(1-6): 201-209, June 21

Characterization of an equine mannose-binding lectin and its roles in disease. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 343(3): 928-936

Characterization of an exchangeable gene trap using pU-17 carrying a stop codon-beta geo cassette. Development, Growth & Differentiation 47(3): 163-172

Characterization of an exo-beta-1,3-galactanase from Clostridium thermocellum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72(5): 3515-3523

Characterization of an exocellular beta-glucosidase from Debaryomyces pseudopolymorphus. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39(2): 229-234

Characterization of an exopolysaccharide mutant of Nostoc spongiaeforme: Zn2+-sorption and uptake. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology 19(8): 851-857, November

Characterization of an exopolysaccharide produced by a marine Enterobacter cloacae. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 43(5): 467-471

Characterization of an experimental indoor larval production system for red snapper. North American Journal of Aquaculture 68(1): 86-91

Characterization of an extended receptive ligand repertoire of the human olfactory receptor OR17-40 comprising structurally related compounds. Journal of Neurochemistry 97(2): 537-544

Characterization of an extracellular biopolymer flocculant from a haloalkalophilic Bacillus isolate. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 20(8): 837-843

Characterization of an extracellular poly (3-hydroxyoctanoate) depolymerase from the marine isolate, Pseudomonas luteola M13-4. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 38(3-4): 529-535

Characterization of an extracellular protease and its cDNA from the nematode-trapping fungus Monacrosporium microscaphoides. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 52(2): 130-139

Characterization of an extracellular virulence factor made by group A Streptococcus with homology to the Listeria monocytogenes internalin family of proteins. Infection and Immunity 71(12): 7043-7052

Characterization of an hyperpigmenting mutant of Monascus purpureus IB1: identification of two novel pigment chemical structures. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 70(4): 488-496

Characterization of an immortalized oviduct cell line from the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Journal of Medical Primatology 34(2): 67-72

Characterization of an improved procedure for the removal of microglia from confluent monolayers of primary astrocytes. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 150(1): 128-137

Characterization of an improved recombinant baculovirus producing polyhedra that contain Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac crystal protein. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 15(4): 710-715

Characterization of an in vitro cell culture bioreactor system to evaluate anti-neoplastic drug regimens. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 96(3): 217-225

Characterization of an in vitro model for evaluating the interface between skin and percutaneous biomaterials. Wound Repair and Regeneration 14(4): 484-491

Characterization of an inducible vancomycin resistance system in Streptomyces coelicolor reveals a novel gene (vanK) required for drug resistance. Molecular Microbiology 52(4): 1107-1121

Characterization of an inexpensive, nontoxic, and highly sensitive microarray substrate. Biotechniques 37(2): 286-92, 294, 296

Characterization of an infectious cDNA copy of the genome of a naturally occurring, avirulent coxsackievirus B3 clinical isolate. Journal of General Virology 86(Pt 1): 197-210

Characterization of an interaction between fetal hemoglobin and lipid A of LPS resulting in augmented induction of cytokine production in vivo and in vitro. International Immunopharmacology 4(14): 1859-1872

Characterization of an interleukin-6- and adrenocorticotropin-dependent, immune-to-adrenal pathway during viral infection. Endocrinology 145(8): 3580-3589

Characterization of an intronic enhancer that regulates myelin proteolipid protein (Plp) gene expression in oligodendrocytes. Journal of Neuroscience Research 82(3): 346-356

Characterization of an iron-regulated alpha-enolase of Bacteroides fragilis. Microbes and Infection 7(1): 9-18

Characterization of an isolated bacterium, Providencia sp., capable of attaching onto metal surfaces. Biocontrol Science 9(3): 83-87

Characterization of an oil-degrading Microcoleus consortium by means of confocal scanning microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Scanning 27(4): 176-180

Characterization of an optical copper sensor based on N,N '-bis(salycilidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine. Analytica Chimica Acta 538(1-2): 225-231

Characterization of an organic phase peroxide biosensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized in Eastman AQ. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 22(1): 116-123

Characterization of an organometallic xenon complex using NMR and IR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(6): 1853-1858

Characterization of an original model of myocardial infarction provoked by coronary artery thrombosis induced by ferric chloride in pig. Thrombosis Research 116(5): 431-442

Characterization of an oxaloacetate decarboxylase that belongs to the malic enzyme family. Febs Letters 570(1-3): 217-222

Characterization of anacardic acids by micellar electrokinetic chromatography and mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. A 1115(1-2): 253-259

Characterization of angiotensin II-receptor subtypes in podocytes. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 142(5): 313-321

Characterization of angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) in human urine. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 12(3): 283-289

Characterization of anillin mutants reveals essential roles in septin localization and plasma membrane integrity. Development 132(12): 2849-2860

Characterization of animal products according to geographic origin and feeding diet using nuclear magnetic resonance and isotope ratio mass spectrometry: Cow milk. Food Chemistry 85(1): 63-66, March

Characterization of anthropogenic sediment particles after a transboundary water pollution of river Tisza using synchrotron radiation. Spectrochimica Acta Part B Atomic Spectroscopy 59(5): 701-708, May 21

Characterization of anti-Gal antibody-producing cells of baboons and humans. Transplantation 81(6): 940-948

Characterization of anti-apoptotic action of TCDD as a defensive cellular stress response reaction against the cell damaging action of ultra-violet irradiation in an immortalized normal human mammary epithelial cell line, MCF10A. Toxicology 217(2-3): 139-146

Characterization of anti-inflammatory compounds using transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics in combination with multivariate data analysis. International Immunopharmacology 4(12): 1499-1514

Characterization of anti-islet cytotoxic human T-cell clones from patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Autoimmunity 39(4): 323-332

Characterization of anti-mesangial cell antibodies and their target antigens in patients with lupus nephritis. Journal of Clinical Immunology 25(3): 281-287

Characterization of anti-myosin monoclonal antibodies. Hybridoma 24(6): 314-318

Characterization of anti-self CD8 T-cell responses stimulated by recombinant Listeria monocytogenes expressing the melanoma antigen TRP-2. Vaccine 23(33): 4263-4272

Characterization of antibodies against human red blood cell antigens with a rheo-optical approach. Transfusion Medicine & Hemotherapy 31(1): 41-48, February

Characterization of antibodies submitted to the B cell section of the 8th Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens Workshop by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Cellular Immunology 236(1-2): 6-16

Characterization of antibodies that inhibit HIV gp120 antigen processing and presentation. European Journal of Immunology 35(9): 2541-2551

Characterization of antibodies to CA 125 that bind preferentially to the cell-associated form of the antigen. Tumour Biology 27(3): 122-132

Characterization of antibodies to capsular polysaccharide antigens of Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae in human immune globulin intravenous preparations. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 11(6): 1158-1164

Characterization of antibody responses elicited by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 primary isolate trimeric and monomeric envelope glycoproteins in selected adjuvants. Journal of Virology 80(3): 1414-1426

Characterization of antibody responses to combinations of a dengue virus type 2 DNA vaccine and two dengue virus type 2 protein vaccines in rhesus macaques. Journal of Virology 80(19): 9577-9585

Characterization of antibody responses to purified HIV-1 gp120 glycoproteins fused with the molecular adjuvant C3d. Virology 340(2): 277-284

Characterization of antifreeze activity in Antarctic plants. Journal of Experimental Botany 56(414): 1189-1196

Characterization of antigenically and genetically similar influenza C viruses isolated in Japan during the 1999-2000 season. Epidemiology and Infection 132(4): 709-720

Characterization of antihypertensive angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 14(6): 1318-1323

Characterization of antimicrobial resistance, plasmids, and gene cassettes in Shigella spp. from patients in vietnam. Microbial Drug Resistance 9 Suppl 1: S17-S24

Characterization of antinociceptive activity of novel endomorphin-2 and morphiceptin analogs modified in the third position. Biochemical Pharmacology 69(1): 179-185

Characterization of antiproliferative and cytotoxic properties of the HSV-1 immediate-early ICPo protein. Journal of Gene Medicine 7(9): 1187-1199

Characterization of antirubella vaccine in an epidemiological trial. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii (6): 41-43

Characterization of antisense oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates with negative ionization electrospray mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 32(4-5): 581-590

Characterization of antithrombin III from human plasma by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoretic methods. Electrophoresis 24(24): 4282-4290

Characterization of anxiety and habituation profile following global ischemia in rats. Physiology & Behavior 84(4): 543-552

Characterization of apatite formed on alkaline-heat-treated Ti. Journal of Dental Research 83(6): 465-469

Characterization of apcC, the nuclear gene for the phycobilisome core linker polypeptide L(c)(7.8) from the glaucocystophyte alga Cyanophora paradoxa. Import of the precursor into isolated cyanelles and integration of the mature protein into intact phycobilisomes. Current Genetics 44(3): 132-137

Characterization of Aplysia enticin and temptin, two novel water-borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to stimulate mate attraction. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(24): 25614-25622

Characterization of apoM in normal and genetically modified mice. Journal of Lipid Research 45(7): 1272-1278

Characterization of apolipoprotein M isoforms in low-density lipoprotein. Journal of Proteome Research 5(10): 2685-2690

Characterization of apoptosis induced by fucoxanthin in human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 69(1): 224-227

Characterization of apoptosis induced by photodynamic treatment with hypericin in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology 25(1-2): 173-188

Characterization of aqueous dispersions of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles and their biomedical applications. Biomaterials 26(7): 729-738

Characterization of aqueous lead removal by phosphatic clay: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials 136(3): 654-662

Characterization of aqueous pores in plant cuticles and permeation of ionic solutes. Journal of Experimental Botany 57(11): 2471-2491

Characterization of arazyme, an exocellular metalloprotease isolated from Serratia proteamaculans culture medium. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 37(6): 574-581

Characterization of archaeological frankincense by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. A 1023(2): 277-285

Characterization of arginine as a solvent additive: A halophilic enzyme as a model protein. Protein and Peptide Letters 12(7): 649-653

Characterization of aromatic compound sorptive interactions with black carbon (charcoal) assisted by graphite as a model. Environmental Science & Technology 39(7): 2033-2041

Characterization of arsenic emissions from a coal-fired power plant. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 27(4): 631-634

Characterization of arthropod assemblage supported by the Chinese Tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum) in southeast Texas. Texas Journal of Science 56(4): 369-382

Characterization of articular cartilage and subchondral bone changes in the rat anterior cruciate ligament transection and meniscectomized models of osteoarthritis. Bone 38(2): 234-243

Characterization of aryl acylamidase activity from propanil-resistant barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli Beauv.). Weed Biology and Management 6(4): 197-203

Characterization of arylsulfatase activity in brine shrimp, Artemia salina. Journal of Experimental: 175-187

Characterization of arylsulfatase formed by derepressed synthesis in Citrobacter braakii. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 70(6): 1509-1512

Characterization of assembly of recombinant type IV collagen alpha3, alpha4, and alpha5 chains in transfected cell strains. Kidney International 64(6): 1986-1996

Characterization of association and gelation of pectin in methanol-water mixtures. Biomacromolecules 4(6): 1623-1629

Characterization of astaxanthin esters in Haematococcus pluvialis by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry 352(2): 176-181

Characterization of atherosclerotic plaques by laser speckle imaging. Circulation 112(6): 885-892

Characterization of atmospheric aerosol in the northern foot of Mt. Fuji, central Japan. Water Air and Soil Pollution 164(1-4): 43-56

Characterization of atmospheric concentrations and partitioning of PAHs in the Chicago atmosphere. Science of the Total Environment 327(1-3): 163-174

Characterization of atmospheric mineral components of PM2.5 in Beijing and Shanghai, China. Science of the Total Environment 343(1-3): 221-230

Characterization of atrazine biotransformation by human and murine glutathione S-transferases. Toxicological Sciences 80(2): 230-238

Characterization of autoantibodies against sulfatide from a V-gene phage-display library derived from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Journal of Immunological Methods 295(1-2): 129-137

Characterization of autocatalytic conversion of precursor BACE1 by heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. Biochemistry 44(50): 16594-16601

Characterization of autocatalytic reactions in modified Cellulose/NMMO solutions by thermal analysis and UV/VIS spectroscopy. Cellulose 12(4): 411-422

Characterization of autoinducer 2 signal in Eikenella corrodens and its role in biofilm formation. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 102(2): 110-117

Characterization of avian strains of Pasteurella multocida by restriction endonuclease and amplified fragment length polymorphism. Research in Veterinary Science 81(1): 8-18

Characterization of b-lactamases responsible for resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica strains from food-producing animals in the United Kingdom. Microbial Drug Resistance 10(1): 1-9, Spring

Characterization of background concentrations in Upper Manhattan, New York apartments for select contaminants identified in World Trade Center dust. Environmental Science and Technology 38(24): 6482-6490

Characterization of background concentrations of contaminants using a mixture of normal distributions. Environmental Science & Technology 40(19): 6021-6025

Characterization of bacteria degrading petroleum derivatives isolated from contaminated soil and water. JOURNAL OF SCIENCES ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN 16(4): 317-320

Characterization of bacteria isolated from rotted onions (Allium cepa). Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 33(4): 248-254

Characterization of bacteria of the genera Mycobacterium, Rhodococcus and Nocardia isolated from environmental objects in the Republic of Daghestan. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii: 103-105

Characterization of bacteria with carbohydrase activities from tropical ecosystems. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85(2): 269-275

Characterization of bacterial communities associated with deep-sea corals on Gulf of Alaska seamounts. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72(2): 1680-1683

Characterization of bacterial communities in feces from healthy elderly volunteers and hospitalized elderly patients by using real-time PCR and effects of antibiotic treatment on the fecal microbiota. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70(6): 3575-3581

Characterization of bacterial drug antiporters homologous to mammalian neurotransmitter transporters. Journal of Bacteriology 187(21): 7518-7525

Characterization of bacterial growth and the influence of antibiotics by means of UV resonance Raman spectroscopy. Biopolymers 82(4): 306-311

Characterization of bacteriocin HV219, produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis HV219 isolated from human vaginal secretions. Journal of Basic Microbiology 46(3): 226-238

Characterization of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology 14(3): 503-508, June

Characterization of bacteriophage T3 DNA ligase. Journal of Biochemistry 135(3): 397-403

Characterization of bacterium isolated from the sediment at coastal area of Omura Bay in Japan and several biological activities of pigment produced by this isolate. Microbiology and Immunology 49(5): 407-415

Characterization of baculovirus Autographa californica multiple nuclear polyhedrosis virus infection in mammalian cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 343(2): 378-384

Characterization of ballpoint pen inks by thermal desorption and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Forensic Sciences 50(5): 1209-1214

Characterization of banked umbilical cord blood hematopoietic progenitor cells and lymphocyte subsets and correlation with ethnicity, birth weight, sex, and type of delivery: a Cord Blood Transplantation (COBLT) Study report. Transfusion 45(6): 856-866

Characterization of barley tissue-ubiquitous beta-amylase2 and effects of the single nucleotide polymorphisms on the enzyme's thermostability. Crop Science 45(5): 1868-1876

Characterization of baroreflex gain in the domestic pigeon (Columba livia). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 143(1): 103-111

Characterization of basic drug-human serum protein interactions by capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis 27(17): 3410-3419

Characterization of basolateral chloride/bicarbonate exchange in macula densa cells. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 288(2): F380-F386

Characterization of basolateral-targeting signals in the neonatal Fc receptor. Journal of Cell Science 118(Pt 11): 2461-2469

Characterization of behavioral responses to a 5-HT releasing drug, p-chloroamphetamine, in mice and the involvement of 5-HT receptor subtypes in p-chloroamphetamine-induced behavior. Biogenic Amines 18(3-6): 263-273

Characterization of benign and malignant breast lesions with computed tomography laser mammography (CTLM): initial experience. Investigative Radiology 40(6): 328-335

Characterization of benzodiazepine binding site on human alpha1-acid glycoprotein using flunitrazepam as a photolabeling agent. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1725(3): 385-393

Characterization of beta amyloid assemblies in drusen: the deposits associated with aging and age-related macular degeneration. Experimental Eye Research 78(2): 243-256

Characterization of beta3-adrenergic receptor: determination of pharmacophore and 3D QSAR model for beta3 adrenergic receptor agonism. Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design 19(2): 93-110

Characterization of beta3-adrenoceptors in human internal mammary artery and putative involvement in coronary artery bypass management. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 46(2): 351-359

Characterization of beta-D-(1 fwdarw 3)-glucan from the marine diatom Chaetoceros mulleri by high-resolution magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopy on whole algal cells. Carbohydrate Research 339(2): 421-424

Characterization of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists as substrates and inhibitors of the drug transporter P-glycoprotein. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology 20(3): 273-282

Characterization of beta-amylase alleles in 79 barley varieties with Pyrosequencing. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 21(4): 439-447, December

Characterization of beta-carotene ketolases, CrtW, from marine bacteria by complementation analysis in Escherichia coli. Marine Biotechnology 7(5): 515-522

Characterization of beta-galactosidase from an Antarctic Bacillus sp. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 4(2): 227-231

Characterization of beta-glucan recognition site on C-type lectin, dectin 1. Infection and Immunity 72(7): 4159-4171

Characterization of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor from Pueraria thunbergiana. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53(15): 5882-5888

Characterization of beta-keratins and associated proteins in adult and regenerating epidermis of lizards. Tissue & Cell 36(5): 333-349

Characterization of beta-lactamase inhibitors reduced susceptibility in clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Zhongguo Kangshengsu Zazhi 29(6): 361-365

Characterization of beta-trypsin at acid pH by differential scanning calorimetry. Brazilian Journal of Medical & Biological Research 36(12): 1621-1627, December

Characterization of beta-turn and Asx-turns mimicry in a model peptide: Stabilization via C-H center dot center dot center dot O interaction. Biopolymers 81(6): 440-449

Characterization of Bietti crystalline dystrophy patients with CYP4V2 mutations. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 46(10): 3812-3816

Characterization of big bang, a novel gene encoding for PDZ domain-containing proteins that are dynamically expressed throughout Drosophila development. Gene Expression Patterns 6(5): 504-518

Characterization of big stanniocalcin variants in mammalian adipocytes and adrenocortical cells. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 289(2): E197-E205

Characterization of biliary intra-epithelial lymphocytes at different anatomical levels of intrahepatic bile ducts under normal and pathological conditions: numbers of CD4+CD28- intra-epithelial lymphocytes are increased in primary biliary cirrhosis. Pathology International 56(1): 17-24

Characterization of binding activity between nuclear factor of activated T cells and calcineurin by amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay. Journal of Immunological Methods 312(1-2): 105-110

Characterization of binding of cholinesterases to surface immobilized ligands. Analytical Letters 39(8): 1491-1502

Characterization of binding of folates and antifolates to brush-border membrane vesicles isolated from human kidney. Molecular Pharmacology 67(2): 453-459

Characterization of binding properties of ICAM-1 peptides to LFA-1: inhibitors of T-cell adhesion. Chemical Biology & Drug Design 68(1): 20-28

Characterization of binding site of closed-state KCNQ1 potassium channel by homology modeling, molecular docking, and pharmacophore identification. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 332(3): 677-687

Characterization of binding sites of eukaryotic transcription factors. Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics 4(2): 67-79

Characterization of bioactive glycolipids from Scytonema julianum (cyanobacteria). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 140(2): 219-231

Characterization of biochemical properties and biological activities of biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa mucoid and non-mucoid strains isolated from hydrocarbon-contaminated soil samples. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 69(2): 192-199

Characterization of biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Urologia Internationalis 77(2): 130-134

Characterization of biocompatible fungi-derived polymers that induce IL-8 production. Carbohydrate Polymers 59(3): 275-280

Characterization of biocompatible polyelectrolyte complex multilayer of hyaluronic acid and poly-L-lysine. Biotechnology & Bioprocess Engineering 9(3): 179-183, May

Characterization of biodegradable chitosan microspheres containing vancomycin and treatment of experimental osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with prepared microspheres. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 317(2): 127-135

Characterization of biodegradable composite films prepared from blends of poly(vinyl alcohol), cornstarch, and lignocellulosic fiber. Journal of Polymers and the Environment 13(1): 47-55

Characterization of biodegradable drug delivery vehicles with the adhesive properties of leukocytes II: effect of degradation on targeting activity. Biomaterials 26(6): 661-670

Characterization of biofilm structure and its effect on membrane permeability in MBR for dye wastewater treatment. Water Research 40(1): 45-52

Characterization of biofilms occurred in seepage groundwater contaminated with petroleum within an urban subway tunnel. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 39(3): 639-650

Characterization of biogenic amine-producing microorganisms isolated from Myeolchi-jeot, Korean salted and fermented anchovy. Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology 13(5): 692-699, October

Characterization of bis(levuglandinyl) urea derivatives as products of the reaction between prostaglandin H2 and arginine. Biochemistry 43(18): 5503-5510

Characterization of blood components prepared from whole-blood donations after a 24-hour hold with the platelet-rich plasma method. Transfusion 46(8): 1292-1299

Characterization of blood pressure and morphological traits in cardiovascular-related organs in 13 different inbred mouse strains. Journal of Applied Physiology 97(1): 369-376

Characterization of blood pressure and renal function in chromosome 5 congenic strains of Dahl S rats. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 290(6): F1463-F1471

Characterization of blood vessels in bone marrow from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and polycythemia vera. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 64(7): 641-647

Characterization of boldione and its metabolites in human urine by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 20(1): 9-20

Characterization of bone and soft-tissue tumors with in vivo 1H MR spectroscopy: initial results. Radiology 232(2): 599-605

Characterization of bone metastases in patients with renal cell cancer. Bju International 93(9): 1237-1240

Characterization of botryococcene synthase enzyme activity, a squalene synthase-like activity from the green microalga Botryococcus braunii, Race B. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 422(1): 110-118

Characterization of bottom ash in municipal solid waste incinerators for its use in road base. Waste Management 24(9): 899-909

Characterization of boulder basin, Lake Mead, Nevada-Arizona, USA - Based on analysis of 34 limnological parameters. Lake and Reservoir Management 21(3): 277-307

Characterization of bovine early growth response factor-1 and its gonadotropin-dependent regulation in ovarian follicles prior to ovulation. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 37(2): 239-250

Characterization of bovine tau-preparations by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Protein and Peptide Letters 13(6): 617-625

Characterization of brackish anaerobic bacteria involved in hydrocarbon degradation: A combination of molecular and culture-based approaches. Ophelia 58(3): 255-262

Characterization of brain malformations in the Baraitser-Winter syndrome and review of the literature. Neuropediatrics 34(6): 287-292

Characterization of brain natriuretic peptide in long-term follow-up of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Chest 128(4): 2368-2374

Characterization of brain neurons that express enzymes mediating neurosteroid biosynthesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(39): 14602-7

Characterization of breakpoints in the GABRG3 and TSPY genes in a family with a t(Y;15)(p11.2;q12). American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A 125a(2): 177-180

Characterization of breast milk received by infants with gross blood in stools. Biology of the Neonate 87(1): 66-72

Characterization of brimonidine transport in retinal pigment epithelium. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 47(1): 287-294

Characterization of broad host range cryptic plasmid pCR1 from Corynebacterium renale. Plasmid 56(1): 24-34

Characterization of bromosulphophthalein binding to human glutathione S-transferase A1-1: thermodynamics and inhibition kinetics. Biochemical Journal 382(Pt 2): 703-709

Characterization of bronchial-to-pulmonary communications. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 111(4): 317-318

Characterization of bronchiolar metaplasia of the alveolar epithelium in female Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126). Toxicologic Pathology 32(3): 333-337

Characterization of bropirimine O-glucuronidation in human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 33(10): 999-1011

Characterization of brushite as a re-crystallization product formed during bacterial solubilization of hydroxyapatite in batch cultures. Soil biology and biochemistry 38(9): 2645-2654

Characterization of bubble size distribution in ES-DAF unit. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 25(1): 111-113

Characterization of bulk properties of nanofibrous scaffolds from nanomechanical properties of single nanofibers. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A 77(3): 526-533

Characterization of c-Kit and nestin expression during islet cell development in the prenatal and postnatal rat pancreas. Developmental Dynamics 229(4): 813-825

Characterization of c-banded mitotic chromosomes in four species of anuran amphibians from Thailand. Amphibia Reptilia 26(3): 367-371

Characterization of cAMP-dependent proteolysis of GATA-6. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 332(4): 976-981

Characterization of cDNA clones encoding anthocyanin 3-p-coumaroyltransferase from Iris hollandica. Plant Science 171(5): 632-639

Characterization of cDNA clones encoding two distinct cathepsins with restricted expression pattern in a marine pelagic fish. Molecular Biology Reports 33(3): 233-241

Characterization of cDNAs encoding two distinct miraculin-like proteins and stress-related modulation of the corresponding mRNAs in Citrus jambhiri lush. Plant Molecular Biology 60(1): 125-136

Characterization of cadmium uptake in human intestinal crypt cells HIEC in relation to inorganic metal speciation. Toxicology 219(1-3): 156-166

Characterization of cadmium uptake, translocation and storage in near-isogenic lines of durum wheat that differ in grain cadmium concentration. New Phytologist 172(2): 261-271

Characterization of caffeic acid enzymatic oxidation by-products by liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. A 1102(1-2): 184-192

Characterization of calcineurin-dependent response element binding protein and its involvement in copper-metallothionein gene expression in Neurospora. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 345(3): 1010-1013

Characterization of calcium and magnesium binding domains of human 5-lipoxygenase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 320(2): 461-467

Characterization of calcium-activated bifunctional peptidase of the psychrotrophic Bacillus cereus. Journal of Microbiology 43(3): 237-243

Characterization of callus induction and plant regeneration in immature embryo culture among several heterotic groups of elite maize inbreds. Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 24(1): 50-55, January

Characterization of calretinin I-II as an EF-hand, Ca2+, H+-sensing domain. Protein Science 14(7): 1879-1887

Characterization of calves exhibiting a novel inheritable TNF-alpha hyperresponsiveness to endotoxin: associations with increased pathophysiological complications. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(6): 2045-2055

Characterization of candidate class A, B and E floral homeotic genes from the perianthless basal angiosperm Chloranthus spicatus (Chloranthaceae). Development Genes and Evolution 215(9): 437-449

Characterization of cannabinoid modulation of sensory neurotransmission in the rat isolated mesenteric arterial bed. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 311(1): 411-419

Characterization of caprylocaproyl macrogolglycerides based microemulsion drug delivery vehicles for an amphiphilic drug. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 271(1-2): 11-19

Characterization of capsaicin synthase and identification of its gene (csy1) for pungency factor capsaicin in pepper (Capsicum sp.). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(36): 13315-13320

Characterization of carbofuran photodegradation by-products by liquid chromatography/hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 19(15): 2193-2202

Characterization of carbohydrate-binding cytochrome b562 from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(8): 4548-4555

Characterization of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) as an endogenous marker of chronic hypoxia in live human tumor cells. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 61(4): 1197-1207

Characterization of cardiovascular liver motion for the eventual application of elasticity imaging to the liver in vivo. Physics in Medicine and Biology 49(18): 4187-4206

Characterization of carnitine and fatty acid metabolism in the long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase-deficient mouse. Biochemical Journal 387(Pt 1): 185-193

Characterization of carotenoid hydroxylase gene promoter in Haematococcus pluvialis. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics 43(5): 284-288

Characterization of carotenoids and carotenoid esters in red pepper pods (Capsicum annuum L.) by high-performance liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 19(18): 2617-2628

Characterization of carotid artery plaques using real-time compound B-mode ultrasound. Stroke 35(4): 870-875

Characterization of cationic amino acid transport systems in rat erythrocytes: lack of effect of uraemia on L-arginine influx. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology 33(8): 702-707

Characterization of cationic amino acid transporters and expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in human placental microvascular endothelial cells. Faseb Journal 18(1): 125-127

Characterization of cell clones stably transfected with short form caspase-9: apoptotic resistance and Bcl-XL expression. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 282(1-2): 1-12

Characterization of cell death pathways in human immunodeficiency virus-associated encephalitis. American Journal of Pathology 167(3): 695-704

Characterization of cell lines derived from tumors induced by TC-1 cells in mice preimmunized against HPV16 E7 oncoprotein. International Journal of Oncology 27(3): 731-742

Characterization of cell proliferation in the adult dentate under normal conditions and after kainate induced seizures using ribonucleotide reductase and BrdU. Brain Research 1036(1-2): 7-17

Characterization of cell- and region-specific abnormalities in the epididymis of cathepsin A deficient mice. Molecular Reproduction and Development 66(4): 358-373

Characterization of cell-cycle progression and growth of WB-F344 normal rat liver epithelial cells following gamma-ray exposure. Cytometry. Part A 61(2): 134-141

Characterization of cells in the developing human liver. Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity 73(5): 249-260

Characterization of cells of the B lineage in the human adult greater omentum. Immunology 119(1): 90-97

Characterization of cells with a high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity from cord blood and acute myeloid leukemia samples. Stem Cells 23(6): 752-760

Characterization of cells with different mitochondrial membrane potential during apoptosis. Cytometry. Part A 68(1): 28-35

Characterization of cells with proliferative activity after a brain injury. Neurochemistry International 46(5): 381-389

Characterization of cellular and neurological damage following unilateral hypoxia/ischemia. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 227(1): 7-19

Characterization of cellular immunity parameters in children with acute viral hepatitis A. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv 75(11): 31-35

Characterization of cellular phenotypes and cytokine expression in balt from children with congenital heart diseases. Pediatric Pathology & Molecular Medicine 22(6): 449-459

Characterization of cellular retinoid-binding proteins in human myometrium during pregnancy. Molecular Human Reproduction 12(11): 695-701

Characterization of cellulose molecules in bio-system studied by modeling methods. Cellulose 12(3): 243-252

Characterization of cellulose produced by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Cellulose 11(3-4): 413-418

Characterization of cellulose whiskers and their nanocomposites by atomic force and electron microscopy. Biomacromolecules 6(6): 3160-3165

Characterization of cellulosic hot-melt extruded films containing lidocaine. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 59(1): 189-196

Characterization of central axon terminals of putative stretch receptors in leeches. Journal of Comparative Neurology 494(2): 290-302

Characterization of central nervous system structures by magnetic resonance diffusion anisotropy. Neurochemistry International 45(4): 553-560

Characterization of centrin genes from Ochromonas danica (Chrysophyceae) and Scytosiphon lomentaria (Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 52(3): 266-272

Characterization of centrosomal association of nucleophosmin/B23 linked to Crm1 activity. Febs Letters 579(29): 6621-6634

Characterization of cerebral aneurysms for assessing risk of rupture by using patient-specific computational hemodynamics models. Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 26(10): 2550-2559

Characterization of cerebral tissue by MRI map ISODATA in embolic stroke in rat. Brain Research 1084(1): 202-209

Characterization of changes in leptin and leptin receptors in a rat model of preeclampsia. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 193(1): 267-272

Characterization of chaotic dynamics in the vocalization of Cervus elaphus corsicanus (L). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 114(6 Part 1): 3040-3043

Characterization of cheW genes of Leptospira interrogans and their effects in Escherichia coli. Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 38(2): 79-88

Characterization of chemical contamination in shallow-water estuarine habitats of an industrialized river. Part 1: Organic compounds. Soil and Sediment Contamination 14(1): 13-33

Characterization of chemical contamination in shallow-water estuarine habitats of an industrialized river. Part II. Metals. Soil and Sediment Contamination 14(1): 35-52

Characterization of chemical exchange between soluble and aggregated states of ss-amyloid by solution-state NMR upon variation of salt conditions. Biochemistry 44(5): 1444-1452

Characterization of chemical substitution of hydroxypropyl cellulose using enzymatic degradation. Biomacromolecules 7(1): 80-85

Characterization of chemically induced hepatotoxicity in collagen sandwiches of rat hepatocytes. Toxicological Sciences 85(2): 927-934

Characterization of chemically modified steroids for doping control purposes by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 40(4): 494-502

Characterization of chemically treated bacterial (Acetobacter xylinum) biopolymer: some thermo-mechanical properties. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 37(4): 189-194

Characterization of chemisorbed hyaluronic acid directly immobilized on solid substrates. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials 72(2): 292-298

Characterization of chicken Nf2/merlin indicates regulatory roles in cell proliferation and migration. Developmental Dynamics 229(3): 541-554

Characterization of chicken epidermal dendritic cells. Immunology 119(2): 278-288

Characterization of chicken interleukin 2 receptor alpha chain, a homolog to mammalian CD25. Febs Letters 580(17): 4274-4281

Characterization of chicken origin Escherichia coli isolates by, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 38(3): 195-200, December

Characterization of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia xenograft models for the preclinical evaluation of new therapies. Blood 103(10): 3905-3914

Characterization of children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection detected by rapid polymerase chain reaction technique. Journal of Infection and ChemoTherapy 10(1): 65-67

Characterization of chito-oligosaccharides prepared by chitosanolysis with the aid of papain and Pronase, and their bactericidal action against Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli. Biochemical Journal 391(Pt 2): 167-175

Characterization of chitosan acetate as a binder for sustained release tablets. Journal of Controlled Release 99(1): 15-26

Characterization of chitosan and chitin produced from silkworm crysalides. Carbohydrate polymers 19 64(1): 98-103

Characterization of chitosan-polycaprolactone blends for tissue engineering applications. Biomaterials 26(27): 5500-5508

Characterization of chitosanase from cellulase produced by Trichoderma viride. Zhongguo Shengwu Huaxue yu Fenzi Shengwu Xuebao 21(5): 713-716

Characterization of chlamydial genital infection resulting from sexual transmission from male to female guinea pigs and determination of infectious dose. Infection and Immunity 71(11): 6148-6154

Characterization of cholinesterase activity in three bivalves inhabiting the North Adriatic sea and their possible use as sentinel organisms for biosurveillance programmes. Science of the Total Environment 312(1-3): 79-88

Characterization of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate proteoglycans of extracellular matrices of human umbilical cord blood vessels and Wharton's jelly. Glycoconjugate Journal 21(6): 361-375

Characterization of chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans synthesized by bovine retinal pericytes in culture. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 27(11): 1763-1768

Characterization of chromanol 293B-induced block of the delayed-rectifier K+ current in heart-derived H9c2 cells. Life Sciences 76(20): 2275-2286

Characterization of chromate-sensitive and -tolerant mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Folia Microbiologica 49(1): 31-36

Characterization of chromatin samples in the presence of Drosophila embryo extract by quantitative agarose gel electrophoresis. Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 67(2-3): 141-150

Characterization of chromosomal aberrations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) by G-banding and spectral karyotyping (SKY). Cytogenetic and Genome Research 114(3-4): 274-278

Characterization of chromosomal rearrangements in hematological diseases using spectral karyotyping. Diagnostic Molecular Pathology 13(3): 190-195

Characterization of chromosome 14 abnormalities by interphase in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization in 124 meningiomas. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 123(5): 744-751

Characterization of chromosome 3q and 12q amplicons in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines. International Journal of Oncology 26(1): 49-56

Characterization of chronic constriction of the saphenous nerve, a model of neuropathic pain in mice showing rapid molecular and electrophysiological changes. Journal of Neuroscience Research 83(7): 1310-1322

Characterization of cigarette smoke-induced inflammatory and mucus hypersecretory changes in rat lung and the role of CXCR2 ligands in mediating this effect. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 288(3): L514-L522

Characterization of ciliated bronchial epithelium 1, a ciliated cell-associated gene induced during mucociliary differentiation. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 31(5): 491-500

Characterization of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase of Helicobacter pylori. An aldehyde dismutating enzyme. Febs Journal 272(5): 1255-1264

Characterization of circulating human osteoclast progenitors: development of in vitro resorption assay. Calcified Tissue International 76(3): 222-230

Characterization of circulating monocytes expressing HLA-DR or CD71 and related soluble factors for 2 weeks after severe, non-thermal injury. Journal of Surgical Research 129(2): 221-230

Characterization of cis- and trans-acting elements in the imprinted human SNURF-SNRPN locus. Nucleic Acids Research 33(15): 4740-4753

Characterization of cis-acting sites controlling arginine deiminase gene expression in Streptococcus gordonii. Journal of Bacteriology 188(3): 941-949

Characterization of cis-elements mediating the stimulation of glucose-6-phosphate transporter promoter activity by glucocorticoids. Gene 320: 59-66

Characterization of cis-regulatory elements of the vascular endothelial growth inhibitor gene promoter. Biochemical Journal 388(Pt 3): 913-920

Characterization of coat proteins of COPI- and clathrin-coated vesicles in the unicellular green alga Botryococcus braunii. Plant Science (Oxford) 169(4): 668-679

Characterization of cold- and high-pressure-active polygalacturonases from a deep-sea yeast, Cryptococcus liquefaciens strain N6. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 70(1): 296-299

Characterization of cold-pressed onion, parsley, cardamom, mullein, roasted pumpkin, and milk thistle seed oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 83(10): 847-854

Characterization of coliphage PR772 and evaluation of its use for virus filter performance testing. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70(8): 4864-4871

Characterization of collagen matrices crosslinked using microbial transglutaminase. Biomaterials 26(20): 4229-4235

Characterization of collagen-like heterotrimers: implications for triple-helix stability. Biopolymers 73(6): 682-688

Characterization of commercial laminin preparations from human placenta in comparison to recombinant laminins 2 (alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 1),8 (alpha 4 beta 1 gamma 1),10 (alpha 5 beta 1 gamma 1). Matrix Biology 25(2): 89-93

Characterization of common CYP1B1 variants with different capacity for benzo pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol epoxide formation from benzopyrene. Cancer Research 65(12): 5105-5111

Characterization of common UGT1A8, UGT1A9, and UGT2B7 variants with different capacities to inactivate mutagenic 4-hydroxylated metabolites of estradiol and estrone. Cancer Research 66(1): 125-133

Characterization of common genetic variants in cathepsin K and testing for association with bone mineral density in a large cohort of perimenopausal women from Scotland. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 19(1): 31-41

Characterization of common juniper (Juniperus communis L.) karyotype. Lesovedenie (3): 72-76

Characterization of communities of heterotrophic bacteria associated with healthy and diseased corals in Nha Trang Bay (Vietnam). Mikrobiologiia 74(5): 667-676

Characterization of complement receptor 1 domains for prevention of complement-mediated red cell destruction. Transfusion 45(2): 234-244

Characterization of complex apurinic/apyrimidinic-site clustering associated with an authentic site-specific radiation-induced DNA double-strand break. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(30): 10569-10574

Characterization of complex hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke condensate by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. A 1043(2): 265-273

Characterization of complex mixtures in urban atmospheres for inhalation exposure studies. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 57 Suppl 1: 19-29

Characterization of complexes between naftifine and cyclodextrins in solution and in the solid state. Pharmaceutical Research 23(5): 980-988

Characterization of complexes formed between TSG-6 and inter-alpha-inhibitor that act as intermediates in the covalent transfer of heavy chains onto hyaluronan. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(27): 25674-25686

Characterization of complicated new polymorphs of chlorothalonil by X-ray diffraction and computer crystal structure prediction. Journal of the American Chemical Society 126(22): 7071-7081

Characterization of compound mechanisms and secondary activities by BioMAP analysis. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 53(1): 67-74

Characterization of concentration and purification parameters and operating conditions for the small-scale recovery of surfactin. Process Biochemistry 40(9): 2953-2958

Characterization of conditionally expressed mutants affecting age-specific Drosophila melanogaster: Lethal conditions and temperature-sensitive periods. Genetics 167(3): 1241-1248, July

Characterization of conditioned place preference to cocaine in congenic dopamine transporter knockout female mice. Psychopharmacology 180(3): 408-413

Characterization of conduction recovery across left atrial linear lesions in patients with paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 17(10): 1106-1111

Characterization of conformational changes coupled to ligand photodissociation from the heme binding domain of FixL. Biochemistry 44(30): 10028-10036

Characterization of conformational epitope of alginate-derived polymannuronates by surface plasmon resonance. Biochimie 87(11): 959-966

Characterization of connexin 30.3 and 43 in thymocytes. Immunology Letters 94(1-2): 65-75

Characterization of conserved sequence elements in eukaryotic RNase P RNA reveals roles in holoenzyme assembly and tRNA processing. Rna 11(6): 885-896

Characterization of constitutive heterochromatin, in particular of fluorescence polymorphisms, in a Central European population. International Journal of Human Genetics 4(1): 1-10, March

Characterization of copper binding to the peptide amyloid-beta(1-16) associated with Alzheimer's disease. Biopolymers 83(1): 20-31

Characterization of copper-inducible promoters regulated by CpxA/CpxR in Escherichia coli. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 70(7): 1688-1695

Characterization of cord blood natural killer cells: implications for transplantation and neonatal infections. Pediatric Research 57(5 Pt 1): 649-655

Characterization of corneal pannus removed from patients with total limbal stem cell deficiency. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 45(9): 2961-2966

Characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaques by multidetector computed tomography. American Journal of Cardiology 97(5): 598-602

Characterization of corpora amylacea glycoconjugates in normal and hyperplastic glands of human prostate. Journal of Molecular Histology 36(4): 235-242

Characterization of cortical alveoli content in several species of Antarctic notothenioids. Journal of Fish Biology ruary; 66(2): 442-453

Characterization of cortical neuron outgrowth in two- and three-dimensional culture systems. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials 75(1): 146-157

Characterization of cortical spreading depression in adult well-nourished and malnourished rats submitted to the association of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy plus streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia. Neuroscience Letters 401(3): 271-275

Characterization of corticosteroid redosing in an in vitro cell line model. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 191(4): 1403-1408

Characterization of cotton fabric scouring by FT-IR ATR spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Polymers 58(4): 417-420

Characterization of covalent multimers of crystallins in aging human lenses. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(12): 10901-9

Characterization of covalently inhibited extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization quadrupole ion trap reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry: localization of the active site serine. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 39(12): 1474-1483

Characterization of coxsackievirus B3-caused apoptosis under in vitro conditions. Medical Microbiology and Immunology 193(2-3): 133-139

Characterization of creatine kinase isoforms in herring (Clupea harengus) skeletal muscle. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 140(4): 629-634

Characterization of crosslinked cashew gum derivatives. Carbohydrate polymers5 66(1): 16-26

Characterization of crosslinking effects on the physicochemical and drug diffusional properties of cationic hydrogels designed as bioactive urological biomaterials. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 57(10): 1251-1259

Characterization of crystals of the Hjc resolvase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus grown in gel by counter-diffusion. Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 61(Pt 7): 684-687

Characterization of culturable anaerobic bacteria from the forestomach of an eastern grey kangaroo, Macropus giganteus. Letters in Applied Microbiology 41(4): 327-333

Characterization of culturable bacterial populations associating with Pinus sylvestris--Suillus bovinus mycorrhizospheres. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 52(8): 769-778

Characterization of cutaneous primary afferent fibers excited by acetic acid in a model of nociception in frogs. Journal of Neurophysiology 90(2): 566-577

Characterization of cyanobacterial glnA gene diversity and gene expression in marine environments. Fems Microbiology Ecology 55(3): 391-402

Characterization of cycA mutants of Escherichia coli. An assay for measuring in vivo mutation rates. Mutation Research 595(1-2): 184-190

Characterization of cyclic adenine dinucleotide phosphate ribose levels in human spermatozoa. Fertility and Sterility 86(4): 891-898

Characterization of cyclicity and hormonal profile with impending ovarian failure in a novel chemical-induced mouse model of perimenopause. Comparative medicine 55(6): 523-527

Characterization of cyclin L2, a novel cyclin with an arginine/serine-rich domain: phosphorylation by DYRK1A and colocalization with splicing factors. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(6): 4612-4624

Characterization of cyclodextrin modified infrared chemical sensors. Part II. Selective and quantitative determination of aromatic acids. Analytica Chimica Acta 530(2): 213-220

Characterization of cystathionine beta-synthase gene mutations in homocystinuric Venezuelan patients: identification of one novel mutation in exon 6. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 81(3): 209-215

Characterization of cysteine proteases in Malian medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 107(2): 189-198

Characterization of cysteinylation of pharmaceutical-grade human serum albumin by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 19(20): 2965-2973

Characterization of cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene mutations and IVS8 poly(T) variants in Portuguese patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens. Human Reproduction 19(11): 2502-2508

Characterization of cytochrome P450 enzymes and P-glycoprotein involved in the metabolism and transport of a new anti-angiogenic agent KR-31831. Drug Development Research 66(1): 40-49

Characterization of cytochrome P450 expression in murine embryonic stem cell-derived hepatic tissue system. Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 34(4): 696-701

Characterization of cytokine responses to retinal detachment in rats. Molecular Vision 12: 867-878

Characterization of cytokine-encapsulated controlled-release microsphere adjuvants. Cancer BioTherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 19(6): 764-769

Characterization of cytokine/chemokine profiles of severe acute respiratory syndrome. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 171(8): 850-857

Characterization of cytolethal distending toxin genes and expression in shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains of non-O157 serogroups. Infection and Immunity 72(3): 1812-1816

Characterization of cytoplasmic fibril structures found in gliding cells of Saprospira sp. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 51(10): 875-880

Characterization of cytosolic glutathione S-transferases in juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Aquatic Toxicology 73(3): 221-229

Characterization of cytotoxic actions of tricyclic antidepressants on human HT29 colon carcinoma cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 541(1-2): 17-23

Characterization of dRFX2, a novel RFX family protein in Drosophila. Nucleic Acids Research 32(18): 5636-5648

Characterization of de novo four-helix bundles by molecular dynamics simulations. Proteins 64(3): 719-729

Characterization of debilitation-associated mycovirus infecting the plant-pathogen fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Journal of General Virology 87(Part 1): 241-249

Characterization of defective CD4-CD8- T cells in murine tumors generated independent of antigen specificity. Journal of Immunology 172(3): 1602-1611

Characterization of defective beta-lactamase genes in Yersinia enterocolitica. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 58(3): 661-664

Characterization of defensin-like proteins from Scots pine seedlings. Biopolimery i Kletka 22(2): 126-131

Characterization of degradation behavior for PLGA in various pH condition by simple liquid chromatography method. Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering 15(4): 279-288

Characterization of degradation products of mometasone furoate. Die Pharmazie 59(5): 367-373

Characterization of deltamethrin metabolism by rat plasma and liver microsomes. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 212(2): 156-166

Characterization of denatured metallothioneins by reversed phase coupled with on-line chemical vapour generation and atomic fluorescence spectrometric detection. Journal of Chromatography. A 1054(1-2): 285-291

Characterization of dendritic cells in differentiated thyroid cancer. Journal of Pathology 205(5): 565-576

Characterization of dendritic-like cells derived from t(9;22) acute lymphoblastic leukemia blasts. International Immunology 16(10): 1377-1389

Characterization of dental epithelial progenitor cells derived from cervical-loop epithelium in a rat lower incisor. Journal of Dental Research 83(2): 129-133

Characterization of dentin formed in transplanted rat molars by electron probe microanalysis. Calcified Tissue International 78(3): 143-151

Characterization of depolarization and repolarization phases of mitochondrial membrane potential fluctuations induced by tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester photoactivation. Febs Journal 272(7): 1649-1659

Characterization of depth-related changes and site-specific differences of microbial communities in marine sediments using quinone profiles. Fisheries Science (Tokyo) 71(1): 174-182

Characterization of depth-related microbial community structure in lake sediment by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of amplified 16S rDNA and reversely transcribed 16S rRNA fragments. Fems Microbiology Ecology 46(2): 147-157

Characterization of dermacan, a novel zebrafish lectican gene, expressed in dermal bones. Mechanisms of Development 121(3): 301-312

Characterization of dermatoglyphics in PHOX2B-confirmed congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Pediatrics 118(2): E408-E414

Characterization of determinants of genotypic and phenotypic resistance to enfuvirtide in baseline and on-treatment HIV-1 isolates. Aids 18(13): 1787-1794

Characterization of determinants of ligand binding to the nicotinic acid receptor GPR109A (HM74A/PUMA-G). Molecular Pharmacology 68(5): 1271-1280

Characterization of developmental autolysis in myxobacterial fruiting body morphogenesis with profiling of amino acids using capillary electrophoresis method. Amino Acids 28(3): 319-325

Characterization of dexloxiglumide in vitro biopharmaceutical properties and active transport. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 92(10): 1968-1980

Characterization of di- and tetranucleotide microsatellite markers in rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax). Molecular Ecology Notes 6(3): 942-944

Characterization of diabetic nephropathy in a transgenic model of hypoinsulinemic diabetes. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 291(6): F1315-F1322

Characterization of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli isolated from food in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 36(4): 931-939

Characterization of diatom (Bacillariophyceae) nitrate reductase genes and their detection in marine phytoplankton communities. Journal of Phycology 41(1): 95-104

Characterization of diazotrophic bacteria associated with maize: effect of plant genotype, ontogeny and nitrogen-supply. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 22(9): 967-974

Characterization of dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in the atmosphere of a sinter of different workplaces plant. Science of the Total Environment 366(1): 197-205

Characterization of diesel particles: effects of fuel reformulation, exhaust aftertreatment, and engine operation on particle carbon composition and volatility. Environmental Science & Technology 38(9): 2707-2714

Characterization of different cell culture media for expression of recombinant antibodies in mammalian cells: Presence of contaminating bovine antibodies. Protein Expression and Purification 41(2): 373-377

Characterization of different crystal forms of the alpha-glucosidase MalA from Sulfolobus solfataricus. Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 61(Part 12): 1039-1042

Characterization of different isoforms of the HIF prolyl hydroxylase PHD1 generated by alternative initiation. Biochemical Journal 397(1): 179-186

Characterization of different laser irradiation methods for quantitative Raman tablet assessment. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 39(3-4): 510-516

Characterization of different strains of poliovirus and influenza virus by differential scanning calorimetry. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 41(Pt 3): 241-246

Characterization of diffusion of macromolecules in konjac glucomannan solutions and gels by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching technique. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 316(1-2): 37-46

Characterization of digestive enzymes in intestine of the Pacific halibut Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904 and the starry flounder Platichthys stellatus (Pallas, 1788). Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) 31(3): 221-224

Characterization of dimeric ATP synthase and cristae membrane ultrastructure from Saccharomyces and Polytomella mitochondria. Febs Letters 580(14): 3427-3432

Characterization of dinitroporphyrin zinc complexes by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Unusual fragmentations of beta-(1,3-dinitroalkyl) porphyrins. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 40(1): 117-122

Characterization of dinucleotide microsatellite loci in the living fossil tadpole shrimp Triops cancriformis (Crustacea Branchiopoda Notostrace). Molecular Ecology Notes 4(4): 733-735

Characterization of diorganotin(IV) complexes with captopril. The first crystallographically authenticated metal complex of this anti-hypertensive agent. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 97(4): 370-376

Characterization of dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) immobilized in Ca alginate beads. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 37(3): 318-323

Characterization of diphtheria toxin's catalytic domain interaction with lipid membranes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1661(2): 166-177

Characterization of displaced bipolar cells in the tiger salamander retina. Vision Research 45(6): 697-705

Characterization of displaced white matter by brain tumors using combined DTI and fMRI. Neuroimage 30(4): 1100-1111

Characterization of dissimilatory Fe(III) versus NO3- reduction in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Journal of Bacteriology 188(2): 525-531