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Contiguity and the outcome density bias in action-outcome contingency judgements

, : Contiguity and the outcome density bias in action-outcome contingency judgements. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology 58(2): 177-192

In cause-outcome contingency judgement tasks, judgements often reflect the actual contingency but are also influenced by the overall probability of the outcome, P(O). Action-outcome instrumental learning tasks can foster a pattern in which judgements of positive contingencies become less positive as P(O) increases. Variable contiguity between the action and the outcome may produce this bias.


PMID: 16095045

DOI: 10.1080/02724990444000104

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