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Effect of the particle size on the micro and nanostructural features of a calcium phosphate cement: a kinetic analysis

, : Effect of the particle size on the micro and nanostructural features of a calcium phosphate cement: a kinetic analysis. Biomaterials 25(17): 3453-3462

The aim of this work is to investigate the possibility of controlling the final micro and nanostructural features of a calcium phosphate cement by modifying the particle size of the starting powder, and to study the effect of this parameter on the kinetics of the setting reaction. The development of calcium phosphate materials with tailored structures at the micro and nanoscale levels could allow the modulation of some specific responses in biologic phenomena such as protein adsorption and cell adhesion, which strongly depend on the nano-sized roughness of the interface. It is shown that the higher specific surface, produced by the reduction of the particle size of the powder, strongly accelerates the hydrolysis of the alpha-TCP into calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite. The higher degree of supersaturation attained in the solution favours the nucleation of smaller crystals. Thus, by increasing the specific surface of the starting powder in a factor of 5, the size of the precipitated crystals is strongly reduced, and the specific surface of the set cement increases by a factor of 2. The reduction of the particle size produces a substantial decrease of the setting time and accelerates the hardening of the cement without significantly affecting the final strength attained. The mechanical strength achieved by the cement cannot be univocally related to the degree of reaction, without considering the microstructural features.


PMID: 15020119

DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2003.10.049

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