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Effects of chemotherapeutic agents on the function of primary human osteoblast-like cells derived from children

, : Effects of chemotherapeutic agents on the function of primary human osteoblast-like cells derived from children. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 88(12): 6088-6097

Studies in children treated with chemotherapy suggest that chemotherapeutic agents have deleterious effects on bone metabolism. We therefore evaluated the in vitro effects of clinically relevant concentrations of chemotherapeutic agents on the synthesis of type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity, and mineralization by primary human osteoblast-like (HOB) cells derived from children. Because serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) concentrations may be reduced during treatment with chemotherapy, the effect of chemotherapeutic agents on HOB cells cultured in the presence or absence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) was also evaluated. Type I collagen synthesis was reduced by all agents (P < 0.01) other than methotrexate, whereas the relative AP activity was increased (P < 0.01) by all agents. The relative number of cells staining intensely for AP after culture with agents increased (P < 0.05), and AP mRNA expression was increased (P < 0.01) with vincristine. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) ameliorated (P < 0.01) the depletion of HOB cell numbers by chemotherapeutic agents. Furthermore, vincristine and daunorubicin inhibited 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-mediated AP activity (P < 0.01). We conclude that chemotherapeutic agents can adversely affect HOB cell function, and we speculate that this observation may account, in part, for the osteopenia observed during and after treatment of children with chemotherapy.


PMID: 14671215

DOI: 10.1210/jc.2003-030712

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