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Effects of extracellular Ca(2+) influx and intracellular Ca(2+) release on ethanol-induced cytoplasmic Ca(2+) overload in cultured superior cervical ganglion neurons

, : Effects of extracellular Ca(2+) influx and intracellular Ca(2+) release on ethanol-induced cytoplasmic Ca(2+) overload in cultured superior cervical ganglion neurons. Neuroscience Letters 390(2): 98-103

The present research was designed to investigate the interference of Ca2+ homeostasis by ethanol on the primary cultured superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons. (1) Using the whole cell patch clamp recording, the amplitudes of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel (VDCC) currents could be reduced by ethanol in a concentration-dependent manner. Ethanol (100 mM) inhibited about 25% of Ca2+ channel current. However, the activation of Ca2+ channel was not affected by ethanol at those concentrations. (2) The similar extent inhibitions of 100 MM ethanol on the increments of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) induced by 40 mM KCl and 1 mu M A23187 were also observed in the fluo-3-AM loaded superior cervical ganglia (SCG) via detecting the change of [Ca2+](i) with a laser scanning confocal microscopy. In contrast, the basal [Ca2+](i) was significantly increased by ethanol alone in a concentration-dependent manner. These phenomena were also observed even under Ca2+ free bath solution or the solution added 300 mu M cadmium chloride conditions. Together with above results, our data suggest that ethanol increases basal [Ca2+](i), but it also inhibits the extracellular Ca2+ influx through VDCC and ionophore channel. And the augment of basal [Ca2+](i) induced by ethanol might attribute to the Ca2+ releasing from intracellular Ca2+ pools. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


PMID: 16115728

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2005.08.004

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