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Effects of novel anxiolytic 4-butyl-alpha-agarofuran on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in rats


, : Effects of novel anxiolytic 4-butyl-alpha-agarofuran on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 504(1-2): 39-44

4-Butyl-alpha-agarofuran (AF-5) is a new compound derived from a-agarofuran, a constituent extracted from Aquillaria agallocha Roxb. Our previous research has shown that AF-5 has significant antianxiety activity in several animal models. In this study, an antianxiety effect was observed in a social interaction test after acute treatment with AF-5 (0.5-4.0 mg/kg, i.p.) in rats. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-electrochemical detection (ECD), we further investigated the effects of AF-5 on monoamine neurotransmitters both in rat brain tissues and in striatum dialysates. After acute administration of AF-5 (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.), scrotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) tissue levels significantly decreased by 26.3%, 30.4%, and 17.4% of the vehicle-control levels, in the striatum, cortex, and midbrain, respectively. The dopamine level decreased by 34.7% in the striatum and 19.0% in the midbrain, while in the hypothalamus, it increased to 156.6%. The epinephrine level decreased by 34.6% in the cortex. In cerebral microdialysis perfusates from rat striatum, the extracellular dopamine level declined stepwise after treatment with AF-5 (10.0 mg/kg, i.p.). By 200 min postinjection, the dopamine level reached a minimum, about 40% of the baseline value. At the same time, the extracellular levels of 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid, 3-4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and homovanillic acid increased significantly, the maximum values were 150%, 145%, and 175% above baseline, respectively. This study suggests that AF-5 is a potent anxiolytic agent, and that its beneficial action may be related to its effects on central monoamine neurotransmitters. Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

US$19.90

PMID: 15507219

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.09.051


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