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Effects on erythroid differentiation of platinum(II) complexes of synthetic bile acid derivatives

, : Effects on erythroid differentiation of platinum(II) complexes of synthetic bile acid derivatives. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 14(15): 5204-5210

In this study, we compared some bile acid derivatives and their platinum(II) complexes with respect to their ability to induce erythroid differentiation of human leukemic K562 cells. The complexes analyzed were cis-[(3-dehydrocholanoyliden-L-tartrate)-diammineplatinum(II)] (compound 1) and cis-[di(dehydrocholanoate)-bis(triphenylphosphine)-platinum(II)] (compound 3), together with their free ligands, respectively, 3-dehydrocholanoyliden-L-tartaric acid (compound 2) and dehydrocholanoic acid (4), and their parent compounds, respectively, cisplatin and cis-[dichloride-bis(triphenylphosphine)-platinum(II)] (5). We found that compound 1 stimulates erythroid differentiation of K562 cells and an increase of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) production in erythroid precursor cells isolated from peripheral blood of human subjects. This increase is similar to that obtained by hydroxyurea, a potent inducer of HbF production both in vitro and in vivo. Another important conclusion of this study is related to the evaluation of the effects of compound 1 on production of gamma-globin mRNA in human erythroid precursors grown in the two-stage liquid culture system. We demonstrated that compound 1 induces preferential accumulation of gamma-globin mRNA. The results presented in this manuscript could have practical impact, since it is well known that an increase in HbF production could ameliorate the clinical status of patients with beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


PMID: 16709458

DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2006.04.003

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