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Immobilization of lipases and assay in continuous fixed bed reactor


, : Immobilization of lipases and assay in continuous fixed bed reactor. Protein and Peptide Letters 10(6): 619-628

Lipases are versatile enzymes regarding the range of reactions they catalyse and substrates on which they act. They are as well important as catalyst in organic synthesis. Their immobilization on appropriate supports confer them greater stability besides the possibility of operating in continuous reactors. In order to explore these abilities, the reactions involving hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA) and transesterification of PNPA with n-butanol were chosen. Lipases from two different sources were assayed, namely: microbial (Candida rugosa, CRL, Sigma Type VII) and pancreatic (PPL, Sigma, Type II). Two immobilization methods were also used, namely: 1). adsorption, using as support the following silica derivatives (150-300 microm e 450micro): phenyl, epoxy, amino and without derivation, and 2). covalent binding, using glutaraldehyde as binding agent and silica amino as support. This later method led to better results. Hydrolytic activity was 6.1 U/g(support) for CRL and 0.97 U/g(support) for PPL, and of transesterification, 2,8 U/g(support) for CRL and 1,9 U/g(support) for PPL. Stability of the immobilized enzyme as a function of temperature was evaluated for CRL at 40 degrees C and 50 degrees C and for PPL at 32 degrees C and 40 degrees C. The assays were initially carried out batchwise, both for soluble and immobilized enzymes, aiming to the obtention of parameters for the continuous reactor. Lipases immobilized by covalent binding were used in the assays of operational stability in continuous reactors. For PPL in aqueous medium, at 32 degrees C, and CRL in organic medium at 40 degrees C, both operating continuously, no significant loss of activity was detected along the analysis period of 17 days. In the case of CRL in aqueous medium at 40 degrees C there was a loss of activity around 40% after 18 days. For PPL in organic medium at 40 degrees C the loss was 33% after 20 days. Comparing both sources with each other, very different results were obtained. Higher activity was found for CRL, both for hydrolysis and for transesterification reactions, with higher stability in organic medium. PPL showed lower activity as well as higher stability in aqueous medium. The immobilization method by covalent binding showed to be the most appropriate. Immobilized lipases are therefore relatively stable both in aqueous and organic medium.

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PMID: 14683514


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