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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 12221

Chapter 12221 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.



Insight into autoproteolytic activation from the structure of cephalosporin acylase: a protein with two proteolytic chemistries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(6): 1732-1737

Insight into biofilm-associated microbial life. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 10(1): 15-21

Insight into catalysis of nitrous oxide reductase from high-resolution structures of resting and inhibitor-bound enzyme from Achromobacter cycloclastes. Journal of Molecular Biology 362(1): 55-65

Insight into catalytic mechanism of papain-like cysteine proteinases: the case of D158. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 118(1-3): 171-175

Insight into covalent flavinylation and catalysis from redox, spectral, and kinetic analyses of the R474K mutant of the flavoprotein subunit of p-cresol methylhydroxylase. Biochemistry 43(20): 6138-6148

Insight into current symptoms of schizophrenia. Association with frontal cortical function and affect. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 110(1): 14-20

Insight into enzymatic C-F bond formation from QM and QM/MM calculations. Journal of the American Chemical Society 127(39): 13643-13655

Insight into functional aspects of Stt3p, a subunit of the oligosaccharyl transferase. Evidence for interaction of the N-terminal domain of Stt3p with the protein kinase C cascade. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(51): 51441-7

Insight into illness in schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry 46(4): 284-290

Insight into metabolism of CHO cells at low glucose concentration on the basis of the determination of intracellular metabolites. Process Biochemistry 40(5): 1917-1921

Insight into molecular core clock mechanism of embryonic and early postnatal rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(16): 6231-6236

Insight into molecular stability and physiological properties of the diheme cytochrome CYC41 from the acidophilic bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. Biochemistry 44(17): 6471-6481

Insight into mutation-induced activation of the luteinizing hormone receptor: molecular simulations predict the functional behavior of engineered mutants at M398. Molecular Endocrinology 18(6): 1499-1508

Insight into pollutant bioavailability and toxicity using Raman confocal microscopy. Journal of Microbiological Methods 60(3): 417-422

Insight into psychosis and quality of life. Comprehensive Psychiatry 47(4): 265-269

Insight into ribonuclease A domain swapping by molecular dynamics unfolding simulations. Biochemistry 44(9): 3358-3368

Insight into the PrPC fwdarw PrPSc conversion from the structures of antibody-bound ovine prion scrapie-susceptibility variants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(28): 10254-10259, July 13

Insight into the activation mechanism of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase by calmodulin using fluorescence spectroscopy. European Journal of Biochemistry 271(4): 821-833

Insight into the binding mode for cyclopentapeptide antagonists of the CXCR4 receptor. Chemical Biology & Drug Design 67(5): 346-354

Insight into the binding of divalent cations to Sepia eumelanin from IR absorption spectroscopy. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(5): 1265-1269

Insight into the bioactivity and metabolism of human glucagon receptor antagonists from 3D-QSAR analyses. QSAR and Combinatorial Science 23(8): 603-620

Insight into the causes of the recent secular trend in pediatric obesity: Common sense does not always prevail for complex, multi-factorial phenotypes. Preventive Medicine 42(5): 329-335

Insight into the complex genetic network of tetraploid (Salmo salar L.): Description of multiple novel Pax-7 Atlantic salmon splice variants. Gene (Amsterdam) 373: 8-15

Insight into the diversity and evolution of the cryptomonad nucleomorph genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution ; 23(5): 856-865

Insight into the functional consequences of hMYH variants associated with colorectal cancer: distinct differences in the adenine glycosylase activity and the response to AP endonucleases of Y150C and G365D murine MYH. Dna Repair 4(3): 315-325

Insight into the genome of Aspergillus fumigatus: analysis of a 922 kb region encompassing the nitrate assimilation gene cluster. Fungal Genetics and Biology 41(4): 443-453

Insight into the mechanism of a peptide inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase dimerization. Biochemistry 44(6): 1909-1918

Insight into the mechanism of action of neuroactive steroids. Molecular Pharmacology 66(1): 56-69

Insight into the nature of the CRP-coronary event association using Mendelian randomization. International Journal of Epidemiology 35(4): 922-931

Insight into the phylogeny of African Clariidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes): implications for their body shape evolution, biogeography, and taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36(3): 546-553

Insight into the polar reactivity of the onium chalcogen analogues of S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Biochemistry 43(42): 13496-13509

Insight into the role of DL-alpha-lipoic acid against cyclophosphamide induced alterations in calcium sensitivity of cardiac myofilaments. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 289(1-2): 31-37

Insight into the roles of tyrosine 82 and glycine 253 in the Escherichia coli adenine glycosylase MutY. Biochemistry 44(43): 14179-14190

Insight into the self-association of key enzymes from pathogenic species. European Biophysics Journal 34(5): 469-476

Insight into the structural requirements of urokinase-type plasminogen activator inhibitors based on 3D QSAR CoMFA/CoMSIA models. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 49(2): 475-489

Insight into the structural role of carotenoids in the photosystem I: a quantum chemical analysis. Biophysical Journal 86(5): 3097-3111

Insight into the structure of Mesorhizobium loti arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (MLNAT2): a biochemical and computational study. Febs Letters 580(7): 1780-1788

Insight into the treatment of vulvar pain: a survey of clinicians. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 193(4): 1404-1409

Insight into variability of apparent endoxylanase and endoxylanase inhibitor levels in wheat kernels. Journal of the science of food and agriculture30 86(11): 1610-1617

Insight of host immune evasion mediated by two variants of group a Streptococcus Mac protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(50): 52789-52796

Insight on pathogenesis of varicoceles: relationship of varicocele and body mass index. Urology 68(2): 392-396

Insight, symptoms and neurocognition in bipolar I patients. Journal of Affective Disorders 91(1): 1-9

Insights by Peruvian scientists into the pathogenesis of human chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(1): 384-389

Insights from a novel tumor model: Indications for a quantitative link between tumor growth and invasion. Medical Hypotheses 65(4): 785-790

Insights from ab initio quantum chemical calculations into the preferred tautomeric forms and binding affinities to CDK2 of substituted pyrazolopyridines. Biopolymers 80(2-3): 312-318

Insights from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: diagnosis of hypertension and diurnal blood pressure in renal transplant recipients. Transplantation 77(6): 849-853

Insights from apoB: from better diagnosis & therapy to the Medusa Hypothesis. Atherosclerosis Supplements 5(2): 19-24, May

Insights from genomic microarrays into structural chromosome rearrangements. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A 132a(1): 36-40

Insights from modeling the 3D structure of DNA-CBF3b complex. Journal of Proteome Research 4(5): 1657-1660

Insights from modeling the tertiary structure of human BACE2. Journal of Proteome Research 3(5): 1069-1072

Insights from modeling three-dimensional structures of the human potassium and sodium channels. Journal of Proteome Research 3(4): 856-861

Insights from modelling the 3D structure of the extracellular domain of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 319(2): 433-438

Insights from molecular dynamics simulations into pH-dependent enantioselective hydrolysis of ibuprofen esters by Candida rugosa lipase. Protein Engineering 16(12): 1017-1024

Insights from the NHLBI-Sponsored Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) Study: Part I: gender differences in traditional and novel risk factors, symptom evaluation, and gender-optimized diagnostic strategies. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 47(3 Suppl): S4-S20

Insights from the NHLBI-Sponsored Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) Study: Part II: gender differences in presentation, diagnosis, and outcome with regard to gender-based pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and macrovascular and microvascular coronary disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 47(3 Suppl): S21-S29

Insights in metabolism and toxin production from the complete genome sequence of Clostridium tetani. Anaerobe 10(2): 53-68

Insights in the laboratory diagnosis of celiac disease. Lupus 15(7): 462-465

Insights into CD4+ memory T cells following Leishmania infection. Trends in Parasitology 21(8): 347-350

Insights into DNA replication: the crystal structure of DNA polymerase B1 from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. Structure 12(11): 2001-2008

Insights into ErbB signaling from the structure of the ErbB2-pertuzumab complex. Cancer Cell 5(4): 317-328

Insights into GABA receptor signalling in TM3 Leydig cells. Neuroendocrinology 81(6): 381-390

Insights into Lafora disease: malin is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that ubiquitinates and promotes the degradation of laforin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(24): 8501-8506

Insights into Late Quaternary calcareous nannoplankton assemblages under the theory of statistical analysis for compositional data. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology1: 209-227

Insights into TOR function and rapamycin response: chemical genomic profiling by using a high-density cell array method. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(20): 7215-7220

Insights into TOR function and rapamycin response: Chemical genomic profiling by using a high-density cell array method (vol 102, pg 7215, 2005). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(24): 9374

Insights into X-linked retinitis pigmentosa type 3, allied diseases and underlying pathomechanisms. Human Molecular Genetics 14 Spec No. 2: R259-R267

Insights into a complex group of neoplastic disease: advances in histopathologic classification and molecular pathology of salivary gland cancer. Acta Oncologica 45(6): 662-668

Insights into a conformational epitope of Hev b 6.02 (hevein). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 314(1): 123-130

Insights into a dinoflagellate genome through expressed sequence tag analysis. Bmc Genomics 6: 80-80

Insights into activity-dependent map formation from the retinotectal system: a middle-of-the-brain perspective. Journal of Neurobiology 59(1): 134-146

Insights into adenoviral vector production kinetics in acoustic filter-based perfusion cultures. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 86(7): 765-774

Insights into amyloid fibril formation from mass spectrometry. Protein and Peptide Letters 13(3): 255-260

Insights into angiotensin II receptor function through AT2 receptor knockout mice. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 181(4): 487-494

Insights into biological functions across species: examining the role of Rab proteins in YIP1 family function. Biochemical Society Transactions 33(Pt 4): 614-618

Insights into brain function through the examination of art: the influence of neurodegenerative diseases. Neuroreport 15(6): 933-937

Insights into cGMP signalling derived from cGMP kinase knockout mice. Frontiers in Bioscience 10: 1279-1289

Insights into catalytic action mechanism of Pseudomonas mendocina 3121-1 lipase. Enzyme & Microbial Technology 34(6): 572-577, May

Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: adverse childhood experiences study. Circulation 110(13): 1761-1766

Insights into cyclin groove recognition: complex crystal structures and inhibitor design through ligand exchange. Structure 11(12): 1537-1546

Insights into cyclosporine A-induced atherosclerotic risk in transplant recipients: macrophage scavenger receptor regulation. Transplantation 77(4): 497-504

Insights into developmental mechanisms and cancers in the mammalian intestine derived from serial analysis of gene expression and study of the hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF). Development 132(2): 415-427

Insights into elevated distortion product otoacoustic emissions in sickle cell disease: comparisons of hydroxyurea-treated and non-treated young children. Hearing Research 212(1-2): 83-89

Insights into enzyme structure and dynamics elucidated by amide H/D exchange mass spectrometry. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 433(1): 34-46

Insights into excited-state and isomerization dynamics of bacteriorhodopsin from ultrafast transient UV absorption. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(11): 4101-4106

Insights into extreme thermoacidophily based on genome analysis of Picrophilus torridus and other thermoacidophilic archaea. Journal of Biotechnology 126(1): 3-10

Insights into flow cytometry: Beyond B- and T-cells: Targeted clinical management in malignancy. Journal of Clinical Ligand Assay 27(3): 197-204

Insights into function of PSI domains from structure of the Met receptor PSI domain. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 321(1): 234-240

Insights into gene expression changes impacting B-cell transformation: cross-species microarray analysis of bovine leukemia virus tax-responsive genes in ovine B cells. Journal of Virology 80(4): 1922-1938

Insights into genotype-phenotype correlation in pachyonychia congenita from the human intermediate filament mutation database. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings 10(1): 31-36

Insights into heme-based O2 sensing from structure-function relationships in the FixL proteins. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 99(4): 963-977

Insights into hemolytic uremic syndrome: segregation of three independent predisposition factors in a large, multiple affected pedigree. Molecular Immunology 43(11): 1769-1775

Insights into human CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells through a systematically proteomic survey coupled with transcriptome. Proteomics 6(9): 2673-2692

Insights into human Lck SH3 domain binding specificity: different binding modes of artificial and native ligands. Biochemistry 44(45): 15042-15052

Insights into hydrophobicity and the chaperone-like function of alpha A- and alpha B-crystallins. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(23): 21726-21730

Insights into in vivo activities of lantibiotics from gallidermin and epidermin mode-of-action studies. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 50(4): 1449-1457

Insights into interactions between the alpha-helical region of the salmon calcitonin antagonists and the human calcitonin receptor using photoaffinity labeling. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(31): 28610-28622

Insights into mechanisms of induction and ligands recognition in the transcriptional repressor EthR from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis 86(2): 110-114

Insights into mechanisms used by Staphylococcus aureus to avoid destruction by human neutrophils. Journal of Immunology 175(6): 3907-3919

Insights into meningioangiomatosis with and without meningioma: a clinicopathologic and genetic series of 24 cases with review of the literature. Brain Pathology 15(1): 55-65

Insights into metal ion binding in phospholipases A(2): ultra high-resolution crystal structures of an acidic phospholipase A(2) in the Ca2+ free and bound states. Biochimie (Paris) 88(5): 543-549

Insights into microtubule nucleation from the crystal structure of human gamma-tubulin. Nature 435(7041): 523-527

Insights into neurologic localization by Rhazes, a medieval Islamic physician. Neurology 65(1): 125-128

Insights into plant cellular mechanisms: Of phosphate transporters and arbuscular mycorrhizal infection. Plant Cell 17(12): 3213-3216

Insights into population dynamics of giant pandas gained from studies in North America. Acta Zoologica Sinica ust; 50(4): 662-668

Insights into protein-protein interfaces using a Bayesian network prediction method. Journal of Molecular Biology 362(2): 365-386

Insights into recognition of the T-DNA border repeats as termination sites for T-strand synthesis by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Transgenic Research 15(5): 557-571

Insights into recombination from patterns of linkage disequilibrium in humans. Genetics 167(1): 387-397

Insights into redox partner interactions and substrate binding in nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans: crystal structures of the Trp138His and His313Gln mutants. Biochemistry 43(51): 16311-9

Insights into regulation of human Schwann cell proliferation by Erk1/2 via a MEK-independent and p56Lck-dependent pathway from leprosy bacilli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(26): 9188-9193

Insights into saquinavir resistance in the G48V HIV-1 protease: quantum calculations and molecular dynamic simulations. Biophysical Journal 88(2): 867-879

Insights into severe sepsis in older patients: from epidemiology to evidence-based management. Clinical Infectious Diseases 40(5): 719-727

Insights into sperm cell motility signaling through sNHE and the CatSpers. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 250(1-2): 84-92

Insights into stabilizing weak interactions in designed peptide beta-hairpins. Biopolymers 76(2): 185-195

Insights into strand displacement and processivity from the crystal structure of the protein-primed DNA polymerase of bacteriophage phi29. Molecular Cell 16(4): 609-618

Insights into structural proteins of 936-type virulent lactococcal bacteriophages. Archives of Virology 151(6): 1039-1053

Insights into structure-activity relationships from lipophilicity profiles of pyridin-2(1H)-one analogs of the cardiotonic agent milrinone. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 26(1): 78-86

Insights into subclinical rejection. Transplantation Proceedings 36(2 Suppl): 71s-73s

Insights into testicular damage induced by ethinylestradiol in rats. Reproductive Toxicology 20(1): 157-163

Insights into the pair of sugar tongs surface binding site in barley alpha-amylase isozymes and crystallization of appropriate sugar tongs mutants. Biologia (Bratislava) 60(Suppl. 16): 37-46

Insights into the DNA repair process by the formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase investigated by molecular dynamics. Protein Science 13(8): 2009-2021

Insights into the LexA regulon of Thermotogales. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 90(2): 123-137

Insights into the o-acetylation reaction of hydroxylated heterocyclic amines by human arylamine N-acetyltransferases: a computational study. Chemical Research in Toxicology 19(9): 1182-1190

Insights into the acclimation of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to sulfur deprivation. Photosynthesis Research 86(3): 475-489

Insights into the action of the superfamily of cholesterol-dependent cytolysins from studies of intermedilysin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(3): 600-605

Insights into the age-related decline in the amplitude of accommodation of the human lens using a non-linear finite-element model. British Journal of Ophthalmology 90(10): 1304-1309

Insights into the architecture of the Ure2p yeast protein assemblies from helical twisted fibrils. Protein Science 15(11): 2481-2487

Insights into the base catalysis exerted by the DD-transpeptidase from Streptomyces K15: a molecular dynamics study. Biochemistry 44(9): 3225-3240

Insights into the biogeography and polyploid evolution of new Zealand Asplenium from chloroplast DNA sequence data. American Fern Journal 95(1): 1-21

Insights into the biology of diabetic vascular disease: what's new?. American Journal of Hypertension 17(11 Pt 2): 2s-6s; Quiz A2-4

Insights into the catalytic mechanism of glutathione S-transferase: the lesson from Schistosoma haematobium. Structure 13(9): 1241-1246

Insights into the catalytic mechanism of peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases. Frontiers in Bioscience 9: 3453-3478

Insights into the catalytic mechanisms of phenylalanine and tryptophan hydroxylase from kinetic isotope effects on aromatic hydroxylation. Biochemistry 45(36): 11030-7

Insights into the chemistry of new particle formation and growth events in Pittsburgh based on aerosol mass spectrometry. Environmental Science & Technology 38(18): 4797-4809

Insights into the chemomechanical coupling of the myosin motor from simulation of its ATP hydrolysis mechanism. Biochemistry 45(18): 5830-5847

Insights into the control of attentional set in ADHD using the attentional blink paradigm. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 46(12): 1345-1353

Insights into the coupling of duplication events and macroevolution from an age profile of animal transmembrane gene families. Plos Computational Biology 2(8): E102-E102

Insights into the distribution and abundance of sea snakes at Ashmore Reef. Beagle ruary: 205 Supplement 1

Insights into the domains required for dimerization and assembly of human alphaB crystallin. Protein Science 14(3): 684-695

Insights into the evolutionary origin and genome architecture of the unicellular opisthokonts Capsaspora owczarzaki and Sphaeroforma arctica. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 53(5): 379-384

Insights into the functional roles of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes in mouse carotid arteries using knockout mice. British Journal of Pharmacology 144(4): 558-565

Insights into the genetic basis for natural phenotypic resistance of human rhinoviruses to pleconaril. Antiviral Research 68(3): 135-138

Insights into the genetic basis of congenital heart disease. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 63(10): 1141-1148

Insights into the genetic organization of the Bacillus mycoides cryptic plasmids pDx14.2 and pSin9.7 deduced from their complete nucleotide sequence. Plasmid 54(3): 288-293

Insights into the genome of the enteric bacterium Escherichia blattae: cobalamin (B12) biosynthesis, B12-dependent reactions, and inactivation of the gene region encoding B12-dependent glycerol dehydratase by a new mu-like prophage. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 8(3): 150-168

Insights into the historical construction of species-rich biomes from dated plant phylogenies, neutral ecological theory and phylogenetic community structure. New Phytologist 172(4): 605-616

Insights into the induced fit mechanism in antithrombin-heparin interaction using molecular dynamics simulations. Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling 24(3): 203-212

Insights into the interaction of human arginase II with substrate and manganese ions by site-directed mutagenesis and kinetic studies. FEBS Journal 272(17): 4540-4548

Insights into the interstitium of ventricular myocardium: interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLC). Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 10(2): 429-458

Insights into the kinetics of siRNA-mediated gene silencing from live-cell and live-animal bioluminescent imaging. Nucleic Acids Research 34(1): 322-333

Insights into the loss of muscle mass following B. jararacussu venom in mice. Toxicon 44(8): 847-850

Insights into the mating habits of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum) as revealed by genetic parentage analyses. Molecular Ecology 15(7): 1917-1928

Insights into the mechanism and catalysis of the native chemical ligation reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(20): 6640-6646

Insights into the mechanism of 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (Phe) from Escherichia coli using a transient kinetic analysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(44): 45618-45625

Insights into the mechanism of Drosophila melanogaster Golgi alpha-mannosidase II through the structural analysis of covalent reaction intermediates. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(48): 48074-48083

Insights into the mechanism of action of ferroquine. Relationship between physicochemical properties and antiplasmodial activity. Molecular Pharmaceutics 2(3): 185-193

Insights into the mechanism of action of hyaluronate lyase: role of C-terminal domain and Ca2+ in the functional regulation of enzyme. Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(38): 28336-28344

Insights into the mechanism of anti-tumor immunity in mice vaccinated with the human HER2/neu extracellular domain plus anti-HER2/neu IgG3-(IL-2) or anti-HER2/neu IgG3-(GM-CSF) fusion protein. Vaccine 23(39): 4793-4803

Insights into the mechanism of microtubule stabilization by Taxol. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(27): 10166-10173

Insights into the mechanisms of CMV-mediated interference with cellular apoptosis. Immunology and Cell Biology 84(1): 99-106

Insights into the mechanisms of renal fibrosis: is it possible to achieve regression?. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 289(2): F227-F234

Insights into the mechanisms of sister chromatid exchange formation. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 104(1-4): 304-309

Insights into the mechanisms of splicing: more lessons from the ribosome. Genes & Development 19(19): 2255-2260

Insights into the membrane proteome of rat liver peroxisomes: microsomal glutathione-S-transferase is shared by both subcellular compartments. Proteomics 6(3): 804-816

Insights into the molecular basis of polyglutamine neurodegeneration from studies of a spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 mouse model. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 100(1-4): 164-174

Insights into the molecular basis of the differing susceptibility of varying cell types to the toxicity of amyloid aggregates. Journal of Cell Science 118(Pt 15): 3459-3470

Insights into the molecular biology of the estrogen receptor define novel therapeutic targets for breast cancer. European Journal of Endocrinology 150(3): 243-255

Insights into the molecular determinants of substrate specificity in glycoside hydrolase family 5 revealed by the crystal structure and kinetics of Cellvibrio mixtus mannosidase 5A. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(24): 25517-25526

Insights into the molecular mechanism of action of Celastraceae sesquiterpenes as specific, non-transported inhibitors of human P-glycoprotein. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1758(1): 98-110

Insights into the molecular mechanism of chronic fibrosis: the role of connective tissue growth factor in scleroderma. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 122(1): 1-6

Insights into the molecular mechanism of rotation in the Fo sector of ATP synthase. Biophysical Journal 86(3): 1332-1344

Insights into the molecular pathogenesis of progression in multiple sclerosis: potential implications for future therapies. Archives of Neurology 63(1): 25-33

Insights into the multistep transformation of MGUS to myeloma using microarray expression analysis. Blood 102(13): 4504-4511

Insights into the mutational history and prevalence of SCA1 in the Indian population through anchored polymorphisms. Human Genetics 118(1): 107-114

Insights into the obligate methanotroph Methylococcus capsulatus. Trends in Microbiology 13(5): 195-198

Insights into the oligomeric states, conformational changes, and helicase activities of SV40 large tumor antigen. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(37): 38952-9

Insights into the organization and dynamics of bacterial chemoreceptor clusters through in vivo crosslinking studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(43): 15623-8

Insights into the origin of postmortem ethanol. International Journal of Toxicology 24(2): 69-77

Insights into the pathogenesis and natural history of fetuses with renal pelvis dilatation. European Urology 48(2): 207-214

Insights into the pathogenesis of asthma utilizing murine models. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 135(2): 173-186

Insights into the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus from transgenic and experimental animal models. Brain Pathology 14(3): 312-316

Insights into the phosphoryl-transfer mechanism of cAMP-dependent protein kinase from quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Journal of the American Chemical Society 126(2): 529-542

Insights into the physiological role of WT1 from studies of genetically modified mice. Physiological Genomics 16(3): 287-300

Insights into the quality of DnaA boxes and their cooperativity. Journal of Molecular Biology 355(1): 85-95

Insights into the quaternary association of proteins through structure graphs: a case study of lectins. Biochemical Journal 391(Pt 1): 1-15

Insights into the reaction mechanism of glycosyl hydrolase family 49. Site-directed mutagenesis and substrate preference of isopullulanase. European Journal of Biochemistry 271(22): 4420-4427

Insights into the reaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with copper(II) ions in aqueous and micellar media: kinetic and spectrometric studies. Analytical Biochemistry 341(1): 113-121

Insights into the receptor transcription and signaling: implications in opioid tolerance and dependence. Neuropharmacology 47 Suppl 1: 300-311

Insights into the regulation of immunoglobulin light chain gene rearrangements via analysis of the kappa light chain locus in lambda myeloma. Immunology 112(3): 420-427

Insights into the regulation of the ryanodine receptor: differential effects of Mg2+ and Ca2+ on ATP binding. Biochemistry 45(31): 9408-9415

Insights into the relation between mRNA and protein expression patterns: I. Theoretical considerations. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 84(7): 822-833

Insights into the relation between mrna and protein expression patterns: II. Experimental observations in Escherichia coli. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 84(7): 834-841

Insights into the relationships between prostatic disorders and their potential impact on future urologic practice. European Urology Supplements 5(12): 698-703

Insights into the requirement of phosphatidylcholine synthesis for liver function in mice. Journal of Lipid Research 44(10): 1998-2005

Insights into the retention mechanism on an octadecylsiloxane-bonded silica stationary phase (HyPURITY C18) in reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography. A 1115(1-2): 133-141

Insights into the role of an active site aspartate in Ty1 reverse transcriptase polymerization. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(46): 47840-8

Insights into the role of electrostatic forces on the behavior of dry pharmaceutical particulate systems. Pharmaceutical Research 23(5): 997-1007

Insights into the role of fibroblasts in human autoimmune diseases. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 141(3): 388-397

Insights into the role of heparan sulphate in fibroblast growth factor signalling. Biochemical Society Transactions 34(Pt 3): 442-445

Insights into the role of histone H3 and histone H4 core modifiable residues in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(22): 10060-10070

Insights into the role of host genetic and T-cell factors in resistance to HIV transmission from studies of highly HIV-exposed Thais. Immunologic Research 29(1-3): 161-174

Insights into the role of hydration in protein structure and stability obtained through hydrostatic pressure studies. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 38(8): 1167-1173

Insights into the role of interleukin-6 in the induction of hepatic injury after trauma-hemorrhagic shock. Journal of Applied Physiology 97(6): 2184-2189

Insights into the role of nucleotide-dependent conformational change in nitrogenase catalysis: Structural characterization of the nitrogenase Fe protein Leu127 deletion variant with bound MgATP. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 100(5-6): 1041-1052

Insights into the role of the aromatic residue in galactose-binding sites: MP2/6-311G++** study on galactose- and glucose-aromatic residue analogue complexes. Biochemistry 44(23): 8554-8562

Insights into the role of the histidines in the structure and stability of cytochrome c. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry 11(1): 52-62

Insights into the role of the metal binding site in methionine-R-sulfoxide reductases B. Protein Science 14(11): 2828-2837

Insights into the selective pressures restricting Pelargonium flower break virus genome variability: Evidence for host adaptation. Journal of Virology 80(16): 8124-8132

Insights into the serine protease mechanism from atomic resolution structures of trypsin reaction intermediates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(18): 6835-6840

Insights into the sirtuin mechanism from ternary complexes containing NAD+ and acetylated peptide. Structure 14(8): 1231-1240

Insights into the specificity of RNA cleavage by the Escherichia coli MazF toxin. Febs Letters 567(2-3): 316-320

Insights into the stress response and sulfur metabolism revealed by proteome analysis of a Chlorobium tepidum mutant lacking the Rubisco-like protein. Photosynthesis Research 78(3): 231-248

Insights into the structure and molecular basis of ligand docking to the G protein-coupled secretin receptor using charge-modified amino-terminal agonist probes. Molecular Endocrinology 19(7): 1821-1836

Insights into the structure of human cytomegalovirus large terminase subunit pUL56. Febs Letters 563(1-3): 135-140

Insights into the structure, mechanism, and regulation of scavenger mRNA decapping activity. Molecular Cell 14(1): 67-80

Insights into the substrate specificity by of a novel snake venom serine peptidase molecular modeling. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 144(3): 334-342

Insights into the survival of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during sulfur starvation based on microarray analysis of gene expression. Eukaryotic Cell 3(5): 1331-1348

Insights into the taxonomy of tsessebe antelopes Damaliscus lunatus (Bovidae: Alcelaphini) with the description of a new evolutionary species in south-central Africa. Durban Museum Novitates 28: 11-30

Insights into the viral G protein-coupled receptor encoded by human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8). Biology of the Cell 96(5): 349-354

Insights into the western Bantu dispersal: mtDNA lineage analysis in Angola. Human Genetics 115(5): 439-447

Insights into transcriptional regulation and sigma competition from an equilibrium model of RNA polymerase binding to DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(14): 5332-5337

Insights into transcriptional regulation by FOXP3. Frontiers in Bioscience 11: 1607-1619

Insights into viral transmission at the uterine-placental interface. Trends in Microbiology 13(4): 164-174

Insights into Vitamin D metabolism using cyp24 over-expression and knockout systems in conjunction with liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 89-90(1-5): 149-153

Insights into von Willebrand factor proteolysis: clinical implications. British Journal of Haematology 133(5): 457-467

Insights into young of the year white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, behavior in the Southern California Bight. Environmental Biology of Fishes e; 70(2): 133-143

Insights on HIV-1 Tat : P/CAF bromodomain molecular recognition from in vivo experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 62(4): 1062-1073

Insights on a new PDI-like family: structural and functional analysis of a protein disulfide oxidoreductase from the bacterium Aquifex aeolicus. Journal of Molecular Biology 356(1): 155-164

Insights on biology and evolution from microbial genome sequencing. Genome Research 15(12): 1603-1610

Insights on evolution of virulence and resistance from the complete genome analysis of an early methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain and a biofilm-producing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis strain. Journal of Bacteriology 187(7): 2426-2438

Insights on habitat selection and behavioural patterns of Peale's dolphins (Lagenorhynchus australis) in the Strait of Magellan, southern Chile. Aquatic Mammals 31(2): 176-183

Insights on the age, climate and depositional environments of the Rudeis and Kareem formations, GS-78-1 well, Gulf of Suez, Egypt: A palynological approach. REVISTA ESPANOLA DE MICROPALEONTOLOGIA 37(2): 273-289

Insights on the evolution of metabolic networks of unicellular translationally biased organisms from transcriptomic data and sequence analysis. Journal of Molecular Evolution 61(4): 456-469

Insights on the female reproductive system in Hippolyte inermis (Decapoda, Caridea): is this species really hermaphroditic?. Invertebrate Biology 124(4): 310-320

Insights on the pathology of kidney stone formation. Urological Research 33(5): 383-389

Insights on worker safety and health issues. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International (Sp. Iss. 1): 30-35

Insights to metabolic network evolution by fusion proteins. Frontiers in Bioscience 10: 1070-1078

Insights to the minimal model of insulin secretion through a mean-field beta cell model. Journal of Theoretical Biology 237(4): 382-389

Insolubilization of technetium by microorganisms in waterlogged soils. Radioisotopes 52(10): 475-482, October

Insoluble matrix components of glioma cells suppress LPS-mediated iNOS/NO induction in microglia. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(3): 731-738

Insoluble zinc, cupric and tin pyrophosphates inhibit the formation of volatile sulphur compounds. European Journal of Oral Sciences 112(5): 429-432

Insomnia. Lancet 364(9449): 1959-1973

Insomnia and generalized anxiety disorder: effects of cognitive behavior therapy for gad on insomnia symptoms. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 18(4): 561-571

Insomnia and hypnotic use, recorded in the minimum data set, as predictors of falls and hip fractures in Michigan nursing homes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 53(6): 955-962

Insomnia following hypocretin2-saporin lesions of the substantia nigra. Neuroscience 137(1): 29-36

Insomnia improvement during antidepressant treatment and CLOCK gene polymorphism. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics 137b(1): 36-39

Insomnia in HIV infection: a systematic review of prevalence, correlates, and management. Psychosomatic Medicine 67(2): 260-269

Insomnia in somatoform pain disorder: sleep laboratory studies on differences to controls and acute effects of trazodone, evaluated by the Somnolyzer 24 x 7 and the Siesta database. Neuropsychobiology 51(3): 148-163

Insomnia in general practice - A consensus report produced by sleep specialists and primary-care physicians in Italy. Clinical Drug Investigation 25(12): 745-764

Insomnia in the elderly: cause, approach, and treatment. American Journal of Medicine 119(6): 463-469

Insomnia is more common among subjects living in damp buildings. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 62(2): 113-118

Insomnia, quality of life and psychopathological features. Brain Research Bulletin 63(5): 385-391

Insomnia, trouble sleeping, and complementary and alternative medicine: Analysis of the 2002 national health interview survey data. Archives of Internal Medicine 166(16): 1775-1782

Insonation facilitates plasmid DNA transfection into the central nervous system and microbubbles enhance the effect. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 31(5): 693-702

Inspecting pictures for information to verify a sentence: Eye movements in general encoding and in focused search. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology 57(1): 165-182

Inspecting the structure-activity relationship of protein kinase CK2 inhibitors derived from tetrabromo-benzimidazole. Chemistry & Biology 12(11): 1211-1219

Inspection of the binding sites of proteinase3 for the design of a highly specific substrate. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 49(4): 1248-1260

Inspection time in non-demented older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Neuropsychologia 44(8): 1452-1456

Inspiration by Magellanic penguins: reduced swimming effort when under pressure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 278: 303-307

Inspiration-induced vasoconstrictive responses in dominant versus non-dominant hands. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 25(2): 69-74

Inspiratory airflow dynamics during sleep in women with fibromyalgia. Sleep 27(3): 459-466

Inspiratory coupling to cardiac activity and to somatic afferent nerve stimulation in the anaesthetised rat. Autonomic Neuroscience 108(1-2): 45-49

Inspiratory flow in the nose: a model coupling flow and vasoerectile tissue distensibility. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(1): 288-295

Inspiratory flow rates during hard work when breathing through different respirator inhalation and exhalation resistances. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 3(9): 490-500

Inspiratory impedance effects on hemodynamic responses to orthostasis in normal subjects. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 77(5): 486-493

Inspiratory loading elicits aberrant fMRI signal changes in obstructive sleep apnea. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 151(1): 44-60

Inspiratory muscle load and capacity in chronic heart failure. Thorax 59(6): 477-482

Inspiratory muscle strength training with behavioral therapy in a case of a rower with presumed exercise-induced paradoxical vocal-fold dysfunction. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 68(10): 1327-1332

Inspiratory muscle training and the perception of dyspnea in Parkinson's disease. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques 32(2): 213-217

Inspiratory muscle training improves lung function and exercise capacity in adults with cystic fibrosis. Chest 126(2): 405-411

Inspiratory muscle training in patients with heart failure and inspiratory muscle weakness: a randomized trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 47(4): 757-763

Inspiratory muscle weakness in diastolic dysfunction. Chest 126(3): 838-844

Inspiratory phase-locked alpha oscillation in human olfaction: source generators estimated by a dipole tracing method. Journal of Physiology 566(Pt 3): 979-997

Inspiratory resistance as a potential treatment for orthostatic intolerance and hemorrhagic shock. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 76(4): 319-325

Inspiratory-to-total lung capacity ratio predicts mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 171(6): 591-597

Inspired oxygen fraction of 0.8 does not attenuate postoperative nausea and vomiting after strabismus surgery. Anesthesiology 103(1): 6-10

Instabilite genomique associee a la retrotransposition du LINE-1 humain. Journal de la Societe de Biologie 198(4): 419-424

Instability and frequency-domain variability of heart rates in fetuses with or without growth restriction affected by severe preeclampsia. Physiological Measurement 25(5): 1105-1113

Instability and structural change in an aerated system containing egg albumen and invert sugar. Food Hydrocolloids 19(1): 111-121

Instability driven flow and runoff formation in a small catchment. Geologica Acta 2(2): 147-156

Instability helps virtual flies to mate. Biological Cybernetics 93(3): 222-229

Instability in the transmission of the myotonic dystrophy CTG repeat in human oocytes and preimplantation embryos. Fertility and Sterility 86(1): 98-105

Instability of (GATA)n microsatellite loci in the parthenogenetic Caucasian rock lizard Darevskia unisexualis (Lacertidae). MGG Molecular Genetics and Genomics 270(6): 509-513

Instability of anthocyanin accumulation in Vitis vinifera L. var. Gamay Freaux suspension cultures. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 10(2): 155-161

Instability of calcium channel antagonists during sample preparation for LC-MS-MS analysis of serum samples. Forensic Science International 156(1): 23-34

Instability of clonality in gastric lymphoid infiltrates: a study with emphasis on serial biopsies. American Journal of Surgical Pathology 29(12): 1582-1592

Instability of cryptic plasmids in strain Sinorhizobium meliloti P108 in the course of symbiosis with alfalfa Medicago sativa. Genetika 40(4): 454-461, April

Instability of expanded simple tandem repeats is induced in cell culture by a variety of agents: N-Nitroso-N-ethylurea, benzo(a)pyrene, etoposide and okadaic acid. Mutation Research 598(1-2): 73-84

Instability of genome in patients with infantile cerebral palsy. Kazanskii Meditsinskii Zhurnal 85(4): 263-268

Instability of lopinavir/ritonavir capsules at ambient temperatures in sub-Saharan Africa: relevance to WHO antiretroviral guidelines. Aids 19(11): 1233-1234

Instability of microsatellites is an infrequent event in uveal melanoma. Melanoma Research 13(5): 435-440

Instability of monoclonal myeloma protein may be identified as susceptibility to penetration and binding by newly synthesized Congo red derivatives. Biochimie 86(6): 397-401

Instability of pancuronium in postmortem blood and liver taken after a fatal intramuscular Pavulon injection. Forensic Science International 143(2-3): 191-198

Instability of pathogenicity islands in uropathogenic Escherichia coli 536. Journal of Bacteriology 186(10): 3086-3096

Instability of repetitive units of foreign centromeric satellite DNA in transgenic mice and transfected cells. Genetika 40(8): 1034-1045

Instability of sodium monofluorophosphate in effervescent tablets. Fluoride 39(1): 27-30

Instability of spontaneous breathing patterns in patients with persistent vegetative state. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 145(2-3): 163-175

Instability of symptoms in recurrent major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 162(2): 403; Author Reply 403-4

Instability of symptoms in recurrent major depression: a prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry 161(2): 255-261

Instability of the apo form of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase in vivo and in vitro: implications for the involvement of the flexible loop that covers the active site. Journal of Biochemistry 135(1): 33-42

Instability of the DSM-IV Subtypes of ADHD from preschool through elementary school. Archives of General Psychiatry 62(8): 896-902

Instability of the acetamide-inducible expression vector pJAM2 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Plasmid 55(1): 81-86

Instability of the biotin-protein bond in human plasma. Analytical Biochemistry 327(2): 156-161

Instability of the fragile X syndrome repeat in mice: the effect of age, diet and mutations in genes that affect DNA replication, recombination and repair proficiency. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 100(1-4): 140-146

Instability of the insertional mutation in CftrTgH(neoim)Hgu cystic fibrosis mouse model. Bmc Genetics 5: 6-6

Instability of three-dimensional linear vortex in a simple model of a heterogeneous excitable medium. Biofizika 47(1): 111-115, January-February

Instability prolongs the chondral phase during bone healing in sheep. Bone 38(6): 864-870

Installation d'un cabinet dentaire - a la base aerienne 701. Medecine et Armees 32(3): 227-232

Installation et apport d'un logiciel de gestion des stocks dans une section de ravitaillement sanitaire. Medecine et Armees 31(5): 448-453

Installation of telerobotic surgery and initial experience with telerobotic radical prostatectomy. Bju International 96(1): 34-38

Installation of the pyrrolyl-2-carboxyl pharmacophore by CouN1 and CouN7 in the late biosynthetic steps of the aminocoumarin antibiotics clorobiocin and coumermycin A1. Biochemistry 45(28): 8568-8578

Instance-based concept learning from multiclass DNA microarray data. Bmc Bioinformatics 7: 73-73

Instances of animal traction in the Neolithic village of Chalain (Jura, France). End of the 31st century BC. Archaeofauna 12: 175-181

Instant MR labeling of stem cells using magnetoelectroporation. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 54(4): 769-774

Instant cup of soup: design flaws increase risk of burns. Journal of Burn Care & Research 27(4): 476-481

Instant decisions: transcription-independent control of death-receptor-mediated apoptosis. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 29(11): 601-608

Instant evaluation of the absolute initial number of cDNA copies from a single real-time PCR curve. Nucleic Acids Research 32(6): E56-E56

Instant of chair-rise lift-off can be predicted by foot-floor reaction forces. Human Movement Science 23(2): 121-132

Instantaneous acceleration and amplification of hippocampal theta wave coincident with phasic pontine activities during REM sleep. Brain Research 1051(1-2): 50-56

Instantaneous diastolic pressure-flow relationship in arterial coronary bypass grafts. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 23(5): 373-379

Instantiated features and the use of "rules.". Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 135(2): 133-151

Instillation of anesthetic gel is no longer necessary in the era of flexible cystoscopy: a crossover study. Journal of Endourology 18(5): 483-486

Instillation of argatroban inhibited fibrinous exudation in two cases of penetrating ocular injury. Rinsho Ganka 57(13): 1819-1822, December

Instillation of hypertonic glucose into gall bladder of rabbit: Does it induce sclerosing cholangitis?. Journal of Applied Animal Research 29(1): 73-76

Instinct in the '50s: the British reception of Konrad Lorenz's theory of instinctive behavior. Biology and Philosophy 19(4): 609-631

Institucionalizacin o marginacion?: Analisis etnografico de una residencia de Tercera Edad. Geriatrika (Madrid) 20(1): 20-25

Institute named after AN Belozersky: Experience of Russian University Science organization. Molecular Biology (Moscow) 39(4): 538-544

Institution and validation of an observed structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) for obstetrics and gynecology residents and faculty. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 195(2): 617-21; Discussion 621-3

Institutional and economic determinants of public health system performance. American Journal of Public Health 96(3): 523-531

Institutional care: associations between inattention and early reading performance. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 47(5): 480-487

Institutional care: associations between overactivity and lack of selectivity in social relationships. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 45(4): 866-873

Institutional challenges for EIA implementation in China: a case study of development versus environmental protection. Environmental Management 36(1): 125-142

Institutional changes in fisheries governance: the case of the saimaa ringed seal, Phoca hispida saimensis, conservation. Fisheries Management & Ecology 11(3-4): 283-290, June

Institutional decision-making to select patient care devices: identifying venues to promote patient safety. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 36(1-2): 31-44

Institutional development in the face of complexity: Developing rules for managing forest resources. Human Ecology 32(3): 279-311, June

Institutional ecological economics. Ecological Economics 53(3): 353-368

Institutional factors in cesarean delivery rates: policy and research implications. Obstetrics and Gynecology 103(1): 128-136

Institutional frameworks for sustainability? A comparative analysis of the forest sectors of Russia and the Baltic States. Ambio 33(6): 366-370

Institutional pathology consultation. American Journal of Surgical Pathology 28(3): 399-402

Institutional practice guidelines on management of pelvic fracture-related hemodynamic instability: do they make a difference?. Journal of Trauma 58(4): 778-782

Institutional responses to development pressures: Resilience of social-ecological systems in Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 11(1): 99-115, March

Institutional review board guidance on pediatric research: missed opportunities. Journal of Pediatrics 147(1): 84-89

Institutional review board practices regarding assent in pediatric research. Pediatrics 113(6): 1747-1752

Institutional risk factors for outbreaks of nosocomial gastroenteritis: survival analysis of a cohort of hospital units in South-west England, 2002-2003. Journal of Hospital Infection 60(2): 135-143

Institutional strengthening of the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve (Madre de Dios River, Peruvian Amazon Basin). Mountain Research and Development 25(2): 121-125

Institutional variability in the accuracy of urinary cytology for predicting recurrence of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Bju International 97(5): 997-1001

Institutionalized elderly, professional burden and job burnout. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Suppl. 8): 23-28

Institutionalizing the option of dam removal: the New Hampshire initiative. Water Science and Technology 48(7): 9-16

Institutions and wood supply to construction wood markets in Dar es Salaam and Mwanza: Implications for policy and enforcement. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 19(Suppl 4): 25-35, August

Institutions, forest management, and sustainable human development: Experiences from India. Environment Development & Sustainability 5(3-4): 353-367

Institutos de investigacion y seguridad biologica. Revue Scientifique et Technique Office International des Epizooties 25(1): 321-327

Instream distributions and feeding habits of two species of sleeper, Eleotris acanthopoma and Eleotris fusca, in the Teima River, Okinawa Island. Ichthyological Research ust; 51(3): 233-240

Instruction of distinct CD4 T helper cell fates by different notch ligands on antigen-presenting cells. Cell 117(4): 515-526

Instruction of jump-landing technique using videotape feedback: altering lower extremity motion patterns. American Journal of Sports Medicine 33(6): 831-842

Instruction-specific brain activations during episodic encoding. a generalized level of processing effect. Neuroimage 20(3): 1795-1810

Instructive ECG series in massive bilateral pulmonary embolism. Heart 91(7): 860-862

Instructive effect of visual experience in mouse visual cortex. Neuron 51(3): 339-349

Instructive niches: environmental instructions that confound NG2 proteoglycan expression and the fate-restriction of CNS progenitors. Journal of Anatomy 207(6): 727-734

Instructive role of Wnt/beta-catenin in sensory fate specification in neural crest stem cells. Science 303(5660): 1020-1023

Instructive role of a peripheral pattern for the central patterning of the trigeminal projection at the brainstem and thalamus revealed by an artificially altered whisker pattern. Neuroscience 141(4): 1899-1908

Instructors' practices in and attitudes toward teaching ethics in the genetics classroom. Genetics 168(3): 1111-1117

Instruktion von Effektor-T-Zellen zur Einwanderung in entzundete Haut. Allergologie 28(3): 105-112

Instrument to measure the heat convection coefficient on the endothelial surface of arteries and veins. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 43(4): 522-527

Instrument-, age- and site-dependent variations of dermoscopic patterns of congenital melanocytic naevi: a multicentre study. British Journal of Dermatology 155(1): 56-61

Instrumental analysis of bacterial cells using vibrational and emission Mossbauer spectroscopic techniques. Analytica Chimica Acta 573(Sp. Iss. SI): 445-452

Instrumental and test-retest reliability of saccadic measures. Biological Psychology 68(3): 201-213

Instrumental colour of Iberian ham subcutaneous fat and lean (biceps femoris): Influence of crossbreeding and rearing system. Meat Science 71(2): 284-290

Instrumental evaluation of colour changes in broiler breast and thigh muscles after irradiation treatment. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 13(3): 285-289

Instrumental learning in hyperdopaminergic mice. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 85(3): 283-288

Instrumental learning within the spinal cord: III. Prior exposure to noncontingent shock induces a behavioral deficit that is blocked by an opioid antagonist. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 82(1): 35-51

Instrumental learning within the spinal cord: VI. The NMDA receptor antagonist, AP5, disrupts the acquisition and maintenance of an acquired flexion response. Behavioural Brain Research 154(2): 431-438

Instrumental learning, but not performance, requires dopamine D1-receptor activation in the amygdala. Neuroscience 135(2): 335-345

Instrumental responding for rewards is associated with enhanced neuronal response in subcortical reward systems. Neuroimage 21(3): 984-990

Instrumental texture profile analysis (TPA) of date flesh as a function of moisture content. Journal of Food Engineering 66(4): 505-511

Instrumentation for synchrotron-radiation macromolecular crystallography. Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Biological Crystallography 62(Pt 1): 12-18

Instrumente zur Erfassung der Prozess- and Ergebnisqualitat. Intensiv und Notfallbehandlung 29(4): 165-172

Instrumented shoes for ground reaction forces assessment of pathological gait. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 111(Suppl. S): 97

Instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with bioresorbable polymer implants and iliac crest autograft. Spine 30(17 Suppl): S76-S83

Instruments de mesure de l'utilisation de produits phytosanitaires dans un contexte de developpement durable. Biotechnologie Agronomie Societe et Environnement 8(3): 177-185

Instruments for evaluating education in evidence-based practice: a systematic review. JAMA 296(9): 1116-1127

Instruments for quality of life assessment in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Anticancer Research 24(3b): 2117-2121

Instruments for the assessment of childhood trauma in adults. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 192(5): 343-351

Instruments for the assessment of pain in older persons with cognitive impairment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 53(2): 319-326

Instruments to assess the quality of health information on the World Wide Web: what can our patients actually use?. International Journal of Medical Informatics 74(1): 13-19

Insufficiency fracture of the Sacrum after hormonal therapy and radiotherapy for prostate cancer: A case in which Tc-99m-MDP bone scintigraphy was useful for differential diagnosis. Kaku Igaku 42(4): 403-407

Insufficiency fracture of the tarsal navicular in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology 44(7): 949-950

Insufficiency fractures of the calcaneus: a diagnostic pitfall for ankle arthritis. Journal of Rheumatology 33(6): 1140-1142

Insufficiency risk of esophagojejunal anastomosis after total abdominal gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 390(6): 510-516

Insufficient APC capacities of dendritic cells in gene gun-mediated DNA vaccination. Journal of Immunology 176(8): 4600-4607

Insufficient ability of omental milky spots to prevent peritoneal tumor outgrowth supports omentectomy in minimal residual disease. Cancer Immunology, ImmunoTherapy 55(9): 1043-1051

Insufficient activation of adrenocortical but not adrenomedullary hormones during stress in rats subjected to repeated immune challenge. Journal of Neuroimmunology 142(1-2): 86-92

Insufficient endogenous control of tumor necrosis factor-alpha contributes to temporomandibular joint pain and tissue destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Rheumatology 33(9): 1734-1739

Insufficient evidence to conclude whether or not Transcendental Meditation decreases blood pressure: results of a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Journal of Hypertension 22(11): 2049-2054

Insufficient expression of cyclooxygenase-2 protein is associated with retarded degradation of aggregated protein in diabetic glomeruli. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 102(2): 173-181

Insufficient filling of vacuum tubes as a cause of microhemolysis and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels. Use of a data-mining technique in evaluation of questionable laboratory test results. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 44(5): 657-661

Insufficient folding of type IV collagen and formation of abnormal basement membrane-like structure in embryoid bodies derived from Hsp47-null embryonic stem cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell 15(10): 4467-4475

Insufficient p65 phosphorylation at S536 specifically contributes to the lack of NF-kappaB activation and transformation in resistant JB6 cells. Carcinogenesis 25(10): 1991-2003

Insufficient production and tissue delivery of CD4+ memory T cells in rapidly progressive simian immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of Experimental Medicine 200(10): 1299-1314

Insufficient response to venous stripping surgery: is the penile vein recurrent or residual?. Journal of Andrology 27(5): 700-706

Insufficient taurine in enteral nutrition for patients. Nutrition research 26(9): 450-453

Insufficient vitamin D supply as a possible co-factor in colorectal carcinogenesis. Anticancer Research 26(4a): 2729-2733

Insufficiently dosed intravenous ibandronate injections are associated with suboptimal antifracture efficacy in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Bone 34(5): 890-899

Insuffisance ante hypophysaire post-radique. Annales d'Endocrinologie 67(4): 303-309

Insuffisance cardiaque aigue chez une patiente traitee par mitoxantrone pour sclerose en plaques. Revue Neurologique (Paris) 159(12): 1169-1172

Insuffisance hepatique aigue severe et syndrome d'activation macrophagique: cause ou consequence ?. Annales Francaises d'Anesthesie et de Reanimation 23(4): 349-352

Insuffisance renale aigue apres application topique de sulfadiazine argentique. Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie 132(11, Part 1): 891-893

Insuffisance renale et 2,8-dihydroxyadeninurie. Nephrologie 25(7): 297-300

Insuffisances cardiaques d'origine medicamenteuse (en dehors des anthracyclines). Therapie (Chester) 59(1): 127-142

Insuficiencia adrenal cronica e aguda. Medicina (Ribeirao Preto) 36(2-4): 375-379

Insuficiencia hepatica fulminante pelo virus da hepatite a em portador do virus da hepatite B: Relato de caso. Revista de Patologia Tropical 33(1): 135-141

Insuficiencia renal aguda. Medicina (Ribeirao Preto) 36(2-4): 307-324

Insuficiencia renal cronica y crecimiento. Medicina (Buenos Aires) 63(6): 731-736

Insuficiencia respiratoria. Medicina (Ribeirao Preto) 36(2-4): 205-213

Insular Alzheimer's disease pathology as a cause of "age-related" autonomic dysfunction and mortality in the non-demented elderly. Medical Hypotheses 67(4): 747-758

Insular carcinoma of the thyroid with jugular vein invasion. Head & Neck 26(7): 642-646

Insular carcinoma of the thyroid with uncommon cytologic features: anisokaryotic cells and microfollicles containing dense colloid. Pathology, Research and Practice 202(5): 389-393

Insular carnivore biogeography: island area and mammalian optimal body size. American Naturalist 165(4): 505-514

Insular cortex abnormalities in schizophrenia: Relationship to symptoms and typical neuroleptic exposure. Biological Psychiatry 57(4): 394-398

Insular cortex infarction in acute middle cerebral artery territory stroke: predictor of stroke severity and vascular lesion. Archives of Neurology 62(7): 1081-1085

Insular cortex is involved in consolidation of object recognition memory. Learning & Memory 12(5): 447-449

Insular cortex lesions alter conditioned taste avoidance in rats differentially when using two methods of sucrose delivery. Behavioural Brain Research 153(2): 357-365

Insular cortical and amygdaloid fibers are in contact with posterolateral hypothalamic neurons projecting to the nucleus of the solitary tract in the rat. Brain Research 1070(1): 139-144

Insular cortical ischaemia does not independently predict acute hypertension or hyperglycaemia within 3 h of onset. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 77(7): 885-887

Insular cortical ischemia is independently associated with acute stress hyperglycemia. Stroke 35(8): 1886-1891

Insular infarcts and electrocardiographic changes at admission: results of the PRognostic of Insular CErebral infarctS Study (PRINCESS). Journal of Neurology 253(5): 618-624

Insular involvement in brain infarction increases risk for cardiac arrhythmia and death. Annals of Neurology 59(4): 691-699

Insular lesions, ECG abnormalities, and outcome in acute stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 76(2): 269-271

Insular population of Pinus sylvestris (Pinaceae) in Shira steppe (Khakasia). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Stsburg). 2003; 88(10): 60-67

Insular species of Neotropical freshwater crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura). Journal of Natural History 37(21): 2599-2614

Insular volumes in first-episode schizophrenia: gender effect. Schizophrenia Research 73(1): 113-120

Insularinase A, a prothrombin activator from Bothrops insularis venom, is a metalloprotease derived from a gene encoding protease and disintegrin domains. Biological Chemistry 386(6): 589-600

Insulated piggyBac vectors for insect transgenesis. Bmc Biotechnology 6: 27-27

Insulation disks on the skin to estimate muscle temperature. European Journal of Applied Physiology 97(6): 761-765

Insulation of the alphaF regulatory system in Bacillus subtilis. Journal of Bacteriology 186(13): 4390-4394, July

Insulator semiconductor structures coated with biodegradable latexes as encapsulation matrix for urease. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 20(11): 2318-2323

Insulators and long-distance interactions between regulatory elements in higher eukaryotes. Genetika 36(12): 1588-1597, December

Insulators of higher eukaryotes: properties, mechanisms of action, and role in transcriptional regulation. Genetika 42(8): 1029-1044

Insulin 3: From chemical synthesis to biological function. Letters in Peptide Science 10(5-6): 387-391

Insulin Promoter Factor 1 variation is associated with type 2 diabetes in African Americans. Bmc Medical Genetics 6: 37-37

Insulin absorption: a major factor in apparent insulin resistance and the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 55(5): 614-619

Insulin action in the brain contributes to glucose lowering during insulin treatment of diabetes. Cell Metabolism 3(1): 67-73

Insulin action is facilitated by insulin-stimulated reactive oxygen species with multiple potential signaling targets. Diabetes 54(2): 311-321

Insulin activates native and recombinant large conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels via a mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent process. Molecular Pharmacology 65(6): 1352-1363

Insulin activates the rat sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) promoter through the combinatorial actions of SREBP, LXR, Sp-1 and NF-Y cis-acting elements. Biochemical Journal 385(Part 1): 207-216

Insulin acts as a myogenic differentiation signal for neural stem cells with multilineage differentiation potential. Development 131(17): 4287-4298

Insulin acts via mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation in rabbit blastocysts. Reproduction 128(5): 517-526

Insulin acutely decreases hepatic fatty acid synthase activity. Cell Metabolism 2(1): 43-53

Insulin adsorbance to polyvinylchloride (PVC) surfaces of fluid container and infusion-set. Middle East Journal of Anaesthesiology 17(5): 975-981

Insulin adsorption on coated silica based supports grafted with N-acetylglucosamine by liquid affinity chromatography. Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 808(1): 35-41

Insulin affects the neuronal response in the medial temporal lobe in humans. Neuroendocrinology 81(1): 49-55

Insulin affects vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype and migration via distinct signaling pathways. Diabetes 52(10): 2562-2569

Insulin alleles and autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene expression both influence insulin expression in the thymus. Journal of Autoimmunity 25(4): 312-318

Insulin allergy and extensive lipoatrophy in child with type 1 diabetes. Hormone Research 65(5): 253-260

Insulin alone increases hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal activity, and diabetes lowers peak stress responses. Endocrinology 146(3): 1382-1390

Insulin alters nuclear factor-kappa B and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma protein expression induced by glycated bovine serum albumin in vascular smooth-muscle cells. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 145(3): 144-150

Insulin analogues (insulin detemir and insulin aspart) versus traditional human insulins (NPH insulin and regular human insulin) in basal-bolus therapy for patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia 47(4): 622-629

Insulin analogues in the management of diabetes. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology 26(6): 445-461

Insulin and IGF-1 regulate the expression of the pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) in breast tumor cells. Febs Letters 579(14): 3195-3200

Insulin and IGF-I action on insulin receptors, IGF-I receptors, and hybrid insulin/IGF-I receptors in vascular smooth muscle cells. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(5): E1124-E1130

Insulin and IGF-I phosphorylate eNOS in HUVECs by a caveolin-1 dependent mechanism. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 337(3): 849-852

Insulin and IGF-I stimulate the formation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F complex and protein synthesis in C2C12 myotubes independent of availability of external amino acids. Journal of Endocrinology 185(2): 275-289

Insulin and wnt1 pathways cooperate to induce reserve cell activation in differentiation and myotube hypertrophy. Molecular Biology of the Cell 15(10): 4544-4555

Insulin and blood pressure: connected on a circumference?. Hypertension 45(3): 347-348

Insulin and cholesterol pathways in neuronal function, memory and neurodegeneration. Biochemical Society Transactions 33(Pt 5): 1033-1036

Insulin and cognitive function in humans: experimental data and therapeutic considerations. Biochemical Society Transactions 33(Pt 5): 1037-1040

Insulin and dexamethasone inhibit TGF-beta-induced apoptosis of hepatoma cells upstream of the caspase activation cascade. Toxicology 204(2-3): 141-154

Insulin and glucose induced changes in expression level of nucleoside transporters and adenosine transport in rat T lymphocytes. Biochemical Pharmacology 68(7): 1309-1320

Insulin and glucose mediate opposite intracellular ionized magnesium variations in human lymphocytes. Journal of Endocrinology 190(3): 711-718

Insulin and glyburide therapy: dosage, severity level of gestational diabetes, and pregnancy outcome. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 192(1): 134-139

Insulin and growth hormone stimulate somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression by inducing transcription of SSTR mRNAs and by upregulating cell surface SSTRs. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 291(1): R163-R169

Insulin and human chorionic gonadotropin cause a shift in the balance of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) isoforms toward the SREBP-1c isoform in cultures of human granulosa cells. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 90(6): 3738-3746

Insulin and hypertonicity recruit GLUT4 to the plasma membrane of muscle cells by using N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor-dependent SNARE mechanisms but different v-SNAREs: role of TI-VAMP. Molecular Biology of the Cell 15(12): 5565-5573

Insulin and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate trigger abnormal cytosolic Ca2+ transients and reveal mitochondrial Ca2+ handling defects in cardiomyocytes of ob/ob mice. Diabetes 54(8): 2375-2381

Insulin and insulin-like growth factor expression and function deteriorate with progression of Alzheimer's disease: link to brain reductions in acetylcholine. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 8(3): 247-268

Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 promote mast cell survival via activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase pathway. Experimental Hematology 34(11): 1532-1541

Insulin and insulin-like growth factors inhibit and luteinizing hormone augments ovarian theca-interstitial cell apoptosis. Molecular Human Reproduction 11(5): 319-324

Insulin and its analogue glargine do not affect viability and proliferation of human coronary artery endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Diabetologia 48(9): 1898-1905

Insulin and its evolving partnership with leptin in the hypothalamic control of energy homeostasis. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: Tem 15(8): 362-369

Insulin and leptin resistance with hyperleptinemia in mice lacking androgen receptor. Diabetes 54(6): 1717-1725

Insulin and losartan reduce proteinuria and renal hypertrophy in the pregnant diabetic rat. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 142(3): 166-171

Insulin and messenger ribonucleic acid expression of insulin receptor isoforms in ovarian follicles from nonhirsute ovulatory women and polycystic ovary syndrome patients. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 89(7): 3561-3566

Insulin and nateglinide reduce monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells in Goto-Kakizaki rats exhibiting repetitive blood glucose fluctuation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 350(1): 195-201

Insulin and nitric oxide stimulates glucose transport in human placenta. Life Sciences 76(23): 2643-2653

Insulin and prolactin synergistically stimulate beta-casein messenger ribonucleic acid translation by cytoplasmic polyadenylation. Molecular Endocrinology 18(7): 1670-1686

Insulin and the insulin receptor in experimental models of learning and memory. European Journal of Pharmacology 490(1-3): 71-81

Insulin antagonizes ischemia-induced Thr(172) phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-subunits in heart via hierarchical phosphorylation of Ser(485/491). Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(9): 5335-5340

Insulin as a humoral factor of energy supply for the biological function of locomotion. Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk: 3-8

Insulin as an in vivo growth factor. Experimental Neurology 188(1): 43-51

Insulin as the primary autoantigen in type 1 diabetes ?. Acta Medica Nagasakiensia 49(1-2): 1-6

Insulin aspart - An evidence-based medicine review. Clinical Drug Investigation 24(12): 695-717

Insulin at physiological concentrations selectively activates insulin but not insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) or insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors in endothelial cells. Endocrinology 146(11): 4690-4696

Insulin attenuates the systemic inflammatory response in endotoxemic rats. Endocrinology 145(9): 4084-4093

Insulin autoimmune syndrome due to IgG kappa paraprotein. Pathology 36(1): 86-87

Insulin can modulate MCF-7 cell response to paclitaxel. Cancer Letters 209(2): 139-145

Insulin cannot activate extracellular-signal-related kinase due to inability to generate reactive oxygen species in SK-N-BE(2) human neuroblastoma cells. Molecules and Cells 20(2): 280-287

Insulin cell mass is altered in Csf1op/Csf1op macrophage-deficient mice. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 76(2): 359-367

Insulin changes in preeclamptic women during pregnancy. Annals of Saudi Medicine 24(6): 434-436

Insulin concentration during preconditioning mediates the regulation of urea synthesis during exposure to amino acid-supplemented plasma. Tissue Engineering 10(11-12): 1737-1746

Insulin containing nanocomplexes formed by self-assembly from biodegradable amine-modified poly(vinyl alcohol)-graft-poly(L-lactide): bioavailability and nasal tolerability in rats. Pharmaceutical Research 22(11): 1879-1886

Insulin control of placental gene expression shifts from mother to foetus over the course of pregnancy. Diabetologia 49(1): 123-131

Insulin decreases hepatic acute phase protein levels in severely burned children. Surgery 135(2): 196-202

Insulin decreases intracellular oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 55(5): 691-695

Insulin decreases isoflurane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in rats independently of an effect on the spinal cord. Anesthesia and Analgesia 98(6): 1712-7, Table of Contents

Insulin decreases the secretion of apoB-100 from hepatic HepG2 cells but does not decrease the secretion of apoB-48 from intestinal CaCo-2 cells. Journal of Biomedical Science 11(6): 789-798

Insulin deficiency downregulated heat shock protein 60 and IGF-1 receptor signaling in diabetic myocardium. Diabetes 54(1): 175-181

Insulin degrading enzyme is a cellular receptor mediating varicella-zoster virus infection and cell-to-cell spread. Cell 127(2): 305-316

Insulin degrading enzyme is expressed in the human cerebrovascular endothelium and in cultured human cerebrovascular endothelial cells. Neuroscience Letters 371(1): 6-11

Insulin degrading enzyme is localized predominantly at the cell surface of polarized and unpolarized human cerebrovascular endothelial cell cultures. Journal of Neuroscience Research 83(7): 1262-1270

Insulin detemir - A novel basal insulin. Diabetologia Croatica 32(4): 163-167

Insulin detemir. Antidiabetic. Drugs of the Future 28(8): 747-753, August

Insulin determination by specific and unspecific immunoassays in patients with insulinoma evaluated by the arterial stimulation and venous sampling test. European Journal of Endocrinology 151(1): 123-126

Insulin differentially regulates monocyte and polymorphonuclear neutrophil functions in healthy young and elderly humans. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 91(7): 2738-2748

Insulin disrupts beta-adrenergic signalling to protein kinase A in adipocytes. Nature 437(7058): 569-573

Insulin dose-response curves for stimulation of splanchnic glucose uptake and suppression of endogenous glucose production differ in nondiabetic humans and are abnormal in people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 53(8): 2042-2050

Insulin down-regulates insulin receptor substrate-2 expression through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. Journal of Endocrinology 179(2): 253-266

Insulin downregulates angiopoietin-like protein 4 mRNA in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(4): 1138-1144

Insulin drives transcriptional activity of the CYP17 gene in primary cultures of swine theca cells. Biology of Reproduction 70(6): 1600-1605

Insulin effects on CSF norepinephrine and cognition in Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of Aging 27(1): 38-41

Insulin encapsulation in reinforced alginate microspheres prepared by internal gelation. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 29(2): 148-159

Insulin enhanced thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor expression through PI3 kinase/Akt pathway. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 15(2): 265-268

Insulin enhances growth hormone induction of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(2): 982-992

Insulin enhances leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion in the retinal microcirculation through surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Microvascular Research 69(3): 135-141

Insulin enhances mitochondrial inner membrane potential and increases ATP levels through phosphoinositide 3-kinase in adult sensory neurons. Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 28(1): 42-54

Insulin enhances the transcription of luteinizing hormone-beta gene. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 191(1): 132-137

Insulin enhances vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human cultured endothelial cells through a pro-atherogenic pathway mediated by p38 mitogen-activated protein-kinase. Diabetologia 47(3): 532-536

Insulin exerts neuroprotection by counteracting the decrease in cell-surface GABAA receptors following oxygen-glucose deprivation in cultured cortical neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry 92(1): 103-113

Insulin expressing cells from differentiated embryonic stem cells are not beta cells. Diabetologia 47(3): 499-508

Insulin facilitates the induction of the slow Na+ channels in immature Xenopus oocytes. General Physiology and Biophysics 24(1): 57-73

Insulin facilitation of muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise in hindlimb-suspended rats is independent of a rapamycin-sensitive pathway. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 287(6): E1070-5

Insulin feedback actions: complex effects involving isoforms of islet nitric oxide synthase. Regulatory Peptides 122(2): 109-118

Insulin feedback alters mitochondrial activity through an ATP-sensitive K+ channel-dependent pathway in mouse islets and beta-cells. Diabetes 53(7): 1765-1772

Insulin forms amyloid in a strain-dependent manner: an FT-IR spectroscopic study. Protein Science 13(7): 1927-1932

Insulin gene profile cycles with season of birth of future diabetic children and their relatives. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism 17(5): 727-730

Insulin gene variable number of tandem repeats is associated with increased fat mass during adolescence in non-obese girls. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 65(2): 163-168

Insulin generates free radicals by an NAD(P)H, phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase-dependent mechanism in human skin fibroblasts ex vivo. Diabetes 53(5): 1344-1351

Insulin generates free radicals in human fibroblasts ex vivo by a protein kinase C-dependent mechanism, which is inhibited by pravastatin. Free Radical Biology & Medicine 41(3): 473-483

Insulin glargine in combination with oral antidiabetic drugs as a cost-equivalent alternative to conventional Insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 117(17): 593-598

Insulin glargine or NPH combined with metformin in type 2 diabetes: the LANMET study. Diabetologia 49(3): 442-451

Insulin glulisine. Drugs of Today 41(7): 433-440

Insulin glulisine, a new rapid-acting insulin analogue, displays a rapid time-action profile in obese non-diabetic subjects. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 113(8): 435-443

Insulin glulisine. Treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Drugs of the Future 28(11): 1055-1058, November

Insulin growth factor-I and epidermal growth factor receptors recruit distinct upstream signaling molecules to enhance AKT activation in mammary epithelial cells. Endocrinology 147(12): 6027-6035

Insulin growth factors may be implicated in human sperm capacitation. Fertility and Sterility 83(4): 1064-1066

Insulin htts on autophagy. Autophagy 2(3): 250-253

Insulin hypersensitivity and resistance to streptozotocin-induced diabetes in mice lacking PTEN in adipose tissue. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(6): 2498-2510

Insulin improves cardiomyocyte contractile function through enhancement of SERCA2a activity in simulated ischemia/reperfusion. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 27(7): 919-926

Insulin improves myocardial blood flow in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. Diabetes 55(2): 511-516

Insulin improves the endothelium-independent relaxation and the contractile response in aorta from hypertensive diabetic rats. Cellular and Molecular Biology 51(6): 565-572

Insulin in aging and cancer: antidiabetic drug Diabenol as geroprotector and anticarcinogen. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 37(5): 1117-1129

Insulin in flavin-containing monooxygenase regulation. Flavin-containing monooxygenase and cytochrome P450 activities in experimental diabetes. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 28(1-2): 51-58

Insulin increases cell surface GLUT4 levels by dose dependently discharging GLUT4 into a cell surface recycling pathway. Molecular and Cellular Biology 24(14): 6456-6466

Insulin increases glycolysis without further vasodilation in porcine coronary arteries exposed to hypoxia. Clinical Science 107(2): 213-220

Insulin increases the intracellular concentration of total oxalyl thiolesters in BC3H-1 myocytes: potential anti-insulin mediators. Cellular and Molecular Biology 49(6): 923-927

Insulin independence achieved using the transmesenteric approach to the portal vein for islet transplantation. Transplantation 77(2): 309-311

Insulin independence after living-donor distal pancreatectomy and islet allotransplantation. Lancet 365(9471): 1642-1644

Insulin independence of unstable diabetic patient after single living donor islet transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 37(8): 3427-3429

Insulin induced increase in coronary flow reserve is abolished by dexamethasone in young men with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes. Heart 90(3): 270-276

Insulin induces SOCS-6 expression and its binding to the p85 monomer of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, resulting in improvement in glucose metabolism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(33): 34107-34114

Insulin induces a hypercontractile airway smooth muscle phenotype. European Journal of Pharmacology 481(1): 125-131

Insulin induces a novel form of postsynaptic mossy fiber long-term depression in the hippocampus. Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 24(3): 831-841

Insulin induces alpha1B-adrenergic receptor phosphorylation and desensitization. Life Sciences 75(16): 1937-1947

Insulin induces cobalt uptake in a subpopulation of rat cultured primary sensory neurons. European Journal of Neuroscience 18(9): 2477-2486

Insulin induces heme oxygenase-1 through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway and the Nrf2 transcription factor in renal cells. Febs Journal 273(11): 2345-2356

Insulin induces internalization of the 5-HT2A receptor expressed in HEK293 cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 518(1): 18-21

Insulin induces myocardial protection and Hsp70 localization to plasma membranes in rat hearts. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 291(4): H1709-H1721

Insulin induction of glucokinase and fatty acid synthase in hepatocytes: analysis of the roles of sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein-1c and liver X receptor. Biochemical Journal 399(2): 275-283

Insulin infusion in acute illness. Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(8): 2069-2072

Insulin infusion induces endothelin-1-dependent hypertension in rats. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 287(5): E948-E954

Insulin inhibition of protein degradation in cells expressing wild-type and mutant insulin receptors. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 26(11): 1088-1094

Insulin inhibition of transcription stimulated by the forkhead protein Foxo1 is not solely due to nuclear exclusion. Endocrinology 144(12): 5615-5622

Insulin inhibits AMPA-induced neuronal damage via stimulation of protein kinase B (Akt). Journal of Neural Transmission 112(2): 179-191

Insulin inhibits glucagon-induced glycogenolysis normally in perivenous hepatocytes of Wistar fatty rats. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 69(2): 120-123

Insulin inhibits neuropeptide Y gene expression in the arcuate nucleus through GABAergic systems. Journal of Neuroscience 25(38): 8657-8664

Insulin inhibits platelet-derived growth factor-induced cell proliferation. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(1): 73-83

Insulin injections enhance cholesterol gallstone incidence by changing the biliary cholesterol saturation index and apo A-I concentration in hamsters fed a lithogenic diet. Journal of Hepatology 35(5): 550-557

Insulin levels measured with an insulin-specific assay in patients with fasting hypoglycaemia related to endogenous hyperinsulinism. European Journal of Endocrinology 149(5): 413-419

Insulin levels, insulin resistance, and leptin levels are not associated with the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Fertility and Sterility 82(1): 244-246

Insulin like growth factors axis and growth disorders. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 73(1): 67-71

Insulin microcrystal suspension as a long-acting formulation for pulmonary delivery. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 22(2-3): 107-116

Insulin minimal model indexes and secretion: proper handling of uncertainty by a Bayesian approach. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 32(7): 1027-1037

Insulin modulates duodenal vagal afferents basal activity. Autonomic Neuroscience 122(1-2): 29-37

Insulin modulates hippocampal activity-dependent synaptic plasticity in a N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor and phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase-dependent manner. Journal of Neurochemistry 94(4): 1158-1166

Insulin modulates rat liver glucocorticoid receptor. Acta Biologica Hungarica 57(1): 37-48

Insulin modulates the secretion of proteins from mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes: a role for transcriptional regulation of processing. Diabetologia 49(10): 2453-2462

Insulin nanoparticles: a novel formulation approach for poorly water soluble Zn-insulin. Pharmaceutical Research 21(9): 1545-1553

Insulin needs after CD3-antibody therapy in new-onset type 1 diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine 352(25): 2598-2608

Insulin or insulin-like studies on unicellular organisms: a review. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 47(6): 973-981

Insulin particle formation in supersaturated aqueous solutions of poly(ethylene glycol). Biophysical Journal 89(5): 3424-3433

Insulin potentiates AVP-induced AQP2 expression in cultured renal collecting duct principal cells. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 288(2): F334-F344

Insulin potentiates EGFR activation and signaling in fibroblasts. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 322(2): 535-541

Insulin prevents liver damage and preserves liver function in lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemic rats. Journal of Hepatology 42(6): 870-879

Insulin prevents oxidant-induced endothelial cell barrier dysfunction via nitric oxide-dependent pathway. Surgery 139(1): 82-91

Insulin promoter factor-1 mutations and diabetes in Trinidad: identification of a novel diabetes-associated mutation (E224K) in an Indo-Trinidadian family. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 89(2): 971-978

Insulin promotes diacylglycerol kinase activation by different mechanisms in rat cerebral cortex synaptosomes. Journal of Neuroscience Research 84(5): 1012-1019

Insulin promotes rat retinal neuronal cell survival in a p70S6K-dependent manner. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(10): 9167-9175

Insulin promotes shedding of syndecan ectodomains from 3T3-L1 adipocytes: a proposed mechanism for stabilization of extracellular lipoprotein lipase. Biochemistry 45(18): 5703-5711

Insulin protects against amyloid beta-peptide toxicity in brain mitochondria of diabetic rats. Neurobiology of Disease 18(3): 628-637

Insulin protects cardiomyocytes against reoxygenation-induced hypercontracture by a survival pathway targeting SR Ca2+ storage. Cardiovascular Research 70(2): 346-353

Insulin pump therapy in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus: results of the Nationwide Quality Circle in Germany (ASD) 1999-2000. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 111(7): 428-434

Insulin pump therapy in youth with type 1 diabetes: a retrospective paired study. Pediatrics 117(6): 2126-2131

Insulin rapidly upregulates protein kinase C delta gene expression in skeletal muscle. Cellular Signalling 18(2): 183-193

Insulin receptor (IR) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) proteins form a complex on the rat hepatocyte membrane. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 15(1-4): 51-58

Insulin receptor and ageing. Pathologie-Biologie 51(10): 574-580

Insulin receptor deficits in schizophrenia and in cellular and animal models of insulin receptor dysfunction. Schizophrenia Research 84(1): 1-14

Insulin receptor kinase-associated phosphotyrosine phosphatases in hepatic endosomes: assessing the role of phosphotyrosine phosphatase-1B. Endocrinology 147(2): 912-918

Insulin receptor number is reduced in healthy offspring of patients with essential hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension 17(10): 911-914

Insulin receptor signaling and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase in beta-cells. Diabetes 51 Suppl 3: S427-S433

Insulin receptor signaling characteristics in vivo. Diabetes 54(2): 361-366

Insulin receptor signaling in long-term memory consolidation following spatial learning. Learning & Memory 12(6): 646-655

Insulin receptor substrate 2 is essential for maturation and survival of photoreceptor cells. Journal of Neuroscience 25(5): 1240-1248

Insulin receptor substrate 2 plays a crucial role in beta cells and the hypothalamus. Journal of Clinical Investigation 114(7): 917-927

Insulin receptor substrate is a mediator of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation in quiescent pancreatic cancer cells. Cancer Research 65(20): 9164-9168

Insulin receptor substrate of 53 kDa links postsynaptic shank to PSD-95. Journal of Neurochemistry 90(3): 659-665

Insulin receptor substrate proteins and diabetes. Archives of Pharmacal Research 27(4): 361-370

Insulin receptor substrate-1 is required for bone anabolic function of parathyroid hormone in mice. Endocrinology 146(6): 2620-2628

Insulin receptor substrate-1/SHP-2 interaction, a phenotype-dependent switching machinery of insulin-like growth factor-I signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(39): 40807-40818

Insulin receptor substrate-2-dependent interleukin-4 signaling in macrophages is impaired in two models of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(27): 28045-28050

Insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate-1, Raf-1, and Mek-1 during hormonal hepatocarcinogenesis by intrahepatic pancreatic islet transplantation in diabetic rats. Cancer Research 64(21): 8093-8100

Insulin receptor-protein kinase C-gamma signaling mediates inhibition of hypoxia-induced necrosis of cortical neurons. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 313(3): 1027-1034

Insulin receptors and renal sodium handling in hypertensive fructose-fed rats. Kidney International 64(6): 2163-2171

Insulin reduces apoptosis and increases DNA synthesis and cell size via distinct signalling pathways in Drosophila Kc cells. Cell Proliferation 37(4): 307-316

Insulin reduces the requirement for EGFR transactivation in bombesin-induced DNA synthesis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 318(4): 826-832

Insulin regulates cleavage of procaspase-9 via binding of X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein in HT-29 cells. Cancer Research 64(24): 9070-9075

Insulin regulates hepatic apolipoprotein B production independent of the mass or activity of Akt1/PKBalpha. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 53(2): 228-235

Insulin regulates ionic metabolism in a fresh water teleost, anabas testudineus (bloch). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 43(8): 702-709

Insulin regulates neuronal M2 muscarinic receptor function in the ileum of diabetic rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 308(2): 760-766

Insulin regulates neuronal glucose uptake by promoting translocation of glucose transporter GLUT3. Experimental Neurology 198(1): 48-53

Insulin regulates the expression of the enhancer of split- and hairy-related protein-2 gene via different pathways in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and L6 myotubes. Hormone and Metabolic Research 36(8): 526-530

Insulin regulation in AhR-null mice: embryonic cardiac enlargement, neonatal macrosomia, and altered insulin regulation and response in pregnant and aging AhR-null females. Toxicological Sciences 76(2): 407-417

Insulin regulation of fatty acid synthase gene transcription: roles of USF and SREBP-1c. Iubmb Life 56(10): 595-600

Insulin regulation of glucokinase gene expression: evidence against a role for sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 in primary hepatocytes. Febs Letters 580(2): 410-414

Insulin regulation of mitochondrial proteins and oxidative phosphorylation in human muscle. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: Tem 14(9): 393-394

Insulin regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 expression in L-6 muscle cells and 3T3 L1 adipocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(33): 34380-7

Insulin resistance (metabolic) syndrome in children. Panminerva Medica 47(4): 229-244

Insulin resistance abnormal energy metabolism and increased ischemic. Cardiovascular Research 71(1): 149-157

Insulin resistance accelerates muscle protein degradation: Activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway by defects in muscle cell signaling. Endocrinology 147(9): 4160-4168

Insulin resistance after renal transplantation: the effect of steroid dose reduction and withdrawal. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 15(12): 3233-3239

Insulin resistance and C-reactive protein as independent risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in non-obese Asian men. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 19(6): 694-698

Insulin resistance and GLUT-4 glucose transporter in adipocytes from hypertensive rats. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 53(3): 382-387

Insulin resistance and alterations in angiogenesis: additive insults that may lead to preeclampsia. Hypertension 43(5): 988-992

Insulin resistance and birth weight. Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia 149(1): 173-176

Insulin resistance and blood pressure circadian variation in an obese hypertensive population. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 28(7): 625-630

Insulin resistance and carotid atherosclerosis in 221 patients with potential hyperglycemia. Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 20(2): 108-111

Insulin resistance and changes in plasma concentration of TNFalpha, IGF1, and NEFA in dogs during weight gain and obesity. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 88(3-4): 157-165

Insulin resistance and clinical aspects of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Hepatology Research 33(2): 92-96

Insulin resistance and depression: cross sectional study. Bmj 330(7481): 17-18

Insulin resistance and elevated triglyceride in muscle: more important for survival than "thrifty" genes?. Journal of Physiology 554(Pt 3): 595-607

Insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction in type 2 diabetes patients with or without microalbuminuria. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 65(2): 95-104

Insulin resistance and endothelial function are improved after folate and vitamin B12 therapy in patients with metabolic syndrome: relationship between homocysteine levels and hyperinsulinemia. European Journal of Endocrinology 151(4): 483-489

Insulin resistance and executive dysfunction in older persons. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 52(10): 1713-1718

Insulin resistance and hypertension. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 286(5): H1597-H1602

Insulin resistance and hypertension: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis study. Hypertension 43(6): 1324-1331

Insulin resistance and impaired fat tolerance in males with coronary heart disease and ideal body weight. Problemy Endokrinologii 50(5): 27-32

Insulin resistance and impaired glucose metabolism in a predominantly Maori community. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 72(1): 68-74

Insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion in prenatally androgenized male rhesus monkeys. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 89(12): 6218-6223

Insulin resistance and improvements in signal transduction. Endocrine 29(1): 73-80

Insulin resistance and increased pancreatic beta-cell proliferation in mice expressing a mutant insulin receptor (P1195L). Journal of Endocrinology 190(3): 739-747

Insulin resistance and inflammation in the early phase of type 2 diabetes: potential for therapeutic intervention. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplementum 240: 30-40

Insulin resistance and inflammatory activation in older patients with systolic and diastolic heart failure. Heart 91(1): 32-37

Insulin resistance and insulin secretion in chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Journal of Hepatology 41(1): 132-138

Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome contribute significantly to the transition of borderline glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes Mellitus. Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society 48(12): 849-854

Insulin resistance and microalbuminuria: a cross-sectional, case-control study of 158 patients with type 2 diabetes and different degrees of urinary albumin excretion. Diabetes 55(5): 1456-1462

Insulin resistance and pancreatic beta cell failure. Journal of Clinical Investigation 116(7): 1756-1760

Insulin resistance and pancreatic beta-cell function in patients with hypertensive kidney disease. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 19(8): 2025-2029

Insulin resistance and postprandial triglyceride levels in primary renal disease. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 54(6): 821-828

Insulin resistance and proliferative retinopathy: a cross-sectional, case-control study in 115 patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 89(9): 4371-4376

Insulin resistance and risk of congestive heart failure. JAMA 294(3): 334-341

Insulin resistance and serum ferritin level in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of the Medical Research Institute 24(1): 149-171

Insulin resistance and steatosis in hepatitis C virus infection. Gut 54(7): 903-906

Insulin resistance and sympathetic overactivity in women. Journal of Hypertension 24(1): 131-141

Insulin resistance and the effects of thiazolidinediones on cardiac metabolism. American Journal of Medicine 115 Suppl 8a: 75s-80s

Insulin resistance and whole body energy homeostasis in obese adolescents with fatty liver disease. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(4): E697-E703

Insulin resistance and, beta-cell function in patients with impaired glucose regulation. Journal of China Medical University 34(6): 558-560

Insulin resistance as a contributor to myocardial ischaemia independent of obstructive coronary atheroma: a role for insulin sensitisation?. Heart 90(12): 1379-1383

Insulin resistance as a membrane microdomain disorder. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 29(8): 1532-1537

Insulin resistance as a non-invasive method for the assessment of fibrosis in patients with hepatitis C: a comparative study of biochemical methods. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas 98(3): 161-169

Insulin resistance as a predictor for restenosis after coronary stenting. International Journal of Cardiology 103(2): 128-134

Insulin resistance causes impaired vasodilation and hypofibrinolysis in young women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Thrombosis Research 116(3): 207-214

Insulin resistance causes increased beta-cell mass but defective glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in a murine model of type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia 49(1): 90-99

Insulin resistance complicating pregnancy in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient treated with protease inhibitors and corticosteroids. Obstetrics and Gynecology 102(5 Pt 2): 1210-1212

Insulin resistance contributes to aberrant stress responses in the Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of Disease 17(3): 500-506

Insulin resistance contributes to obesity-related proteinuria. Internal Medicine 44(6): 548-553

Insulin resistance does not diminish eNOS expression, phosphorylation, or binding to HSP-90. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 287(6): H2384-H2393

Insulin resistance does not impair contractile responses of cerebral arteries. Life Sciences 77(18): 2262-2272

Insulin resistance does not influence gene expression in skeletal muscle. Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 39(4): 457-463

Insulin resistance due to chronic salt restriction is corrected by alpha and beta blockade and by L-arginine. Physiology & Behavior 88(4-5): 364-370

Insulin resistance due to phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 at serine 302. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(34): 35298-35305

Insulin resistance impairs sustained response rate to peginterferon plus ribavirin in chronic hepatitis C patients. Gastroenterology 128(3): 636-641

Insulin resistance in HIV-infected men and women in the nutrition for healthy living cohort. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 40(2): 202-211

Insulin resistance in Japanese adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Nippon Medical School 71(2): 88-91

Insulin resistance in NASH. Frontiers in Bioscience 10: 1520-1533

Insulin resistance in an 18-year-old patient with Down syndrome presenting with hyperglycaemic coma, hypernatraemia and rhabdomyolysis. Journal of Internal Medicine 258(3): 285-288

Insulin resistance in cognitive impairment: the InCHIANTI study. Archives of Neurology 62(7): 1067-1072

Insulin resistance in critically ill patients with acute renal failure. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 289(2): F259-F264

Insulin resistance in depressive disorders and Alzheimer's disease: revisiting the missing link hypothesis. Neurobiology of Aging 26 Suppl 1: 103-107

Insulin resistance in healthy prepubertal twins. Journal of Pediatrics 144(5): 608-613

Insulin resistance in human preeclamptic placenta is mediated by serine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 and-2. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 91(2): 709-717

Insulin resistance in hypertension quantified by oral glucose tolerance test: comparison of methods. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 55(2): 143-150

Insulin resistance in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: a possible etiologic link. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 44(1): 78-81

Insulin resistance in non-diabetic patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: sites and mechanisms. Diabetologia 48(4): 634-642

Insulin resistance in nondiabetic patients is associated with expansive remodeling in coronary arterial lesions. Coronary Artery Disease 15(4): 187-193

Insulin resistance in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopthy. Circulation Journal 68(7): 650-655, July

Insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian disease. Southern Medical Journal 98(9): 903-10; Quiz 911-2, 923

Insulin resistance in pre-school very-low-birth weight pre-term children. Diabetes & Metabolism 32(2): 151-158

Insulin resistance in skeletal muscles of caveolin-3-null mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(34): 12670-5

Insulin resistance in spontaneously hypertensive rats is associated with endothelial dysfunction characterized by imbalance between NO and ET-1 production. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 289(2): H813-H822

Insulin resistance in the Zucker diabetic fatty rat: a metabolic characterisation of obese and lean phenotypes. Acta Diabetologica 42(4): 162-170

Insulin resistance in the liver-specific IGF-1 gene-deleted mouse is abrogated by deletion of the acid-labile subunit of the IGF-binding protein-3 complex: relative roles of growth hormone and IGF-1 in insulin resistance. Diabetes 52(10): 2483-2489

Insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle of women with PCOS involves intrinsic and acquired defects in insulin signaling. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 288(5): E1047-E1054

Insulin resistance in thermally-injured rats is associated with post-receptor alterations in skeletal muscle, liver and adipose tissue. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 14(4): 653-658

Insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility and Sterility 86 Suppl 1: S13-S14

Insulin resistance increases PAI-1 in the heart. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 346(1): 102-107

Insulin resistance increases circulating malondialdehyde-modified LDL and impairs endothelial function in healthy young men. International Journal of Cardiology 97(3): 455-461

Insulin resistance index as a predictor for pioglitazone treatment in type 2 diabetes. Osaka City Medical Journal 51(1): 19-25

Insulin resistance induced by hydrocortisone is increased in patients with abdominal obesity. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(5): E995-E1002

Insulin resistance induced by sucrose feeding in rats is due to an impairment of the hepatic parasympathetic nerves. Diabetologia 48(5): 976-983

Insulin resistance is a cause of steatosis and fibrosis progression in chronic hepatitis C. Gut 54(7): 1003-1008

Insulin resistance is an intrinsic defect independent of fat mass in women with Turner's syndrome. Hormone Research 65(2): 69-75

Insulin resistance is associated with hypertensive response to exercise in non-diabetic hypertensive patients. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 73(1): 65-69

Insulin resistance is associated with impaired nitric oxide synthase activity in skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic subjects. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 90(2): 1100-1105

Insulin resistance is associated with increased serum concentration of IGF-binding protein-related protein 1 (IGFBP-rP1/MAC25). Diabetes 55(8): 2333-2339

Insulin resistance is associated with liver fibrosis in non-diabetic chronic hepatitis C patients. Journal of Hepatology 42(1): 41-46

Insulin resistance is associated with steatosis in nondiabetic patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 43(1): 64-71

Insulin resistance is associated with visceral subcutaneous adiposity and serum triglyceride in nonobese Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society 47(4): 277-282

Insulin resistance is independently associated with postprandial alterations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 24(12): 2397-2402

Insulin resistance is not related to plasma homocysteine concentration in healthy premenopausal women. Physiological Research 55(3): 285-290

Insulin resistance of muscle protein metabolism in aging. Faseb Journal 20(6): 768-769

Insulin resistance of skeletal muscle was recovered by leptin injection in vivo, but not in vitro, in high-fat diet fed rats. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 9(2): 125-130

Insulin resistance plays a significant role in liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C and in the response to antiviral therapy. American Journal of Gastroenterology 100(7): 1509-1515

Insulin resistance reduces arterial prostacyclin synthase and eNOS activities by increasing endothelial fatty acid oxidation. Journal of Clinical Investigation 116(4): 1071-1080

Insulin resistance relates to acetylcholine-induced microvascular vasoconstriction in a patient with vasospastic angina: potential implication of causalities between hyperinsulinemia and coronary microcirculation failure. Heart and Vessels 20(2): 72-76

Insulin resistance syndrome and Alzheimer's disease: age- and obesity-related effects on memory, amyloid, and inflammation. Neurobiology of Aging 26 Suppl 1: 65-69

Insulin resistance syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome: implications for diagnosis and treatment. Panminerva Medica 47(4): 211-217

Insulin resistance syndrome in subjects with mutated RING finger protein TRIM37. Diabetes 54(12): 3577-3581

Insulin resistance, LDL particle size, and LDL susceptibility to oxidation in pediatric kidney and liver recipients. Kidney International 67(5): 2046-2055

Insulin resistance, apoptosis, and colorectal adenoma risk. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 14(9): 2076-2081

Insulin resistance, body mass index, waist circumference are independent risk factor for high blood pressure. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 26(6): 547-556

Insulin resistance, haemostatic and inflammatory markers and coronary heart disease risk factors in Type 2 diabetic men with and without coronary heart disease. Diabetologia 47(9): 1557-1565

Insulin resistance, hemostatic factors, and hormone interactions in pre- and perimenopausal women: SWAN. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 88(10): 4904-4910

Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and renal injury: mechanisms and implications. American Journal of Nephrology 26(3): 232-244

Insulin resistance, inflammation, and the prediabetic state. American Journal of Cardiology 92(4a): 18j-26j

Insulin resistance, its consequences for the clinical course of the disease, and possibilities of correction in endometrial cancer. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 130(11): 687-693

Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and vascular diseases: update on mechanistic linkages. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 20 Suppl B: 66b-76b

Insulin resistance, the insulin resistance syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. Panminerva Medica 47(4): 201-210

Insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, and incident cardiovascular events in the Framingham Offspring Study. Diabetes 54(11): 3252-3257

Insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 90(3): 1578-1582

Insulin resistance-induced metabolic disturbances in males with myocardial ischemia and angiographically unchanged coronary arteries. Problemy Endokrinologii 50(4): 19-22

Insulin resistance-inducing cytokines differentially regulate SOCS mRNA expression via growth factor- and Jak/Stat-signaling pathways in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Journal of Endocrinology 181(1): 129-138

Insulin resistance: a metabolic pathway to chronic liver disease. Hepatology 42(5): 987-1000

Insulin resistance: from predisposing factor to therapeutic target in type 2 diabetes. Clinical Therapeutics 25 Suppl B: B47-B63

Insulin resistance: a contributing factor to age-related muscle mass loss?. Diabetes and Metabolism 31(Sp. Iss. 2): S20-S26

Insulin resistance: trigger or concomitant factor in the metabolic syndrome. Panminerva Medica 48(1): 3-12

Insulin resistant animal model established by high fat diet. Zhongguo Yaolixue Tongbao 22(3): 267-269

Insulin resistant young subjects at risk of accelerated atherosclerosis exhibit a marked reduction in peripheral endothelial function early in life but not differences in intima-media thickness. Atherosclerosis 171(2): 303-309

Insulin response sequence-dependent and -independent mechanisms mediate effects of insulin on glucocorticoid-stimulated insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 promoter activity. Endocrinology 146(10): 4274-4280

Insulin response to oral glucose loading and coronary artery disease in nondiabetics. International Heart Journal 46(5): 761-770

Insulin restores glucose inhibition of adenosine transport by increasing the expression and activity of the equilibrative nucleoside transporter 2 in human umbilical vein endothelium. Journal of Cellular Physiology 209(3): 826-835

Insulin restores metabolic function in cultured cortical neurons subjected to oxidative stress. Diabetes 55(10): 2863-2870

Insulin secretion and action in subjects with impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance: results from the Veterans Administration Genetic Epidemiology Study. Diabetes 55(5): 1430-1435

Insulin secretion and cyclooxygenase enzyme inhibition by cabernet sauvignon grape skin compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(2): 228-233

Insulin secretion and incretin hormones after oral glucose in non-obese subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 53(5): 624-631

Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity at different stages of glucose tolerance: a cross-sectional study of Japanese type 2 diabetes. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 53(7): 831-835

Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in Japanese subjects with impaired fasting glucose and isolated fasting hyperglycemia. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 70(1): 46-52

Insulin secretion and sensitivity as determinants of HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 36(4): 231-235

Insulin secretion capacity in the development from normal glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 66 Suppl 1: S37-S43

Insulin secretion in health and disease: genomics, proteomics and single vesicle dynamics. Biochemical Society Transactions 34(Pt 2): 247-250

Insulin secretion in lipodystrophic HIV-infected patients is associated with high levels of nonglucose secretagogues and insulin resistance of beta-cells. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 287(4): E677-E685

Insulin secretion in monosodium glutamate (MSG) obese rats submitted to aerobic exercise training. Physiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR 35(1): 43-53

Insulin secretion in the conscious mouse is biphasic and pulsatile. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 290(3): E523-E529

Insulin secretion in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 53(2): 426-433

Insulin secretion is controlled by mGlu5 metabotropic glutamate receptors. Molecular Pharmacology 69(4): 1234-1241

Insulin secretion profiles are modified by overexpression of glutamate dehydrogenase in pancreatic islets. Diabetologia 47(2): 266-276

Insulin secretion, peripheral insulin sensitivity and insulin-receptor binding in subjects with different degrees of obesity. Diabetes and Metabolism 30(5): 425-431

Insulin secretion, sensitivity, and metabolic profile of young healthy offspring of hypertensive parents. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 53(4): 469-475

Insulin secretion-independent effects of GLP-1 on canine liver glucose metabolism do not involve portal vein GLP-1 receptors. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 289(5): G806-G814

Insulin secretion: a high-affinity Ca2+ sensor after all?. Journal of General Physiology 124(6): 623-625

Insulin secretion: SIRT4 gets in on the act. Cell 126(5): 837-839

Insulin secretory characteristics of monkey pancreatic islets: a simple method of islet isolation and the effect of various density gradients on separation. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 66(1): 13-21

Insulin secretory defect plays a major role in the development of diabetes in patients with distal pancreatectomy. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 55(1): 135-141

Insulin secretory defects and impaired islet architecture in pancreatic beta-cell-specific STAT3 knockout mice. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 319(4): 1159-1170