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Integration of hydrogen/deuterium exchange and cyanylation-based methodology for conformational studies of cystinyl proteins

, : Integration of hydrogen/deuterium exchange and cyanylation-based methodology for conformational studies of cystinyl proteins. Analytical Biochemistry 331(1): 130-137

This report documents the feasibility and advantages of integrating hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) methodology with cyanylation (CN)-based methodology to determine the conformation of cystinyl proteins and intermediates during refolding. The CN-based methodology can be used to trap, identify, and preserve the disulfide structure of a given cystinyl protein folding intermediate, while the HDX methodology can be used to assess other conformational features of the intermediate. Specifically, in this study, CN-based methodology was used to trap a 1-disulfide bond and a 2-disulfide intermediate of long Arg(3) insulin-like growth factor-I (LR(3)IGF-I), which was then exposed to HDX using D(2)O at pD 6.8 and subsequently digested with pepsin before analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. The HDX results show an increasing degree of secondary and tertiary structure as a function of disulfide bond formation. In addition, the HDX results for two overlapping peptic fragments suggest that a segment of the polypeptide exists in two conformations, which can be distinguished by HDX and pepsin. These results from HDX mass spectrometry are in reasonably good agreement with those from nuclear magnetic resonance studies of native LR(3)IGF-I and IGF-I, in which approximately 5000 times more material was used than in our study. Indications are that the integrated use of HDX and CN-based methodologies will be effective in studying the refolding of cystinyl proteins at the subnanomole level.


PMID: 15246005

DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2004.03.036

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