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Morphine induces CD4+ T cell IL-4 expression through an adenylyl cyclase mechanism independent of the protein kinase A pathway


, : Morphine induces CD4+ T cell IL-4 expression through an adenylyl cyclase mechanism independent of the protein kinase A pathway. Journal of Immunology 175(10): 6361-6367

Impaired host defense mechanisms after major operative procedures and trauma are recognized as important factors in the development of infectious complication. Trauma is associated with impaired cellular immunity and CD4(+) T cell Th2 differentiation. We have previously implicated morphine treatment as a possible mechanism for Th2 differentiation after injury.

US$19.90

PMID: 16272288

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.175.10.6361


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