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Overexpression of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) and chromosomal instability in bladder cancer


, : Overexpression of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) and chromosomal instability in bladder cancer. Oncology 70(3): 231-237

Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) participates in bipolar spindle formation and entry into mitosis. Chromosomal instability (CIN) is caused by abnormalities in spindle formation and chromosome segregation. In this study, we investigated the relationship of PLK1 overexpression to CIN, and compared the PLK1 status with clinicopathological parameters in 101 human urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder. Expression of PLK1 and the number of centrosomes were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Numerical aberrations of chromosomes 7, 9 and 17 spots that allowed estimation of CIN were evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and DNA ploidy was assessed by laser scanning cytometry. Cancers with a large intercellular variation in centromere copy number were defined as CIN cancers. Tumors with PLK1 overexpression were associated more frequently with CIN (p < 0.0001), DNA aneuploicly (p = 0.0007) and centrosome amplification (p = 0.0013) than those without. Overexpression of PLKI was significantly related to higher pathological grade (p = 0.0024), multiple tumors (p = 0.0241) and positive urine cytology (p = 0.0192). These data suggest that a high level expression of PLK1 confers tumor progression advantages to urothelial cancer cells, although other factors are also involved. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

US$19.90

PMID: 16837776

DOI: 10.1159/000094416


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