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Rtt106p is a histone chaperone involved in heterochromatin-mediated silencing

, : Rtt106p is a histone chaperone involved in heterochromatin-mediated silencing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(38): 13410-5

Epigenetic inheritance of heterochromatin structure is an important cellular process whose mechanism remains elusive. In this article, we describe the identification of nine enhancers of the silencing defect of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae-PCNA mutant by screening a library of approximately equal to 4,700 viable yeast deletion mutants. Of the nine mutants identified, six (hir1, hir3, sas2, sas4, sas5, and sir1) were previously known to reduce silencing synergistically with a mutation in Cac1p, the large subunit of chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1). The predicted gene products that are affected in three other mutants (nam7, msh2, and rtt106) have not been implicated previously in silencing. Characterization of the rtt106delta allele revealed that it synergistically reduced heterochromatin silencing when combined with a mutation in Cac1p but not with a mutation in Asf1p (a histone H3 and H4 chaperone). Moreover, Rtt106p interacted with histones H3 and H4 both in vitro and in vivo, and it displayed a nucleosome assembly activity in vitro. Furthermore, Rtt106p interacts with CAF-1 physically through Cac1p. These biochemical and genetic data indicate that Rtt106p is a previously uncharacterized histone chaperone connecting S phase to epigenetic inheritance.


PMID: 16157874

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0506176102

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