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Surgery for speech in cleft palate patients


, : Surgery for speech in cleft palate patients. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 68(12): 1499-1505

Introduction: Superiorly based pharyngeal flaps and sphincter pharyngoplasties are the two main possibilities for the surgical tratment. of hypernasality in vetopharynggeal dysfunction. Videonaspharyngoscopy and multi-view videofluoroscopy can provide anatomical and physiological data for planning these surgical procedures for correcting hypernasality. Aim: This study was undertaken to assess the planning and outcome of pharyngeal flaps and sphincter pharyngoplasties for correcting velopharyngeal insufficiency. The surgical techniques were customized according to the findings of videonasopharyngoscopy and multiview videofluoroscopy. Materials and methods: Seventy patients with repaired palate clefts and residual velopharyngeal dysfunction were studied. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. The first group received a pharyngeal flap. The second group received a sphincter pharyngoplasty. Both procedures were individually customized according to the findings of videonasopharyngoscopy and multi-view videofluoroscopy. Results: There was a non-significant difference (P > 0.05) between the mean size of preoperative velopharyngeal. closure gap between the two groups of patients (mean = 27.5%; S.D. = 7.7% versus mean = 28.3%; S.D. = 5.9%). Postoperatively, velopharyngeal dysfunction was completely corrected in 89% of the cases from group 1, and in 85% of the cases from group 2. There was a non-significant difference (P > 0.05) between the success rate for correcting VPI in both groups of patients. Conclusions: Pharyngeal flap and sphincter pharyngoplasty seem to be safe and reliable procedures for treating residual velopharyngeal dysfunction. Although not all the patients studied for this paper achieved complete closure after the surgical procedures, all of them showed a reduction of the size of the velopharyngeal. closure defect. The planning of the surgical. procedure, in order to match the postoperative structure to the preoperative velopharyngeal dimensions and movements visualized through Videonasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy, seems to be the most important aspect of the surgery for correcting residual velopharyngeal. dysfunction. Copyright 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

US$19.90

PMID: 15533561

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2004.06.010


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