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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 12618

Chapter 12618 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.

TGF-beta1, IL-1beta, and Th2 cytokines stimulate vascular endothelial growth factor production from conjunctival fibroblasts. Experimental Eye Research 80(4): 555-560

TGF-beta1-promoted epithelial-to-mesenchymal transformation and cell adhesion contribute to TGF-beta1-enhanced cell migration in SMMC-7721 cells. Cell Research 13(5): 343-350

TGF-beta2-induced cell surface tissue transglutaminase increases adhesion and migration of RPE cells on fibronectin through the gelatin-binding domain. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 45(3): 955-963

TGF-beta: the perpetrator of immune suppression by regulatory T cells and suicidal T cells. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 76(1): 15-24

TGF-ss and the smad signaling pathway suppor transcriptomic reprogramming during epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(4): 1987-2002

TGFB1 polymorphisms are associated with risk of late normal tissue complications in the breast after radiotherapy for early breast cancer. RadioTherapy and Oncology 75(1): 18-21

TGFBI gene mutation analysis in families with hereditary corneal dystrophies from Ukraine. Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie. International Journal of Ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde 218(6): 411-414

TGFBI gene mutations causing lattice and granular corneal dystrophies in Indian patients. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 46(1): 121-125

TGFBI gene mutations in corneal dystrophies. Human Mutation 27(7): 615-625

TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 mutations in patients with features of Marfan syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Human Mutation 27(8): 770-777

TGFP1, a 'Jack of all trades': the link with pro-inflammatory IL-17-producing T cells. Trends in Immunology 27(8): 358-361

TGFb1 haplotypes and asthma in Indian populations. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 115(3): 527-533

TGFbeta down-regulation of the CFTR: a means to limit epithelial chloride secretion. Experimental Cell Research 298(2): 473-484

TGFbeta inhibits CD1d expression on dendritic cells. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 124(1): 116-118

TGFbeta regulates the CD4+CD25+ T-cell pool and the expression of Foxp3 in vivo. International Immunology 16(9): 1241-1249

TGFbeta superfamily signals are required for morphogenesis of the kidney mesenchyme progenitor population. Development 131(18): 4593-4605

TGFbeta-mediated activation of Smad1 in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and effect on cell proliferation. Leukemia 18(12): 2015-2025

TGFbeta/BMP activate the smooth muscle/bone differentiation programs in mesoangioblasts. Journal of Cell Science 117(Pt 19): 4377-4388

TGFbeta1 is involved in high glucose-induced accumulation of pericellular chondroitin sulphate in human endothelial cells. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications 18(5): 300-308

TGFbeta1 polymorphism (L10P) and risk of colorectal adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps. International Journal of Epidemiology 33(5): 955-961

TGFbeta3 signaling activates transcription of the LEF1 gene to induce epithelial mesenchymal transformation during mouse palate development. Journal of Cell Biology 163(6): 1291-1301

TGGE analysis of the diversity of ammonia-oxidizing and denitrifying bacteria in submerged filter biofilms for the treatment of urban wastewater. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 72(2): 393-400

TGIF inhibits retinoid signaling. Molecular and Cellular Biology 26(3): 990-1001

TGIF, a gene associated with human brain defects, regulates neuronal development. Developmental Dynamics 235(6): 1482-1490

TH-9507 - Treatment of AIDS-associated lipodystrophy treatment of cachexia growth hormone-releasing factor analogue. Drugs of the Future 30(10): 1006-1012

TH1 and TH2 lymphocyte development and regulation of TH cell-mediated immune responses of the skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings 9(1): 5-14

TH1-mediated airway hyperresponsiveness independent of neutrophilic inflammation. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 115(2): 309-315

TH1/TH2 cytokine balance in patients with both type 1 diabetes mellitus and asthma. Cytokine 34(3-4): 170-176

TH1/TH2 cytokine secretion of first degree relatives of T1DM patients. Cytokine 30(5): 219-227

THE SCN2A gene is not a likely candidate for familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Research 71(2-3): 233-236

THEA: ontology-driven analysis of microarray data. Bioinformatics 20(16): 2636-2643

THEBINI wenz, 1923, MONACHAINAE/MONACHAINI Wenz, 1930 (1904), and SPHINCTEROCHILIDAE Zilch, 1960 (1910) (Mollusca, Gastropoda): conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 63(Part 1): 56-58

THESEUS: maximum likelihood superpositioning and analysis of macromolecular structures. Bioinformatics 22(17): 2171-2172

THGS: a web-based database of Transmembrane Helices in Genome Sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 32(Database Issue): D125-D128

THIP, a hypnotic and antinociceptive drug, enhances an extrasynaptic GABAA receptor-mediated conductance in mouse neocortex. Cerebral Cortex 16(8): 1134-1141

THM, HAA and CNCl formation from UV irradiation and chlor(am)ination of selected organic waters. Water Research 40(10): 2033-2043

THY-1 induction is associated with up-regulation of fibronectin and thrombospondin-1 in human ovarian cancer. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 161(2): 151-158

TIAF1 and p53 functionally interact in mediating apoptosis and silencing of TIAF1 abolishes nuclear translocation of serine 15-phosphorylated p53. Dna and Cell Biology 23(1): 67-74

TIC4]endomorphins, analogues of endomorphins, have significantly enhanced vasorelaxant effects in rat aorta rings. Protein and Peptide Letters 12(4): 323-326

TICAM-1 and TICAM-2: toll-like receptor adapters that participate in induction of type 1 interferons. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 37(3): 524-529

TICO: a tool for improving predictions of prokaryotic translation initiation sites. Bioinformatics 21(17): 3568-3569

TIEG1 facilitates transforming growth factor-beta-mediated apoptosis in the oligodendroglial cell line OLI-neu. Journal of Neuroscience Research 75(3): 344-352

TIEG1 null mouse-derived osteoblasts are defective in mineralization and in support of osteoclast differentiation in vitro. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(3): 1191-1199

TIF1 Represses rDNA replication initiation, but promotes normal S phase progression and chromosome transmission in Tetrahymena. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(6): 2624-2635

TIF1delta, a novel HP1-interacting member of the transcriptional intermediary factor 1 (TIF1) family expressed by elongating spermatids. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(46): 48329-48341

TIFA activates IkappaB kinase (IKK) by promoting oligomerization and ubiquitination of TRAF6. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(43): 15318-15323

TIFAB inhibits TIFA, TRAF-interacting protein with a forkhead-associated domain. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 317(1): 230-234

TIGAR, a p53-inducible regulator of glycolysis and apoptosis. Cell 126(1): 107-120

TIM, a Dbl-related protein, regulates cell shape and cytoskeletal organization in a Rho-dependent manner. Cellular Signalling 17(4): 461-471

TIM-2 is expressed on B cells and in liver and kidney and is a receptor for H-ferritin endocytosis. Journal of Experimental Medicine 202(7): 955-965

TIMI, PURSUIT, and GRACE risk scores: sustained prognostic value and interaction with revascularization in NSTE-ACS. European Heart Journal 26(9): 865-872

TIMP-1 alters susceptibility to carcinogenesis. Cancer Research 64(3): 952-961

TIMP-1 as candidate gene for embryo survival in two divergent lines selected for uterine capacity in rabbits. Molecular Reproduction and Development 73(6): 678-684

TIMP-1 inhibits apoptosis in breast carcinoma cells via a pathway involving pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein and c-Src. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 312(4): 1196-1201

TIMP-1 inhibits microvascular endothelial cell migration by MMP-dependent and MMP-independent mechanisms. Experimental Cell Research 301(2): 158-167

TIMP-1 role in protection against Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced corneal destruction. Experimental Eye Research 78(6): 1155-1162

TIMP-1 stimulates proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cells and Ras effector pathways. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 324(1): 440-445

TIMP-1/MMP-9 imbalance in brain edema in rats with fulminant hepatic failure. Journal of Surgical Research 134(2): 307-314

TIMP-2 promotes cell spreading and adhesion via upregulation of Rap1 signaling. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 345(3): 1201-1206

TIMP-2: an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. Trends in Molecular Medicine 11(3): 97-103

TIMP-3 and endocrine therapy of breast cancer: an apoptosis connection emerges. Journal of Pathology 202(4): 391-394

TIMP-3 deficiency in the host, but not in the tumor, enhances tumor growth and angiogenesis. Oncogene 25(4): 650-655

TIMP-3 deficiency leads to dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation 110(16): 2401-2409

TIMP-3 inhibits aggrecanase-mediated glycosaminoglycan release from cartilage explants stimulated by catabolic factors. Febs Letters 555(3): 431-436

TIMP-3 inhibits the procollagen N-proteinase ADAMTS-2. Biochemical Journal 398(3): 515-519

T.I.M.S: TaqMan Information Management System, tools to organize data flow in a genotyping laboratory. Bmc Bioinformatics 6: 246-246

TIN2 binds TRF1 and TRF2 simultaneously and stabilizes the TRF2 complex on telomeres. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(45): 47264-47271

TIN2 mediates functions of TRF2 at human telomeres. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(42): 43799-43804

TINS, target immobilized NMR screening: an efficient and sensitive method for ligand discovery. Chemistry & Biology 12(2): 207-216

TIP maker and TIP marker; EB1 as a master controller of microtubule plus ends. Journal of Cell Biology 171(2): 197-200

TIP-1 has PDZ scaffold antagonist activity. Molecular Biology of the Cell 17(10): 4200-4211

TIP27: a novel repressor of the nuclear orphan receptor TAK1/TR4. Nucleic Acids Research 32(14): 4194-4204

TIP30 deficiency increases susceptibility to tumorigenesis. Cancer Research 63(24): 8763-8767

TIP30 inhibits growth of HCC cell lines and inhibits HCC xenografts in mice in combination with 5-FU. Hepatology 44(1): 205-215

TIP30 interacts with an estrogen receptor alpha-interacting coactivator CIA and regulates c-myc transcription. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(26): 27781-9

TIP47 is a key effector for Rab9 localization. Journal of Cell Biology 173(6): 917-926

TIP49 regulates beta-catenin-mediated neoplastic transformation and T-cell factor target gene induction via effects on chromatin remodeling. Cancer Research 63(24): 8726-8734

TIP: protein backtranslation aided by genetic algorithms. Bioinformatics 20(13): 2148-2149

TIPSS in the treatment of ectopic variceal bleeding. Hepato-Gastroenterology 53(70): 584-587

TIPs are tension-responsive proteins involved in myogenic versus adipogenic differentiation. Developmental Cell 9(1): 39-49

TIR-containing adapter molecule (TICAM)-2, a bridging adapter recruiting to toll-like receptor 4 TICAM-1 that induces interferon-beta. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(50): 49751-49762

TIRC7 deficiency causes in vitro and in vivo augmentation of T and B cell activation and cytokine response. Journal of Immunology 173(4): 2342-2352

TIRC7 inhibits T cell proliferation by modulation of CTLA-4 expression. Journal of Immunology 177(10): 6833-6841

TIRF imaging of docking and fusion of single insulin granule motion in primary rat pancreatic beta-cells: different behaviour of granule motion between normal and Goto-Kakizaki diabetic rat beta-cells. Biochemical Journal 381(Pt 1): 13-18

TIRF microscopy: The evanescent wave of the future. American Laboratory (Shelton) 36(8): 26, 28, 8, April

TIS21/BTG2/PC3 is expressed through PKC-delta pathway and inhibits binding of cyclin B1-Cdc2 and its activity, independent of p53 expression. Experimental Cell Research 299(1): 159-170

TIS7 regulation of the beta-catenin/Tcf-4 target gene osteopontin (OPN) is histone deacetylase-dependent. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(48): 39795-39801

TISS 28 or SOFA: good predicting factors for admission in a surgical intensive care unit longer than 24 hours. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 89(5): 648-656

TK-GFP fusion gene virus vectors as tools for studying the features of HSV-TK/ganciclovir cancer gene therapy in vivo. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 12(4): 525-531

TL1A synergizes with IL-12 and IL-18 to enhance IFN-gamma production in human T cells and NK cells. Journal of Immunology 172(11): 7002-7007

TL1A: a mediator of gut inflammation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(22): 8303-8304

TLA-2, a novel Ambler class A expanded-spectrum beta-lactamase. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 49(11): 4767-4770

TLC analysis of corrinoid compounds in the halophilic lactic acid bacterium Tetragenococcus halophilus. Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologies 29(14): 2153-2158

TLC analysis of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and videodensitometric determination of fenbufen in tablets. Journal of Planar Chromatography Modern TLC 17(5): 383-387

TLC and HPTLC screening of callus and in vivo materials of Boerhavia diffusa and Phyllanthus fraternus for phytosterols. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 76(Part 2): 203-205

TLC data in OSAR assay of thiazole and benzothiazole derivatives with H1-antihistamine activity. Part 1. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 16(6): 451-457, November-December

TLC data in QSAR assay of thiazole and benzothiazole derivatives with H1-antihistamine activity. Part 2. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 17(1): 40-45, January

TLC densitometric determination of bromhexine hydrochloride in pharmaceuticals, and its validation. Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies 27(13): 2047-2056, July

TLC detection of chemical interactions of vitamins A and D with drugs. Journal of Planar Chromatography Modern TLC 19(107): 27-31

TLC determination of mannitol and lactulose on amino HPTLC plates. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 16(5): 374-376, September-October

TLC identification and quantification of coenzyme Q10-beta-cyclodextrin complex. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 17(3): 181-185, May

TLC in the analysis of food additives. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 17(1): 54-57, January

TLC screening method for identification of active components of ecstasy tablets. Influence of diluents and adulterants. Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologies 28(18): 2875-2886

TLC separation of Uncaria tomentosa alkaloids on chemically modified stationary phases. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 17(1): 14-17, January-February

TLC separation of rare earths using di(2-ethylhexyl)dithiophosphoric acid as complexing reagent. Journal of Planar Chromatography Modern TLC 18(102): 160-163

TLC study of the binding of nonionic surfactants to the corn protein zein. Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies 26(16): 2751-2761, September

TLC/HPTLC and HPLC methods for monitoring microbial transformation processes. Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 17(2): 132-136, March

TLD skin dose measurements and acute and late effects after lumpectomy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy only for early breast cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 62(5): 1283-1290

TLINKAGE-IMPRINT: a model-based approach to performing two-locus genetic imprinting analysis. Human Heredity 62(3): 145-156

TLK1B is elevated with eIF4E overexpression in breast cancer. Journal of Surgical Research 116(1): 98-103

TLQP-21, a VGF-derived peptide, increases energy expenditure and prevents the early phase of diet-induced obesity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(39): 14584-9

TLR activation of Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells triggers an antiviral immune response. Journal of Immunology 177(1): 298-305

TLR activation synergizes with Kilham rat virus infection to induce diabetes in BBDR rats. Journal of Immunology 174(1): 131-142

TLR agonists abrogate costimulation blockade-induced prolongation of skin allografts. Journal of Immunology 176(3): 1561-1570

TLR agonists as vaccine adjuvants: comparison of CpG ODN and Resiquimod (R-848). Vaccine 23(45): 5263-5270

TLR agonists regulate PDGF-B production and cell proliferation through TGF-beta/type IIFN crosstalk. EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization) Journal 24(23): 4071-4081

TLR and NOD2 ligands induce cell proliferation in the rat intact spinal cord. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 64(11): 991-997

TLR family and viral infection. Virus (Nagoya) 54(2): 145-151

TLR ligands can activate dendritic cells to provide a MyD88-dependent negative signal for Th2 cell development. Journal of Immunology 174(2): 742-751

TLR signaling and trapped vascular dendritic cells in the development of atherosclerosis. Trends in Immunology 27(5): 222-227

TLR signaling at the intestinal epithelial interface. Journal of Endotoxin Research 9(5): 322-330

TLR signaling in the gut in health and disease. Journal of Immunology 174(8): 4453-4460

TLR signaling tailors innate immune responses in human microglia and astrocytes. Journal of Immunology 175(7): 4320-4330

TLR signaling: an emerging bridge from innate immunity to atherogenesis. Journal of Immunology 173(10): 5901-5907

TLR-2 gene Arg753Gln polymorphism is strongly associated with acute rheumatic fever in children. Journal of Molecular Medicine 83(7): 535-541

TLR-2 is involved in airway epithelial cell response to air pollution particles. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 203(1): 45-52

TLR-2 is upregulated and mobilized to the hepatocyte plasma membrane in the space of Disse and to the Kupffer cells TLR-4 dependently during acute endotoxemia in mice. Immunology Letters 102(2): 158-168

TLR-2-mediated induction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cartilage in septic joint disease. Journal of Pathology 210(3): 315-324

TLR-4 regulates CD8+ T cell trapping in the liver. Journal of Immunology 175(3): 1643-1650

TLR-9 activation of marginal zone B cells in lupus mice regulates immunity through increased IL-10 production. Journal of Clinical Immunology 25(1): 29-40

TLR-dependent activation stimuli associated with Th1 responses confer NK cell stimulatory capacity to mouse dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 175(1): 286-292

TLR-dependent induction of IFN-beta mediates host defense against Trypanosoma cruzi. Journal of Immunology 177(10): 7059-7066

TLR-independent induction of dendritic cell maturation and adaptive immunity by negative-strand RNA viruses. Journal of Immunology 173(11): 6882-6889

TLR-independent pattern recognition receptors and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Journal of Endotoxin Research 10(2): 120-124

TLR-induced inflammation in cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells. Journal of Immunology 174(3): 1638-1646

TLR2 Arg677Trp polymorphism in leprosy: revisited. Human Genetics 116(5): 413-415

TLR2 agonist ameliorates established allergic airway inflammation by promoting Th1 response and not via regulatory T cells. Journal of Immunology 174(12): 7558-7563

TLR2 agonist ameliorates murine experimental allergic conjunctivitis by inducing CD4 positive T-cell apoptosis rather than by affecting the Th1/Th2 balance. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 339(4): 1048-1055

TLR2 and MyD88 contribute to Lactobacillus casei extract-induced focal coronary arteritis in a mouse model of Kawasaki disease. Circulation 112(19): 2966-2973

TLR2 and TLR4 differentially regulate B7-1 resulting in distinct cytokine responses to the mycoplasma superantigen MAM as well as to disease induced by Mycoplasma arthritidis. Cellular Microbiology 8(3): 414-426

TLR2 and TLR4 stimulation differentially induce cytokine secretion in human neonatal, adult, and murine mononuclear cells. Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research 24(9): 543-552

TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells lowers the threshold for optimal antigen-induced T cell activation. European Journal of Immunology 36(7): 1684-1693

TLR2 is expressed on activated T cells as a costimulatory receptor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(9): 3029-3034

TLR2 is mobilized into an apical lipid raft receptor complex to signal infection in airway epithelial cells. Journal of Clinical Investigation 113(10): 1482-1489

TLR2 is required for the altered transcription of p75NGF receptors in gram positive infection. Neurochemical Research 31(2): 297-301

TLR2 recognizes a bacterial lipopeptide through direct binding. Journal of Immunology 173(12): 7401-7405

TLR2 signaling in chondrocytes drives calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and monosodium urate crystal-induced nitric oxide generation. Journal of Immunology 174(8): 5016-5023

TLR2 signaling is critical for Mycoplasma pneumoniae-induced airway mucin expression. Journal of Immunology 174(9): 5713-5719

TLR2 stimulation of intrinsic renal cells in the induction of immune-mediated glomerulonephritis. Journal of Immunology 177(3): 1925-1931

TLR2 transmodulates monocyte adhesion and transmigration via Rac1- and PI3K-mediated inside-out signaling in response to Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae. Journal of Immunology 176(12): 7645-7656

TLR2, but not TLR4, triggers cytokine production by murine cells in response to Candida albicans yeasts and hyphae. Microbes and Infection 8(8): 2299-2304

TLR2- and TLR4-dependent activation of STAT1 serine phosphorylation in murine macrophages is protein kinase C-delta-independent. Journal of Endotoxin Research 12(4): 231-240

TLR2- and TLR4-mediated signals determine attenuation or augmentation of inflammation by acute alcohol in monocytes. Journal of Immunology 176(12): 7628-7635

TLR3 activation inhibits human mast cell attachment to fibronectin and vitronectin. Molecular Immunology 43(10): 1579-1586

TLR3 can directly trigger apoptosis in human cancer cells. Journal of Immunology 176(8): 4894-4901

TLR3 deletion limits mortality and disease severity due to Phlebovirus infection. Journal of Immunology 177(9): 6301-6307

TLR3 in antiviral immunity: key player or bystander?. Trends in Immunology 26(9): 462-468

TLR3 ligation activates an antiviral response in human fetal astrocytes: a role for viperin/cig5. Journal of Immunology 177(7): 4735-4741

TLR3-, TLR7-, and TLR9-mediated production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines from murine connective tissue type skin-derived mast cells but not from bone marrow-derived mast cells. Journal of Immunology 173(1): 531-541

TLR3-involved modulation of pregnancy tolerance in double-stranded RNA-stimulated NOD/SCID mice. Journal of Immunology 176(7): 4147-4154

TLR3-mediated signal induces proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine gene expression in astrocytes: differential signaling mechanisms of TLR3-induced IP-10 and IL-8 gene expression. Glia 53(3): 248-256

TLR4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms are very rare in the Chinese population. Journal of Endotoxin Research 10(4): 238-240

TLR4 and TNF-alpha polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk for severe sepsis following burn injury. Journal of Medical Genetics 41(11): 808-813

TLR4 and Toll-IL-1 receptor domain-containing adapter-inducing IFN-beta, but not MyD88, regulate Escherichia coli-induced dendritic cell maturation and apoptosis in vivo. Journal of Immunology 175(2): 839-846

TLR4 contributes to disease-inducing mechanisms resulting in central nervous system autoimmune disease. Journal of Immunology 173(11): 7070-7077

TLR4 expression in mouse embryonic stem cells and in stem cell-derived vascular cells is regulated by epigenetic modifications. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(1): 89-99

TLR4 is lower in resistance-trained older women and related to inflammatory cytokines. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 36(11): 1876-1883

TLR4 is required for host resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 47(11): 4910-4916

TLR4 is the signaling but not the lipopolysaccharide uptake receptor. Journal of Immunology 173(2): 1166-1170

TLR4 links innate immunity and fatty acid-induced insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Investigation 116(11): 3015-3025

TLR4 mRNA expression and liver injury in LPS-induced mouse. Hunan Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 28(3): 217-220

TLR4 mutations (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) are not associated with ankylosing spondylitis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 65(8): 1099-1101

TLR4 signaling attenuates ongoing allergic inflammation. Journal of Immunology 176(10): 5856-5862

TLR4 up-regulation at protein or gene level is pathogenic for lupus-like autoimmune disease. Journal of Immunology 177(10): 6880-6888

TLR4, TLR9 and MyD88 are not required for the positive selection of autoreactive B cells into the primary repertoire. European Journal of Immunology 36(6): 1404-1412

TLR4, but not TLR2, signals autoregulatory apoptosis of cultured microglia: a critical role of IFN-beta as a decision maker. Journal of Immunology 174(10): 6467-6476

TLR4-NOX4-AP-1 signaling mediates lipopolysaccharide-induced CXCR6 expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(4): 1113-1120

TLR4-dependent hepcidin expression by myeloid cells in response to bacterial pathogens. Blood 107(9): 3727-3732

TLR5-mediated phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation negatively regulates flagellin-induced proinflammatory gene expression. Journal of Immunology 176(10): 6194-6201

TLR7 ligands induce higher IFN-alpha production in females. Journal of Immunology 177(4): 2088-2096

TLR7 ligand prevents allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and eosinophilia in allergic asthma by a MYD88-dependent and MK2-independent pathway. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 290(5): L987-L995

TLR7/8 triggering exerts opposing effects in acute versus latent HIV infection. Journal of Immunology 176(5): 2888-2895

TLR7/8-mediated activation of human NK cells results in accessory cell-dependent IFN-gamma production. Journal of Immunology 175(3): 1636-1642

TLR7: A new sensor of viral infection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(18): 6835-6836

TLR8 and TLR7 are involved in the host's immune response to human parechovirus 1. European Journal of Immunology 35(8): 2416-2423

TLR9 activation is defective in common variable immune deficiency. Journal of Immunology 176(3): 1978-1987

TLR9 expression is related to immune activation but is impaired in individuals with chronic immune activation. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 37(11): 2380-2394

TLR9 is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum prior to stimulation. Journal of Immunology 173(2): 1179-1183

TLR9 pathway is involved in adjuvant effects of plasmid DNA-based vaccines. Vaccine 23(10): 1258-1264

TLR9 regulates Th1 responses and cooperates with TLR2 in mediating optimal resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Journal of Experimental Medicine 202(12): 1715-1724

TLR9-/- and TLR9+/+ mice display similar immune responses to a DNA vaccine. Immunology 113(1): 114-120

TLR9-independent activation of B lymphocytes by bacterial DNA. Dna and Cell Biology 25(5): 253-261

TLR9/MyD88 signaling is required for class switching to pathogenic IgG2a and 2b autoantibodies in SLE. Journal of Experimental Medicine 203(3): 553-561

TLRs 2 and 4 are not involved in hypersusceptibility to acute Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infections. Journal of Immunology 175(6): 3927-3934

TLRs and NODs mRNA expression pattern in healthy mouse eye. British Journal of Ophthalmology 89(7): 904-910

TLRs mediate IFN-gamma production by human uterine NK cells in endometrium. Journal of Immunology 176(10): 6219-6224

TLRs regulate the gatekeeping functions of the intestinal follicle-associated epithelium. Journal of Immunology 176(7): 4275-4283

TLRs, NLRs and RLRs: a trinity of pathogen sensors that co-operate in innate immunity. Trends in Immunology 27(8): 352-357

TLRs: Professor Mechnikov, sit on your hat. Trends in Immunology 25(12): 687-693

TLS facilitates transport of mRNA encoding an actin-stabilizing protein to dendritic spines. Journal of Cell Science 118(Pt 24): 5755-5765

TLX1/HOX11-mediated disruption of primary thymocyte differentiation prior to the CD4+CD8+ double-positive stage. British Journal of Haematology 132(2): 216-229

TM-align: a protein structure alignment algorithm based on the TM-score. Nucleic Acids Research 33(7): 2302-2309

TM2 but not TM4 of subunit c'' interacts with TM7 of subunit a of the yeast V-ATPase as defined by disulfide-mediated cross-linking. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(43): 44628-44638

TMABoost: an integrated system for comprehensive management of tissue microarray data. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine 10(1): 19-27

TMAO and other organic osmolytes in the muscles of amphipods (Crustacea) from shallow and deep water of Lake Baikal. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 142(1): 58-64

TMB-Hunt: an amino acid composition based method to screen proteomes for beta-barrel transmembrane proteins. Bmc Bioinformatics 6: 56-56

TMB-Hunt: a web server to screen sequence sets for transmembrane beta-barrel proteins. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Web Server Issue): W188-W192

TMBETA-NET: discrimination and prediction of membrane spanning beta-strands in outer membrane proteins. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Web Server Issue): W164-W167

TMC and EVER genes belong to a larger novel family, the TMC gene family encoding transmembrane proteins. Bmc Genomics 4(1): 24-24

TMC-95-based inhibitor design provides evidence for the catalytic versatility of the proteasome. Chemistry & Biology 13(6): 607-614

TMC-95A, a reversible proteasome inhibitor, induces neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 14(3): 663-665

TMC114, a novel human immunodeficiency virus type 1 protease inhibitor active against protease inhibitor-resistant viruses, including a broad range of clinical isolates. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 49(6): 2314-2321

TMC114/ritonavir substitution for protease inhibitor(s) in a non-suppressive antiretroviral regimen: a 14-day proof-of-principle trial. Aids 19(9): 943-947

TMC125 displays a high genetic barrier to the development of resistance: evidence from in vitro selection experiments. Journal of Virology 79(20): 12773-12782

TMC125 exerts similar initial antiviral potency as a five-drug, triple class antiretroviral regimen. Aids 17(18): 2623-2627

TMC125, a novel next-generation nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor active against nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 48(12): 4680-4686

TMDET: web server for detecting transmembrane regions of proteins by using their 3D coordinates. Bioinformatics 21(7): 1276-1277

TMF is a golgin that binds Rab6 and influences Golgi morphology. Bmc Cell Biology 5: 18-18

TMJ inflammation increases Fos expression in the nucleus raphe magnus induced by subsequent formalin injection of the masseter or hindpaw of rats. Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica 83(2): 43-52

TMP21 is a presenilin complex component that modulates gamma-secretase but not epsilon-secretase activity. Nature 440(7088): 1208-1212

TMPRSS2 fusions with oncogenic ETS factors in prostate cancer involve unbalanced genomic rearrangements and are associated with HDAC1 and epigenetic reprogramming. Cancer Research 66(21): 10242-6

TMRPres2D: high quality visual representation of transmembrane protein models. Bioinformatics 20(17): 3258-3260

TMS and drugs. Clinical Neurophysiology 115(8): 1717-1729

TMS can reveal contrasting functions of the dorsal and ventral visual processing streams. Experimental Brain Research 175(4): 618-625

TMS in the parietal cortex: updating representations for attention and action. Neuropsychologia 44(13): 2700-2716

TMS motor cortical brain mapping in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I. Clinical Neurophysiology 117(1): 169-176

TMS over right posterior parietal cortex induces neglect in a scene-based frame of reference. Neuropsychologia 44(7): 1222-1229

TMS over the left posterior parietal cortex prolongs latency of contralateral saccades and convergence. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 45(7): 2231-2239

TMS-responses during anticipatory postural adjustment in bimanual unloading in humans. Neuroscience Letters 383(3): 246-250

TMS1/ASC: the cancer connection. Apoptosis 9(1): 5-18

TMV recombinants encoding fused foreign transmembrane domains to the CP subunit caused local necrotic response on susceptible tobacco. Virology 348(2): 253-259

TMV-peptide fusion vaccines induce cell-mediated immune responses and tumor protection in two murine models. Vaccine 24(40-41): 6414-6423

TMVA, a novel GPIb-binding protein, significantly prevents platelet microthrombi formation and prolongs discordant cardiac xenograft survival. Xenotransplantation 11(2): 203-209

TMVA, a snake C-type lectin-like protein from Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus venom, activates platelet via GPIb. Toxicon 44(6): 649-656

TMX, a human transmembrane oxidoreductase of the thioredoxin family: the possible role in disulfide-linked protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 423(1): 81-87

TN and TP from pond crab farming in the Taihu Valley. Nongcun Shengtai Huanjing 21(1): 21-23

TNAP, a novel repressor of NF-kappaB-inducing kinase, suppresses NF-kappaB activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(34): 35975-35983

TNF activates Syk protein tyrosine kinase leading to TNF-induced MAPK activation, NF-KB activation, and apoptosis. Journal of Immunology 173(2): 1066-1077, 1059, July 15

TNF alpha affects the expression of GFAP and S100B: implications for Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neural Transmission 113(11): 1709-1715

TNF alpha and PTH utilize distinct mechanisms to induce IL-6 and RANKL expression with markedly different kinetics. Bone (New York) 38(4): 509-520

TNF alpha increases in vitro migration of human HPV18-positive SW756 cervical carcinoma cells. Biocell 29(3): 303-311

TNF alpha polymorphisms and risk of psoriatic arthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 65(7): 919-923

TNF alpha potentiates glutamate neurotoxicity by inhibiting glutamate uptake in organotypic brain slice cultures: neuroprotection by NF kappa B inhibition. Brain Research 1034(1-2): 11-24

TNF alpha production to TLR2 ligands in active IBD patients. Clinical Immunology 119(2): 156-165

TNF alpha stimulates NKG2D-mediated lytic activity of acute myeloid leukemic cells. Leukemia (Basingstoke) 19(12): 2206-2214

TNF alpha- and IKK beta-mediated TANK/I-TRAF phosphorylation: implications for interaction with NEMO/IKK gamma and NF-kappa B activation. Biochemical Journal 394(Part 3): 593-603

TNF alpha-308 genotype and renin-angiotensin system in hemodialysis patients: an effect on inflammatory cytokine levels?. Artificial Organs 29(2): 174-178

TNF alpha-induced MMP-9 promotes macrophage recruitment into injured peripheral nerve. Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience 31(3): 407-415

TNF alpha-induced Ras activation due to ethanol promotes hepatocyte proliferation independently of liver injury in the mouse. Hepatology 39(3): 721-731

TNF alpha-mediated induction of PAI-1 restricts invasion of HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cells. Placenta 27(2-3): 127-136

TNF deficiency fails to protect BAFF transgenic mice against autoimmunity and reveals a predisposition to B cell lymphoma. Journal of Immunology 172(2): 812-822

TNF downmodulates the function of human CD4+CD25hi T-regulatory cells. Blood 108(1): 253-261

TNF family gene polymorphisms (TNF-308G/A and LTA+252A/G) and alcoholic liver disease. Molecular Biology (Moscow) 38(6): 865-867

TNF family member B cell-activating factor (BAFF) receptor-dependent and -independent roles for BAFF in B cell physiology. Journal of Immunology 173(4): 2245-2252

TNF gene polymorphisms and Helicobacter Pylori infection in gastric carcinogenesis in Chinese population. American Journal of Gastroenterology 100(2): 290-294

TNF inhibition rapidly down-regulates multiple proinflammatory pathways in psoriasis plaques. Journal of Immunology 175(4): 2721-2729

TNF is important for pathogen control and limits brain damage in murine cerebral listeriosis. Journal of Immunology 177(6): 3972-3982

TNF promoter polymorphisms and modulation of growth retardation and disease severity in pediatric Crohn's disease. American Journal of Gastroenterology 100(7): 1598-1604

TNF receptor (TNFR)-associated factor (TRAF) 3 serves as an inhibitor of TRAF2/5-mediated activation of the noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway by TRAF-binding TNFRs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(8): 2874-2879

TNF receptor deficiency reveals a translational control mechanism for adriamycin-induced Fas expression in cardiac tissues. Cytokine 33(4): 226-230

TNF receptor signaling contributes to chemokine secretion, inflammation, and respiratory deficits during Pneumocystis pneumonia. Journal of Immunology 172(4): 2511-2521

TNF receptor type 1 regulates RANK ligand expression by stromal cells and modulates osteoclastogenesis. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 93(5): 980-989

TNF receptor type 2 (p75) functions as a costimulator for antigen-driven T cell responses in vivo. Journal of Immunology 176(2): 1026-1035

TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF) domain and Bcl-2 cooperate to induce small B cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia in transgenic mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(47): 16600-5

TNF receptor-associated factor 5 limits the induction of Th2 immune responses. Journal of Immunology 172(7): 4292-4297

TNF receptor-associated factor 6 deficiency during hemopoiesis induces Th2-polarized inflammatory disease. Journal of Immunology 171(11): 5751-5759

TNF receptor-associated factor 6 is an essential mediator of CD40-activated proinflammatory pathways in monocytes and macrophages. Journal of Immunology 174(2): 1081-1090

TNF receptor-associated factor 6-dependent CD40 signaling primes macrophages to acquire antimicrobial activity in response to TNF-alpha. Journal of Immunology 175(9): 6014-6021

TNF receptor-associated factor-1 (TRAF1) negatively regulates Toll/IL-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-beta (TRIF)-mediated signaling. European Journal of Immunology 36(1): 199-206

TNF regulates cellular NAD+ metabolism in primary macrophages. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 342(4): 1312-1318

TNF revisited: TNF-independent antitumor activity in sera of mice sensitized with Propionibacterium acnes and challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 74(6): 1056-1063

TNF, IFN-gamma, and endotoxin increase expression of DMT1 in bronchial epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 289(1): L24-L33

TNF-308 modifies the effect of second-hand smoke on respiratory illness-related school absences. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 172(12): 1563-1568

TNF-376A marks susceptibility to MS in the Spanish population: A replication study. Neurology 62(5): 809-810

TNF-857 polymorphism in Israeli Jewish patients with inflammatory bowel disease. International Journal of Immunogenetics 33(2): 81-85

TNF-857T, a genetic risk marker for acute anterior uveitis. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 46(5): 1565-1571

TNF-alpha G-308A polymorphism is associated with rheumatic fever and correlates with increased TNF-alpha production. Journal of Autoimmunity 25(2): 150-154

TNF-alpha accounts for short-term persistence of oxidative status in rat brain after two weeks of repeated stress. European Journal of Neuroscience 20(4): 1125-1130

TNF-alpha activates MUC2 transcription via NF-kappaB but inhibits via JNK activation. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 15(1-4): 29-40

TNF-alpha activates death pathway in human aorta smooth muscle cell in the presence of 7-ketocholesterol. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 333(4): 1093-1099

TNF-alpha activation of arterioles and venules alters distribution and levels of ICAM-1 and affects leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 291(5): H2116-H2125

TNF-alpha acts via p38 MAPK to stimulate expression of the ubiquitin ligase atrogin1/MAFbx in skeletal muscle. Faseb Journal 19(3): 362-370

TNF-alpha affects proliferation and transcription of lipogenic-related genes stimulated by insulin in primary cultured rat adipocytes. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(1): 123-129

TNFalpha and GM-CSF-induced activation of the CAEV promoter is independent of AP-1. Virology 352(1): 188-199

TNF-alpha and IFN-alpha enhance influenza-A-virus-induced chemokine gene expression in human A549 lung epithelial cells. Virology 345(1): 92-95

TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma inversely modulate expression of the IL-17E receptor in airway smooth muscle cells. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 290(6): L1238-L1246

TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta increase pericyte/endothelial cell co-culture permeability. Journal of Surgical Research 132(1): 40-45

TNF-alpha and IL-1beta secreted from LPS activated activated macrophages down-regulated by over-expression of GFP-hDaxx fusion protein. Zhonghua Weishengwuxue He Mianyixue Zazhi 23(12): 961-963, December

TNF-alpha and IL-1beta-mediated regulation of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in renal proximal tubular cells. Kidney International 66(4): 1376-1386

TNF-alpha and IL-4 regulate expression of IL-13 receptor alpha2 on human fibroblasts. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 312(4): 1248-1255

TNF-alpha and IL-4 regulate expression of fractalkine (CX3CL1) as a membrane-anchored proadhesive protein and soluble chemotactic peptide on human fibroblasts. Febs Letters 561(1-3): 105-110

TNF-alpha and TNF-alpha receptor type 1 upregulation in glia and neurons after peripheral nerve injury: studies in murine DRG and spinal cord. Spine 29(10): 1082-1088

TNF-alpha and TNF-beta gene polymorphisms in cerebral infarction. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 21(2): 167-171

TNF-alpha and growth hormone resistance in patients with chronic liver disease. Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research 23(5): 229-235

TNF-alpha and leptin in experimental liver fibrosis models induced by carbon tetrachloride and by common bile duct ligation. Cell Biochemistry and Function 22(6): 359-363

TNF-alpha and phosphorylation of ERK in DRG and spinal cord: insights into mechanisms of sciatica. Spine 31(5): 523-529

TNF-alpha antibodies and osteoprotegerin decrease systemic bone loss associated with inflammation through distinct mechanisms in collagen-induced arthritis. Bone 35(5): 1200-1207

TNF-alpha antibody infusion impairs survival of stroke-generated neuroblasts in adult rat brain. Experimental Neurology 196(1): 204-208

TNF-alpha as a potential mediator of cardiac dysfunction due to intracellular Ca2+-overload. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 327(1): 57-63

TNF-alpha as a promising therapeutic target in chronic asthma: a lesson from rheumatoid arthritis. Clinical Science 109(2): 135-142

TNF-alpha augments the expression of RhoA in the rat bronchus. Journal of Smooth Muscle Research 40(1): 25-34

TNF-alpha blockade down-regulates the CD40/CD40L pathway in the mucosal microcirculation: a novel anti-inflammatory mechanism of infliximab in Crohn's disease. Journal of Immunology 176(4): 2617-2624

TNF-alpha blockade for herniated intervertebral disc-induced sciatica: A way forward at last?. Rheumatology (Oxford) 43(2): 119-121

TNF-alpha contributes to endothelial dysfunction in ischemia/reperfusion injury. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 26(3): 475-480

TNF-alpha controls intrahepatic T cell apoptosis and peripheral T cell numbers. Journal of Immunology 173(4): 2402-2409

TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) protein expression in different clinical subtypes of multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology 253(6): 701-706

TNF-alpha coupled to membrane of apoptotic cells favors the cross-priming to melanoma antigens. Journal of Immunology 172(4): 2643-2650

TNF-alpha decreases expression of somatostatin, somatostatin receptors, and cortistatin in human coronary endothelial cells. Journal of Surgical Research 123(2): 294-301

TNF-alpha detection using a flow cytometric assay to determine cellular responses to anthrax vaccine. Journal of Immunological Methods 282(1-2): 169-174

TNF-alpha dilates cerebral arteries via NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent Ca2+ spark activation. American Journal of Physiology Cell Physiology 290(4): C964-C971

TNF-alpha down-regulates the Na+-K+ ATPase and the Na+-K+-2Cl-cotransporter in the rat colon via PGE2. Cytokine 30(6): 319-327

TNF-alpha downregulates eNOS expression and mitochondrial biogenesis in fat and muscle of obese rodents. Journal of Clinical Investigation 116(10): 2791-2798

TNF-alpha enhances estrogen-induced cell proliferation of estrogen-dependent breast tumor cells through a complex containing nuclear factor-kappa B. Oncogene 25(9): 1367-1377

TNF-alpha enhances phenotypic and functional maturation of human epidermal Langerhans cells and induces IL-12 p40 and IP-10/CXCL-10 production. Febs Letters 579(17): 3660-3668

TNF-alpha expression is transcriptionally regulated by RANK ligand. Journal of Cellular Physiology 202(2): 371-378

TNF-alpha expression patterns as potential molecular biomarker for human skin cells exposed to vesicant chemical warfare agents: sulfur mustard (HD) and Lewisite (L). Cell Biology and Toxicology 20(6): 345-359

TNF-alpha hyperpolarizes membrane potential and potentiates the response to nicotinic receptor stimulation in cultured rat myenteric neurones. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 181(1): 13-22

TNF-alpha in the development of insulin resistance and other disorders in metabolic syndrome. Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia 149(1): 109-117

TNF-alpha in vivo stimulates apoptosis in fibroblasts through caspase-8 activation and modulates the expression of pro-apoptotic genes. Journal of Cellular Physiology 201(3): 341-348

TNF-alpha increases human melanoma cell invasion and migration in vitro: the role of proteolytic enzymes. British Journal of Cancer 89(6): 1123-1129

TNF-alpha increases tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial cadherin and opens the paracellular pathway through fyn activation in human lung endothelia. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 291(6): L1232-L1245

TNF-alpha induced DNA damage in primary murine hepatocytes. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 12(6): 889-894

TNF-alpha induced c-IAP1/TRAF2 complex translocation to a Ubc6-containing compartment and TRAF2 ubiquitination. Embo Journal 24(10): 1886-1898

TNF-alpha induced changes in cell membrane antigen expression on K-562 cells associated with increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Neoplasma 52(1): 25-31

TNF-alpha induces endothelial dysfunction in diabetic adults, an effect reversible by the PPAR-gamma agonist pioglitazone. European Heart Journal 27(13): 1605-1609

TNF-alpha induces phosphorylation of p47(phox) in human neutrophils: partial phosphorylation of p47phox is a common event of priming of human neutrophils by TNF-alpha and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Journal of Immunology 171(8): 4392-4398

TNF-alpha induces proliferation or apoptosis in human saphenous vein smooth muscle cells depending on phenotype. American Journal of Physiology Heart and Circulatory Physiology 288(1): H293-H301

TNF-alpha induces the late-phase airway hyperresponsiveness and airway inflammation through cytosolic phospholipase A(2) activation. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 116(3): 537-543

TNF-alpha is a critical effector and a target for therapy in antiphospholipid antibody-induced pregnancy loss. Journal of Immunology 174(1): 485-490

TNF-alpha is a critical negative regulator of type 1 immune activation during intracellular bacterial infection. Journal of Clinical Investigation 113(3): 401-413

TNF-alpha is crucial for the development of autoimmune arthritis in IL-1 receptor antagonist-deficient mice. Journal of Clinical Investigation 114(11): 1603-1611

TNF-alpha is crucial for the development of mast cell-dependent colitis in mice. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 291(5): G969-G976

TNF-alpha is necessary for induction of coronary artery inflammation and aneurysm formation in an animal model of Kawasaki disease. Journal of Immunology 176(10): 6294-6301

TNF-alpha is required for late ischemic preconditioning but not for remote preconditioning of trauma. Journal of Surgical Research 121(1): 120-129

TNF-alpha levels and TNF-alpha gene polymorphism in type I Gaucher disease. Cytokine 31(2): 149-152

TNF-alpha levels are associated with skin capillary recruitment in humans: a potential explanation for the relationship and between TNF-alpha insulin resistance. Clinical Science (London) 110(3): 361-368

TNF-alpha levels in cancer patients relate to social variables. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 19(6): 521-525

TNF-alpha mediates obstruction-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis and proapoptotic signaling. American Journal of Physiology Renal Physiology 288(2): F406-F411

TNF-alpha mediates p38 MAP kinase activation and negatively regulates bone formation at the injured growth plate in rats. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 21(7): 1075-1088

TNF-alpha neutralization ameliorates the severity of murine Crohn's-like ileitis by abrogation of intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(14): 8366-8371

TNF-alpha neutralization in cytokine-driven diseases: a mathematical model to account for therapeutic success in rheumatoid arthritis but therapeutic failure in systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Rheumatology (Oxford) 44(3): 323-331

TNF-alpha priming effect on polymorphonuclear leukocyte reactive oxygen species generation and adhesion molecule expression in hemodialyzed patients. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 54(3): 209-215

TNF-alpha production-enhancing activity of 2-(1-adamantylamino)-6-methylpyridine (AdAMP) in cultures of human normal and neoplastic cells. Anticancer Research 26(2a): 1209-1215

TNF-alpha promoter gene polymorphisms in Spanish children with persistent oligoarticular and systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 34(6): 451-454

TNF-alpha promoter polymorphism in relation to TNF-alpha production and clinical status in cystic fibrosis. Lung 184(2): 99-104

TNF-alpha promoter polymorphisms and primary open-angle glaucoma. Eye (Basingstoke) 20(9): 1040-1043

TNF-alpha promoter polymorphisms and susceptibility to human papillomavirus 16-associated cervical cancer. Journal of Infectious Diseases 191(6): 969-976

TNF-alpha promoter, Nod2 and toll-like receptor-4 polymorphisms and the in vivo and ex vivo response to endotoxin. Cytokine 26(1): 16-24

TNF-alpha promotes a stop signal that inhibits neutrophil polarization and migration via a p38 MAPK pathway. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 78(1): 210-219

TNF-alpha promotes Doxorubicin-induced cell apoptosis and anti-cancer effect through downregulation of p21 in p53-deficient tumor cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 330(4): 1034-1040

TNF-alpha regulates epithelial expression of MMP-9 and integrin alphavbeta6 during tumour promotion. A role for TNF-alpha in keratinocyte migration?. Oncogene 23(41): 6954-6966

TNF-alpha regulates mouse fetal hepatic maturation induced by oncostatin M and extracellular matrices. Hepatology 40(3): 527-536

TNF-alpha sensitizes normal and fibrotic human lung fibroblasts to Fas-induced apoptosis. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 34(3): 293-304

TNF-alpha upregulates adenosine 2b (A2b) receptor expression and signaling in intestinal epithelial cells: a basis for A2bR overexpression in colitis. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 62(22): 2647-2657

TNF-alpha, H2O2 and NO response of peritoneal macrophages to Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 derivatives. Microbes and Infection 6(2): 207-212

TNF-alpha, TGF-beta and NO relationship in sera from tuberculosis (TB) patients of different severity. Immunology Letters 98(1): 45-48

TNF-alpha, TGF-beta, IL-10, IL-6, and INF-gamma alleles among African Americans and Cuban Americans. Report of the ASHI Minority Workshops: Part IV. Human Immunology 65(12): 1413-1419

TNF-alpha, TGF-beta1, IL-10, IL-6, gene polymorphisms in latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Clinical Immunology 24(6): 591-599

TNF-alpha, TNF-beta, IL-6, and IL-10 polymorphisms in patients with lung cancer. Disease Markers 21(3): 157-165

TNF-alpha, but not IL-6, stimulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 expression in human subcutaneous adipose tissue. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(6): 2019-2023

TNF-alpha-, TNF-beta-, IL-6-, and IL-10-promoter polymorphisms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tissue Antigens 65(1): 93-100

TNF-alpha-dependent ICAM-1- and VCAM-1-mediated inflammatory responses are delayed in neonatal mice infected with Pneumocystis carinii. Journal of Immunology 171(9): 4700-4707

TNF-alpha-independent IL-8 expression: alterations in bacterial challenge dose cause differential human monocytic cytokine response. Journal of Immunology 177(2): 1314-1322

TNF-alpha-induced chemokine production and apoptosis in human neural precursor cells. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 78(6): 1233-1241

TNF-alpha-induced impairment of mitochondrial integrity and apoptosis mediated by caspase-8 in adult ventricular myocytes. Cytokine 34(1-2): 96-105

TNF-alpha-mediated apoptosis in normal human prostate epithelial cells and tumor cell lines. Cancer Letters 203(2): 145-154

TNF-alpha-mediated apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells requires p73. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 289(1): C199-C206

TNF-alpha-mediated cardiomyocyte apoptosis involves caspase-12 and calpain. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 345(4): 1558-1564

TNF-alpha-related apoptosis-inducing ligand decoy receptor DcR2 is targeted by androgen action in the rat ventral prostate. Journal of Cellular Physiology 206(3): 709-717

TNF-alpha-secreting monocytes are recruited into the brain of cholestatic mice. Hepatology 43(1): 154-162

TNF-blocking agents and tuberculosis: new drugs illuminate an old topic. Rheumatology 44(6): 714-720

TNF-blocking therapies: an alternative mode of action?. Trends in Immunology 26(10): 518-522

TNF-independent development of transient anemia of chronic disease in a mouse model of protracted septic peritonitis. Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 83(12): 1743-1750

TNF-induced apoptosis and necrosis in HL-60 leukemia cells is regulated by reactive oxygen metabolites and dependent on cell cycle. Biomeditsinskaya Khimiya 49(1): 35-45

TNF-induced beta2 integrin activation involves Src kinases and a redox-regulated activation of p38 MAPK. Journal of Immunology 173(2): 1313-1320

TNF-receptor I defective in internalization allows for cell death through activation of neutral sphingomyelinase. Experimental Cell Research 312(11): 2142-2153

TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) gene polymorphism in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neuroimmunology 167(1-2): 170-174

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and erythropoiesis: a role for PKC epsilon. European Journal of Histochemistry 50(1): 15-18

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) blocks osteoclastic differentiation induced by RANKL plus M-CSF. Blood 104(7): 2044-2050

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in HIV-1-infected patients and its in vitro production by antigen-presenting cells. Blood 105(6): 2458-2464

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)/Apo2L suppresses experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice. Immunology and Cell Biology 83(5): 511-519

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 338(4): 1745-1750

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand as a therapeutic agent in autoimmunity and cancer. Immunology and Cell Biology 84(1): 87-98

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand is involved in neutropenia of systemic lupus erythematosus. Blood 104(1): 184-191

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand mediates human neuronal apoptosis: links to HIV-1-associated dementia. Journal of Neuroimmunology 148(1-2): 127-139

TNF-rezeptor-assoziiertes periodisches syndrom - Seltene differenzialdiagnose der multiplen sklerose. Nervenarzt 76(10): 1263-1266

TNF/LTA polymorphisms and risk for gastric cancer/duodenal ulcer in the Korean population. Cytokine 28(2): 75-82

TNF/LTalpha double knockout mice display abnormal inflammatory and regenerative responses to acute and chronic liver injury. Cell and Tissue Research 319(1): 61-70

TNFR-Fc fusion protein expressed by in vivo electroporation improves survival rates and myocardial injury in coxsackievirus induced murine myocarditis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 344(3): 765-771

TNFR1 mediates increased neuronal membrane EAAT3 expression after in vivo cerebral ischemic preconditioning. Neuroscience 138(4): 1171-1178

TNFR1-dependent VCAM-1 expression by astrocytes exposes the CNS to destructive inflammation. Journal of Neuroimmunology 151(1-2): 116-125

TNFR1-induced sphingomyelinase activation modulates TCR signaling by impairing store-operated Ca2+ influx. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 78(1): 266-278

TNFalpha increases activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in cultured rat astrological cells. Journal of Neuroscience Research 75(4): 536-543, February 15

TNFalpha induces rapid activation and nuclear translocation of telomerase in human lymphocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 316(2): 528-532

TNFalpha mediates sepsis-induced impairment of basal and leucine-stimulated signaling via S6K1 and eIF4E in cardiac muscle. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 94(2): 419-431

TNFalpha mime un effet de preconditionnement ischemique: Un role pour la voie des sphingolipides. Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angeiologie 52(6): 363-369

TNFalpha polymorphism frequencies in HPV-associated cervical dysplasia. Gynecologic Oncology 92(2): 675-679

TNFalpha reduces tachykinin, PGE2-dependent, relaxation of the cultured mouse trachea by increasing the activity of COX-2. British Journal of Pharmacology 144(2): 220-230

TNFalpha reduces the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) via the production of ceramide and activation of atypical PKC. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 66 Suppl 1: S79-S83

TNFalpha regulates renal COX-2 in the rat thick ascending limb (TAL). Thrombosis Research 110(5-6): 277-280

TNFalpha therapy in psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 63(7): 755-758

TNFalpha-induced ATF3 expression is bidirectionally regulated by the JNK and ERK pathways in vascular endothelial cells. Genes to Cells 9(1): 59-70

TNFalpha-induced insulin resistance in adipocytes as a membrane microdomain disorder: involvement of ganglioside GM3. Glycobiology 15(1): 21-29

TNFbeta induces cytotoxicity of antibody-activated CD4+ T-lymphocytes against herpes virus-infected target cells. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences 8(2): 125-133, June

TNM classification for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma: comparison between 5th and 6th editions of the AJCC/UICC staging system. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 390(4): 319-327

TNP-470 blockage of VEGF synthesis is dependent on MAPK/COX-2 signaling pathway in PDGF-BB-activated hepatic stellate cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 341(1): 239-244

TNP-470 fails to block the onset of angiogenesis and early tumor establishment in an intravital minimal disease model. International Journal of Colorectal Disease 21(2): 143-154

TNP-470 promotes initial vascular sprouting in xenograft tumors. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 3(3): 335-343

TNP-470, an angiogenesis inhibitor, attenuates the development of allograft vasculopathy. Transplantation 78(8): 1218-1221

TNP-470, an angiogenesis inhibitor, suppresses the progression of peritoneal fibrosis in mouse experimental model. Kidney International 66(4): 1677-1685

TNP-8N3-ADP photoaffinity labeling of two Na,K-ATPase sequences under separate Na+ plus K+ control. Biochemistry 45(10): 3460-3471

TNR/11q#1 trinucleotide (GCC)n repeat alleles and predisposition to acute and chronic leukemia. Annals of Human Genetics 68(Pt 4): 362-366

TNT and nitroaromatic compounds are chemoattractants for Burkholderia cepacia R34 and Burkholderia sp. strain DNT. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 69(3): 321-325

TNXB locus may be a candidate gene predisposing to schizophrenia. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics 125b(1): 43-49

TO-GO: a Java-based Gene Ontology navigation environment. Bioinformatics 21(17): 3580-3581

TOAST criteria applied in acute ischemic stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 112(4): 254-258

TOGp, the human homolog of XMAP215/Dis1, is required for centrosome integrity, spindle pole organization, and bipolar spindle assembly. Molecular Biology of the Cell 15(4): 1580-1590

TOLL-like receptor 10 genetic variation is associated with asthma in two independent samples. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 170(6): 594-600

TOM software toolbox: acquisition and analysis for electron tomography. Journal of Structural Biology 149(3): 227-234

TOMOCOMD-CARDD, a novel approach for computer-aided 'rational' drug design: I. Theoretical and experimental assessment of a promising method for computational screening and in silico design of new anthelmintic compounds. Journal of Computer Aided Molecular Design 18(10): 615-634

TOP promoter elements control the relative ratio of intron-encoded snoRNA versus spliced mRNA biosynthesis. Journal of Molecular Biology 344(2): 383-394

TOP2A and HER2 gene amplification as predictors of response to anthracycline treatment in breast cancer. Acta Oncologica 45(5): 590-596

TOPALi: software for automatic identification of recombinant sequences within DNA multiple alignments. Bioinformatics 20(11): 1806-1807

TOPGAL mice show that the canonical Wnt signaling pathway is active during bone development and growth and is activated by mechanical loading in vitro. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 20(7): 1103-1113

TOPS-MODE approach for the prediction of blood-brain barrier permeation. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 93(7): 1701-1717

TOPS-MODE based QSARs derived from heterogeneous series of compounds. Applications to the design of new anti-inflammatory compounds. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 12(16): 4467-4475

TOPS: an enhanced database of protein structural topology. Nucleic Acids Research 32(Database Issue): D251-D254

TOPping up ATR activity. Cell 124(5): 888-890

TOPs and their regulation. Biochemical Society Transactions 34(Part 1): 12-16

TOR and PKA signaling pathways converge on the protein kinase Rim15 to control entry into G0. Molecular Cell 12(6): 1607-1613

TOR complex 1 includes a novel component, Tco89p (YPL180w), and cooperates with Ssd1p to maintain cellular integrity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(15): 14752-14762

TOR complex 2 integrates cell movement during chemotaxis and signal relay in Dictyostelium. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(10): 4572-4583

TOR controls transcriptional and translational programs via Sap-Sit4 protein phosphatase signaling effectors. Molecular and Cellular Biology 24(19): 8332-8341

TOR coordinates bulk and targeted endocytosis in the Drosophila melanogaster fat body to regulate cell growth. Journal of Cell Biology 173(6): 963-974

TOR kinase pathway and 14-3-3 proteins regulate glucose-induced expression of HXT1, a yeast low-affinity glucose transporter. Yeast 22(6): 471-479

TOR regulates ribosomal protein gene expression via PKA and the Forkhead transcription factor FHL1. Cell 119(7): 969-979

TOR signaling in growth and metabolism. Cell 124(3): 471-484

TOR signaling in mammals. Journal of Cell Science 117(Pt 20): 4615-4616

TOR-mediated cell-cycle activation causes neurodegeneration in a Drosophila tauopathy model. Current Biology 16(3): 230-241

TORC1 and TORC2 coactivators are required for tax activation of the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 long terminal repeats. Journal of Virology 80(14): 7052-7059

TORgeting oncogene addiction for cancer therapy. Cancer Cell 9(2): 77-79

TOS9 regulates white-opaque switching in Candida albicans. Eukaryotic Cell 5(10): 1674-1687

TOUCAN 2: the all-inclusive open source workbench for regulatory sequence analysis. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Web Server Issue): W393-W396

TOUCHSTONE: a unified approach to protein structure prediction. Proteins 53 Suppl 6: 469-479

TOX provides a link between calcineurin activation and CD8 lineage commitment. Journal of Experimental Medicine 199(8): 1089-1099

TP receptors regulate renal hemodynamics during angiotensin II slow pressor response. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 287(4): F753-F759

TP0453, a concealed outer membrane protein of Treponema pallidum, enhances membrane permeability. Journal of Bacteriology 187(18): 6499-6508

TP10, a delivery vector for decoy oligonucleotides targeting the Myc protein. Journal of Controlled Release 110(1): 189-201

TP53 alterations and patterns of carcinogen exposure in a U.S. population-based study of bladder cancer. International Journal of Cancer 117(3): 370-375

TP53 and KRAS mutation load and types in lung cancers in relation to tobacco smoke: distinct patterns in never, former, and current smokers. Cancer Research 65(12): 5076-5083

TP53 and KRAS2 mutations in plasma DNA of healthy subjects and subsequent cancer occurrence: a prospective study. Cancer Research 66(13): 6871-6876

TP53 and p16INK4A, but not H-KI-Ras, are involved in tumorigenesis and progression of pleomorphic adenomas. Journal of Cellular Physiology 207(3): 654-659

TP53 and P21 polymorphisms: response to cisplatinum/paclitaxel-based chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 340(1): 256-262

TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and risk for cervical cancer in Portugal. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 159(2): 143-147

TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and risk of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in Uganda. Cancer Detection and Prevention 29(6): 501-508

TP53 gene mutation, an unfavorable prognostic factor for malignant lymphomas in autoimmune diseases. Oncology 69(2): 175-183

TP53 gene mutations are rare in nondysplastic Barrett's esophagus. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 51(1): 110-113

TP53 haplotype-based analysis and incidence of post-angioplasty restenosis. Human Genetics 114(4): 386-390

TP53 in gastric cancer: mutations in the l3 loop and LSH motif DNA-binding domains of TP53 predict poor outcome. Journal of Cellular Physiology 200(3): 476-485

TP53 is frequently altered by methylation, mutation, and/or deletion in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Molecular Carcinogenesis 38(4): 201-208

TP53 mutation spectrum in lung cancer is not different in women and men. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 14(4): 1031-1033

TP53 mutation, allelism and survival in non-small cell lung cancer. Carcinogenesis 26(10): 1770-1773

TP53 mutations and S-phase fraction but not DNA-ploidy are independent prognostic indicators in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Journal of Cellular Physiology 206(1): 181-188

TP53 mutations are associated with a particular pattern of genomic imbalances in breast carcinomas. Journal of Pathology 207(1): 14-19

TP53 mutations as biomarkers for cancer epidemiology in Latin America: current knowledge and perspectives. Mutation Research 589(3): 192-207

TP53 mutations in squamous-cell carcinomas of the conjunctiva: evidence for UV-induced mutagenesis. Mutagenesis 19(5): 399-401

TP53 overexpression in recurrent endometrial carcinoma. Gynecologic Oncology 100(2): 397-404

TP53 promoter methylation in human gliomas. Acta Neuropathologica 110(2): 178-184

TP53BP2 locus is associated with gastric cancer susceptibility. International Journal of Cancer 117(6): 957-960

TP63 mutation and clefting modifier genes in an EEC syndrome family. Clinical Genetics 66(3): 217-222

TP73 alterations in cervical carcinoma. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 150(2): 116-121

TPA use for stroke in the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences 32(4): 433-439

TPA-induced up-regulation of activator protein-1 can be inhibited or enhanced by analogs of the natural product curcumin. Biochemical Pharmacology 72(8): 928-940

TPA023 pyridazine, an agonist selective for alpha 2-and alpha 3-containing GABA(A) receptors, is a nonsedating anxiolytic in rodents and primates. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 316(1): 410-422

TPDase 3 (ATP diphosphohydrolase) from cardiomyocytes, activity and expression are modulated by thyroid hormone. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 251(1-2): 49-55

TPH gene polymorphism and aging: indication of combined effect on the predisposition to violent suicide. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics 141b(2): 139-141

TPH-contaminated Mexican refinery soil: health risk assessment and the first year of changes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 91(1-3): 237-255

TPIT mutations are associated with early-onset, but not late-onset isolated ACTH deficiency. European Journal of Endocrinology 151(4): 463-465

TPMD: a database and resources of microsatellite marker genotyped in Taiwanese populations. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Database Issue): D174-D177

TPMT genotype and the use of thiopurines in paediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Digestive and Liver Disease 37(12): 940-945

TPMT, UGT1A1 and DPYD: genotyping to ensure safer cancer therapy?. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 27(8): 432-437

TPPII promotes genetic instability by allowing the escape from apoptosis of cells with activated mitotic checkpoints. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 346(2): 415-425

TPPP/p25: from unfolded protein to misfolding disease: prediction and experiments. Biology of the Cell 96(9): 701-711

TPR proteins: the versatile helix. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 28(12): 655-662

TPS and CA 19-9 measurements in the follow-up of patients with pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis. International Journal of Biological Markers 19(2): 115-119

TPS, thymidine kinase, VEGF and endostatin in cytosol of thyroid tissue samples. Anticancer Research 25(3a): 1517-1521

TPX or not TPX?. Molecular Cell 19(4): 431-432

TPX2 is required for postmitotic nuclear assembly in cell-free Xenopus laevis egg extracts. Journal of Cell Biology 173(5): 685-694

TR3 nuclear orphan receptor prevents cyclic stretch-induced proliferation of venous smooth muscle cells. American Journal of Pathology 168(6): 2027-2035

TR3 orphan nuclear receptor mediates apoptosis through up-regulating E2F1 in human prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(44): 42840-5

TR3 orphan receptor is expressed in vascular endothelial cells and mediates cell cycle arrest. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 23(9): 1535-1540

TRA-1/GLI controls development of somatic gonadal precursors in C. elegans. Development 131(17): 4333-4343

TRACP Influences Th1 pathways by affecting dendritic cell function. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 21(9): 1367-1376

TRACTOR_DB: a database of regulatory networks in gamma-proteobacterial genomes. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Database Issue): D98-102

TRADD interacts with STAT1-alpha and influences interferon-gamma signaling. Nature Immunology 5(2): 199-207

TRAF interactions with raft-like buoyant complexes, better than TRAF rates of degradation, differentiate signaling by CD40 and EBV latent membrane protein 1. International Journal of Cancer 113(2): 267-275

TRAF1 expression and c-Rel activation are useful adjuncts in distinguishing classical Hodgkin lymphoma from a subset of morphologically or immunophenotypically similar lymphomas. American Journal of Surgical Pathology 29(2): 196-203

TRAF1 regulates Th2 differentiation, allergic inflammation and nuclear localization of the Th2 transcription factor, NIP45. International Immunology 18(1): 101-111

TRAF2 differentially regulates the canonical and noncanonical pathways of NF-kappaB activation in mature B cells. Immunity 21(5): 629-642

TRAF2 is essential for TNF-alpha-induced osteoclastogenesis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 20(5): 840-847

TRAF2 plays a key, nonredundant role in LIGHT-lymphotoxin beta receptor signaling. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(6): 2130-2137

TRAF3: a new regulator of type I interferons. Cell Cycle 5(8): 804-807

TRAF3 forms heterotrimers with TRAF2 and modulates its ability to mediate NF-{kappa}B activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(53): 55855-55865

TRAF3: a new component of the TLR-signaling apparatus. Trends in Molecular Medicine 12(5): 187-189

TRAF4 acts as a silencer in TLR-mediated signaling through the association with TRAF6 and TRIF. European Journal of Immunology 35(8): 2477-2485

TRAF4 functions as an intermediate of GITR-induced NF-kappaB activation. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 61(24): 3087-3092

TRAF6 activation of PI 3-kinase-dependent cytoskeletal changes is cooperative with Ras and is mediated by an interaction with cytoplasmic Src. Journal of Cell Science 119(Pt 8): 1579-1591

TRAF6 and Src kinase activity regulates Cot activation by IL-1. Cellular Signalling 18(9): 1376-1385

TRAF6 is required for TRAF2-dependent CD40 signal transduction in nonhemopoietic cells. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(22): 9806-9819

TRAF6-dependent NF-kB transcriptional activity during mouse development. Developmental Dynamics 231(1): 122-127

TRAF7 potentiates MEKK3-induced AP1 and CHOP activation and induces apoptosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(17): 17278-17282

TRAF7 sequesters c-Myb to the cytoplasm by stimulating its sumoylation. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(11): 5433-5444

TRAIL activates a caspase 9/7-dependent pathway in caspase 8/10-defective SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells with two functional end points: induction of apoptosis and PGE2 release. Neoplasia 5(5): 457-466

TRAIL and KILLER are expressed and induce apoptosis in the murine preimplantation embryo. Biology of Reproduction 71(3): 871-877

TRAIL and docosahexaenoic acid cooperate to induce HT-29 colon cancer cell death. Cancer Letters 229(1): 43-48

TRAIL and its receptors as targets for cancer therapy. Cancer Science 95(10): 777-783

TRAIL counteracts the proadhesive activity of inflammatory cytokines in endothelial cells by down-modulating CCL8 and CXCL10 chemokine expression and release. Blood 105(9): 3413-3419

TRAIL decoy receptors mediate resistance of acute myeloid leukemia cells to TRAIL. Haematologica 90(5): 612-624

TRAIL enhances efficacy of radiotherapy in a p53 mutant, Bcl-2 overexpressing lymphoid malignancy. RadioTherapy and Oncology 80(2): 214-222

TRAIL gene reorganizes the cytoskeleton and decreases the motility of human leukemic Jurkat cells. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 63(8): 471-482

TRAIL identifies immature natural killer cells in newborn mice and adult mouse liver. Blood 105(5): 2082-2089

TRAIL induction by radiation in lymphoma patients. Cancer Investigation 22(4): 522-525

TRAIL inhibits tumor growth but is nontoxic to human hepatocytes in chimeric mice. Cancer Research 64(23): 8502-8506

TRAIL is a key target in S-phase slowing-dependent apoptosis induced by interferon-beta in cervical carcinoma cells. Oncogene 24(15): 2536-2546

TRAIL is expressed in the brain cells of Alzheimer's disease patients. Neuroreport 15(4): 579-581

TRAIL promotes the survival, migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 61(15): 1965-1974

TRAIL receptor-selective mutants signal to apoptosis via TRAIL-R1 in primary lymphoid malignancies. Cancer Research 65(24): 11265-11270

TRAIL sensitisation by arsenic trioxide is caspase-8 dependent and involves modulation of death receptor components and Akt. British Journal of Cancer 94(3): 398-406

TRAIL triggers apoptosis in human malignant glioma cells through extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. Brain Pathology 13(4): 539-553

TRAIL, Bim, and thymic-negative selection. Immunologic Research 28(3): 295-301

TRAIL, LIGHT, and the expanding tumor necrosis factor superfamily in human placentas. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 69(4): 469-484, August

TRAIL-R as a negative regulator of innate immune cell responses. Immunity 21(6): 877-889

TRAIL-R4-beta: a new splice variant of TRAIL-receptor 4 lacking the cysteine rich domain 1. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 349(1): 115-121

TRAIL-expressing T cells induce apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells in the atherosclerotic plaque. Journal of Experimental Medicine 203(1): 239-250

TRAIL-induced apoptosis in U-1242 MG glioma cells. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 65(2): 152-161

TRAIL-induced apoptosis in gliomas is enhanced by Akt-inhibition and is independent of JNK activation. Apoptosis 10(1): 233-243

TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human vascular endothelium is regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt through the short form of cellular FLIP and Bcl-2. Journal of Vascular Research 42(4): 337-347

TRAIL-induced apoptosis proceeding from caspase-3-dependent and -independent pathways in distinct HeLa cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 346(4): 1136-1141

TRAIL-induced cell death cooperates with IFN-gamma activation in the graft-versus-tumor effect against colon tumors. International Journal of Cancer 118(9): 2237-2246

TRAIL-induced cleavage and inactivation of SPAK sensitizes cells to apoptosis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 349(3): 1016-1024

TRAIL-induced cytotoxicity in a melphalan-resistant rhabdomyosarcoma cell line via activation of caspase-2. Anticancer Research 26(1a): 351-356

TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in HIV-1-infected macrophages is dependent on the inhibition of Akt-1 phosphorylation. Journal of Immunology 177(4): 2304-2313

TRAIL-related death receptors in normal, Lurcher and weaver mutant mouse brain. Neuroscience Letters 372(1-2): 46-51

TRAIL-transduced dendritic cells protect mice from acute graft-versus-host disease and leukemia relapse. Journal of Immunology 174(7): 4025-4033

TRAIL/Apo2L ligands induce apoptosis in malignant rhabdoid tumor cell lines. Pediatric Research 54(5): 709-717

TRAJELIX: a computational tool for the geometric characterization of protein helices during molecular dynamics simulations. Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design 20(2): 97-107

TRALI after the infusion of marrow cells in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Transfusion 43(11): 1553-1557

TRALI after the transfusion of cross-match-positive granulocytes. Transfusion 43(12): 1683-1686

TRAM linker: a safety-catch linker for the traceless release of acrylamides. Organic Letters 6(12): 1891-1894

TRAM2 protein interacts with endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump Serca2b and is necessary for collagen type I synthesis. Molecular and Cellular Biology 24(4): 1758-1768

TRAMPLE: the transmembrane protein labelling environment. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Web Server Issue): W198-W201

TRANCE counteracts FasL-mediated apoptosis of murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. Cellular Immunology 231(1-2): 40-48

TRANCE-RANK costimulation is required for IL-12 production and the initiation of a Th1-type response to Leishmania major infection in CD40L-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 171(10): 5437-5441

TRANSPATH (R): an information resource for storing and visualizing signaling pathways and their pathological aberrations. Nucleic Acids Research 34(Sp. Iss. SI): D546-D551

TRANSPATH(R) - a high quality database focused on signal transduction. Comparative and Functional Genomics 5(2): 163-168

TRAP220 is modulated by the antineoplastic agent 6-Mercaptopurine, and mediates the activation of the NR4A subgroup of nuclear receptors. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 34(3): 835-848

TRAP: automated classification, quantification and annotation of tandemly repeated sequences. Bioinformatics 22(3): 361-362

TRB3 is a PI 3-kinase dependent indicator for nutrient starvation. Cellular Signalling 18(6): 899-909

TRED: a Transcriptional Regulatory Element Database and a platform for in silico gene regulation studies. Nucleic Acids Research 33(Database Issue): D103-D107

TREE AID in Mali. Scottish Forestry 59(1): 18-19

TREEFINDER: a powerful graphical analysis environment for molecular phylogenetics. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 18-18

TREEGRAPH: automated drawing of complex tree figures using an extensible tree description format. Molecular Ecology Notes 4(4): 786-788

TREK-1 K+ channels couple angiotensin II receptors to membrane depolarization and aldosterone secretion in bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 287(6): E1154-E1165

TREK-2 (K2P10.1) and TRESK (K2P18.1) are major background K+ channels in dorsal root ganglion neurons. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 291(1): C138-C146

TREM2, a DAP12-associated receptor, regulates osteoclast differentiation and function. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 21(2): 237-245

TRF2 dysfunction elicits DNA damage responses associated with senescence in proliferating neural cells and differentiation of neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry 97(2): 567-581

TRF2 inhibition promotes anchorage-independent growth of telomerase-positive human fibroblasts. Oncogene 25(7): 990-997

TRF2 inhibition triggers apoptosis and reduces tumourigenicity of human melanoma cells. European Journal of Cancer 42(12): 1881-1888

TRF2 is in neuroglial cytoplasm and induces neurite-like processes. Febs Letters 557(1-3): 129-132

TRFMA: a web-based tool for terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis based on molecular weight. Bioinformatics 22(14): 1788-1789

TRH therapy in a patient with juvenile Alexander disease. Brain & Development 28(10): 663-667

TRH-like antidepressant peptide, pyroglutamyltyroslyprolineamide, occurs in rat brain. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 40(9): 1232-1236

TRIM retrotransposons occur in apple and are polymorphic between varieties but not sports. Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 112(6): 999-1008

TRIM11 binds to and destabilizes a key component of the activator-mediated cofactor complex (ARC105) through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Febs Letters 580(20): 4784-4792

TRIM37 defective in mulibrey nanism is a novel RING finger ubiquitin E3 ligase. Experimental Cell Research 308(1): 146-155

TRIM45, a novel human RBCC/TRIM protein, inhibits transcriptional activities of ElK-1 and AP-1. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 323(1): 9-16

TRIM5alpha mediates the postentry block to N-tropic murine leukemia viruses in human cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(32): 11827-11832

TRIM: TR independent multislice imaging. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 51(6): 1239-1246

TRIO amplification and abundant mRNA expression is associated with invasive tumor growth and rapid tumor cell proliferation in urinary bladder cancer. American Journal of Pathology 165(1): 63-69

TRIP6 enhances lysophosphatidic acid-induced cell migration by interacting with the lysophosphatidic acid 2 receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(11): 10459-10468

TRIP6 is a RIP2-associated common signaling component of multiple NF-kappaB activation pathways. Journal of Cell Science 118(Pt 3): 555-563

TRIP6 transcriptional co-activator is a novel substrate of AMP-activated protein kinase. Cellular Signalling 18(10): 1702-1712

TRIPSTAR: prioritizing oral triptan treatment attributes in migraine management. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 110(3): 137-143

TRMP: a database of therapeutically relevant multiple pathways. Bioinformatics 20(14): 2236-2241

TROD: T7 RNAi Oligo Designer. Nucleic Acids Research 32(Web Server Issue): W121-W123

TRP channel regulated by beta-NAD+ and its physiological functions. Vitamins (Kyoto) 78(7): 327-335, July

TRP channels and Ca2+ signaling. Cell Calcium 40(3): 261-275

TRP channels and mice deficient in TRP channels. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 11-18

TRP channels and the regulation of vascular permeability: new insights from the lung microvasculature. Circulation Research 99(9): 915-917

TRP channels as new pharmacological targets. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 371(4): 241-244

TRP channels as potential drug targets. Biology of the Cell 96(1): 47-54

TRP channels at a glance. Journal of Cell Science 117(Pt 24): 5707-5709

TRP channels in Drosophila photoreceptor cells. Journal of Physiology 567(Pt 1): 45-51

TRP channels in airway smooth muscle as therapeutic targets. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 371(4): 277-284

TRP channels: an overview. Cell Calcium 38(3-4): 233-252

TRP channels: a TR(I)P through a world of multifunctional cation channels. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 1-10

TRP channels: novel gating properties and physiological functions. Journal of Physiology (Oxford) 567(1): 33-34

TRP proteins: a new dimension in the treatment of occlusive vascular disease. Circulation Research 98(4): 446-447

TRP1 interacting PDZ-domain protein GIPC forms oligomers and is localized to intracellular vesicles in human melanocytes. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 454(2): 160-169

TRPA1 contributes to cold, mechanical, and chemical nociception but is not essential for hair-cell transduction. Neuron 50(2): 277-289

TRPA1 induced in sensory neurons contributes to cold hyperalgesia after inflammation and nerve injury. Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(9): 2393-2401

TRPA1 is a substrate for de-ubiquitination by the tumor suppressor CYLD. Cellular Signalling 18(10): 1584-1594

TRPA1 mediates the inflammatory actions of environmental irritants and proalgesic agents. Cell 124(6): 1269-1282

TRPC Channel upregulation in chronically hypoxic pulmonary arteries: the HIF-1 bandwagon gathers steam. Circulation Research 98(12): 1465-1467

TRPC channel expression during calcium-induced differentiation of human gingival keratinocytes. Journal of Dermatological Science 40(1): 21-28

TRPC channels as signal transducers. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 125-130

TRPC1 functions as a store-operated Ca2+ channel in intestinal epithelial cells and regulates early mucosal restitution after wounding. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 290(4): G782-G792

TRPC1 protects human SH-SY5Y cells against salsolinol-induced cytotoxicity by inhibiting apoptosis. Brain Research 1099(1): 141-149

TRPC1: store-operated channel and more. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 53-60

TRPC3 channels confer cellular memory of recent neuromuscular activity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(25): 9387-9392

TRPC3 is involved in flow- and bradykinin-induced vasodilation in rat small mesenteric arteries. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 27(8): 981-990

TRPC3 mediates pyrimidine receptor-induced depolarization of cerebral arteries. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 288(5): H2055-H2061

TRPC3 properties of a native constitutively active Ca2+-permeable cation channel in rabbit ear artery myocytes. Journal of Physiology 571(Pt 2): 361-369

TRPC3: a versatile transducer molecule that serves integration and diversification of cellular signals. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 371(4): 251-256

TRPC4 expression determines sensitivity of the platelet-type capacitative Ca2+ entry channel to intracellular alkalosis. Platelets 17(7): 454-461

TRPC4 forms store-operated Ca2+ channels in mouse mesangial cells. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 287(2): C357-C364

TRPC4 is an essential component of the nonselective cation channel activated by muscarinic stimulation in mouse visceral smooth muscle cells. Molecules and Cells 20(3): 435-441

TRPC5 activation kinetics are modulated by the scaffolding protein ezrin/radixin/moesin-binding phosphoprotein-50 (EBP50). Journal of Cellular Physiology 201(2): 227-235

TRPC6 - a new podocyte gene involved in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Trends in Molecular Medicine 11(12): 527-530

TRPM2 and TRPM7: channel/enzyme fusions to generate novel intracellular sensors. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 220-227

TRPM2 is an ion channel that modulates hematopoietic cell death through activation of caspases and PARP cleavage. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 290(4): C1146-C1159

TRPM2 is elevated in the tMCAO stroke model, transcriptionally regulated, and functionally expressed in C13 microglia. Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 26(3): 179-198

TRPM2: a calcium influx pathway regulated by oxidative stress and the novel second messenger ADP-ribose. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 212-219

TRPM4 regulates calcium oscillations after T cell activation. Science 306(5700): 1374-1377

TRPM6 forms the Mg2+ influx channel involved in intestinal and renal Mg2+ absorption. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(1): 19-25

TRPM7 channel is regulated by magnesium nucleotides via its kinase domain. Journal of General Physiology 127(4): 421-434

TRPM8 activation by menthol, icilin, and cold is differentially modulated by intracellular pH. Journal of Neuroscience 24(23): 5364-5369

TRPM8 in prostate cancer cells: a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker with a secretory function?. Endocrine-Related Cancer 13(1): 27-38

TRPM8 protein localization in trigeminal ganglion and taste papillae. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 136(1-2): 91-98

TRPMs and neuronal cell death. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 243-249

TRPV channels and modulation by hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor in human hepatoblastoma (HepG2) cells. Cell Calcium 36(1): 19-28

TRPV channels as thermosensory receptors in epithelial cells. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 160-167

TRPV1 (vanilloid receptor) in the urinary tract: expression, function and clinical applications. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 373(4): 287-299

TRPV1 acts as proton channel to induce acidification in nociceptive neurons. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(33): 34553-34561

TRPV1 and CB(1) receptor-mediated effects of the endovanilloid/endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl-dopamine on primary afferent fibre and spinal cord neuronal responses in the rat. European Journal of Neuroscience 20(1): 175-184

TRPV1 and the gut: from a tasty receptor for a painful vanilloid to a key player in hyperalgesia. European Journal of Pharmacology 500(1-3): 231-241

TRPV1 antagonist, SB-366791, inhibits glutamatergic synaptic transmission in rat spinal dorsal horn following peripheral inflammation. European Journal of Pharmacology 540(1-3): 73-81

TRPV1 antagonists elevate cell surface populations of receptor protein and exacerbate TRPV1-mediated toxicities in human lung epithelial cells. Toxicological Sciences 89(1): 278-286

TRPV1 desensitisation and endogenous vanilloid involvement in the enhanced analgesia induced by capsaicin in inflamed tissues. Brain Research Bulletin 67(6): 476-481

TRPV1 function in mouse colon sensory neurons is enhanced by metabotropic 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor activation. Journal of Neuroscience 24(43): 9521-9530

TRPV1 gene knockout impairs postischemic recovery in isolated perfused heart in mice. Circulation 112(23): 3617-3623

TRPV1 recapitulates native capsaicin receptor in sensory neurons in association with Fas-associated factor 1. Journal of Neuroscience 26(9): 2403-2412

TRPV1 receptors in the CNS play a key role in broad-spectrum analgesia of TRPV1 antagonists. Journal of Neuroscience 26(37): 9385-9393

TRPV1 regulators mediate gentamicin penetration of cultured kidney cells. Hearing Research 204(1-2): 170-182

TRPV1b, a functional human vanilloid receptor splice variant. Molecular Pharmacology 67(4): 1119-1127

TRPV2, a capsaicin receptor homologue, is expressed predominantly in the neurotrophin-3-dependent subpopulation of primary sensory neurons. Neuroscience 130(1): 223-228

TRPV2-immunoreactive intrinsic neurons in the rat intestine. Neuroscience Letters 366(2): 193-196

TRPV3 and TRPV4 mediate warmth-evoked currents in primary mouse keratinocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(20): 21569-21575

TRPV4 and the mammalian kidney. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 168-175

TRPV4 as osmosensor: a transgenic approach. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 176-180

TRPV4 channel is involved in the coupling of fluid viscosity changes to epithelial ciliary activity. Journal of Cell Biology 168(6): 869-874

TRPV4 exhibits a functional role in cell-volume regulation. Journal of Cell Science 118(Pt 11): 2435-2440

TRPV4 forms a novel Ca2+ signaling complex with ryanodine receptors and BKCa channels. Circulation Research 97(12): 1270-1279

TRPV4 mediates pain-related behavior induced by mild hypertonic stimuli in the presence of inflammatory mediator. Pain 118(1-2): 70-79

TRPV4 plays an evolutionary transduction of osmotic and conserved role in the mechanical stimuli in live animals. Journal of Physiology (Oxford) 567(1): 53-58

TRPV5 and TRPV6 in Ca(2+) (re)absorption: regulating Ca(2+) entry at the gate. Pflugers Archiv 451(1): 181-192

TRPV6 and prostate cancer: cancer growth beyond the prostate correlates with increased TRPV6 Ca2+ channel expression. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 322(4): 1359-1363

TRPV6 exhibits unusual patterns of polymorphism and divergence in worldwide populations. Human Molecular Genetics 15(13): 2106-2113

TRPV6 potentiates calcium-dependent cell proliferation. Cell Calcium 39(2): 163-173

TRRAP as a hepatic coactivator of LXR and FXR function. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 327(3): 933-938

TRUGENE sequencing versus INNO-LiPA for sub-genotyping of HCV genotype-4. Journal of Medical Virology 75(3): 412-420

TRUSS, a tumor necrosis factor receptor-1-interacting protein, activates c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase and transcription factor AP-1. Febs Letters 580(19): 4591-4596

TRbase: a database relating tandem repeats to disease genes for the human genome. Bioinformatics 21(6): 811-816

TReP-132 controls cell proliferation by regulating the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21WAF1/Cip1 and p27Kip1. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(11): 4335-4348

TReP-132 is a novel progesterone receptor coactivator required for the inhibition of breast cancer cell growth and enhancement of differentiation by progesterone. Molecular and Cellular Biology 26(20): 7632-7644

TRiC/CCT cooperates with different upstream chaperones in the folding of distinct protein classes. Embo Journal 22(19): 5230-5240

TSAO derivatives the first non-peptide inhibitors of HIV-1 RT dimerization. Antiviral Chemistry & ChemoTherapy 16(3): 147-153

TSAP6 facilitates the secretion of translationally controlled tumor protein/histamine-releasing factor via a nonclassical pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(44): 46104-46112

TSAd interacts with Smad2 and Smad3. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 347(1): 266-272

TSC-36/FRP inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. Experimental and Molecular Pathology 80(2): 132-140

TSC1/TSC2 and Rheb have different effects on TORC1 and TORC2 activity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(18): 6811-6816

TSC2 integrates Wnt and energy signals via a coordinated phosphorylation by AMPK and GSK3 to regulate cell growth. Cell 126(5): 955-968

TSC2 modulates actin cytoskeleton and focal adhesion through TSC1-binding domain and the Rac1 GTPase. Journal of Cell Biology 167(6): 1171-1182

TSC2: filling the GAP in the mTOR signaling pathway. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 29(1): 32-38

TSG-6 modulates the interaction between hyaluronan and cell surface CD44. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(24): 25745-25754

TSG-6: a pluripotent inflammatory mediator?. Biochemical Society Transactions 34(Pt 3): 446-450

TSG101 interacts with apoptosis-antagonizing transcription factor and enhances androgen receptor-mediated transcription by promoting its monoubiquitination. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(17): 17524-17534

TSGDB: a database system for tumor suppressor genes. Bioinformatics 19(17): 2311-2312

TSH influences serum leptin levels independent of thyroid hormones in hypothyroid and hyperthyroid patients. Endocrine Journal 52(2): 213-217

TSH receptor antibodies do not alter the function of gonadotropin receptors stably expressed in eukaryotic cells. European Journal of Endocrinology 150(3): 381-387

TSH receptor expression in orbital tissue and its role in the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 27(3): 216-220

TSH receptor mutation V509A causes familial hyperthyroidism by release of interhelical constraints between transmembrane helices TMH3 and TMH5. Journal of Endocrinology 186(2): 377-385

TSH receptor protein is selectively expressed in normal human extraocular muscle. Muscle & Nerve 32(1): 95-98

TSH receptor signaling via cyclic AMP inhibits cell surface degradation and internalization of E-cadherin in pig thyroid epithelium. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 61(14): 1834-1842

TSH receptor-adenovirus-induced Graves' hyperthyroidism is attenuated in both interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 knockout mice; implications for the Th1/Th2 paradigm. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 138(3): 417-422

TSH-receptor autoantibodies - differentiation of hyperthyroidism between Graves' disease and toxic multinodular goitre. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 112(4): 171-174

TSH-activated signaling pathways in thyroid tumorigenesis. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 213(1): 31-45

TSII toxin isolated from Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom: behavioral, electroencephalographic, and histopathologic studies. Brain Research Bulletin 62(2): 165-172

TSL-1 antigens of Trichinella: an overview of their potential role in parasite invasion, survival and serodiagnosis of trichinellosis. Research in Veterinary Science 81(3): 297-303

TSLC1 gene silencing in cervical cancer cell lines and cervical neoplasia. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 96(4): 294-305

TSLC1 is a tumor suppressor gene associated with metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Cancer Research 66(19): 9385-9392

TSLP-activated dendritic cells induce an inflammatory T helper type 2 cell response through OX40 ligand. Journal of Experimental Medicine 202(9): 1213-1223

TSPY is a cancer testis antigen expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma. British Journal of Cancer 93(4): 458-463

TSPY, the candidate gonadoblastoma gene on the human Y chromosome, has a widely expressed homologue on the X - implications for Y chromosome evolution. Chromosome Research 12(4): 345-356

TSSK5, a novel member of the testis-specific serine/threonine kinase family, phosphorylates CREB at Ser-133, and stimulates the CRE/CREB responsive pathway. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 333(3): 742-749

TSSub: eukaryotic protein subcellular localization by extracting features from profiles. Bioinformatics 22(14): 1784-1785

TSU-68 (SU6668) inhibits local tumor growth and liver metastasis of human colon cancer xenografts via anti-angiogenesis. Oncology Reports 14(3): 677-682

TT virus infection of periodontal tissues: a controlled clinical and laboratory pilot study. Journal of Periodontology 75(9): 1216-1220

TT virus-derived apoptosis-inducing protein induces apoptosis preferentially in hepatocellular carcinoma-derived cells. Journal of General Virology 85(Pt 6): 1445-1450

TT-232 - Somatostatin sst(1)/sst(4) receptor agonist treatment of neuropathic pain treatment of inflammation. Drugs of the Future 30(6): 558-566

TT-232: a somatostatin structural derivative as a potent antitumor drug candidate. Anti-Cancer Drugs 14(8): 585-588

TT-232: An anti-tumour and anti-inflammatory peptide therapeutic in clinical development. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 11(1): 3-15

TT232, a novel signal transduction inhibitory compound in the therapy of cancer and inflammatory diseases. Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 25(4-6): 217-235

TTF-1 and RET promoter SNPs: regulation of RET transcription in Hirschsprung's disease. Human Molecular Genetics 14(2): 191-204

TTF-1 expression and its diagnostic application in lung carcinomas. Zhonghua Zhongliu Zazhi 26(10): 615-617

TTF-1 expression is specific for lung primary in typical and atypical carcinoids: TTF-1-positive carcinoids are predominantly in peripheral location. Human Pathology 35(7): 825-831

TTF-1, a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, regulates feeding behavior in the rat hypothalamus. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 349(3): 969-975

TTF-1, cytokeratin 7, 34betaE12, and CD56/NCAM immunostaining in the subclassification of large cell carcinomas of the lung. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 122(6): 884-893

TTF-2 stimulates expression of 17 genes, including one novel thyroid-specific gene which might be involved in thyroid development. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 221(1-2): 33-46

TTK kinase is essential for the centrosomal localization of TACC2. Febs Letters 572(1-3): 51-56

TTK/hMps1 participates in the regulation of DNA damage checkpoint response by phosphorylating CHK2 on threonine 68. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(9): 7748-7757

TTLL7 is a mammalian beta-tubulin polyglutamylase required for growth of MAP2-positive neurites. Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(41): 30707-30716

TTP specifically regulates the internalization of the transferrin receptor. Cell 123(5): 875-888

TTV infection in children born to mothers infected with TTV but not with HBV, HCV, or HIV. Journal of Medical Virology 74(3): 499-506

TTX accumulation in pufferfish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics 1(1): 145-152

TTX-sensitive voltage-gated Na+ channels are expressed in mesenteric artery smooth muscle cells. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 289(1): H137-H145

TU12B1-TY, a novel gene in the region at 12q22-q23.1 frequently deleted in pancreatic cancer, shows reduced expression in pancreatic cancer cells. Oncology Reports 12(6): 1263-1268

TUBIFICIDAE vejdovsky, 1876 (Annelida, Clitellata): proposed precedence over NAIDIDAE Ehrenberg, 1828. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62(Part 4): 226-231

TUF love for "junk" DNA. Cell 125(7): 1215-1220

TUNEL and limited immunophenotypic analyses of apoptosis in paucibacillary and multibacillary leprosy lesions. Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology 41(3): 265-269

TUR and adjuvant intravesical chemotherapy in T1G3 bladder tumors: recurrence, progression and survival in 137 selected patients followed up to 20 years. European Urology 45(6): 730-5; Discussion 735-6

TURP and low-energy TUMT treatment in men with LUTS suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction selected by means of pressure-flow studies: 8-year follow-up. Neurourology and Urodynamics 25(7): 770-775

TV viewing habits and body mass index among South Carolina Head Start children. Ethnicity & Disease 14(3): 336-339

TV watching modifies obesity risk linked to the 27Glu polymorphism of the ADRB2 gene in girls. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology: 41(4)

TV-image analysis based quantification of the proliferative activity and the apoptotic rate in thyroid tumors and thyroiditis. Anticancer Research 23(5b): 4269-4275

TVP: nostra esperienza nella getione di una Unita Tromboembolica - Integrazione Ospedale - Territorio. Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 164(4): 253-255

TVT en asociacion a otras cirugias ginecologicas durante el mismo acto quiruirgico y sus complicaciones. Archivos Espanoles de Urologia 58(10): 983-988

TW3 bone age: RUS/CB and gender differences of percentiles for score and score increments. Annals of Human Biology 31(4): 421-435

TWE-PRIL; a fusion protein of TWEAK and APRIL. Biochemical Pharmacology 66(8): 1427-1432

TWEAK and Fn14: new molecular targets for cancer therapy?. Cancer Letters 235(1): 11-17

TWEAK attenuates the transition from innate to adaptive immunity. Cell 123(5): 931-944

TWEAK binding to the Fn14 cysteine-rich domain depends on charged residues located in both the A1 and D2 modules. Biochemical Journal 397(2): 297-304

TWEAK can induce pro-inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in macrophages. Circulation Journal 68(4): 396-399

TWEAK induces liver progenitor cell proliferation. Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(9): 2330-2340

TWEAK is a novel arthritogenic mediator. Journal of Immunology 177(4): 2610-2620

TWEAK mediates anti-tumor effect of tumor-infiltrating macrophage. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 331(2): 384-390

TWEAK/Fn14 interaction stimulates human bronchial epithelial cells to produce IL-8 and GM-CSF. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 318(2): 422-427

TWINKLE Has 5' fwdarw 3' DNA helicase activity and is specifically stimulated by mitochondrial single-stranded DNA-binding protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(49): 48627-48632, December 5

TWIST is expressed in human gliomas and promotes invasion. Neoplasia 7(9): 824-837

TX-1877, a bifunctional hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, enhances anticancer host response: immune cell migration and nitric oxide production. International Journal of Cancer 116(4): 571-578

TXAS-deleted mice exhibit normal thrombopoiesis, defective hemostasis, and resistance to arachidonate-induced death. Blood 104(1): 135-142

TXM13 human melanoma cells: a novel source for the inhibition kinetics of human tyrosinase and for screening whitening agents. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 84(1): 112-116

TXNIP gene not associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia in the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Atherosclerosis 174(2): 357-362

TYK2 activity promotes ligand-induced IFNAR1 proteolysis. Biochemical Journal 397(1): 31-38

TYK2 is a key regulator of the surveillance of B lymphoid tumors. Journal of Clinical Investigation 114(11): 1650-1658

TYMS and DPYD polymorphisms in a Turkish population. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 61(12): 881-885

TYRA-2 (F01E11.5): a Caenorhabditis elegans tyramine receptor expressed in the MC and NSM pharyngeal neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry 94(1): 181-191

TYSON: robust searching, sorting, and selecting of single particles in electron micrographs. Journal of Structural Biology 145(1-2): 76-83

TZT-1027 elucidates antitumor activity through direct cytotoxicity and selective blockade of blood supply. Anticancer Research 24(4): 2201-2208

Tab2 is a novel conserved RNA binding protein required for translation of the chloroplast psaB mRNA. Embo Journal 22(23): 6378-6388

Tab2, a novel recombinant polypeptide tag offering sensitive and specific protein detection and reliable affinity purification. Gene 380(2): 111-119

Tabagismo e a transdisciplinaridade. Medicina (Ribeirao Preto) 38(2): 161-163

Tabakassoziiertes asthma - eine berufskrankheit?. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 116(Suppl. 1): 38-39

Tabanidae (Diptera) from the state of Maranhao, Brazil I. Description of Stibasonia (Stibasoma) bella n. sp. Brazilian Journal of Biology 65(4): 639-642

Tabela de vida de fertilidade de Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Cresson, 1880) (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae) em Schizaphis graminum (Rondani, 1852) (Hemipera, Aphididae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 47(4): 637-642

Tabela de vida ecologica de Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) biotipo B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Neotropical Entomology 32(4): 559-563

Tabela de vida ecologica do minador-dos-citros, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Neotropical Entomology 33(4): 407-415

Tabelas de vida de fertilidade de Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em condicoes de campo. Cientifica (Jaboticabal) 30(1-2): 119-133

Tabernaemontanae livaricate: An effective ovicide and larvicide against the rice moth Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). Journal of Advanced Zoology 24(1-2): 53-56

Tabetic arthropathy: a forgotten disease. Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie 131(8-9): 787-789

Tabla de vida de Delphastus pusillus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) en la mosca blanca Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). REVISTA COLOMBIANA DE ENTOMOLOGIA 31(2): 155-160

Tabla de vida y fecundidad de gargaphia torresi costa lima (hemiptera: tingidae) sobre girasol. Idesia 24(1): 37-40

Tabla de vida y patron de distribucion de Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Thripidae: Panchaeltothripinae) en condiciones de laboratorio. Revista de Biologia Tropical 53(1-2): 187-190

Tablas de potencia y tamano de muestra de la prueba uniformemente mas potente invariante (umpi) para demostrar equivalencia de las medias de dos distribuciones normales. Agrociencia 39(6): 657-666

Tableting and stability evaluation of enteric-coated omeprazole pellets. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 57(2): 279-286

Tablets of functionalized polystyrene beads alone and in combination with solid reagents or catalysts. Preparation and applications in parallel solution and solid phase synthesis. Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry 5(6): 842-850

Tabletted microspheres containing Cynara scolymus (var. Spinoso sardo) extract for the preparation of controlled release nutraceutical matrices. Journal of Microencapsulation 22(5): 487-499

Taccasterosides A-C, novel C28-sterol oligoglucosides from the rhizomes of Tacca chantrieri. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 52(11): 1396-1398