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The identification of chromosome abnormalities associated with the invasive phenotype of uveal melanoma in vitro

, : The identification of chromosome abnormalities associated with the invasive phenotype of uveal melanoma in vitro. Clinical & Experimental Metastasis 22(2): 107-113

Tumour cell cultures are often highly heterogeneous, containing sub-populations of cells with differing characteristics. To identify chromosome abnormalities that are associated with the invasive phenotype, we isolated highly invasive uveal melanoma cell populations using the Transwell assay. Using this invasion assay, invasive sub-populations of primary uveal melanoma short-term cultures, and an established cell line, were specifically isolated. A series of sequential assays were undertaken to enrich the invasive population, and the enhanced invasive ability was confirmed by Transwell invasion assay. Chromosome abnormalities in invasive and parental cells were identified by karyotyping and confirmed by comparative genome hybridisation. Invasive sub-populations of uveal melanoma cells were isolated from 3 uveal melanoma short term cultures and a uveal melanoma cell line. In all cases, invasive sub-populations had either acquired additional chromosome abnormalities to those present in the parental cell line, or other abnormalities present in the parental lines were lost. In the established cell line (SOM 157), invasive cells were characterised by widespread chromosomal instability, frequent telomere associations and additional copies of chromosome 20. The invasive phenotype of SOM 196 associated with the presence of a derivative chromosome 5, der(5)t(5;11)(q35;q12) whilst a translocation t(17;20)(q12;q13) was predominant amongst non-invasive cells. In two additional cultures, deletions on chromosome 6q were associated with reduced invasive ability. In conclusion, highly invasive populations of uveal melanoma cells demonstrate chromosomal abnormalities that differ from non-invasive cells. These include chromosome instability and abnormalities of chromosome 20, observations echoing those seen in metastatic uveal melanoma.


PMID: 16086231

DOI: 10.1007/s10585-005-5142-2

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