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The immunocytokine scFv23/TNF sensitizes HER-2/neu-overexpressing SKBR-3 cells to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) via up-regulation of TNF receptor-1

, : The immunocytokine scFv23/TNF sensitizes HER-2/neu-overexpressing SKBR-3 cells to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) via up-regulation of TNF receptor-1. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 4(8): 1205-1213

Overexpression of HER-2/neu confers cellular resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated cytotoxicity to SKBR-3 breast cancer cell lines. To understand the correlation between HER-2/neu expression and TNF resistance, we examined the unique signaling pathways associated with the cytotoxic effects of the immunocytokine scFv23/TNF, recombinant single-chain antibody fusion constructs containing TNF and targeting HER-2/neu, in TNF-resistant SKBR-3-LP cells. We found that treatment of HER-2/neu overexpressing SKBR-3-LP cells with scFv23/TNF resulted in a 5- to 7-fold higher level of TNF receptor-1 expression 48 hours after exposure. In addition, treatment of SKBR-3-LP cells with scFv23/TNF resulted in down-regulation of Akt phosphorylation and induced apoptosis through cleavage of caspase-8, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. ScFv23/TNF-induced cytotoxicity was inhibited by blocking of the binding of the TNF component of scFv23/TNF to TNF receptor-1 and was dependent on activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3. These results indicate that the immunocytokine scFv23/TNF sensitizes TNF-resistant HER-2/neu overexpressing SKBR-3-LP cells to TNF-induced apoptosis via the overexpression of TNF receptor-1 and suggest that the overexpression of TNF receptor-1 plays a crucial role in TNF sensitivity in HER-2/neu - overexpressing cancer cells. ScFv23/TNF targeting the HER-2/neu may be an effective cytotoxic agent against HER-2/neu - overexpressing cancer cells, which are inherently resistant to TNF.


PMID: 16093436

DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-05-0014

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