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Isotopic criteria in the characterization of aromatic molecules. 1. Hydrogen affiliation in natural benzenoid/phenylpropanoid molecules

, : Isotopic criteria in the characterization of aromatic molecules. 1. Hydrogen affiliation in natural benzenoid/phenylpropanoid molecules. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54(26): 10112-9

The site-specific isotope ratios of several families of aromatic molecules are analyzed in terms of hydrogen affiliation and discriminating potential. Among the aromatic molecules produced by plants, many are biosynthesized by the shikimate pathway, but the terpenic pathway also forms some compounds with a benzenic ring. In compounds of the phenylpropanoid family, specific hydrogen connections are determined with cinnamic acid, a key intermediate in the formation of a large number of aromatic molecules. Then affiliations through the phenylalanine precursor, back to the parent D-erythrose 4-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate molecules and finally to glucose, are considered. Typical isotopic profiles of the benzenic ring in natural, as compared to non-natural, molecules are defined. The dispersion observed in the (D/H)(i) ratios of the lateral chains is illustrative of diverse mechanistic responses and the role of exchange phenomena. The isotopic patterns of aromatic molecules pertaining to the terpenic family are drastically different from those of the shikimate descendants, and they exhibit much less variability. They enable the stereochemical affiliation of individual hydrogen atoms to be traced back first to the parent atoms in the common intermediate, geranyl diphosphate, then to the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and pyruvate couple involved in the DOXP pathway, and ultimately to the glucose precursor. The results illustrate the aptitude of the site-specific isotope ratios not only to authenticate natural with respect to chemical molecules but also to characterize different metabolic pathways and to reveal differences associated with the nature of the plant precursor.


PMID: 17177548

DOI: 10.1021/jf061979w

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