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Toxoplasma gondii: differential protection rates by two strains against cyst formation in a rat model

, : Toxoplasma gondii: differential protection rates by two strains against cyst formation in a rat model. Experimental Parasitology 114(4): 265-270

A previous infection with the ME-49 strain of Toxoplasma gondii (of low pathogenicity for mice), protected 17 of 20 rats against formation of brain cysts, following challenge with 10(3) oocysts of the high pathogenicity M3 strain, as determined by bioassay of rat brains in mice. The low pathogenic KSU strain did not afford comparable protection. Protection was further tested in rats that were orally or subcutaneously immunized with cysts or oocysts of the ME-49 strain, and later challenged with 2 x 10(2) cysts or 10(2) oocysts of the highly pathogenic strains M3, M-7741 and C. Protection ranged from 43 to 100%, compared to non immunized control rats and was independent of the stage of ME-49 strain and of the routes used to immunize the rats. The results obtained encourage further investigation into prevention of toxoplasmosis in humans and food animals.


PMID: 16709408

DOI: 10.1016/j.exppara.2006.04.002

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