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Dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans: a class of novel inhibitors of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1

, : Dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans: a class of novel inhibitors of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1. Life Sciences 80(8): 741-748

We recently reported that dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans were a novel class of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors. In this study, we demonstrated that the lignans of this class were also effective inhibitors of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1). The activities of 5 dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans (schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schisantherin A, schisandrol A, and schisandrol B) to reverse MRP1-mediated drug resistance were tested using HL60/Adriamycin (ADR) and HL60/Multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), two human promyelocytic leukemia cell lines with overexpression of MRP1 but not P-gp. The five lignans could effectively reverse drug resistance of the two cell lines to vincristine, daunorubicin, and VP-16. This study, together with our previous reports, proves that dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans have multiple activities against cancer multidrug resistance, including inhibition of P-gp and MRP1, and enhancement of apoptosis. Considering that cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) is multifactorial, agents with broad activities are preferable to the use of combination of several specific modulators to prevent drug-drug interaction and cumulative toxicity.


PMID: 17129588

DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2006.11.002

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