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Striatal function in generalized social phobia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study

, : Striatal function in generalized social phobia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Biological Psychiatry 61(3): 396-404

Background: Although evidence suggests the involvement of the amygdala in generalized social phobia (GSP), few studies have examined other neural regions. Clinical, preclinical, and dopamine receptor imaging studies demonstrating altered dopaminergic functioning in GSP suggest an association with striatal dysfunction. This is the first functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to use a cognitive task known to involve the striatum to examine the neural correlates of GSP. We examined whether subjects with GSP bad differential activation in striatal regions compared with healthy control subjects while engaged in a cognitive task that has been shown to activate striatal regions reliably.Methods: Ten adult, unmedicated subjects with a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of GSP and 10 age-, gender-, and education-matcbed healthy comparison subjects underwent fMRI while performing the implicit sequence learning task.Results: The GSP and healthy comparison subjects did not differ significantly on the behavioral performance of the task. Subjects with GSP, however, bad significantly reduced neural activation related to implicit learning compared with healthy comparison subjects in the left caudate bead, left inferior parietal lobe, and bilateral insula.Conclusions. These findings support the hypothesis that GSP is associated with striatal dysfunction and further the neurobiological understanding of this complex anxiety disorder.


PMID: 17097072

DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.05.043

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