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Total phenolic content and DPPH center dot radical scavenging activity of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown in Colorado


, : Total phenolic content and DPPH center dot radical scavenging activity of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown in Colorado. LWT Food Science and Technology 40(3): 552-557

Total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of lettuce were evaluated using the Folin-Ciocalteu method and DPPH center dot assay, respectively, on 25 cultivars of lettuce, including leaf, romaine, crisphead, and butterhead types, cultivated over two harvest periods. Leaf lettuce possessed the highest TPC and highest DPPH center dot scavenging ability, followed by romaine, butterhead and Batavia (crisphead subtype). Within a lettuce type, red pigmented lettuce cultivars had higher TPC and antioxidant capacity than did green cultivars grown under the same conditions. In addition, lettuce harvested in July possessed higher TPC and antioxidam capacity than did lettuce harvested in September, suggesting that environmental conditions could influence the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of lettuce. These results suggest that Colorado grown lettuce may serve as potential dietary sources of natural phenolic antioxidants.

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