geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Mediterranean diet, endothelial function and vascular inflammatory markers


, : Mediterranean diet, endothelial function and vascular inflammatory markers. Public Health Nutrition 9(8a): 1073-1076

Objectives: To discuss present knowledge about the relation between adipose tissue, inflammation and the Mediterranean-style diet. Design: Review of the literature and personal perspectives. Setting and results: Recent studies indicate that adipose tissue is an endocrine organ producing numerous proteins, collectively referred to as adipokines, with broad biological activity, which play an important autocrine role in obesity-associated complications. Adipose tissue in general and visceral fat in particular are thought to be key regulators of inflammation which is heavily involved in the onset and development of atherothrombotic disease. Moreover, chronic inflammation may also represent a triggering factor in the origin of the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. An increased release of proinflammatory adipokines from the visceral adipose tissue, associated with a reduced secretion of anti-inflammatory adipokines and cytokines, could determine a low-grade chronic inflammatory state which might play a role in the future development of the metabolic syndrome, diabetes and atherosclerosis through both insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Interventions aimed at decreasing weight loss and improving adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet in people with obesity or metabolic syndrome decrease the inflammatory milieu and ameliorate both insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Conclusions: Appropriate dietary patterns, as those associated with the eating model of Mediterranean-type diets, represent therapeutic strategies to reduce inflammation and the associated metabolic and cardiovascular risk.

US$19.90

PMID: 17378943

DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007668529


Other references

Chacín, J.; Cárdenas, P.; Lobo, P.; Hernández, I., 1991: Secretory and metabolic effects of ethanol in the isolated amphibian gastric mucosa. The effects of pure ethanol and some alcoholic beverages on acid secretion and metabolism were examined in the isolated toad gastric mucosa. Pure ethanol applied to the luminal side or to the submucosal side at low concentrations (2%-10%) was a po...

Melo, H.J.H. de, 1979: The epizootiological importance of hypobiosis or inhibition of development in gastro-intestinal nematodes. A review is given of hypobiosis in connection with the epizootiology of trichostrongyles of cattle and sheep with particular reference to Brazil. Special attention is paid to Ostertagia sp. and to Haemonchus contortus.

Yañez-Soto, B.; Liliensiek, S.J.; Murphy, C.J.; Nealey, P.F., 2013: Biochemically and topographically engineered poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels with biomimetic characteristics as substrates for human corneal epithelial cells. Incorporation of biophysical and biochemical cues into the design of biomaterials is an important strategy for tissue engineering, the design of biomedical implants and cell culture. Hydrogels synthesized from poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEG...

Kimura, E.; Yamazaki, T.; Hayakawa, H., 1964: Recent Trends In Phonocardiographs And Electrocardiographs. Clinic All-Round 13: 976-979

Zhang, Z.; Shi, Z.; Wang, L.; Liu, M., 2012: Post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression among the elderly: a survey of the hard-hit areas a year after the Wenchuan earthquake. Few studies to date have examined psychological sequelae of natural disasters among the elderly in China. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence rates of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression in th...

Pakanen, V-Matti.; Aikio, S.; Luukkonen, A.; Koivula, K., 2017: Grazed wet meadows are sink habitats for the southern dunlin (iCalidris alpina schinzii ) due to nest trampling by cattle. The effect of habitat management is commonly evaluated by measuring population growth, which does not distinguish changes in reproductive success from changes in survival or the effects of immigration or emigration. Management has rarely been eval...

Benesallah, D., 1988: Manual on mapping and inventory of mangroves. A draft manual comprising: Introduction (location and composition of mangrove forests throughout the world, their socioeconomic role and problems faced in their management); Information needs (for different levels of planning); Use of remote sensi...

Buqés, J.; Claramonte, X.; Martínez, J.A.; Torres, M., 1994: Staphylococcus bovis infective endocarditis associated with gastric adenocarcinoma. Medicina Clinica 103(10): 397-398

Christopher E., 1972: Epidermal regeneration cell kinetic aspects. Archiv fuer Dermatologische Forschung 244: 21-26

Kalmanova-Grosheva, L.M., 1967: Clinical and cytologic parallels in the radiotherapy of uterine cervix cancer. Voprosy Onkologii 13(4): 95-100