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Effects of Newcastle disease vaccines and Newcastle disease


, : Effects of Newcastle disease vaccines and Newcastle disease. Avian diseases 41(2): 399-406

Ten Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and 10 NDV and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) combination vaccines (NDV/IBV) were evaluated for their effect on the head-associated lymphoid tissue (HALT) of 2-wk-old chicks. After vaccination, the chicks were subjected to an in vivo assay that measures the ability of the gland of Harder (GH) to respond to killed Brucella abortus antigen given in the eye by titering B. abortus antibodies in the tears. Following this, several sites in the HALT and trachea were examined histologically and scored for microscopic changes. The results indicated that three of the NDV/IBV combination vaccines (one B1/Mass&Conn and two LaSota/Mass&Conn) interfered with the GH response to killed B. abortus whereas none of the NDV vaccines did. Histologically, several changes were noted in the vaccinated chicks; however, no changes in thee GH were observed that could explain microscopically the GH depression. with the IBV-only vaccines reported earlier (16), and the NDV-only and NDV/IBV combination vaccines reported here, a total of 36 vaccines have been evaluated using the same testing protocol. The conclusions of these combined studies suggest that several of the modified live virus vaccines containing IBV, either alone or in combination with NDV, interfere with the ability of the GH/HALT to respond to antigenic stimulation.

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