+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Functional properties of sorghum flour as an extender in grond beef patties

, : Functional properties of sorghum flour as an extender in grond beef patties. Journal of food quality 22(1): 51-61

Patties were formulated with 20% fat ground beef and sorghum flour (SF) at 2, 4, and 6% levels (10, 20, and 30% as rehydrated 1:4 with water). Beef patties containing SF had higher pH, greater yield, less total cooking loss, less shrinkage in diameter, and less increase in thickness than those without SF. Water activity of cooked patties was not affected by addition of SF. Fat and water retentions of beef patties increased as the level of SF increased. Hunterlab a values (redness) for raw patties decreased as the level of SF increased, but a values for cooked patties were not influenced by level of SF. Shear force and compression of cooked patties decreased as the level of SF increased. Meat aroma and flavor decreased, but sorghum aroma and flavor of cooked patties increased as the level of SF increased. Tenderness of cooked patties increased as the level of SF increased, but juiciness of cooked patties was not affected.


Other references

Toneatto, D.; Pizza, M.; Masignani, V.; Rappuoli, R., 2017: Emerging experience with meningococcal serogroup B protein vaccines. The successful development of two broadly protective vaccines targeting Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB); 4CMenB and rLP2086, is the most significant recent advance in meningococcal disease prevention. Areas covered: Here we review the pr...

Valbonesi, M.; Bruni, R.; Florio, G.; Carlier, P., 2001: Cascade filtration as an alternative to adsorption and plasma-exchange. Transfusion & Apheresis Science 24(2): 219, April

Lakshman, HC., 1992: Spore dispersal of Endogonacea by worms, wasps and Indian domestic fowls. Journal of Nature Conservation. December; 42: 105-109

Harrison, H.E.; Harrison, H.C., 1961: Intestinal transport of phosphate: action of vitamin D, calcium, and potassium. Weanling rats received for 3 to 4 weeks before the experiments the rachitogenic diet used in earlier work (see Abst. 3356, Vol. 20), but some of them had a single dose of 50, 000 "units" of vitamin D by mouth 18 h before they were killed...

Bartle G.G.; Smith Rufus M., 1939: Lakin-Hugoton-Guymon area of Kansas and Oklahoma. Oil Weekly: , Pages 72. 1939.

Latta, R.; Ritland, K., 1994: The relationship between inbreeding depression and prior inbreeding among populations of four Mimulus taxa. When recessive mutations are the primary cause of inbreeding depression, a negative relationship between the levels of prior inbreeding and inbreeding depression is expected. We tested this prediction using 15 populations chosen a priori to repres...

Beavis, Ian C., 2005: Aculeate Hymenoptera on the Isles of Scilly - first supplement. Entomologist's Gazette, 563: 189-204

Young, H.A.; Sarath, G.; Tobias, C.M., 2013: Karyotype variation is indicative of subgenomic and ecotypic differentiation in switchgrass. Karyotypes can provide information about taxonomic relationships, genetic aberrations, and the evolutionary origins of species. However, differentiation of the tiny chromosomes of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and creation of a standard karyot...

Gonçalves-Macedo, L.; Domingues, A.Lucia.Coutinho.; Lopes, E.Pessoa.; Luna, C.Feitosa.; Mota, V.Gomes.; Becker, Mô; Markman-Filho, B., 2017: Pulmonary shunts in severe hepatosplenic schistosomiasis: Diagnosis by contrast echocardiography and their relationship with abdominal ultrasound findings. Schistosomiasis is endemic to several parts of the world. Among the species that affect humans, Schistosoma mansoni is one of the most common causes of illness. In regions where schistosomiasis mansoni is endemic, reinfection is responsible for th...

Nyström, L., 1978: Nurse's role in psychiatric care: the same kind of personnel in outpatient and inpatient psychiatric care. Vardfacket 2(7): 22-24