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Use of fluorescent probes to determine MICs of amphotericin B and caspofungin against Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp


, : Use of fluorescent probes to determine MICs of amphotericin B and caspofungin against Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(8): 3788-3792

We investigated the utility of mechanism-based fluorescent probes for determination of MICs (FMICs) of amphotericin B and caspofungin against Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp. Amphotericin B was selected as a membrane-active antifungal agent, and caspofungin was selected as a cell wall-active agent. FMICs were also compared to the MIC determined by CLSI (formerly NCCLS) methods. Five isolates per species of Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus terreus were studied with either amphotericin B or caspofungin. The fluorescent probes, carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) for cytoplasmic esterase activity and dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide (DiOC subscript 6) for cell membrane potential, were each added to their respective plates. MICs and FMICs were determined in at least three separate experiments (in duplicate). Fluorescence was measured using a 96-well plate fluorometer. For amphotericin B and caspofungin, the FMIC end point was the lowest concentration of drug at which the percent growth inhibition from treated organisms versus control organisms displayed 80% inhibition for amphotericin B and 50% inhibition for caspofungin as measured by a fluorescent signal. The MIC for amphotericin B was defined as the lowest concentration of antifungal displaying no visible growth for both Aspergillus and Candida spp. The MIC for caspofungin was the lowest concentration of drug that displayed a minimum effective concentration for Aspergillus spp. For Candida spp., the MIC for caspofungin was defined as the concentration at which the antifungal agent significantly inhibits the organism. The FMICs of both antifungals, as measured by the DiOC subscript 6 membrane probe, showed good agreement (83% to 100%), within one well dilution, with the MICs against amphotericin B and caspofungin for all species. Also, the FMICs measured by the CFDA cytoplasmic esterase probe reflecting damage due to cell wall or cell membrane showed strong agreement (79 to 100%) with the MICs of both amphotericin B and caspofungin for all species. There was no significant difference in comparisons of MIC and FMIC values (P [>/=] 0.05). The use of fluorescent probes provides a mechanism-based method of determination of MICs of amphotericin B and caspofungin against Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp. that correlates well with standard methods.

US$19.90

PMID: 16081911

DOI: 10.1128/JCM.43.8.3788-3792.2005


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