geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Validity and utility of anthropometric measurements: a survey of cancer outpatients


, : Validity and utility of anthropometric measurements: a survey of cancer outpatients. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 85(4): 439-444

The use of anthropometric data to assess nutritional status in patient populations is controversial; this study explores relationships among such measures in cancer outpatients in order to evaluate their validity and usefulness. Eighty-eight subjects agreed to participate fully. They were interviewed, and arm measurements were taken. Correlations between percentage of ideal weight, weight change, arm muscle area, and arm fat area tended to be moderately positive in both men (N = 31) and women (N = 57). Percentage of ideal weight had the highest average correlation with other variables. In women who were not above usual weight and in men, factor analysis yielded two-factor solutions, with one factor dominated by arm muscle area and the other factor dominated by arm fat area. This indicates that muscle and fat area estimates supplement weight data and provide distinct information. Even though anthropometric measures lack the precision attained by biochemical analysis of blood and urine samples, they are useful for a variety of clinical and research purposes, and they are inexpensive, noninvasive, and easily obtained. Nutrition leaders should further study the reliability and validity of anthropometric approaches, develop guidelines for their most appropriate use, and communicate the results of their efforts in interdisciplinary forums.

US$29.90

PMID: 3980890


Other references

Musiiko, A.S.; Klyuchko, P.F.; A.N., 1959: The biochemical features of Odesskaya 10 corn. According to data provided by several research institutions, Odesskaya 10 corn, grown in various climatic zones, is distinguished by a high content of nutritive substances. The raw protein content of the grain of Odesskaya 10 was 12.4%, and that o...

Moolman-Smook, J.; De-Lange, W.; Corfield, V.; Brink, P., 2000: Expression of HCM causing mutations: Lessons learnt from genotype-phenotype studies of the South African founder MYH7 A797T mutation. Journal of Medical Genetics 37(12): 951-956

Paskal'skaia, M.Iu., 1965: Effectiveness of naphtamone in nematodirosis of lambs. Veterinariia 42(7): 52-53

Anonymous, 1975: Could contraceptives with progestational effect cause voice changes?. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 119(44): 1726-1727

Sobarzo-Sánchez, E.; Nabavi, S.Mohammad.; Uriarte, E.; Santana, L., 2015: Nanoparticles in the treatment of mental disorders: a new tool in the psychiatric medication. The use of the nanotechnology in the development of new drugs has had in the last years a very widespread presence in the pharmaceutical industry. Diverse diseases that are treated by means of conventional administration systems as capsules, cover...

Campochiaro, P.A., 2007: Seeing the light: new insights into the molecular pathogenesis of retinal diseases. In the past, most treatments for retinal diseases have been empirical. Steroids and/or laser photocoagulation and/or surgery have been tried for almost every condition with little or no understanding of the underlying disease. Over the past severa...

Klein, L.G.; Way, R.D.; Lamb, R.C., 1961: The inheritance of a lethal factor in apples. Data are presented which sho that certain apple varieties carry a recessive lethal factor ("pale gr[degree] ,n lethal") in the heterozygous state. When such varieties were crossed with each other a 25% seedling mortality was obtained. Th...

Van Genderen M.H.P.; Buck H.M., 1989: A model for the strand selection of rna polymerase in transcribing dna duplexes. A model is proposed for the interactions that cause selection of a template strand in the transcription of DNA duplexes by RNA polymerase. In the presence of regulatory proteins (activators or repressors of transcription), discrimination between t...

Von Cramon D., 1981: Traumatic mutism and the subsequent reorganization of speech functions. Mutism without accompanying disturbances of consciousness, is a frequent symptom in patients suffering from a traumatic midbrain syndrome. The features of the mutistic stage, as well as the subsequent reorganization of speech functions, are descri...

Haney, S.L.; Wills, V.S.; Wiemer, D.F.; Holstein, S.A., 2017: Recent Advances in the Development of Mammalian Geranylgeranyl Diphosphate Synthase Inhibitors. The enzyme geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGDPS) catalyzes the synthesis of the 20-carbon isoprenoid geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP). GGPP is the isoprenoid donor for protein geranylgeranylation reactions catalyzed by the enzymes geranylge...