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A revision of Bremia graminicola

, : A revision of Bremia graminicola. Mycological Research 110(Pt 6): 646-656

Bremia graminicola (Chromista, Peronosporales) is a common downy mildew pathogen of Arthraxon spp. (Poaceae) in Central to East Asia and the only species of Bremia parasitic on grasses. Despite its widespread occurrence and apparent differences in host range and morphology compared with other species of the genus, its placement in Bremia has not been challenged for the past 90 y. Its current taxonomic position is revised based on sporangiophore morphology and ultrastructure, haustorium morphology, and nu-rDNA sequence analysis. Haustorium morphology and sporangiophore ultrastructure indicate that B. graminicola is not a member of the genus Bremia, which shows affinities to Plasmopara and Paraperonospora. Based on haustorium morphology, B. graminicola appears to be more closely related to Viennotia oplismeni, although the sporangiophore morphology is strikingly different between these two taxa. This is supported by molecular analyses based on a near-representative sample of nuLSU rDNA sequences of downy mildew genera, whereby B. graminicola is revealed as the sister taxon of V. oplismeni with 100% BS support under all phylogenetic optimality criteria applied. Relationships of this clade to other groups are less clear. However, network and reduced-consensus analyses show that this lack of resolution is mainly due to the ambiguous molecular affinities of Sclerospora graminicola. Omitting this highly divergent taxon results in considerable support for a clade comprised of taxa with globose to pyriform haustoria, including B. lactucae, and for the sister-group relationship of B. graminicola and V. oplismeni with Hyaloperonospora. Consequently, a new genus, Graminivora, is described to accommodate B. graminicola.


PMID: 16766172

DOI: 10.1016/j.mycres.2006.04.001

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