geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Lifestyle and diet in people using dietary supplements: a German cohort study


, : Lifestyle and diet in people using dietary supplements: a German cohort study. European Journal of Nutrition 46(3): 165-173

Background The use of dietary supplements is often associated with a healthy lifestyle. Due to high variation in supplementation practice by country, these associations will be investigated in a large German cohort study. Aim of the study To describe the prevalence of dietary supplement use in the EPIC-Heidelberg cohort and to illuminate differences in health-relevant characteristics between regular users and non-users. Methods At cohort recruitment, 13,615 women aged 35-65 and 11,929 men aged 40-65 were asked for regular dietary supplementation over the past year. Results Regular use of any supplement was reported by 47% of the women and 41% of the men, vitamin or mineral supplements were taken by 40% and 33%, respectively. The use of vitamin and/or mineral supplements was significantly associated with higher age, being non- or ex-smoker, lower BMI, higher physical leisure time activity, and higher educational level. After adjustment for these factors, we observed positive associations between supplement use and the consumption of milk, milk products, and fish as well as the intake of vitamin C and beta-carotene. In contrast, the supplement use was related to lower meat and meat product consumption, saturated fat intake, and n6/n3-fatty acid ratio in the diet, both in women and men. Except for Hemoccult((R)) testing in women, no association with participation in cancer screening was observed. Conclusion The high prevalence of supplement use in EPIC-Heidelberg was associated with several presumably healthier lifestyle and diet characteristics. This needs to be considered in further evaluations of the risk of chronic diseases.

US$19.90

PMID: 17377829

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-007-0650-2


Other references

Chua, J.Shi.; Chng, C-Peng.; Moe, A.Aung.Kywe.; Tann, J.Y.; Goh, E.L.K.; Chiam, K-Hwee.; Yim, E.K.F., 2015: Extending neurites sense the depth of the underlying topography during neuronal differentiation and contact guidance. The topography of the extracellular microenvironment influences cell morphology, provides conduct guidance and directs cell differentiation. Aspect ratio and dimension of topography have been shown to affect cell behaviours, but the ability and me...

Krikorov M.M., 1968: Organization of work in the Chelyabinsk geologic exploration trust. USSR, western Siberia.

van Hemert, F.J.; Berkhout, B.; Lukashov, V.V., 2006: Host-related nucleotide composition and codon usage as driving forces in the recent evolution of the Astroviridae. The evolutionary history of the Astroviridae comprises the ancient separation between avian and mammalian astrovirus lineages followed by diversification anions, mammalian astroviruses. The latter process included several cross-species transmissi...

Wilson, M.P.; Lindsley, C.B.; Warady, B.A.; Johnson, J.A., 1989: Hyperphosphatemia associated with cortical hyperostosis and tumoral calcinosis. Journal of Pediatrics 114(6): 1010-1013

Withington, D.F., 1967: The determination of butter fat in margarine fat by transesterif ica-tion and gas chromatography. In this method, margarine is melted, the fat phase poured off and filtered, and a known weight of fat (-3 g) transesterified using a 0.7% solution of NaOH in ethanol. The reaction products are subjected to temp.

Sivanandaiah K.M.; Gurusiddappa S.; Gowda D.C., 1988: New analogues of leucine methionine enkephalin. Nine analogues of the opioid pentapeptides leucine-/methionine-enkephalinamide, involving replacement of amino acid at position 5 or amino acids at positions 2 and 5, have been synthesized by the solid phase method using mainly 9-fluorenylmethylox...

Apeland, T.; Mansoor, M.A.; Strandjord, R.E., 2001: Antiepileptic drugs as independent predictors of plasma total homocysteine levels. Low folate levels have consistently been reported in patients with epilepsy on phenytoin (PHT), phenobarbital (PB) and primidone (PRD), while data on valproate (VPA) are conflicting. Furthermore, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may be associated with h...

Rose, G.; Ross, L.L.; Palatnick, W.; Embil, J.M., 2001: Answer to photo quiz. A 40-year-old labourer presented to an emergency department of a hospital in the USA after he experienced an acute onset of pain and an erythematous patch developed on his right hand, while digging near the foundations of a house. Based on clinica...

Tamaska, L., 1954: Pulmogenous air embolism. Acta Morphologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 4(2): 251-253

Jiang; Carbotte, 1992: Phonon structure in anisotropic layered superconductors. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 45(13): 7368-7374