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Somatic embryogenesis from immature peach palm inflorescence explants: towards development of an efficient protocol

, : Somatic embryogenesis from immature peach palm inflorescence explants: towards development of an efficient protocol. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 89(1): 15-22

Various factors affect the induction of somatic embryogenesis in peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth). Among these, both the type and level of auxins had the greatest influence on in vitro responses, although the genotype and the developmental stage of the explants also influenced results. Younger inflorescences were more competent to respond to SE induction than more mature inflorescences and the use of a pre-treatment with 2,4-D (200 mu M) in liquid MS culture medium also increased the embryogenic capacity, and diminished the development of flower buds. Higher oxidation rates were observed in explants maintained on 2,4-D-supplemented culture medium, while on 300 mu M or 600 mu M Picloram and Dicamba lower oxidation rates were observed. The progression from floral meristem to flower bud occurred at high frequency when low concentrations of auxins were used, independent of the type. Higher concentrations of Picloram or Dicamba reduced or even inhibited flower bud development. Picloram also enhanced the embryogenic induction rate more than 2,4-D and Dicamba, and among the concentrations evaluated 300 mu M Picloram enhanced induction for both genotypes, with significant differences between genotypes. The best combination of variables used the least mature inflorescence (Infl1) from genotype I with the 2,4-D pre-treatment and 300 mu M Picloram to generate 5 embryogenic calli from 18 explants; 26 embryos were obtained on average from each embryogenic callus. From these, eighteen embryos converted to plantlets and six of these survived transfer to the greenhouse.


DOI: 10.1007/s11240-007-9207-6

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