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Analysis of wartime reduction of dental caries in European children; with special regard to observations in Norway


, : Analysis of wartime reduction of dental caries in European children; with special regard to observations in Norway. American Journal of Diseases of Children 75(6): 792-821

An analysis was made of 27 caries surveys from 11 European countries, covering about 3/4 million children. Certain dietary factors in operation during the war yrs. were correlated with the fluctuations in the caries frequency existing before, during and after the recent European wars. In all of the occupied and war-torn countries surveyed there has been a definite tendency to decrease in caries towards the end of and following wartime conditions. The reduction has been greatest in young children, and in those teeth of older ones which developed or matured during the war. The drastic rationing of refined carbohydrates appears to be the most marked and uniform dietary change during the war yrs. But the time relationship between this dietary change and the reduction in dental caries cannot be satisfactorily explained by the concurrent change in the oral environment after tooth eruption. Neither can the caries reduction be correlated with a marked or uniform increase in any known caries preventing food or food factor. It is suggested that the natural unrefined foods which formed the bulk of the caloric intake during the war yrs. may have caused a greater caries resistance in those children and those individual teeth which developed during the war yrs.

US$29.90

PMID: 18110133


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