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Major subsets of human dendritic cells are efficiently transduced by self-complementary adeno-associated virus vectors 1 and 2

, : Major subsets of human dendritic cells are efficiently transduced by self-complementary adeno-associated virus vectors 1 and 2. Journal of Virology 81(10): 5385-5394

Dendritic cells (DC) are antigen-presenting cells pivotal for inducing immunity or tolerance. Gene transfer into DC is an important strategy for developing immunotherapeutic approaches against infectious pathogens and cancers. One of the vectors previously described for the transduction of human monocytes or DC is the recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV), with a genome conventionally packaged as a single-stranded (ss) molecule. Nevertheless, its use is limited by the poor and variable transduction efficiency of DC. In this study, AAV type 1 (AAV1) and AAV2 vectors, which expressed the enhanced green fluorescent protein and were packaged as ss or self-complementary (sc) duplex strands, were used to transduce different DC subsets generated ex vivo and the immunophenotypes, states of differentiation, and functions of the subsets were carefully examined. We show here for the first time that a single exposure of monocytes (M(o)) or CD34(+) progenitors (CD34) to sc rAAV1 or sc rAAV2 leads to high transduction levels (5 to 59%) of differentiated M(o)-DC, M(o)-Langerhans cells (LC), CD34-LC, or CD34-plasmacytoid DC (pDC), with no impact on their phenotypes and functional maturation of these cells, compared to those of exposure to ss rAAV. Moreover, we show that all these DC subpopulations can also be efficiently transduced after commitment to their differentiation pathways. Furthermore, these DC subsets transduced with sc rAAV1 expressing a tumor antigen were potent activators of a CD8(+)-T-cell clone. Altogether, these results show the high potential of sc AAV1 and sc AAV2 vectors to transduce ex vivo conventional DC, LC, or pDC or to directly target them in vivo for the design of new DC-based immunotherapies.


PMID: 17314166

DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02516-06

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