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Degradation of p-nitrotoluene in aqueous solution by ozonation combined with sonolysis

, : Degradation of p-nitrotoluene in aqueous solution by ozonation combined with sonolysis. Journal of Hazardous Materials 144(1-2): 532-537

p-Nitrotoluene (PNT) is a nitroaromatic compound that is hazardous to humans and is a suspected hormone disrupter. The degradation of PNT in aqueous solution by ozonation (O3) combined with sonolysis (US) was investigated in laboratory-scale experiments in which pH, initial concentration of PNT, O3 dose and temperature were varied. The degradation of PNT followed pseudo-first-order kinetics, and degradation products were monitored during the process. The maximum degradation was observed at pH 10.0. As the initial concentration of PNT decreased, the degradation rate increased. Both temperature and ozone dose had a positive effect on the degradation of PNT. Of the total organic carbon (TOC) reduction, 8, 68, and 85% were observed with US, O3, and a combination of US and O3 after reaction for 90 min, respectively, proving that ozonation combined with sonolysis for removal of TOC is more efficient than ozonation alone or ultrasonic irradiation alone. Major by-products, including p-cresol, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-(oxomethylene) cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one, but-2-enedioic acid, and acetic acid were detected by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry.


PMID: 17141405

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.067

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