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Effect of grain angle on shear strength of glued end grain to flat grain joints of defect-free softwood timber

, : Effect of grain angle on shear strength of glued end grain to flat grain joints of defect-free softwood timber. Wood science and technology 41(6): 501-509

To evaluate the effect of grain orientation on the adhesive bond strength, three-layered Norway spruce wood specimens were tested in shear. The two axial-oriented outer layers were jointed with the middle layer using three typical glues for load bearing constructions, i.e. one-component polyurethane (PUR), melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) and phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde (PRF). The grain orientation of the middle layers was varied from 0p (parallel to grain of the surface layer) to 90p (perpendicular to grain of the surface layer) in incremental steps of 10p. Samples with middle layers oriented parallel to the outer layers showed shear values in the range of solid spruce wood. Decreased shear strength values were expected for increased grain angles of the middle layer. However, no explicit tendency was observed for the shear strength in dependence of the grain direction. In general, MUF-bonded samples showed slightly higher shear strength values compared with PUR- and PRF-bonded specimens.


DOI: 10.1007/s00226-007-0136-7

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