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First-order kinetic gas generation model parameters for wet landfills

, : First-order kinetic gas generation model parameters for wet landfills. Waste Management 27(7): 946-953

Landfill gas collection data from wet landfill cells were analyzed and first-order gas generation model parameters were estimated for the US EPA landfill gas emissions model (LandGEM). Parameters were determined through statistical comparison of predicted and actual gas collection. The US EPA LandGEM model appeared to fit the data well, provided it is preceded by a lag phase, which on average was 1.5 years. The first-order reaction rate constant, k, and the methane generation potential, L(o), were estimated for a set of landfills with short-term waste placement and long-term gas collection data. Mean and 95% confidence parameter estimates for these data sets were found using mixed-effects model regression followed by bootstrap analysis. The mean values for the specific methane volume produced during the lag phase (V(sto)), L(o), and k were 33 m(3)/Megagrams (Mg), 76 m(3)/Mg, and 0.28 year(-1), respectively. Parameters were also estimated for three full scale wet landfills where waste was placed over many years. The k and L(o) estimated for these landfills were 0.21 year(-1), 115 m(3)/Mg, 0.11 year(-1), 95 m(3)/Mg, and 0.12 year(-1) and 87 m(3)/Mg, respectively. A group of data points from wet landfills cells with short-term data were also analyzed. A conservative set of parameter estimates was suggested based on the upper 95% confidence interval parameters as a k of 0.3 year(-1) and a L(o) of 100 m(3)/Mg if design is optimized and the lag is minimized.


PMID: 16843651

DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2006.05.007

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