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Linking of N3 dye with C-60 through diaminohydrocarbons for enhanced performance of dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells

, : Linking of N3 dye with C-60 through diaminohydrocarbons for enhanced performance of dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology 190(1): 128-134

In a novel approach, fullerene, C-60 was attached to N3 dye (cis-bis(4,4 '-dicarboxy-2,2 '-bipyridine)dithiocyanato ruthenium(II)) via diaminohydrocarbon linkers (L) with different carbon chain lengths. The resulting complexes (each designated as N3-L-C-60) were characterized by FT-IR spectra, FE-SEM images, and EDX analysis. The short-circuit photocurrent density (J(sc)) of the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) using the fullerene-attached sensitizers varied markedly depending on the chain length of the linker. In the case of the linker 1,6-diaminohexane, the J(sc) V-oc and conversion efficiency of the pertaining cell were found to be 11.75 mA/cm(2), 0.70 V and 4.5%, respectively, as against the values of 10.55 mA/cm(2), 0.68 V and 4.0%, respectively, for a DSSC with ordinary N3 dye. The J(sc) variations are discussed on the basis of effective dye adsorptions on TiO2 films. The possible favorable effects for V-oc enhancement, caused by hydrophobic atmosphere around the TiO2 Particles due to diaminohydrocarbon chains and by the negative shift of the flat band potential of TiO2 by NH groups, are offset by the mediation of back electron transfer by C-60; this phenomenon is seen as the reason for minimal V-oc changes.


DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2007.03.021

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