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Phylogeographic structure of Octopus vulgaris in South Africa revisited: identification of a second lineage near Durban harbour

, : Phylogeographic structure of Octopus vulgaris in South Africa revisited: identification of a second lineage near Durban harbour. Marine Biology (Berlin) 151(6): 2119-2122

In a previous study that investigated genetic structure of Octopus vulgaris along the South African coast by sequencing the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase III gene (COIII), all sequences generated were identical. Such a finding is unusual, because mitochondrial DNA mutates quickly, and several marine invertebrates present in southern Africa show considerable genetic variation and structure. We reanalysed the samples using two different mitochondrial markers, namely cytochrome oxidase I (COI) and the large ribosomal subunit (16S rRNA). Sequences of both these markers showed variation. The conclusion of the previous study, that South Africa's O. vulgaris population is characterised by a lack of genetic structure along the coast, is rejected. Some specimens from Durban (southeast Africa) were genetically more different from those found in the remainder of the country than were specimens from other regions (Tristan da Cunha and Senegal). We suggest that the lineage in Durban may have been recently introduced.


DOI: 10.1007/s00227-007-0644-x

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