geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Working memory and syntax interact in Broca's area


, : Working memory and syntax interact in Broca's area. Neuroimage 37(1): 8-17

Comprehension of filler-gap dependency relations (as in this is the man who the woman is touching rectangle) is supported by Broca's area. There are two views regarding the processing role of this brain region in comprehending these dependencies. Specifists hold that Broca's area plays a specific syntactic role in processing filler-gaps. Generalists maintain that as the on-line linking of fillers and gaps taxes Working Memory (WM) resources, Broca's area supports a domain general WM. The current fMRI study tested these two views in a grammatically judgment task, where participants were presented with two syntactically distinct dependency relations: (a) Filler-Gap and (b) Reflexive Binding. The distance between the dependent elements within each of the constructions was varied, to parametrically vary WM demands. The Generalists would expect parametric variation of distance in both dependencies to lead to a linear increase in activation of Broca's area. Our results support the specifists' view, however: the left inferior frontal gyrus demonstrated an interaction between distance and dependency type with a positive linear effect only for Filler-Gaps. A positive linear effect of distance across both dependencies was only found in the bilateral parahippocampal/ fusiform gyri. Therefore the role of Broca's area in WM is syntactically specific to filler-gap relations. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

US$19.90

PMID: 17560794

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.04.047


Other references

Findley, A.J.; Carroll, M.S.; Blatner, K.A., 2000: Social assessment for the Colville National Forest CROP program. A qualitative social assessment targeted salient issues connected to the Colville National Forest Creating Opportunities (CROP) research programme that examines forest management alternatives for small-diameter stands in northeastern Washington, U...

Kaiser Mark J.; Pulsipher Allan G., 2006: Kazakhstan's outlook; 1, High costs, uncertainty challenge operators in promising Kazakhstan. Oil and Gas Journal 104(25): 39-44

Nguyen, V.D.; Dang, M.T.; Nguyen, T.A.; Schall, P., 2016: Critical Casimir forces for colloidal assembly. Critical Casimir forces attract increasing interest due to their opportunities for reversible particle assembly in soft matter and nano science. These forces provide a thermodynamic analogue of the celebrated quantum mechanical Casimir force that...

Reisfeld R.A.; Mandy W.J., 1973: Contemporary topics in molecular immunology vol 2. Reisfeld, R A And W J Mandy (Ed ) Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology, Vol 2 Xv+276p Illus Plenum Press: New York, N Y , U S A ; London, England Xv-276

Neidhart, E., 1980: Plastic covers for dessert cherries. A 7-year experiment was carried out on 11 cherry cvs on F12/1 rootstocks, grown as 3-branched trees in hedges 1.5 m wide, planted every 6 m in rows 5 m apart. The tree stems were 40-60 cm in diameter and trees up to 4 m tall were pruned as spindle...

Jürgens, C.; Tost, F., 2006: Progress in geriatric care through telemedicine. A constantly aging population leads to an increasing number of elderly patients. As a result, the treatment of chronic illnesses becomes a significant part of daily routine. Today's concepts in social services and healthcare require time cons...

Nowakowski, R., 1995: Ocular manifestations in female carriers of X-linked disorders. Many X-linked recessive disorders are confined to the eye or have ocular manifestations. It is possible to determine the carrier status of females for some of these disorders through clinical examination, pedigree analysis or clinical laboratory i...

Krusinová, E.; Pelikánová, T., 2008: Fatty acid binding proteins in adipose tissue: a promising link between metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis?. Adipocyte/macrophage fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) has been shown to be closely associated with metabolic syndrome, obesity and development of atherosclerosis. Moreover, A-FABP has been recently suggested as a potential therapeutic target of...

van Nijnatten, T.J.A.; Simons, J.M.; Smidt, M.L.; van der Pol, C.C.; van Diest, P.J.; Jager, A.; van Klaveren, D.; Kam, B.L.R.; Lobbes, M.B.I.; de Boer, M.; Verhoef, K.; Koppert, L.B.; Luiten, E.J.T., 2017: A Novel Less-invasive Approach for Axillary Staging After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Axillary Node-positive Breast Cancer by Combining Radioactive Iodine Seed Localization in the Axilla With the Sentinel Node Procedure (RISAS): A Dutch Prospective Multicenter Validation Study. In 1 of 3 patients with initial lymph node-positive (cN<sup>+</sup>) breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) results in an axillary pathologic complete response (ax-pCR). This urges the need for a less-invasive axillary staging m...

Eyckmans, L. (Chairman), 1989: The changing face of malaria. A round-table discussion on the increasing number of cases of imported malaria with atypical symptomatology is reported. Several illustrative case histories are presented and discussed.