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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 17841

Chapter 17841 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.

Cutting edge: alloimmune responses against major and minor histocompatibility antigens: distinct division kinetics and requirement for CD28 costimulation. Journal of Immunology 162(5): 2467-2471

Cutting edge: altered pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation in mice deficient for Clara cell secretory 10-kDa protein. Journal of Immunology 167(6): 3025-3028

Cutting edge: an inducible sialidase regulates the hyaluronic acid binding ability of CD44-bearing human monocytes. Journal of Immunology 162(9): 5058-5061

Cutting edge: analysis of human Va24+CD8+ NK T cells activated by a-galactosylceramide-pulsed monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 168(7): 40-4

Cutting edge: anti-CD monoclonal antibody treatment reverses the production patterns of TGF-b2 and Th1 cytokines and ameliorates listeriosis in mice. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 55-8

Cutting edge: anti-CD154 therapeutic antibodies induce infectious transplantation tolerance. Journal of Immunology 165(9): 4783-4786

Cutting edge: antibody-mediated cessation of hemotropic infection by the intraerythrocytic mouse pathogen Bartonella grahamii. Journal of Immunology 167(1): 11-14

Cutting edge: antigen-dependent regulation of telomerase activity in murine T cells. Journal of Immunology 160(12): 5702-5706

Cutting edge: antigen-driven lymphocyte recruitment to the lung is diminished in the absence of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor, but is independent of uPA. Journal of Immunology 167(10): 39-42

Cutting edge: antigen-independent CD8 T cell proliferation. Journal of Immunology 166(10): 5864-5868

Cutting edge: antigen-specific T lymphocytes regulate lipopolysaccharide-induced apoptosis of dendritic cells in vivo. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 76-9

Cutting edge: antilisterial activity of CD8+ T cells derived from TNF-deficient TNF/perforin double-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 165(1): 9

Cutting edge: antisense knockdown of inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibits induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in SJL/J mice. Journal of Immunology 160(6): 60-4

Cutting edge: apoptosis induced by a chimeric Fas/FLICE receptor: lack of requirement for Fas- or FADD-binding proteins. Journal of Immunology 160(5): 46-9

Cutting edge: apoptosis of superantigen-activated T cells occurs preferentially after a discrete number of cell divisions in vivo. Journal of Immunology 162(11): 6312-6315

Cutting edge: association of phospholipase C-c2 Src homology 2 domains with BLNK is critical for B cell antigen receptor signaling. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 46-9

Cutting edge: Attenuated experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in eta-1/osteopontin-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 168(5): 2096-2099

Cutting edge: bacterial DNA and LPS act in synergy in inducing nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Journal of Immunology 163(8): 4095-4099

Cutting edge: bacterial flagellin activates basolaterally expressed TLR5 to induce epithelial proinflammatory gene expression. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 1882-1885

Cutting edge: biasing immune responses by directing antigen to macrophage Fcc receptors. Journal of Immunology 168(8): 97-701

Cutting edge: blockade of the CD28/B7 costimulatory pathway inhibits intestinal allograft rejection mediated by CD4+ but not CD8+ T cells. Journal of Immunology 163(5): 2358-2362

Cutting edge: bystander apoptosis triggers dendritic cell maturation and antigen-presenting function. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 67-71

Cutting edge: cationic antimicrobial peptides block the binding of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to LPS binding protein. Journal of Immunology 164(2): 549-553

Cutting edge: cell autonomous rather than environmental factors control bacterial superantigen-induced T cell anergy in vivo. Journal of Immunology 165(3): 1171-1174

Cutting edge: cell surface expression and lipopolysaccharide signaling via the toll-like receptor 4-MD-2 complex on mouse peritoneal macrophages. Journal of Immunology 164(7): 3471-3475

Cutting edge: cells that carry A null allele for toll-like receptor 2 are capable of responding to endotoxin. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 6971-6975

Cutting edge: cellular Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein protects germinal center B cells from apoptosis during germinal center reactions. Journal of Immunology 166(11): 6473-6476

Cutting edge: changes in histone acetylation at the IL-4 and IFN-c loci accompany Th1/Th2 differentiation. Journal of Immunology 169(2): 7-50

Cutting edge: characterization of allorestricted and peptide-selective alloreactive T cells using HLA-tetramer selection. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4818-4821

Cutting edge: characterization of an associated 16-kDa tyrosine phosphoprotein required for Ly-49D signal transduction. Journal of Immunology 160(9): 48-52

Cutting edge: chemotactic activity of soluble Fas ligand against phagocytes. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 84-8

Cutting edge: chronic intestinal inflammation in STAT-4 transgenic mice: characterization of disease and adoptive transfer by TNF- plus IFN-c-producing CD4+ T cells that respond to bacterial antigens. Journal of Immunology 162(4): 84-8

Cutting edge: class II transactivator-independent endothelial cell MHC class II gene activation induced by lymphocyte adhesion. Journal of Immunology 161(4): 89-93

Cutting edge: clonally restricted production of the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 mRNA by human immune cells and Th1/Th2-polarized expression of their receptors. Journal of Immunology 162(11): 6303-6306

Cutting edge: clustered AU-rich elements are the target of IL-10-mediated mRNA destabilization in mouse macrophages. Journal of Immunology 162(5): 2457-2461

Cutting edge: combined treatment of TNF-a and IFN-c causes redistribution of junctional adhesion molecule in human endothelial cells. Journal of Immunology 163(2): 3-7

Cutting edge: complement-activating complex of ficolin and mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease. Journal of Immunology 164(5): 2281-2284

Cutting edge: constitutive activation of TCR signaling molecules in IL-2-independent Herpesvirus saimiri-transformed T cells. Journal of Immunology 160(5): 42-5

Cutting edge: contrasting roles of TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) and TRAF3 in CD40-activated B lymphocyte differentiation. Journal of Immunology 162(11): 6307-6311

Cutting edge: coordinate regulation of IFN regulatory factor-1 and the polymeric Ig receptor by proinflammatory cytokines. Journal of Immunology 162(3): 1232-1235

Cutting edge: critical role of NK1+ T cells in IL-12-induced immune responses in vivo. Journal of Immunology 160:

Cutting edge: cross-priming of CTL responses in vivo does not require antigenic peptides in the endoplasmic reticulum of immunizing cells. Journal of Immunology 161(8): 08-12

Cutting edge: Cross-talk between cells of the innate immune system: NKT cells rapidly activate NK cells. Journal of Immunology 163(9): 4647-4650

Cutting edge: culture with high doses of viral peptide induces previously unprimed CD8(+) T cells to produce cytokine. Journal of Immunology 167(5): 2437-2440

Cutting edge: curative treatment of an experimentally induced colitis by a CD44 variant V7-specific antibody. Journal of Immunology 161(3): 69-73

Cutting edge: cytokine-dependent abortion in CBA (times) DBA/2 mice is mediated by the procoagulant fgl2 prothrombinase. Journal of Immunology 160: 5-9

Cutting edge: cytokines regulate expression and function of the HIV coreceptor CXCR4 on human mature dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 161(7): 3

Cutting edge: cytolytic effector function in human circulating CD8+ T cells closely correlates with CD56 surface expression. Journal of Immunology 164(3): 1148-1152

Cutting edge: defective NK cell activation in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. Journal of Immunology 165(7): 49-53

Cutting edge: dendritic cells are sufficient to cross-present self-antigens to CD8 T cells in vivo. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 39-42

Cutting edge: dendritic cells require maturation via CD40 to generate protective antitumor immunity. Journal of Immunology 161(5): 94-8

Cutting edge: detection of MCP-4 in dermal fibroblasts and its activation of the respiratory burst in human eosinophils. Journal of Immunology 160: 5-8

Cutting edge: detection of a high frequency of virus-specific CD4+ T cells during acute infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Journal of Immunology 161(7): 15-18

Cutting edge: detection of antigen-specific CD4+ T cells by HLA-DR1 oligomers is dependent on the T cell activation state. Journal of Immunology 166(2): 741-745

Cutting edge: developmental switches in chemokine responses during T cell maturation. Journal of Immunology 163(5): 2353-2357

Cutting edge: dichotomous effects of b-chemokines on HIV replication in monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages. Journal of Immunology 160(7): 91-5

Cutting edge: dichotomy of homing receptor dependence by mucosal effector B cells: aE versus L-selectin. Journal of Immunology 167(5): 41-5

Cutting edge: differential CD5-dependent regulation of CD5-associated CK2 activity in mature and immature T cells: implication on TCR/CD3-mediated activation. Journal of Immunology 161(11): 17-20

Cutting edge: differential constitutive expression of functional receptors for lysophosphatidic acid by human blood lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 164(10): 4996-4999

Cutting edge: differential effect of apoptotic versus necrotic tumor cells on macrophage antitumor activities. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 1730-1732

Cutting edge: differential expression of chemokines in Th1 and Th2 cells is dependent on Stat6 but not Stat4. Journal of Immunology 165(1): 10-14

Cutting edge: differential production of prostaglandin D2 by human helper T cell subsets. Journal of Immunology 164(5): 2277-2280

Cutting edge: Differential regulation of chemoattractant receptor-induced degranulation and chemokine production by receptor phosphorylation. Journal of Immunology 167(7): 3559-3563

Cutting edge: differential regulation of chemokine receptors during dendritic cell maturation: a model for their trafficking properties. Journal of Immunology 161(3): 83-6

Cutting edge: differential requirements for Stat4 in expression of glycosyltransferases responsible for selectin ligand formation in Th1 cells. Journal of Immunology 167(2): 628-631

Cutting edge: differential responsiveness of the IL-5 and IL-4 genes to transcription factor GATA-3. Journal of Immunology 161(8): 17-21

Cutting edge: differential sequestration of plasma membrane-associated B cell antigen receptor in mature and immature B cells into glycosphingolipid-enriched domains. Journal of Immunology 166(2): 736-740

Cutting edge: differential signaling requirements for activation of assembled cyclin D3-cdk4 complexes in B-1 and B-2 lymphocyte subsets. Journal of Immunology 166(7): 4273-4277

Cutting edge: differentiation of antitumor CTL in vivo requires host expression of Stat1. Journal of Immunology 163(8): 4109-4113

Cutting edge: differentiation of human NK cells into NK1 and NK2 subsets. Journal of Immunology 161(11): 21-4

Cutting edge: distinct motifs within CD28 regulate T cell proliferation and induction of Bcl-XL. Journal of Immunology 166(9): 5331-5335

Cutting edge: dominant effect of Ile50Val variant of the human IL-4 receptor a-chain in IgE synthesis. Journal of Immunology 162(3): 27-31

Cutting edge: dueling TCRs: peptide antagonism of CD4+ T cells with dual antigen specificities. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 1750-1754

Cutting edge: ectopic expression of the IL-12 receptor-b2 in developing and committed Th2 cells does not affect the production of IL-4 or induce the production of IFN-c. Journal of Immunology 164(6): 61-5

Cutting edge: ectopic expression of the chemokine TCA4/SLC is sufficient to trigger lymphoid neogenesis. Journal of Immunology 164(8): 55-9

Cutting edge: editing of recycling class II:peptide complexes by HLA-DM. Journal of Immunology 167(2): 632-635

Cutting edge: effects of an allergy-associated mutation in the human IL-4Ra (Q576R) on human IL-4-induced signal transduction. Journal of Immunology 162(8): 85-9

Cutting edge: endotoxin tolerance in mouse peritoneal macrophages correlates with down-regulation of surface toll-like receptor 4 expression. Journal of Immunology 164(7): 3476-3479

Cutting edge: engagement of CD40 antigen with soluble CD40 ligand up-regulates peptide transporter expression and restores endogenous processing function in Burkitt's lymphoma cells. Journal of Immunology 159: 82-5

Cutting edge: enhanced anti-HIV-1 activity and altered chemotactic potency of NH2-terminally processed macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) imply an additional MDC receptor. Journal of Immunology 161(6): 72-5

Cutting edge: eotaxin elicits rapid vesicular transport-mediated release of preformed IL-4 from human eosinophils. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4813-4817

Cutting edge: essential role of phospholipase C-c2 in B cell development and function. Journal of Immunology 165(4): 38-42

Cutting edge: evidence for a signaling partnership between urokinase receptors (CD87) and L-selectin (CD62L) in human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4822-4825

Cutting edge: expansion and activation of a population of autoreactive marginal zone B cells in a model of estrogen-induced lupus. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 1886-1890

Cutting edge: expression of functional CD94/NKG2A inhibitory receptors on fetal NK1.1+Ly-49- cells: a possible mechanism of tolerance during NK cell development. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 6976-6980

Cutting edge: expression of the C-C chemokine receptor CCR3 in human airway epithelial cells. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 57-61

Cutting edge: expression of the NF of activated T cells in eosinophils: regulation by IL-4 and IL-5. Journal of Immunology 163(1): 21-24

Cutting edge: extracellular signal-regulated kinase activates Syk: a new potential feedback regulation of Fce receptor signaling. Journal of Immunology 163(3): 10-14

Cutting edge: functional characterization of the effect of the C3H/HeJ defect in mice that lack an Lpsn gene: in vivo evidence for a dominant negative mutation. Journal of Immunology 162(10): 5666-5670

Cutting edge: functional interactions between Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR1 or TLR6 in response to phenol-soluble modulin. Journal of Immunology 166(1):

Cutting edge: functional requirement for SAP in 2B4-mediated activation of human natural killer cells as revealed by the X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome. Journal of Immunology 165(6): 32-6

Cutting edge: functional role for proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 in NK cell-mediated natural cytotoxicity. Journal of Immunology 164(5): 2272-2276

Cutting edge: generation of IL-18 receptor-deficient mice: evidence for IL-1 receptor-related protein as an essential IL-18 binding receptor. Journal of Immunology 162(9): 5041-5044

Cutting edge: generation of a novel stem cell factor-dependent mast cell progenitor. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 43-6

Cutting edge: genetic variation among 129 substrains: practical consequences. Journal of Immunology 159: 66-8

Cutting edge: germinal centers can be induced in the absence of T cells. Journal of Immunology 167(1): 15-20

Cutting edge: granzyme B proteolysis of a neuronal glutamate receptor generates an autoantigen and is modulated by glycosylation. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 33-8

Cutting edge: guinea pigs with a natural C3a-receptor defect exhibit decreased bronchoconstriction in allergic airway disease: evidence for an involvement of the C3a anaphylatoxin in the pathogenesis of asthma. Journal of Immunology 165(10): 5401-5405

Cutting edge: heat shock protein (HSP) 60 activates the innate immune response: CD14 is an essential receptor for HSP60 activation of mononuclear cells. Journal of Immunology 164(1): 17

Cutting edge: heat shock protein 60 is a putative endogenous ligand of the toll-like receptor-4 complex. Journal of Immunology 164(2): 558-561

Cutting edge: hierarchy of chemokine receptor and TCR signals regulating T cell migration and proliferation. Journal of Immunology 165(1): 15-19

Cutting edge: histone acetylation and recombination at the TCRc locus follows IL-7 induction. Journal of Immunology 167(11): 73-7

Cutting edge: homologous recombination of the MHC class I K region defines new MHC-linked diabetogenic susceptibility gene(s) in nonobese diabetic mice. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 1721-1724

Cutting edge: human 2B4, an activating NK cell receptor, recruits the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 and the adaptor signaling protein SAP. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 6981-6985

Cutting edge: human B cell function is regulated by interaction with soluble CD14: opposite effects on IgG1 and IgE production. Journal of Immunology 164(7): 3480-3486

Cutting edge: human anaphylatoxin C4a is a potent agonist of the guinea pig but not the human C3a receptor. Journal of Immunology 161(5): 89-93

Cutting edge: human cd T cells are activated by intermediates of the 2-C-methyl- D-erythritol 4-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis. Journal of Immunology 166(6): 55-8

Cutting edge: human myeloid cells express an activating ILT receptor (ILT1) that associates with Fc receptor c-chain. Journal of Immunology 162(1): 8

Cutting edge: human myelomonocytic cells express an inhibitory receptor for classical and nonclassical MHC class I molecules. Journal of Immunology 160(7): 96-100

Cutting edge: identification of GL50, a novel B7-like protein that functionally binds to ICOS receptor. Journal of Immunology 164(4): 1653-1657

Cutting edge: identification of a hybrid cytokine consisting of IL-7 and the b-chain of the hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor. Journal of Immunology 167(7): 50-4

Cutting edge: identification of a novel chemokine receptor that binds dendritic cell- and T cell-active chemokines including ELC, SLC, and TECK. Journal of Immunology 164(6): 2851-2856

Cutting edge: identification of an additional isoform of STAT5 expressed in immature macrophages. Journal of Immunology 161(4): 94-7

Cutting edge: identification of the 2B4 molecule as a counter-receptor for CD48. Journal of Immunology 161(11): 09-12

Cutting edge: identification of the mouse IgG3 receptor: implications for antibody effector function at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity. Journal of Immunology 160: 3

Cutting edge: identification of the orphan chemokine receptor GPR-9-6 as CCR9, the receptor for the chemokine TECK. Journal of Immunology 162(10): 5671-5675

Cutting edge: identification of the orphan receptor G-protein-coupled receptor 2 as CCR10, a specific receptor for the chemokine ESkine. Journal of Immunology 164(7): 3460-3464

Cutting edge: immature dendritic cells generated from monocytes in the presence of TGF-b1 express functional C-C chemokine receptor 6. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 37-41

Cutting edge: immunoregulation of Th cells by naturally processed peptide antagonists. Journal of Immunology 162(1): 4

Cutting edge: immunostimulatory effects of a plasmid expressing CD40 ligand (CD154) on gene immunization. Journal of Immunology 159: 77-81

Cutting edge: impaired mast cell development and innate immunity in Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18, CR3)-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 161(12): 63-7

Cutting edge: In situ tetramer staining of antigen-specific T cells in tissues. Journal of Immunology 165(2): 613-617

Cutting edge: in vivo identification of TCR redistribution and polarized IL-2 production by naive CD4 T cells. Journal of Immunology 166(7): 4278-4281

Cutting edge: increased expression of Bcl-2 in antigen-specific memory CD8+ T cells. Journal of Immunology 164(8): 50-4

Cutting edge: induction of IFN-c production but not cytotoxicity by the killer cell Ig-like receptor KIR2DL4 (CD158d) in resting NK cells. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 77-81

Cutting edge: induction of IL-10 synthesis by human keratinocytes through CD23 ligation: a cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate-dependent mechanism. Journal of Immunology 159: 61-5

Cutting edge: induction of antigen-specific hyporesponsiveness by transplantation of hemopoietic cells containing an MHC class I transgene regulated by a lymphocyte-specific promoter. Journal of Immunology 161(3): 63-8

Cutting edge: induction of enhanced CTL-dependent protective immunity in vivo by N-end rule targeting of a model tumor antigen. Journal of Immunology 162(2): 639-642

Cutting edge: induction of follicular homing precedes effector Th cell development. Journal of Immunology 167(11): 6082-6086

Cutting edge: infection of mice lacking the common cytokine receptor c-chain (cc) reveals an unexpected role for CD4+ T lymphocytes in early IFN-c-dependent resistance to Toxoplasma gondii. Journal of Immunology 160(6): 65-9

Cutting edge: inflammatory responses can be triggered by TREM-1, a novel receptor expressed on neutrophils and monocytes. Journal of Immunology 164(10): 4991-4995

Cutting edge: inhibition of experimental tumor metastasis by dendritic cells pulsed with a-galactosylceramide. Journal of Immunology 163(5): 87-91

Cutting edge: Inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication by activated NK T cells does not require inflammatory cell recruitment to the liver. Journal of Immunology 167(12): 6701-6705

Cutting edge: integration of human T lymphocyte cytoskeleton by the cytolinker plectin. Journal of Immunology 167(2): 641-645

Cutting edge: interactions through the IL-10 receptor regulate autoimmune diabetes. Journal of Immunology 167(11): 6087-6091

Cutting edge: intravenous soluble antigen is presented to CD4 T cells by CD8- dendritic cells, but cross-presented to CD8 T cells by CD8+ dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 166(9): 5327-5330

Cutting edge: introduction of an endopeptidase cleavage motif into a determinant flanking region of hen egg lysozyme results in enhanced T cell determinant display. Journal of Immunology 165(1): 20-23

Cutting edge: involvement of SHP-2 in multiple aspects of IL-2 signaling: evidence for a positive regulatory role. Journal of Immunology 160(10): 57-61

Cutting edge: is vasoactive intestinal peptide a type 2 cytokine?. Journal of Immunology 166(5): 2907-2912

Cutting edge: lack of peripheral B cells and severe agammaglobulinemia in mice simultaneously lacking Bruton's tyrosine kinase and the B cell-specific transcriptional coactivator OBF-1. Journal of Immunology 164(1): 22

Cutting edge: leukocyte receptor complex-encoded immunomodulatory receptors show differing specificity for alternative HLA-B27 structures. Journal of Immunology 167(10): 43-7

Cutting edge: linked suppression of skin graft rejection can operate through indirect recognition. Journal of Immunology 161(11): 13-16

Cutting edge: lipid raft integrity affects the efficiency of MHC class I tetramer binding and cell surface TCR arrangement on CD8+ T cells. Journal of Immunology 166(12): 7009-7013

Cutting edge: lipopolysaccharide induces physical proximity between CD14 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) prior to nuclear translocation of NF-kB. Journal of Immunology 165(7): 41-4

Cutting edge: liposomal formulation of a self lymphoma antigen induces potent protective antitumor immunity. Journal of Immunology 160(8): 37-41

Cutting edge: lipoxin (LX) A4 and aspirin-triggered 15-epi-LXA4 block allergen-induced eosinophil trafficking. Journal of Immunology 164(5): 2267-2271

Cutting edge: lipoxins rapidly stimulate nonphlogistic phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils by monocyte-derived macrophages. Journal of Immunology 164(4): 1663-1667

Cutting edge: lymphocyte inhibitor of TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand): a new receptor protecting lymphocytes from the death ligand TRAIL. Journal of Immunology 160: 6

Cutting edge: lymphoproliferative disease in the absence of CTLA-4 is not T cell autonomous. Journal of Immunology 163(3): 1128-1131

Cutting edge: membrane lymphotoxin regulates CD8(+) T cell-mediated intestinal allograft rejection. Journal of Immunology 167(9): 4796-4800

Cutting edge: modulation of airway inflammation by CpG oligodeoxynucleotides in a murine model of asthma. Journal of Immunology 160(6): 55-9

Cutting edge: mouse IgG1 antibodies comprise two functionally distinct types that are differentially regulated by IL-4 and IL-12. Journal of Immunology 163(7): 3572-3576

Cutting edge: multiple mechanisms of peripheral T cell tolerance to the fetal allograft. Journal of Immunology 160(7): 86-90

Cutting edge: myelin basic protein-specific cytotoxic T cell tolerance is maintained in vivo by a single dominant epitope in H-2k mice. Journal of Immunology 163(3): 1115-1118

Cutting edge: myeloid complement C3 enhances the humoral response to peripheral viral infection. Journal of Immunology 167(5): 2446-2451

Cutting edge: naive T cells masquerading as memory cells. Journal of Immunology 165(4): 1733-1737

Cutting edge: negative regulation of human T cell activation by the receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase CD148. Journal of Immunology 161(8): 03-7

Cutting edge: negative selection of immature thymocytes by a few peptide-MHC complexes: differential sensitivity of immature and mature T cells . Journal of Immunology 162(6): 3117-3120

Cutting edge: neosynthesis is required for the presentation of a T cell epitope from a long-lived viral protein. Journal of Immunology 167(9): 4801-4804

Cutting edge: nociceptin stimulates neutrophil chemotaxis and recruitment: inhibition by aspirin-triggered-15-epi-lipoxin A4. Journal of Immunology 166(6): 3650-3654

Cutting edge: novel RNA ligands able to bind CD4 antigen and inhibit CD4+ T lymphocyte function. Journal of Immunology 160(11): 5209-5212

Cutting edge: nuclear factor of activated T cells and AP-1 are insufficient for IL-2 promoter activation: requirement for CD28 up-regulation of RE/AP. Journal of Immunology 161(12): 55-8

Cutting edge: organogenesis of nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) occurs independently of lymphotoxin-a (LTa) and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor-c, but the organization of NALT is LTa dependent. Journal of Immunology 168(3): 6-90

Cutting edge: outer membrane protein A (OmpA) binds to and activates human macrophages. Journal of Immunology 165(5): 35-40

Cutting edge: p21-activated kinase (PAK) is required for Fas-induced JNK activation in Jurkat cells. Journal of Immunology 160: 11

Cutting edge: paradigm revisited: antibody provides resistance to Listeria infection. Journal of Immunology 163(8): 4087-4090

Cutting edge: passive but not active CD8+ T cell-based immunotherapy interferes with liver tumor progression in a transgenic mouse model. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 33-7

Cutting edge: peripheral neuropeptides attract immature and arrest mature blood-derived dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 166(4): 2167-2172

Cutting edge: persistent fetal microchimerism in T lymphocytes is associated with HLA-DQA1*0501: implications in autoimmunity. Journal of Immunology 164(11): 5545-5548

Cutting edge: phorbol ester induction of IFN-c receptors leads to enhanced DRa gene expression. Journal of Immunology 162(8): 81-4

Cutting edge: physical interaction between dendritic cells and tumor cells results in an immunogen that induces protective and therapeutic tumor rejection. Journal of Immunology 160(7): 81-5

Cutting edge: pig islet xenografts are susceptible to anti-pig but not Gala(1,3)Gal antibody plus complement in Gal o/o mice. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 16-19

Cutting edge: polycomb gene expression patterns reflect distinct B cell differentiation stages in human germinal centers. Journal of Immunology 164(1): 4

Cutting edge: positive selection induced by a self-peptide with TCR antagonist activity. Journal of Immunology 167(11): 6092-6095

Cutting edge: predictable TCR antigen recognition based on peptide scans leads to the identification of agonist ligands with no sequence homology. Journal of Immunology 160(8): 31-6

Cutting edge: predominant expression of a novel Ikaros isoform in normal human hemopoiesis. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 1867-1870

Cutting edge: preferentially the R-stereoisomer of the mycoplasmal lipopeptide macrophage-activating lipopeptide-2 activates immune cells through a toll-like receptor 2- and MyD88-dependent signaling pathway. Journal of Immunology 164(2): 554-557

Cutting edge: presence of progenitors restricted to T, B, or myeloid lineage, but absence of multipotent stem cells, in the murine fetal thymus. Journal of Immunology 161(8): 99-802

Cutting edge: primary structure of the light chain of fusion regulatory protein-1/CD98/4F2 predicts a protein with multiple transmembrane domains that is almost identical to the amino acid transporter E16. Journal of Immunology 162(5): 2462-2466

Cutting edge: proteasome involvement in the degradation of unassembled Ig light chains. Journal of Immunology 163(1): 11-14

Cutting edge: protective effects of notch-1 on TCR-induced apoptosis. Journal of Immunology 162(2): 635-638

Cutting edge: protective response to pulmonary injury requires cd T lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 162(9): 33-6

Cutting edge: protein kinase Cb expression is critical for export of IL-2 from T cells. Journal of Immunology 167(2): 6-40

Cutting edge: purinergic signaling regulates radical-mediated bacterial killing mechanisms in macrophages through a P2X7-independent mechanism. Journal of Immunology 163(2): 558-561

Cutting edge: rapid cloning of tumor-specific CTL suitable for adoptive immunotherapy of melanoma. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 6959-6962

Cutting edge: rapid induction of mitogen-activated protein kinases by immune stimulatory CpG DNA. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 93-7

Cutting edge: receptor-mediated endocytosis of heat shock proteins by professional antigen-presenting cells. Journal of Immunology 162(7): 3757-3760

Cutting edge: recipient MHC class II expression is required to achieve long-term survival of murine cardiac allografts after costimulatory blockade. Journal of Immunology 167(10): 22-6

Cutting edge: recognition of Gram-positive bacterial cell wall components by the innate immune system occurs via Toll-like receptor 2. Journal of Immunology 163(1): 1-5

Cutting edge: recombinant adenoviruses induce CD8 T cell responses to an inserted protein whose expression is limited to nonimmune cells. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4809-4812

Cutting edge: recombinase-activating gene expression and V(D)J recombination in CD4+CD3low mature T lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 164(7): 3455-3459

Cutting edge: recruitment of the CD19/CD21 coreceptor to B cell antigen receptor is required for antigen-mediated expression of Bcl-2 by resting and cycling hen egg lysozyme transgenic B cells. Journal of Immunology 162(8): 4377-4380

Cutting edge: Regulation of CD8(+) T cell proliferation by 2B4/CD48 interactions. Journal of Immunology 167(12): 6706-6710

Cutting edge: repurification of lipopolysaccharide eliminates signaling through both human and murine toll-like receptor 2. Journal of Immunology 165(2): 618-622

Cutting edge: requirement of class I signal sequence-derived peptides for HLA-E recognition by a mouse cytotoxic T cell clone. Journal of Immunology 162(10): 5662-5665

Cutting edge: resistance to apoptosis and continuous proliferation of dendritic cells deficient for TNF receptor-1. Journal of Immunology 165(9): 4792-4796

Cutting edge: restoration of the ability to generate CTL in mice immune to adenovirus by delivery of virus in a collagen-based matrix. Journal of Immunology 166(2): 731-735

Cutting edge: reversal of murine lupus nephritis with CTLA4Ig and cyclophosphamide. Journal of Immunology 166(5): 2913-2916

Cutting edge: role of B lymphocytes in protective immunity against Salmonella typhimurium infection. Journal of Immunology 164(4): 1648-1652

Cutting edge: Role of C-C chemokine receptor 5 in organ-specific and innate immunity to Cryptococcus neoformans. Journal of Immunology 163(9): 4642-4646

Cutting edge: Role of Toll-like receptor 9 in CpG DNA-induced activation of human cells. Journal of Immunology 167(7): 3555-3558

Cutting edge: role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor in inhibiting NK cell activity and preserving immune privilege. Journal of Immunology 160(12): 5693-5696

Cutting edge: role of the inositol phosphatase SHIP in B cell receptor-induced Ca2+ oscillatory response. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 29-32

Cutting edge: Secondary lymphoid organs are essential for maintaining the CD4, but not CD8, naive T cell pool. Journal of Immunology 167(12): 6711-6715

Cutting edge: secondary lymphoid-tissue chemokine (SLC) and CC chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) participate in the emigration pathway of mature dendritic cells from the skin to regional lymph nodes. Journal of Immunology 162(5): 2472-2475

Cutting edge: selective IL-18 requirements for induction of compartment IFN-c responses during viral infection. Journal of Immunology 165(9): 87-91

Cutting edge: selective deamidation by tissue transglutaminase strongly enhances gliadin-specific T cell reactivity. Journal of Immunology 161(4): 85-8

Cutting edge: selective involvement of proteasomes and cysteine proteases in MHC class I antigen presentation. Journal of Immunology 159: 69-72

Cutting edge: selective up-regulation of chemokine receptors CCR4 and CCR8 upon activation of polarized human type 2 Th cells. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 11-15

Cutting edge: selective usage of chemokine receptors by plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 1862-1866

Cutting edge: senescent BALB/c mice exhibit decreased expression of l5 surrogate light chains and reduced development within the pre-B cell compartment. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 72-5

Cutting edge: signal-regulatory protein b1 is a DAP12-associated activating receptor expressed in myeloid cells. Journal of Immunology 164(1): 12

Cutting edge: signals from the B lymphocyte antigen receptor regulate MHC class II containing late endosomes. Journal of Immunology 160(11): 5203-5208

Cutting edge: silencing virus-specific cytotoxic T cell-mediated immune recognition by differential splicing: a novel implication of RNA processing for antigen presentation. Journal of Immunology 162(12): 6963-6966

Cutting edge: soluble HLA-G1 triggers CD95/CD95 ligand-mediated apoptosis in activated CD8+ cells by interacting with CD8. Journal of Immunology 164(12): 6100-6104

Cutting edge: species specificity of the CC chemokine 6Ckine signaling through the CXC chemokine receptor CXCR3: human 6Ckine is not a ligand for the human or mouse CXCR3 receptors. Journal of Immunology 162(7): 3765-3769

Cutting edge: stable epigenetic inheritance of regional IFN-c promoter demethylation in CD44high CD8+ T lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 162(9): 53-7

Cutting edge: stimulation of CD28 with B7-2 promotes focal adhesion-like cell contacts where Rho family small G proteins accumulate in T cells. Journal of Immunology 160: 7

Cutting edge: stromal cell-derived factor-1 is a costimulator for CD4+ T cell activation. Journal of Immunology 164(10): 5010-5014

Cutting edge: structural requirements for galactosylceramide recognition by CD1-restricted NK T cells. Journal of Immunology 161(10): 24-8

Cutting edge: sustained expansion of CD8+ T cells requires CD154 expression by Th cells in acute graft versus host disease. Journal of Immunology 162(8): 4373-4376

Cutting edge: systemic inhibition of angiogenesis underlies resistance to tumors during acute toxoplasmosis. Journal of Immunology 166(10): 5878-5881

Cutting edge: targeted disruption of the C3a receptor gene demonstrates a novel protective anti-inflammatory role for C3a in endotoxin-shock. Journal of Immunology 165(10): 5406-5409

Cutting edge: telomerase activation in human T lymphocytes does not require increase in telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) protein but is associated with hTERT phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4826-4830

Cutting edge: the B cell surface protein CD72 recruits the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 upon tyrosine phosphorylation. Journal of Immunology 160(10): 62-5

Cutting edge: the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase is an inhibitor of Lck activity in thymocytes. Journal of Immunology 162(4): 1879-1883

Cutting edge: the Ets1 transcription factor is required for the development of NK T cells in mice. Journal of Immunology 164(6): 2857-2860

Cutting edge: the HLA-A*0101-restricted HY minor histocompatibility antigen originates from DFFRY and contains a cysteinylated cysteine residue as identified by a novel mass spectrometric technique. Journal of Immunology 163(12): 6360-6364

Cutting edge: the T cell chemoattractant IFN-inducible protein 10 is essential in host defense against viral-induced neurologic disease. Journal of Immunology 165(5): 27-30

Cutting edge: the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein is required for efficient phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Journal of Immunology 166(8): 4831-4834

Cutting edge: the absence of C3 demonstrates a role for complement in Th2 effector functions in a murine model of pulmonary allergy. Journal of Immunology 167(8): 4141-4145

Cutting edge: the chemokine receptor CCR8 is preferentially expressed in Th2 but not Th1 cells. Journal of Immunology 161(2): 7-51

Cutting edge: the chicken TCR z-chain restores the function of a mouse T cell hybridoma. Journal of Immunology 160(4): 52-4

Cutting edge: the class II transactivator prevents activation-induced cell death by inhibiting Fas ligand gene expression. Journal of Immunology 166(5): 2917-2921

Cutting edge: the common g-chain is an indispensable subunit of the IL-21 receptor complex. Journal of Immunology 167(1): 5

Cutting edge: the dendritic cell cytoskeleton is critical for the formation of the immunological synapse. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 52-6

Cutting edge: the expression in vivo of a second isoform of pTa: implications for the mechanism of pTa action. Journal of Immunology 161(1): 16

Cutting edge: the human cytomegalovirus UL40 gene product contains a ligand for HLA-E and prevents NK cell-mediated lysis. Journal of Immunology 164(10): 5019-5022

Cutting edge: the induction of acute phase proteins by lipopolysaccharide uses a novel pathway that is CD14-independent. Journal of Immunology 160(6): 70-2

Cutting edge: the mouse NK cell-associated antigen recognized by DX5 monoclonal antibody is CD49b (a2 integrin, very late antigen-2). Journal of Immunology 167(3): 41-4

Cutting edge: the mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin redirects vaccine proteins into olfactory tissues. Journal of Immunology 165(9): 4778-4782

Cutting edge: the neurotoxic prion peptide fragment PrP106-126 is a chemotactic agonist for the G protein-coupled receptor formyl peptide receptor-like 1. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 48-51

Cutting edge: the nucleotide receptor P2X7 contains multiple protein- and lipid-interaction motifs including a potential binding site for bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Immunology 167(4): 1871-1876

Cutting edge: the related molecules CD28 and inducible costimulator deliver both unique and complementary signals required for optimal T cell activation. Journal of Immunology 166(1): 5

Cutting edge: the tumor counterattack hypothesis revisited: colon cancer cells do not induce T cell apoptosis via the Fas (CD95, APO-1) pathway. Journal of Immunology 164(10): 5023-5027

Cutting edge: the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 regulates thymocyte positive selection. Journal of Immunology 162(10): 5680-5684

Cutting edge: thymic positive selection and peripheral activation of islet antigen-specific T cells: separation of two diabetogenic steps by an I-Ag7 class II MHC b-chain mutant. Journal of Immunology 161(9): 89-92

Cutting edge: thymic selection and autoreactivity are regulated by multiple coreceptors involved in T cell activation. Journal of Immunology 163(7): 3577-3581

Cutting edge: transcutaneous immunization with cholera toxin protects mice against lethal mucosal toxin challenge. Journal of Immunology 161(7): 11-14

Cutting edge: transmembrane phosphoprotein Csk-binding protein/phosphoprotein associated with glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains as a negative feedback regulator of mast cell signaling through the FceRI. Journal of Immunology 168(5): 87-90

Cutting edge: trimolecular interaction of TCR with MHC class II and bacterial superantigen shows a similar affinity to MHC:peptide ligands. Journal of Immunology 163(1): 6-10

Cutting edge: tumor secreted heat shock-fusion protein elicits CD8 cells for rejection. Journal of Immunology 163(10): 5178-5182

Cutting edge: typhlocolitis in NF-kB-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 166(3): 43-7

Cutting edge: tyrosine-independent transmission of inhibitory signals by CTLA-4. Journal of Immunology 164(1): 8

Cutting edge: virus-activated CD8 T cells and lymphokine-activated NK cells express the mast cell function-associated antigen, an inhibitory C-type lectin. Journal of Immunology 161(12): 51-4

Cutting edges in biometry. Biometrics 40: 7-39

Cutting erosion off at the pass. American Nurseryman 7): 4

Cutting frequency and nitrogen fertilization effects on yield and nitrogen concentration of switchgrass in a short area . Crop Science 39(2): 2-7

Cutting green tape (book review). American Journal of Agricultural Economics 83(2): 8-9

Cutting herbicide rates: False economy?. Southwest Farm Press 29(19

Cutting out the middle man. Nature 442: 7-18

Cutting service keeps retailers up to standard. Farmers Weekly 137(22

Cutting strawberry production cost. American Fruit Grower 122(2): GLI-2 GLI

Cutting the cost of environmental policy: lessons from business response to CFC regulation. Ambio 4-8

Cutting the weed control bill. American Fruit Grower 112

Cutting through illusions. American Forests 98

Cutting through the confusion. American Nurseryman 184: 4

Cutting to success. American Nurseryman 187(6): 26

Cutting to the point. American Nurseryman 187: 5

Cutting-edge convention captivates equine practitioners. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 214(3): 3

Cuttings a flop? Try a mist bench. American Horticulturist 68

Cuttings by force. Brooklyn Botanic Garden Record, Plants and Gardens 40

Cuttings from my garden notebooks (book review). Horticulture 95(6

Cutworms (Noctuidae family). Organic Gardening (1988) 41

Cux/CDP homeoprotein is a component of NF-mNR and represses the immunoglobulin heavy chain intronic enhancer by antagonizing the bright transcription activator. Molecular and Cellular Biology ): 4-95

Cyanide. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 107 : 64

Cyanide compounds in biology (book review). HortScience 25: 18-19

Cyanide in biology (book review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 58: 3

Cyanide metabolism and b-cyanoalanine formation by washed, non-proliferating cultures of Chromobacterium violaceum: studies with radiolabeled cyanide. The Journal of General Microbiology 128: 83-9

Cyanine blue: a versatile and harmless stain for specimen observation. Copeia(4): 0-1

Cyanobacterial two-component proteins: structure, diversity, distribution, and evolution. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 70(2): 472-509

Cyanobacterial biomass production in saline media. Plant and Soil 89(1 3 ): 7-16

Cyanobacterial exopolysaccharides: their nature and potential biotechnological applications. Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews 18: 375-404

Cyanobacterial stimulation of growth and oxygen uptake by Legionella pneumophila. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 46(2): 528-531

Cyanobacterial toxins and human health. Symposium Series 27: 35s-40s

Cyanobacterial water-blooms. Advances in Botanical Research 13 : 143

Cyanogenic Eucalyptus nobilis is polymorphic for both prunasin and specific b-glucosidases. Phytochemistry 63(6): 9-704

Cyanohydrin glycosides of Passiflora: distribution pattern, a saturated cyclopentane derivative from P. guatemalensis, and formation of pseudocyanogenic a-hydroxyamides as isolation artefacts. Phytochemistry 59(5): 1-11

Cybernetic model for synthesis of poly-b-hydroxybutyric acid in Alcaligenes eutrophus. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 43: 43-51

Cyberspace and pest management. American Fruit Grower 116

Cycads of South Africa (book review). The Garden (London, England) 110: 3

Cycads of the world (book review). Taxon 43: 2

Cycads: the endangered living fossils- Cycadas. Economic Botany 55(2): 6-7

Cyclamen (book review). Taxon 46: 9-600

Cyclamen conservation and cultivation. The Garden (London, England) 109: 6-18

Cyclamen for garden use. Brooklyn Botanic Garden Record, Plants and Gardens 47 Summer : 3

Cycle de developpement, croissance et production de Sphaerium striatinum (Bivalvia: Pisidiidae) dans le Saint-Laurent (Quebec). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 6212: 2418-2424

Cycle de developpement, ecologie et succes d'Hippomedon propinquus (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) dans deux ecosystemes du golfe du Saint-Laurent. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 6512: 3116-3132

Cycle evolutif du Nemhelix bakeri Morand et Petter (Nematoda, Cosmocercidae), parasite de l'appareil genital de l'Helix aspersa Muller (Gastropoda, Helicidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 668: 1796-1802

Cycled total parenteral nutrition: is it more effective?. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 65(4): 1078-1079

Cycles in ocean productivity, trends in habitat quality, and the restoration of salmon runs in Oregon. Fisheries (Bethesda) 18(8): 6-10

Cycles of contigency (book review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 77(2): 7

Cycles of life (book review). Nature 386: 6

Cycles of soil (book review). Soil Science 144: 7-8

Cycles, Cyclones, and IFT. Food Technology 59(10

Cyclic (1- >2)-b- D-glucan hydrolyzing enzymes from Acremonium sp. 15 purification and some properties of endo-(1- >2)-b- D-glucanase and b- D-glucosidase. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 51: 01-8

Cyclic ADP-ribose and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate as alternate second messengers for intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in normal and diabetic b-cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(5): 97-500

Cyclic AMP Directly Activates NasP, an N-Acyl Amino Acid Antibiotic Biosynthetic Enzyme Cloned from an Uncultured b-Proteobacterium. Journal of Bacteriology 189(17): 87-9

Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein Positively Regulates Production of lFN-g by T Cells in Response to a Microbial Pathogen. Journal of Immunology 174(10): 57-63

Cyclic AMP activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in Th2 cells: phosphorylation of GATA-3 and stimulation of Th2 cytokine gene expression. Journal of Immunology 165(10): 5597-5605

Cyclic AMP and Ca2+-activated K+ transport in a human colonic epithelial cell line. Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(26): 14163-14172

Cyclic AMP and NH3/NH4+ both regulate cell-type-specific mRNA accumulation in the cellular slime mold, Dictyostelium discoideum. Developmental Biology 117(2): 557-566

Cyclic AMP and calcium regulation at a transcriptional level the expression of the CD7 leukocyte differentiation antigen. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 267: 026-31

Cyclic AMP and ethanol interact to control apoptosis and differentiation in hypothalamic b-endorphin neurons. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 269: 697-705

Cyclic AMP and other signals controlling cell development and differentiation in Dictyostelium. Annual Review of Biochemistry 56: 853-879

Cyclic AMP and the induction of eukaryotic gene transcription. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(19): 9063-9066

Cyclic AMP as a determinant for glucose induction of fast Ca2+ oscillations in isolated pancreatic b-cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 266: 207-10

Cyclic AMP as a modulator of NaCl transport in gills of the euryhaline Chinese crab Eriocheir sinensis. Marine Biology (Berlin) 104.2: 191-195

Cyclic AMP blocks bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced myosin light chain phosphorylation in endothelial cells through inhibition of Rho/Rho kinase signaling. Journal of Immunology 164(12): 6543-6549

Cyclic AMP changes in the component cells of Graafian follicles: possible influences on maturation in the follicle-enclosed oocytes of hamsters. Developmental Biology 118(2): 343-351

Cyclic AMP in prokaryotes. Annual Review of Microbiology 28(0): 353-369

Cyclic AMP induces transforming growth factor b2 gene expression and growth arrest in the human androgen-independent prostate carcinoma cell line PC-3. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 89: 56-60

Cyclic AMP inhibits Na+/H+ exchange at the apical membrane of Necturus gallbladder epithelium. Journal of General Physiology 85(3): 409-429

Cyclic AMP is an inhibitor of stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium discoideum. Developmental Biology 126(1): 108-114

Cyclic AMP levels during the maturation of Xenopus oocytes. Developmental Biology 108(1): 254-258

Cyclic AMP may not be involved in catabolite repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: evidence from mutants unable to synthesize it. Journal of Bacteriology 156(2): 898-900

Cyclic AMP mediates inhibition of the Na(+)-K+ electrogenic pump by serotonin in tactile sensory neurones of the leech. Journal of Physiology 462: 229-242

Cyclic AMP modulates Ca-activated K channel in cultured smooth muscle cells of rat aortas. American Journal of Physiology 255(4 Pt 2): H754-H759

Cyclic AMP modulation of ion transport across frog retinal pigment epithelium. Measurements in the short-circuit state. Journal of General Physiology 83(6): 853-874

Cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase in Salmonella typhimurium: characteristics and physiological function. Journal of Bacteriology 160(2): 826-830

Cyclic AMP phosphodiesterases and Ca2+ current regulation in cardiac cells. Life Sciences 48(25): 2365-2376

Cyclic AMP receptor protein from yeast mitochondria: submitochondrial localization and preliminary characterization. Journal of Bacteriology 161(1): 7-12

Cyclic AMP regulates an inward rectifying sodium-potassium current in dissociated bull-frog sympathetic neurones. Journal of Physiology 420: 409-429

Cyclic AMP regulates expression of the RIa subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase through an alternatively spliced 5' UTR. European Journal of Biochemistry 268(22): 20-9

Cyclic AMP regulation of Gs protein. Thyrotropin and forskolin increase the quantity of stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding proteins in cultured thyroid follicles. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(32): 19942-6

Cyclic AMP relaxes swine arterial smooth muscle predominantly by decreasing cell Ca2+ concentration. Journal of Physiology 439: 147-160

Cyclic AMP responsiveness of human gonadotropin-a gene transcription is directed by a repeated 18-base pair enhancer. a-promoter receptivity to the enhancer confers cell-preferential expression. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 262: 169-74

Cyclic AMP selectivity increases renin mRNA stability in cultured juxtaglomerular cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 268: 138-44

Cyclic AMP signaling pathways are important in IL-1b transcriptional regulation. Journal of Immunology 155: 35-43

Cyclic AMP stabilizes the mRNA for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) against degradation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(16): 7747-7752

Cyclic AMP stimulation of Cl- secretion by the opercular epithelium: the apical membrane chloride conductance. Journal of Experimental Zoology 238(2): 141-146

Cyclic AMP synergy with Ca2+ for production of IFN-c by a cytolytic T cell clone is post-transcriptional. Journal of Immunology 146: 82-7

Cyclic AMP triggers large (Ca2+)i oscillations in glucose-stimulated b-cells from ob/ob mice. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 269: 20-4

Cyclic AMP- and inositol phosphate-independent inhibition of Ca2+ influx by cholera toxin in CD3-stimulated Jurkat T cells. A study with a cholera toxin-resistant cell variant and the Ca2+ endoplasmic reticulum-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin. Journal of Immunology 147(3): 757-766

Cyclic AMP- and phorbol ester-induced transcriptional activation are mediated by the same enhancer element in the human vasoactive intestinal peptide gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(6): 3882-3887

Cyclic AMP-Stimulated Interaction between Steroidogenic Factor 1 and Diacylglycerol Kinase j Facilitates Induction of CYP17. Molecular and Cellular Biology 27(19): 69-85

Cyclic AMP-dependent and -independent regulation of cholesterol side chain cleavage cytochrome P-450 (P-450scc) in rat ovarian granulosa cells and corpora lutea. cDNA and deduced amino acid sequence of rat P-450scc. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(36): 21934-21942

Cyclic AMP-dependent initiation and p-dependent termination of colicin E1 gene transcription. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 258: 72-8

Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of the a subunit of the sodium channel in synaptic nerve ending particles. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 259: 10-18

Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of the precursor to b subunit of mitochondrial F1-ATPase: a physiological mistake?. The Journal of Cell Biology 98: 74-8

Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of two size forms of a1 subunits of L-type calcium channels in rat skeletal muscle cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 265: 839-48

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase controls basal gene activity and steroidogenesis in Y1 adrenal tumor cells. Biochemistry 31(14): 3720-3726

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase interferes with GTPcS stimulated IP3 formation in differentiated HL-60 cell membranes. Life Sciences 45(18 ): 71-8

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase is not involved in the in vivo activation of tyrosine hydroxylase in the adrenal gland after decapitation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 259(14): 9269-9276

Cyclic AMP-induced Forkhead transcription factor, FKHR, cooperates with CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein b in differentiating human endometrial stromal cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(23): 825-32

Cyclic AMP-induced Mg2+ release from rat liver hepatocytes, permeabilized hepatocytes, and isolated mitochondria. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(36): 24376-24384

Cyclic AMP-induced chloride permeability in the apical membrane of Necturus gallbladder epithelium. Journal of General Physiology 81(5): 705-729

Cyclic AMP-mediated augmentation of thrombomodulin gene expression: cell type-dependent usage of control regions. Experimental Cell Research 208(1): 75-83

Cyclic AMP-mediated stabilization of osteocalcin mRNA in rat osteoblast-like cells treated with parathyroid hormone. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(34): 18574-7

Cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate response element binding protein plays a central role in mediating proliferation and differentiation downstream of the pre-TCR complex in developing thymocytes. Journal of Immunology 173(3): 1802-1810

Cyclic GMP and photoreceptor function. Faseb Journal 4(12): 3001-3008

Cyclic GMP in the nervous system. Federation Proceedings (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) 42: 98-113

Cyclic GMP modulates depletion-activated Ca2+ entry in pancreatic acinar cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(15): 10808-10812

Cyclic GMP stimulates Na+/Ca2+ exchange in vascular smooth muscle cells in primary culture. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(19): 12337-12341

Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase stimulates the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump ATPase of vascular smooth muscle via phosphorylation of a 240-kDa protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(29): 19819-19825

Cyclic GMP-dependent stimulation of the membrane-bound insulin-sensitive cAMP phosphodiesterase from rat adipocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(28): 16458-16464

Cyclic GMP-independent mechanisms contribute to the inhibition of platelet adhesion by nitric oxide donor: A role for a-actinin nitration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(9): 34-9

Cyclic Peptide Analysis of the Biologically Active Loop Region in the Laminin a3 Chain LG4 Module Demonstrates the Importance of Peptide Conformation on Biological Activity. Biochemistry (American Chemical Society) 46(7): 52-60

Cyclic Peptides from the Loop Region of the Laminin a4 Chain LG4 Module Show Enhanced Biological Activity over Linear Peptides. Biochemistry (American Chemical Society) 43(42): 590-7

Cyclic RGD peptide inhibits a4b1 interaction with connecting segment 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 269: 668-73

Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate increases the open probability of potassium channels in activated human T cells. Journal of Immunology 157(3): 1080-1086

Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate mediates b-receptor actions of noradrenaline in rat hippocampal pyramidal cells. The Journal of Physiology 372: 5-59

Cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase. Comparison of type II enzymes from bovine brain, skeletal muscle, and cardiac muscle. Journal of Biological Chemistry 258(6): 3950-3955

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate differently affects the response of mouse pancreatic b-cells to various amino acids. The Journal of Physiology 381: 93

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels and the function of skin microvascular endothelial cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology 142(2): 272-283

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, calcium, acetylcholine and the current induced by adenosine in the Xenopus oocyte. Journal of Physiology 374: 551-569

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate-mediated induction of F9 teratocarcinoma differentiation in the absence of retinoic acid. Journal of Cellular Physiology 143(2): 205-212

Cyclic amplification and selection of targets for multicomponent complexes: myogenin interacts with factors recognizing binding sites for basic helix-loop-helix, nuclear factor 1, myocyte-specific enhancer-binding factor 2, and COMP1 factor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 89(20): 9484-9488

Cyclic assembly-disassembly of cortical microtubules during maturation and early development of starfish oocytes. Developmental Biology 103(2): 493-503

Cyclic b-glucans of members of the family Rhizobiaceae. Microbiological Reviews 58: 5-61

Cyclic changes in the organization of cell adhesions and the associated cytoskeleton, induced by stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation in bovine aortic endothelial cells. Journal of Cell Science 110: 547-556

Cyclic designs (book review). Biometrics 45: 4

Cyclic dipeptide oxidase from Streptomyces noursei. Isolation, purification and partial characterization of a novel, amino acyl a,b-dehydrogenase. European Journal of Biochemistry 268(6): 12-21

Cyclic dominance and optimal escapement of Adams River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47: 8-49

Cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate regulates the calcium current in single cells from frog ventricle. Journal of Physiology 387: 453-472

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate increases hydraulic conductivity in rabbit and rat CCT. American Journal of Physiology 255(5 Pt 2): F841-F846

Cyclic lactam analogues of Ac-(Nle4)a-MSH4-11-NH2. Biochemistry (American Chemical Society) 27: 81-8

Cyclic mechanical strain inhibits skeletal myogenesis through activation of focal adhesion kinase, Rac-1 GTPase, and NF-kB transcription factor. FASEB Journal 18(13): 24-35

Cyclic motor activity in the fetal rat (Rattus norvegicus). Journal of Comparative Psychology 102(1): 78-82

Cyclic neutropenia in a feline leukemia-positive cat: a case report. The Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 20: 3-7

Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3B is a downstream target of protein kinase B and may be involved in regulation of effects of protein kinase B on thymidine incorporation in FDCP2 cells. Journal of Immunology 164(9): 4678-4688

Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type IV participates in the regulation of IL-10 and in the subsequent inhibition of TNF-a and IL-6 release by endotoxin-stimulated macrophages. Journal of Immunology 155: 09-16

Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (book review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 60: 9

Cyclic nucleotide- and inositol phosphate-gated ion channels in lobster olfactory neurons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91: 64-8

Cyclic nucleotide-binding domains in proteins having diverse functions. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(9): 5723-5726

Cyclic nucleotide-dependent regulation of Mn2+ influx, (Ca2+)i, and arterial smooth muscle relaxation. American Journal of Physiology 263: 68-73

Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels: an extended family with diverse functions. Annual Review of Physiology 58: 395-426

Cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinases from ribosomes and phosphorylation of a single 40S ribosomal subunit protein in zoospores of Blastocladiella emersonii. Journal of Bacteriology 154(3): 1467-1471

Cyclic nucleotide-mediated modulation of the pyloric motor pattern in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab Cancer borealis. The Biological Bulletin 181: 9-30

Cyclic nucleotides alter intracellular free Mg2+ in renal epithelial cells. American Journal of Physiology 262(6 Pt 2): F1100-4

Cyclic nucleotides in the nervous system (book review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 60: 1-2

Cyclic nucleotides suppress tumor necrosis factor a-mediated apoptosis by inhibiting caspase activation and cytochrome c release in primary hepatocytes via a mechanism independent of Akt activation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(17): 026-34

Cyclic population dynamics and random perturbations. Journal of Animal Ecology 65(2): 249-251

Cyclic regulation of CD45 isoform expression in a long term human CD4+CD45RA+ T cell line. Journal of Immunology 146(4): 1175-1183

Cyclic stretch increases VEGF expression in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells via TGF-b1 and reactive oxygen species: a requirement for NAD(P)H oxidase. American Journal of Physiology 289(2): 88-L298

Cyclic tensile strain acts as an antagonist of IL-1b actions in chondrocytes. Journal of Immunology 165(1): 3-60

Cyclic tensile stress exerts antiinflammatory actions on chondrocytes by inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase. Journal of Immunology 163(4): 2187-2192

Cyclic-AMP modulates downstream events in CD40-mediated signal transduction, but inhibition of protein kinase A has no direct effect on CD40 signaling. Journal of Immunology 159: 71-80

Cyclic-AMP-dependent switch in initiation of transcription from the two promoters of the Escherichia coli gal operon: identification and assay of 5'-triphosphate ends of mRNA by GTP:RNA guanyltransferase. Journal of Bacteriology 171(3): 1623-1630

Cyclin A recruits p33cdk2 to the cellular transcription factor DRTF1. Journal of Cell Science. Supplement 16: 77-85

Cyclin B mRNA depletion only transiently inhibits the Xenopus embryonic cell cycle. Development 111(4): 1173-1178

Cyclin D1 Repression of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor c Expression and Transactivation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 23(17): 59-73

Cyclin D3 Maintains Growth-Inhibitory Activity of C/EBPa by Stabilizing C/EBPa-cdk2 and C/EBPa-Brm Complexes. Molecular and Cellular Biology 26(7): 70-82

Cyclin E overexpression impairs progression through mitosis by inhibiting APC(Cdh1). Journal of Cell Biology 178(3): 371-385

Cyclin E2 is required for embryogenesis in Xenopus laevis. Developmental Biology 310(2): 341-347

Cyclin guides the way. Nature 434: 5

Cyclin synthesis and degradation and the embryonic cell cycle. Journal of Cell Science. Supplement 12: 65-76

Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16INK4A inhibits phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II by general transcription factor TFIIH. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(10): 5427-5430

Cyclin-dependent kinases: engines, clocks, and microprocessors. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology 13: 261-291

Cycling antibiotics may not be good for your health. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(36): 13101-2

Cycling of O-linked b-N-acetylglucosamine on nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Nature 446: 17-22

Cycling of calcite in hard water lakes of different trophic states. Limnology and Oceanography 51(4): 78-88

Cycling of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems (book review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 58: 1-2

Cycling of human dendritic cell effector phenotypes in response to TNF-a: modification of the current 'maturation' paradigm and implications for in vivo immunoregulation. The FASEB Journal 13(14): 21-30

Cycling of intracellular free calcium and intracellular pH in Xenopus embryos: a possible role in the control of the cell cycle. Journal of Cell Science 99: 5-11

Cycling of reduced gases in the hydrosphere (book review). Environmental Pollution 97(3 ): 7-8

Cycling of selenite and selenate in marine phytoplankton. Marine Biology (Berlin) 98.1: 115-123

Cycling toward Stockholm. Science 294(5542): 2-3

Cyclins D2 and D1 Are Essential for Postnatal Pancreatic b-Cell Growth. Molecular and Cellular Biology 25(9): 52-62

Cyclins and cancer. Cell 66(6): 1071-1074

Cyclins and their partners during Xenopus oocyte maturation. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 56: 437-447

Cyclins, Cdks, and cyclin kinase inhibitors. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 59: 31-38

Cyclization characteristics of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase are conferred by the NH2-terminal region of the enzyme. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58(12): 4016-4025

Cyclization of squalene-2,3-epoxide to 10a-cucurbita-5,24-dien-3b-ol by microsomes from Cucurbita maxima seedlings. Phytochemistry 22(4 ): 5-21

Cycloart-25-en-3b-ol from Euphorbia nivulia. Phytochemistry 25(1 ): 7-8

Cyclobutane-type pyrimidine photodimer formation and excision in human skin fibroblasts after irradiation with 313-nm ultraviolet light. Biochemistry 22(6): 1390-1395

Cyclocryotherapy- clinical comparison of liquid nitrogen and nitrous oxide cryotherapy on glaucomatous eyes. The Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 20: 8-33

Cyclocryotherapy- evaluation of a liquid nitrogen system. The Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 20: 3-7

Cyclodextrin formation by the thermostable a-amylase of Thermonanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 and reclassification of the enzyme as a cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 57-65

Cyclodextrin-facilitated bioconversion of 17b-estradiol by a phenoloxidase from Mucuna pruriens cell cultures. Phytochemistry 29(5 ): 51-4

Cyclodextrins are not the major cyclic a-1,4-glucans produced by the initial action of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on amylose. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 272: 729-33

Cyclodiene insecticide, DDE, DDT, arsenic, and mercury contamination of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) foraging at a Colorado Superfund site. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40(1): 2-20

Cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydratases of Geobacter metallireducens and Syntrophus aciditrophicus: Evidence for a common benzoyl-CoA degradation pathway in facultative and strict anaerobes. Journal of Bacteriology 189(3): 1055-1060

Cyclohexenoesculetin-b- D-glucoside: a new substrate for the detection of bacterial b- D-glucosidase. Journal of Applied Microbiology 82: 2-6

Cyclomaltodextrin, neopullulanase,and maltogenic amylase are nearly indistinguishable from each other. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(24): 891-7

Cyclone: java-based querying and computing with Pathway/Genome databases. Bioinformatics 23(10): 1299-1300

Cyclonerodiol from a novel source, Trichoderma koningii: plant growth regulatory activity. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 55: 3-4

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 Inhibitor Celecoxib Abrogates TNF-Induced NF-kB Activation through Inhibition of Activation of IkBa Kinase and Akt in Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: Correlation with Suppression of COX-2 Synthesis. Journal of Immunology 173(3): 11-22

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-1 Potentiate b-Amyloid Peptide Generation through Mechanisms That Involve c-Secretase Activity. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(51): 970-7

Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibition Promotes IFN-g-Dependent Enhancement of Antitumor Responses. Journal of Immunology 175(2): 3-19

Cyclooxygenase inhibition enhances rat interleukin 1b-induced growth of rat mesangial cells in culture. American Journal of Physiology 259: 4

Cyclooxygenase-1-dependent Prostaglandin Synthesis Modulates Tumor Necrosis Factor-a Secretion in Lipopolysaccharide-challenged Murine Resident Peritoneal Macrophages. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(33): 256-68

Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression in Cultured Cortical Thick Ascending Limb of Henle Increases in Response to Decreased Extracellular Ionic Content by Both Transcriptional and Post-transcriptional Mechanisms. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(47): 638-43

Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibits Tumor Necrosis Factor a-mediated Apoptosis in Renal Glomerular Mesangial Cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(12): 629-40

Cyclooxygenase-2 and presenilin-1 gene expression induced by interleukin-1b and amyloid b42 peptide is potentiated by hypoxia in primary human neural cells. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(33): 359-67

Cyclooxygenase-2 is induced in monocytes by peroxisome proliferator activated receptor c and oxidized alkyl phospholipids from oxidized low density lipoprotein. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(15): 029-36

Cyclooxygenase-2-dependent delayed prostaglandin D2 generation is initiated by nerve growth factor in rat peritoneal mast cells: its augmentation by extracellular type II secretory phospholipase A2. Journal of Immunology 159(1): 439-446

Cyclooxygenase-2-regulated vascular endothelial growth factor release in gastric fibroblasts. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 287(2): G444-G451

Cyclopentenone prostaglandins as potential inducers of phase II detoxification enzymes. 15-deoxy-D12,14-prostaglandin J2-induced expression of glutathione S-transferases. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(15): 291-9

Cyclopentyl and q-5 monounsaturated fatty acids from red algae of the Solieriaceae. Phytochemistry 29(7 ): 61-3

Cyclophilin A Renders Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Sensitive to Old World Monkey but Not Human TRIM5a Antiviral Activity. Journal of Virology 80(10): 83-90

Cyclophilin A and TRIM5a Independently Regulate Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infectivity in Human Cells. Journal of Virology 80(6): 55-62

Cyclophilin A is required for TRIM5a-mediated resistance to HIV-1 in Old World monkey cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(41): 849-53

Cyclophosphamide induces the development of early myeloid cells suppressing tumor cell growth by a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. Journal of Immunology 166(11): 6608-6615

Cyclophosphamide-induced in vivo sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) in Mus musculus. Quantitative genetic analysis. Genetics 105: 9-79

Cyclopiazonic acid depletes intracellular Ca2+ stores and activates an influx pathway for divalent cations in HL-60 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(4): 2318-2324

Cyclopiazonic acid is a specific inhibitor of the Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(30): 17816-17823

Cyclospora sp: life cycle studies in patient by electron-microscopy. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 43: 8S-129S

Cyclospora: a wake-up call. American Fruit Grower 116

Cyclosporin A Prevents the Hypoxic Adaptation by Activating Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1a Pro-564 Hydroxylation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(16): 406-11

Cyclosporin A enhances IL-12 production by CpG motifs in bacterial DNA and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides. Journal of Immunology 161(8): 3930-3935

Cyclosporin A improves the glucose tolerance of young diabetics. Nutrition Reviews 47(4): 123-124

Cyclosporin A inhibits Ca2+-mediated upregulation of the DNA repair enzyme DNA polymerase b in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. European Journal of Biochemistry 264(3): 2-9

Cyclosporin A inhibits degranulation of rat basophilic leukemia cells and human basophils. Inhibition of mediator release without affecting PI hydrolysis or Ca2+ fluxes. Journal of Immunology 144(7): 2659-2664

Cyclosporin A inhibits inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding to its receptors and release of calcium from intracellular stores in peritoneal macrophages. Journal of Immunology 161(11): 6122-6127

Cyclosporin A inhibits positive selection and delays negative selection in ab TCR transgenic mice. Journal of Immunology 152: 53-9

Cyclosporin A inhibits rDNA transcription in lymphosarcoma P1798 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(33): 16150-6

Cyclosporin A rescues thymocytes from apoptosis induced by very low concentrations of thapsigargin: effects on mitochondrial function. Experimental Cell Research 227(2): 264-276

Cyclosporin A, FK-506, and rapamycin: pharmacologic probes of lymphocyte signal transduction. Annual Review of Immunology 10: 519-560

Cyclosporin A, the cyclophilin class of peptidylprolyl isomerases, and blockade of T cell signal transduction. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(19): 13115-8

Cyclosporin A-induced autologous graft-versus-host disease: a prototypical model of autoimmunity and active (dominant) tolerance coordinately induced by recent thymic emigrants. Journal of Immunology 162(11): 6926-6933

Cyclosporin A-resistant transactivation of the IL-2 promoter requires activity of okadaic acid-sensitive serine/threonine phosphatases. Journal of Immunology 161(4): 1803-1810

Cyclosporin fungus identified. Nature Biotechnology 14: 25-8

Cyclosporine A inhibits Ca2+-dependent stimulation of the Na+/H+ antiport in human T cells. Journal of Cell Biology 103(2): 457-463

Cyclosporine A inhibits prostaglandin E2 release, and has no effect on renin secretion, from rat cortical slices. Life Sciences 47(17 ): 79-86

Cyclosporine augments receptor-mediated cellular Ca2+ fluxes in isolated hepatocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(25): 13613-8

Cyclosporine-insensitive partial signaling and multiple roles of Ca2+ in Fas ligand-induced lysis. Journal of Immunology 159(7): 3140-3147

Cyclostephanos lacrimis n. sp. and Cyclostephanos guatemalae n. sp.: two new centric diatoms from the fossil record of Guatemala. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 108: 86

Cyclostome models for speculation on evolution of vertebrate endocrine systems. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Supplement 4: 137-141

Cyld Inhibits Tumor Cell Proliferation by Blocking Bcl-3-Dependent NF-kB Signaling. Cell 125(4): 5-77

Cylindrocarpon destructans var. destructans. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 20(1): 5-17

Cynicism and politics dominate UN biotechnology deliberations. Nature Biotechnology 17(6): 5

Cynomolgus monkeys do not develop tolerance to opioids. Behavioral Neuroscience 97(2): 327-330

Cyotomedical (i.e. cytomedical) therapy for insulinopenic diabetes using microencapsulated pancreatic b cell lines. Life Sciences 71(15): 17-29

Cypermethrin in pesticide formulations: capillary gas chromatographic method. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 68: 0

Cyperus papyrus. American Nurseryman 10

Cypher, a striated muscle-restricted PDZ and LIM domain-containing protein, binds to a-actinin-2 and protein kinase C. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(28): 807-13

Cyphomandra (Solanaceae) (book review). Economic Botany 49: 9

Cypress Creek's piecework system has increased productivity and employee satisfaction. American Nurseryman 161: 5

Cypress Gardens: horticulture ties the attraction together. American Nurseryman 162: 3-4

Cypress creek: a nursery built with persistence and dedication. American Nurseryman 162: 6

Cyprinid fishes (book review). Copeia(1): 8-9

Cyprinid prey remains in otter Lutra lutra faeces: some words of caution. Journal of Zoology 245 pt2: 8-44

Cyprinodon verecundus, n. sp., a fifth species of pupfish from Laguna Chichancanab. Copeia(1): 68

Cypris habitat selection facilitated by microbial films influences the vertical distribution of subtidal barnacle Balanus trigonus. Microbial Ecology 51(4): 431-440

Cyprus flora in colour (book review). Taxon 46: 8

Cyr61 Expression Confers Resistance to Apoptosis in Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells by a Mechanism of NF-kB-dependent XIAP Up-Regulation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(23): 015-23

Cyr61 mediates the expression of VEGF, av-integrin, and a-actin genes through cytoskeletally based mechanotransduction mechanisms in bladder smooth muscle cells. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(6): 44-54

Cyril West. The Journal of Horticultural Science 61: 5

Cys-93-bb-succinimidophenyl polyethylene glycol 2000 hemoglobin A. Intramolecular cross-bridging of hemoglobin outside the central cavity. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(8): 27-34

Cys-tRNA(Pro) editing by Haemophilus influenzae YbaK via a novel synthetase.YbaK.tRNA ternary complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(41): 34465-34472

Cys577 is a conformationally mobile residue in the ATP-binding domain of the Na,K-ATPase a-subunit. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(35): 995-5003

Cyst formation versus poly-b-hydroxybutyric acid accumulation in Azotobacter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18(1 ): 8

Cystamine induces toxicity in hepatocytes through the elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ and the stimulation of a nonlysosomal proteolytic system. Journal of Biological Chemistry 261(31): 14628-14635

Cystathionine b-Synthase: Structure, Function, Regulation, and Location of Homocystinuria-causing Mutations. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(29): 871-4

Cystathionine b-lyase from Echinochloa colonum tissue culture. Phytochemistry 47(2 ): 9-96