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Problems concerning geosynclinal sedimentation in the Alpine chains of the central Mediterranean region

, : Problems concerning geosynclinal sedimentation in the Alpine chains of the central Mediterranean region. Geologische Rundschau 56(1): 19-68

The paleogeographic development of the Alpine geosyncline in northern Italy (Lombardia and Venezia) and northern Yugoslavia (Slovenia) is described in detail. Attention is concentrated on the stage of geosynclinal development which extended through the Jurassic and most of the Cretaceous. This stage is subdivided into the pre-Flysch and the Flysch periods. In the discussion of the pre-Flysch period a number of general problems are reviewed. These include the distinction of swells with thick neritic sediments (Gavrovo type) from swells with pelagic and condensed sedimentary sequences (Brianconnais type), the development of breccias on the flanks of the swells, and the thicknesses of sediments deposited in swell and trough areas. The Flysch period, characterized by the introduction of terrigenous material into the geosyncline, is considered in terms of both space and time. At any given time, all transitions can be observed in the Flysch basins, from conglomeratic flysch at the foot of the rising cordillera to arhythmic pelites at the outer edge of the Flysch basin. The migration of Flysch troughs with time is emphasized and an early flysch facies (eugeosynclinal) is distinguished from a later external flysch facies (miogeosynclinal).


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