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Criteres utilises pour le monitorage des potentiels evoques moteurs obtenus par stimulation electrique transcranienne au cours de la chirurgie de correction spinale Revue critique de la litterature


, : Criteres utilises pour le monitorage des potentiels evoques moteurs obtenus par stimulation electrique transcranienne au cours de la chirurgie de correction spinale Revue critique de la litterature. Neurophysiologie Clinique 37(6): 431-439

Transcranial electrical stimulated motor evoked potential monitoring (TES-MEP) has proven to be a successful and reliable neuromonitoring technique during spinal correction surgery. However, three criteria for TES-MEP monitoring have been described in the literature. This study aims at discussing and comparing the following criteria: (1) the "threshold level criterion" introduced by Calancie et at. (J Neurosurg 88 (1998) 457-70): a more than 100V over more than 1 h increase of threshold Level to get useful TES-MEP responses indicated neurological impairment; (2) the "amplitude criterion": for TES-MEP monitoring in corrective surgery of the spine, a more than 80% decrease of one or more response amplitudes was considered a valuable criterion for impending neurological deficits by Langeloo et at. (Spine 28 (2003) 1043-50); (3) "the morphology criterion": introduced in 2005 by Quinones et at. (Neurosurgery 56 (2005) 982-93), it is based on the morphology of the MEP-compound muscle action potentials (CMAP). The criterion was applied during TES-MEP monitoring during intramedullary spinal cord tumour resection. Neurological events are defined by a sharp decrease of response duration and/or waveform complexity and an increase in voltage threshold of 100V or greater. Although all methods have been reported to be successful during spinal surgery, the threshold criterion and the morphology change criterion carry several drawbacks. We consider the amplitude reduction method to be most useful during corrective spinal surgery. The sequences of observations and decisions during a TES-MEP monitoring that is based on this criterion are schematized in a flowchart.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1016/j.neucli.2007.07.007


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